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Subject: Sacramento, California USENET FAQ Part 5 of 6

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Archive-name: sac/faq/part5 Posting-Frequency: monthly Last-modified: Jun. 26, 1996 Version: 21Jun96 [ASCII/Multipart] URL: > Ebb: <http://www.dcn.davis.ca.us/~netesq/USENET-FAQs/sac/part4.html >
The Sacramento, California USENET FAQ Part 5 of 6 Frequently Asked Questions about Sacramento, California (c) Copyright 1995 & 1996 by David F. Prenatt, Jr. Internet Esquire(sm) P.O. Box 74632 Davis, CA 95617-5632 <http://www.dcn.davis.ca.us/~netesq/ > <mailto:NetEsq@dcn.davis.ca.us > The Sacramento, California USENET FAQ (Sacramento USENET FAQ) may be comprised of more than one part. If it is, please see the TABLE OF CONTENTS in Part One for a complete list of the questions that I have attempted to answer and for other important legal information. Caveat emptor: I assume no obligation for anyone through the publication of the Sacramento USENET FAQ. Furthermore, all versions of the Sacramento USENET FAQ are my personal property and are protected by applicable copyright laws. All rights are reserved except as follows: I hereby give my permission to anyone who has access to this version of the Sacramento USENET FAQ to reproduce the information contained herein for non-profit purposes, provided that proper credit is given to me as the author of this FAQ and that I am notified of any use other than personal use. Permission to reproduce any version of this FAQ may be revoked by me at any time. - - - - - The Sacramento, California USENET FAQ Part 5 of 6 Frequently Asked Questions about Sacramento, California (c) Copyright 1995 & 1996 by David F. Prenatt, Jr. 6) EDUCATION IN SACRAMENTO. Education in Sacramento is comprised of both public and private schools for children and a large number of trade schools, junior colleges, and private and public colleges and universities for adults. 6.1) EDUCATION FOR CHILDREN IN SACRAMENTO. California has compulsory education for minors. However, public education for children in California is nothing less than a disgrace. The public school system is the default option for complying with California's compulsory education laws. And while some public schools are better than others, the public school system in California taken as a whole is little more than mediocre child care service. Sacramento's Public School System is consistently ranked among the worst. Those hit hardest by the deficiencies of the public school system are those who cannot afford private schools. Tuition voucher systems have been proposed as a free-market solution in recent years, but voucher systems have encountered very well-organized opposition from educational leaders. While many of the proposals for voucher systems are fatally flawed, the criticisms of these proposals are just as often based on irrelevant or incorrect information. 6.1.1) Sacramento Public Schools. [Rev] For general information about Sacramento public schools, contact the Sacramento City Unified School District at (916)264-4300. To find out which public school serves your residence, call (916)433-5180. Readers with a web browser may visit the following Sacramento area school districts on the World Wide Web: * Elk Grove Unified School District <http://egusd.k12.ca.us/ > * Grant Unified School District Grant High School <http://www.quiknet.com/grant/grant.html > Highlands High School <http://www.quiknet.com/grant/hh.html > Don Julio Junior High School <http://www.quiknet.com/grant/dj.html > Foothill Farms Junior High School <http://www.quiknet.com/grant/ff.html > Martin Luther King, Jr. Junior High School <http://www.quiknet.com/grant/mlk.html > Pacific High School <http://www.quiknet.com/grant/pacific.html > Rio Linda High School <http://www.quiknet.com/grant/rl.html > Rio Terra Junior High School <http://www.quiknet.com/grant/rt.html > St. Joseph's School <http://www.quiknet.com/grant/st.html > * San Juan Unified School District <http://www.sanjuan.edu/ > 6.1.2) Private Schools for Children in Sacramento. [Rev] One of the best ways to find an affordable private school is through a religious organization to which you belong. Many secular private schools also offer scholarship funding and financial aid. In any event, virtually all private schools require children's parents to enter into a contract. Readers with a web browser may visit the following private schools on the World Wide Web: * Jesuit High School <http://www.jesuit.room.net/ > * [Miscellaneous listings pending] 6.2) EDUCATION FOR ADULTS IN SACRAMENTO. 6.2.1) CONTINUING EDUCATION. [This section is currently under construction.] 6.2.2) TRADE SCHOOLS. From what I have seen of private trade schools, most of them exploit industrious people who don't have marketable job skills (WITH SOME VERY NOTABLE EXCEPTIONS). The most successful tradespeople whom I know have received their training on the job and simply worked their way up from entry level positions. NOTWITHSTANDING THE HIGH QUALITY OF INSTRUCTION AT SOME PRIVATE TRADE SCHOOLS, the tuition that most pupils pay might be better spent elsewhere; junior colleges and adult schools offer many useful courses that provide technical training and/or college credit for work experience/internships. 6.2.3) JUNIOR COLLEGES (JCs). [Rev] Junior colleges (JCs) are the most diverse and useful institutions in higher education, IMHO. Entrance requirements allow virtually any high school graduate or anyone else over the age of 18 to attend. But once someone is admitted, course prerequisites and placement exams at JCs distinguish many levels of scholastic aptitude and accomplishment. JCs serve many purposes. For many professionals, JCs are fora for continuing education; for others, JCs are places where they can obtain marketable job skills. But the primary purpose for which JCs were designed was as transitionary institutions for those who eventually wanted to attend a four year university. Regardless of your educational goals, a JC is the best place to start looking for educational resources. There are three JCs in Sacramento's Los Rios Community College District (<gopher://gopher.losrios.cc.ca.us:70/ >): * American River College (916)484-8011 (<http://www.arc.losrios.cc.ca.us/ >) 4700 College Oak Dr Sacramento, CA 95841 * Sacramento City College (916)558-2111 (<http://www.scc.losrios.cc.ca.us/ >) 3835 Freport Blvd Sacramento, CA 95822 * Cosumnes River College (916)688-7457 (<http://wserver.crc.losrios.cc.ca.us/ >) 8041 Center Parkway Sacramento, CA 95823-5799 Folsom Lake Center El Dorado Center (916)983-5566 (916)988-2317 100 Clarksville Rd 6699 Campus Dr Folsom, CA 95630 Placerville, CA 95667 6.2.4) FOUR YEAR COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES. State Colleges and Universities. [Rev] While many fine four year colleges and universities maintain a presence in Sacramento, the University of California, Davis (U.C. Davis) about 20 miles west of downtown Sacramento is the regional mecca of higher education. For more information on U.C. Davis, see the U.C. Davis USENET FAQ (see Section 1.5 for information on how to obtain the U.C. Davis USENET FAQ) or visit the U.C. Davis Home Page on the World Wide Web (<http://www.ucdavis.edu/ >). The California State University, Sacramento (CSU Sacramento) provides an affordable local alternative to U.C. Davis. For more information on CSU Sacramento, contact: California State University Sacramento (916)278-6011 6000 J St Sacramento, CA 95819 World Wide Web Home Page: <http://www.csus.edu/ > Private Colleges and Universities. [This section is currently under construction.] 6.2.5) PROFESSIONAL SCHOOLS. [Rev] There are three law schools in Sacramento (not including my alma mater, U.C. Davis Law School, in the neighboring town of Davis): * McGeorge School of Law (University of the Pacific) (<http://www.uop.edu/law/index.html >). -3200 5th Ave (916)739-7191 * Lincoln Law School (916)446-1275 -3140 J St, Sacramento, CA 95816 * University of Northern California Lorenzo Patino School of Law & Paralegal School. McGeorge is the only one of these three law schools that is approved by the American Bar Association; Lincoln Law School is certified by the California State Bar. 7) THE HISTORY OF SACRAMENTO. Readers with a web browser may visit the Sacramento Convention and Visitors Bureau's History of Sacramento Web Page on the World Wide Web (<http://www.pageweavers.com/sacvisitors.html >) or the City of Sacramento's History Web Page (<http://www.sacto.org/history.html >). 7.1) The Aboriginal Inhabitants of Sacramento. As long ago as 40,000 years, the aboriginal inhabitants of California (known collectively as the "California Indians") first arrived in Sacramento. The most recent aboriginal inhabitants of Sacramento were primarily the Patwin ("the people" in their native language). Like most aboriginal Californians, the Patwin relied heavily upon oak tree acorns as their primary food supply, which they supplemented with fish. The Patwin employed a basic monetary system that was recognized by their neighboring culture groups and helped prevent most conflicts over territories and resources. This monetary system also formed the basis for an extensive trade network that stretched throughout California, notwithstanding the dearth of long distance travel and communication between different culture groups in aboriginal California. For more information about California's earliest inhabitants, visit the State Indian Museum at 26th and K St (916)324- 0971. 7.2) Spanish and Mexican Occupation. While the Age of Exploration and subsequent historical developments took their toll upon all cultures in the New World, it had no special or noteworthy impact upon the aboriginal inhabitants of Sacramento. Early on, the Spanish Mission system came very close to Sacramento with the founding of San Francisco de Asis in 1776. However, this mission and the missions neighboring it had little influence on the life of aboriginal California residents outside of the San Francisco Bay Area. Fort Ross, founded in 1812 by the Russian-American Company in present day Sonoma County, had little impact either. By the time San Francisco Solano was founded in 1823 the Mission System was no longer even a viable institution in California, being almost entirely replaced by California ranchos that resulted from Mexican land grants. John Augustus Sutter, a Swiss immigrant, received a Mexican land grant in 1839 where the Sacramento and American Rivers meet in the present day City of Sacramento, and established the colony of New Helvetia there in 1839. He built a prosperous trading post populated by other Swiss immigrants that served the needs of American pioneers and local agriculture. He also purchased Fort Ross from the Russian- American Company in 1841. However, Sutter's thriving enterprise was destined to be ruined by the California Gold Rush. Sutter's Fort, located at 27th and L Streets, has been restored. Contact the docents at (916)445-4422 for information about self-guided tours. 7.3) The Gold Rush. The discovery of gold at Sutter's Mill in 1848 (days after the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo that ended the Mexican war) triggered a large westward migration to California that was centered in Sacramento, during which the 49ers overran, plundered, and destroyed Sutter's property. Meanwhile, the aboriginal population of Sacramento disappeared virtually overnight, succumbing to the totally exotic forces of alcohol, disease, and hostile white emigrants. In 1849 the California Constitution was adopted, and in 1850 California became the 31st state (prompted in large part by the Gold Rush). The Gold Rush is arguably the most important event during the history of 19th Century America, rivaled only by the Civil War. In fact, many would say that California's admission to the Union as a free state under the Compromise of 1850 (prompted by the Gold Rush) set into motion a series of events that culminated in the Civil War. And as far removed as the state was from the action, California helped finance a large part of the victorious Union forces. 7.4) After the Gold Rush. After the Gold Rush, Sacramento remained a popular destination for American pioneers. Sacramento was the end of the line in the West for the 1800 mile Pony Express and a prominent center of steamboat river transportation and seagoing vessels along the Sacramento River. The Central Pacific Railroad began laying track in Sacramento in 1863 and met the Union Pacific in Promontory, Utah on May 10, 1869. Sacramento then became a major beneficiary of the resulting transcontinental rail line, controlling virtually all interstate commerce in California. 7.5) The Twentieth Century. Sacramento's growth during the 20th Century is dwarfed by that of other California cities along the coast. Even so, Sacramento is still the largest city in the Central Valley, and it also remains the confluent center of agricultural production and other industries in neighboring communities, especially after the completion of a deepwater channel to the San Francisco Bay in 1963. Downsizing of the military in recent years, however, along with the imminent closure of McClellan Air Force Base, has left many people in the Sacramento area concerned about their future employment prospects. 8) FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS ABOUT OTHER NORTHERN CALIFORNIA COMMUNITIES FROM VISITORS AND RESIDENTS OF SACRAMENTO. Many Northern California communities have their own regional USENET domains and Home Pages on the World Wide Web. For more information on communities in Northern California with their own regional USENET domains, see Section 8.1) Lake Tahoe. [Rev] Lake Tahoe is about two hours east of Sacramento, and it is a favorite recreation spot for Sacramento residents, with gambling (Nevada side), winter skiing, and summer recreation. For more information, readers with a web browser may visit the Lake Tahoe Home Page on the World Wide Web (<http://www.tahoe.com >) 8.2) Modesto. [Rev] For information about the neighboring city of Modesto, readers with a web browser may visit the Modesto Home Page on the World Wide Web (<http://www.sonnet.com/modesto.index.html > 8.3) Stockton. [Rev] For informaton about the neighboring city of Stockton, readers with a web browser may visit the Stockton Home Page on the World Wide Web (<http://www.stocktonet.com.html/ > 8.4) Yosemite. [Rev] For information on the world famous Yosemite, located about two hours south of Sacramento, readers with a web browser may visit the Yosemite Home Page on the World Wide Web (<http://www.nps.gov/yose/ >). 9) FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS ABOUT CALIFORNIA FROM VISITORS AND RESIDENTS OF SACRAMENTO. [This section is currently under construction.] 10) FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS ABOUT COMPUTERS AND LIFE ON THE INTERNET FROM MEMBERS OF THE SACRAMENTO COMMUNITY. 10.1) BASIC QUESTIONS ABOUT COMPUTERS. I have attempted to answer some basic questions about computers in this section. However, the best place to get answers for your computer questions is from your own Internet service provider (ISP). 10.1.1) Why should I use a computer? It is easier and faster to accomplish certain tasks by using a computer. Do I really need to use a computer? No. You don't need to use a computer, but many tasks are impossible to accomplish without a computer. Isn't it difficult to learn how to use a computer? No. Learning to use a computer is very easy, but this is a very well kept secret because many people who know how to use computers are very intimidating to people who do not know how to use them. How can I get the computer training that I need? Admit your ignorance, both to yourself and to the people who offer you help. Teaching people how to use computers is extremely difficult, but it doesn't have to be that way. Many people erroneously assume that they understand how computers work, and this makes teaching these people extremely difficult. Of course, people who are technically proficient may not be able to communicate with you or they may not be interested in helping you. Avoid these people. The Sacramento PC Users Group provides instruction and support for people learning to use PC computers. For more information, readers with a web browser may visit the Sacramento PC Users Group Home Page on the World Wide Web (<http://www.sacpcug.org >). What practical uses would I have for a computer? Within the last ten years, the number of practical applications for personal computers has mushroomed to the point where anyone who is not computer literate is at a serious disadvantage in the competitive worlds of education and commerce. Computer games were the original hook for most consumers, and word processing has since emerged as the most popular practical application for end users. As useful as these applications are, however, they are little more than flotsam when compared with the phenomenal software vessels that sail the vast ocean of computer technology. But don't take my word for it: Stop by any store that sells computer software and do some window shopping. 10.1.2) Do I need my own computer? No. Computers are as ubiquitous as telephones. The only reason you would want to own your own computer is for personal convenience, much like owning a cellular phone. What kind of a computer should I buy? You should buy a computer with the features that you want at a price you can afford. If you are reading this FAQ for a recommendation, then you probably want a Macintosh(r) or an IBM/IBM Clone (PC). What is the difference between a Macintosh(r) and an IBM/IBM Clone (PC)? Macintosh(r) computers are much higher quality technology than IBM technology. However, IBM is the standard for computer technology and is much more affordable than Macintosh(r). Thus, if you are on a limited budget, you probably want an IBM/IBM clone, especially because whatever you do buy will be obsolete when you buy it. What is an IBM clone? IBM buys its technology on the open market and sets the standard for other computer companies (at least it used to do so). Many companies build IBM clones (properly referred to as PCs) that meet or exceed IBM's standards (i.e., 100% IBM Compatible). What kind of features should I have on a computer? There is no easy answer to this question, but as a general rule buy only proven technology and avoid all the bells and whistles. New technology is inherently unreliable because many bugs are found only after a product has been released. Try out a variety of computers and find out for yourself what features are the most useful and reliable. What kind of accessories should I get on my computer? It depends upon what type of applications you are using. If you are reading this FAQ for a recommendation, then you probably only need a modem and/or a printer. - - - - - End Document: The Sacramento, California USENET FAQ Part 5 of 6 Frequently Asked Questions about Sacramento, California (c) Copyright 1995 & 1996 by David F. Prenatt, Jr. Internet Esquire(sm) P.O. Box 74632 Davis, CA 95617-5632 <http://www.dcn.davis.ca.us/~netesq/ > <mailto:NetEsq@dcn.davis.ca.us > Link to next document: <http://www.dcn.davis.ca.us/~netesq/USENET-FAQs/sac/part6.html > - - - - -