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Subject: Toastmasters International FAQ part 5 of 5: Speech Contests
This article was archived around: 16 May 1998 12:14:43 GMT
alt.org.toastmasters Frequently Asked Questions part 5 of 5:
Toastmasters International Speech Contests
1. What's all this about speech contests?
In order to provide for people who enjoy competitive speaking,
and in order to showcase the best, Toastmasters clubs hold
speech contests as many as five times a year. Each contest
starts at the club level and works its way up through Area and
Division to the District. Three contests go on to Regional
and one goes on to the World Convention each August.
The contests are:
* Tall Tales - 3 to 5 minutes in length. A tall tale, which
must be original (you can't use someone else's material).
Goes as far as the District level in most Districts.
* Table Topics - 1 to 2 minutes in length. Impromptu speak-
ing. All contestants are taken out of the room and brought
back in one by one to speak on the *same* topic, which should
be general in nature and not require specialized knowledge
which some contestants might have while others might not.
Since no contestant hears the topic before his turn to speak
on it, you can judge their impromptu speaking abilities by the
way in which each person's effort stacks up against the
others. Goes as far as the District level in most Districts.
* Evaluation - 2 to 3 minutes in length. A target speaker
gives a speech which all the evaluation contestants are to
evaluate. The contestants are taken from the room and given
five minutes to prepare their speeches and make notes. Then,
their notes are taken away and they are brought back into the
room one by one (at which time the contestant gets his notes
back) to deliver their oral evaluation of the target speech.
Since no contestant hears what another said about the target
speech, the judges can compare the analytical abilities of the
contestants. Goes as far as the Regional level in Regions 8;
the other Regions do not have it.
* Humorous speech - 5 to 7 minutes. Humorous speaking, which
must be original. Year after year, people hear the rules read
to them and then stand up and present Bill Cosby routines and
then act puzzled when they're disqualified. It's supposed to
be a *speech*, not a monologue, and it MUST be original. It
should also be "clean." So-called "blue humor" will get you
zero points in the "appropriateness" column of the judges'
forms. In other words, it should be a five-to-seven minute
speech with a lot of humor value, but ALSO displaying good
speechmaking abilities. Goes as far as the Regional level in
* International Speech - 5 to 7 minutes. Any topic at all, so
long as it's original. Can be funny, serious, whatever. It
should be the best speech you can give, and it must be
original. Did I mention that it must be original? Don't do
what so many speakers do and crib at length from someone
else's works and then expect that no one in the audience will
smell a rat. The reason this contest is called "International
Speech" instead of "General Speech" or "Miscellaneous Speech"
is because it's the only one of the five contests that goes as
far as the World level. Each August, winners from the eight
Regions and the Overseas clubs (9 contestants in all) compete
at the World Convention in the World Championship of Public
2. How do you pick the winners?
Each contest has a set of rules which mandate originality and
lay down the procedures. If you go over your time limit by
thirty seconds, you're eliminated. If you go UNDER your time
limit by thirty seconds, you're eliminated -- except in Table
Topics, where you must speak at least one minute, no less.
Out in the audience, there'll be a set of judges, scattered
among the audience, each with a points form that they use to
rate you against what a winning effort should be and how you
stack up against the others. There's a different form for
each contest, since each contest involves different skills.
3. Who gets to compete?
Any member in good standing (i.e. you've got your dues paid)
can compete when the contests come around -- except for
current District and International officers and candidates for
same -- except for the International Speech Contest. To
compete in the International Speech Contest, you must have
given at least six manual speeches towards your CTM. This
requirement is intended to prevent professional speakers from
joining Toastmasters out of the blue solely to compete toward
the World Championship of Public Speaking. District and
International officers are barred so the judges won't be
swayed by their titles.
4. When do the contests take place?
It varies from District to District. Some Districts have two
contests in the fall, one in the winter, and two in the
spring. Others have two in the fall, two in the winter, and
one in the spring. All that matters as far as Toastmasters
International is concerned is that all Districts must have
held their Evaluation, Humorous, and International Speech
contests by the time the Regional conferences roll around in
5. What do I get if I win a contest?
At the club level, sometimes all you get is a handshake and
some applause. By the time you've gotten up to Division and
District levels, you're getting some fairly impressive
6. My District has different rules for the various speech contests.
Is this permitted?
This situation came up recently in District 37 (North Carolina).
A club was told that the official District rules for the Humorous
Speech Contest mandated similar eligibility requirements for the
Humorous contest as for the International Speech contest, to wit,
all contestants had to have been members on or before July 1 of the
current year, and had to have given at least four (I.S. requires six)
manual speeches. According to the District officers involved,
these were the official rules for all Humorous Speech contests held
in North Carolina, and even though the official rules mailed to
all clubs by Toastmasters International mandated that the only
eligibility requirement be membership in good standing in a club
in good standing, the District 37 rules applied nonetheless.
The club President in question checked with TI WHQ and was told
in no uncertain terms that any District which holds speech contests
must use the official Toastmasters International rules and that
Districts are not permitted to change the rules as published by
Toastmasters International in any way.
This policy of course doesn't apply to contests the District has
invented on its own, but for the Big 5 (International, Humorous,
Table Topics, Tall Tales, and Evaluation), if your District has
changed the time limits, eligibility requirements, or policy
regarding originality (one District supposedly waived the origi-
nality requirement for the Tall Tales contest), they're in the
wrong. If they don't believe this to be the case, ask them to
contact Toastmasters International World Headquarters themselves.
They'll be swiftly corrected.
Why is this important, by the way? Simple: the only official
rules most clubs get for the contests are the ones TI themselves
mail out. It would be tremendously discouraging to be belatedly
told that the rules your club had used for the contest you won
were not the official rules as practiced in YOUR District, and
thus, you can't compete at the next level. In many cases, 'Offi-
cial District Rules' are known only by those who have a dog-eared
photocopy that's five years old (as was the case in District 37).
That's wrong. If your District has changed the rules, tell them
they can't, and if they say "Sure we can," let TI World HQ know.
Contests are fun, but it's important to run them the same way
everywhere around the world. Fairness and a level playing field
aren't just luxuries. They're required.
7. Hey, what about the Debate Contest or the Interpretive Reading
Contest or some other contest you didn't mention?
Districts can hold whatever contests they want in addition to
the five sanctioned International contests listed above. However,
these vary from District to District and it would not be possible
to list all the various speech contests held throughout the world
of Toastmasters here in this FAQ.
Find out when your next speech contest is, and ask about competing or
being a judge. It's fun!