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Subject: [soc.culture.pakistan] FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

This article was archived around: 21 May 2006 04:22:11 GMT

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Archive-name: pakistan-faq Posting-Frequency: monthly Last-modified: 1997/02/14 Version: 2.3 Organization: Alumni Association, Caltech, Pasadena, California. U.S.A. X-URL: http://alumni.caltech.edu/~mughal/pakistan/pakistan.html
Copyright 1993-94-95-96-97 Asim Mughal (mughal@caltech.edu) Redistribution for profit, or in altered content /format prohibited without permission of the authors. Any other redistribution must include this copyright notice and attribution. ***** ANSWERS TO FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS ********* READ THIS BEFORE YOU POST A QUERY. This message is automatically posted once a month to provide answers to commonly asked questions on this forum. If you have any contributions or changes to this document please send me an email message. If you never wish you see this document again, please add the above subject in your KILL file. Sincerely, Asim Mughal (mughal@caltech.edu) Soc.Culture.Pakistan FAQ Maintainer [Standard Disclaimer] ================================================================= NOTE: This FAQ posting is now in USENET digest format. If you are using "rn" (or it derivatives) to read news ^G (Ctrl- G) will take you to the next question. If you are using any other news reader search for the next line that begins with "Subject:". ================================================================= ***************************************************************** This periodic posting is now archived. It is available via anonymous ftp from rtfm.mit.edu ( OR sending email to mail-server@rtfm.mit.edu with the body of the message as send usenet/news.answers/pakistan/faq quit ****************************************************************** ***************************************************************** Contents: 1) History & Charter of Soc.Culture.Pakistan 2) Info on Pakistan 3) Addresses of Pakistan Embassy & Consulates in US 4)* Pakistan Government Listing 5) Information on Remitting Money to Pakistan 6) Pictures of Pakistan [FTP sites w/ gifs, info etc] 7) Pakistani Newspapers / Magazine Subscriptions 8) Pakistan News Service [News & Info on Pakistan] 9) Electronic Services & Network Domains In Pakistan 10)* Books on Pakistan 11) National Anthem of Pakistan (with English Translation) 12) Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah - The Founder of Pakistan 13) Allama Iqbal - The National Poet of Pakistan 14) Telephone Area Codes for All Cities 15) Currency Exchange Rates for Pakistani Rupees 16)* Mailings Lists: "Pak-scholars", "Pak-students" & EML 17) U.S. Immigration Info 18) U.S. Embassy/Consulates In Pakistan & Pakistan Visa Info 19) H-1 Visa Info: Mexico & Canada + H-4 Visa Info 20) Baby Names! 21) World Wide Web Home Pages on Pakistan 22) USENET Statistics on Soc.Culture.Pakistan. 23)* Info on soc.culture.pakistan Reorganization 24)* Berkeley Language Urdu Program 25)* Urdu - Dictionary/Fonts/Software 26)* This FAQ: Archive Info, History & Credits * New or updated in this revision of FAQ. ************************************************************************ ************************************************************************ ------- Subject: 1) History & Charter of Soc.Culture.Pakistan A- Call for Discussion: By: Ali Raja (araja@smu!ti-csl!m2.ti.com) Posted: 6 Feb '90 B- Call for Votes: By: Junaid Ahmed Zubairi (jzubairi@rodan.acs.syr.edu) Posted: 1 Mar '90 Voting Period: 26 Feb '90 - 18 Mar '90 ______________________________________________________________________________ CALL FOR DISCUSSION: [Original Text] ____________________________________ Newsgroups: soc.culture.indian,soc.culture.turkish,soc.culture.arabic,talk.polit ics.mideast,news.announce.newgroups Subject: Call for discussion -- soc.culture.pakistan Date: 6 Feb 90 21:24:33 GMT Sender: news@smu!ti-csl!ti-csl.ti.com Lines: 20 This is a formal call for discussion for the creation of the newsgroup soc.culture.pakistan. Discussions related to Pakistani issues are usually carried out in soc.culture.indian. However, there are a number of issues that are relevant to Pakistan that are not relevant to soc.culture.indian. I feel that the number of articles seems to justify the creation of this newsgroup. I am making a formal call for discussion for the newsgroup. The discussion period will extend for two weeks until at least, 21st Feburary 1990. A call for votes, if it is deemed suitable will them be issued after that point. Please post all discussion articles to news.groups, where such discussions usually take place, and/or soc.culture.indian, which has seen more than its fair share of such discussions. _____________________________________________________________________________ CALL FOR VOTES: [Original Text] INCLUDES CHARTER ________________________________________________ From jzubairi@rodan.acs.syr.edu Tue Feb 18 00:21:38 1992 Date: Thu, 1 Mar 90 11:24:52 EST From: jzubairi@rodan.acs.syr.edu (Junaid Ahmed Zubairi) Newsgroups: news.announce.newgroups,news.groups Subject: CALL FOR VOTES: soc.culture.pakistan Organization: Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY This is the formal "call for votes" for the creation of a world-wide, UNMODERATED Soc.Culture.Pakistan newsgroup on USENET. The discussion period for creation of soc.culture.pakistan has already ended and a lot of interest was observed during the discussion period. The proposed newsgroup is intended to generally provide a medium for those interested to express, share, and exchange their views, ideas, and feelings about Pakistan and Pakistani culture. Possible discussion issues include aspects of Pakistani - culture, history, philosophy, ideology, geography; - societies, traditions, customs; - literature, poetry, art, folklore; - languages, books; - science, technology; - food, cookery; - local events, news, programs, economy; - communities abroad, problems, needs; and - *things* normally discussed in the "soc.culture" newsgroups. To Vote, send an e-mail to: jzubairi@rodan.acs.syr.edu OR simply reply to this message. Voting period will last from Feb 26th, until Midnight, March 18th, 1990. As per USENET newsgroup creation guidelines, - Votes MUST be explicit; they should be of the form "I vote (YES) for the creation of newsgroup soc.culture.Pakistan as proposed" or "I vote against (NO for) the creation of newsgroup soc.culture.Pakistan as proposed". The wording doesn't have to be exact, it just needs to be unambiguous. In particular, statements of the form "I would vote for this group if..." are considered COMMENTS and will NOT be counted as votes. - Only votes that arrive DURING the voting period will be counted. - ONLY votes E-MAILED to the vote-taker will count. - Votes POSTED to the net for any reason (including inability to get mail to the vote-taker) and proxy votes (such as having a mailing list maintainer claim a vote for each member of the list) will NOT be counted. - At the end of the voting period, if 100 more YES/create votes are received than NO/don't create votes AND at least 2/3 of the total number of valid votes received are in favor of the creation, a newgroup control message will be sent out. If the 100 vote margin or 2/3 portion is not met, the newsgroup will not be created. Junaid Zubairi Vote-taker ************************************************************************ ************************************************************************ ------- Subject: 2) Info on Pakistan PAKISTAN GEOGRAPHY: Total area: 803,940 km2 Land area: 778,720 km2 Land boundaries: 6,774 km total; Afghanistan 2,430 km, China 523 km, India 2,912 km, Iran 909 km Climate: mostly hot, dry desert; temperate in northwest; arctic in north Environment: frequent earthquakes, occasionally severe especially in north and west; flooding along the Indus after heavy rains (July and August); deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; water logging PAKISTAN PEOPLE: Population: 121,664,539 (July 1992), growth rate 2.9% (199222) Birth rate: 43 births/1,000 population (1992) Death rate: 13 deaths/1,000 population (1992) Net migration rate: -1 migrant/1,000 population (1992) Infant mortality rate: 105 deaths/1,000 live births (1992) Life expectancy at birth: 56 years male, 57 years female (1992) Total fertility rate: 6.6 children born/woman (1992) Nationality: noun - Pakistani(s); adjective - Pakistani Ethnic divisions: Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashtun (Pathan), Baloch, Muhajir Religions: Muslim 97% (Sunni 77%, Shi`a 20%), Christian, Hindu, and other 3% Languages: Urdu and English (both official); total spoken languages - Punjabi 64%, Sindhi 12%, Pashtu 8%, Urdu 7%, Balochi and other 9%; English is lingua franca of Pakistani elite and most government ministries, but official policies are promoting its gradual replacement by Urdu Literacy: 35% (male 47%, female 21%) age 15 and over can read and write (1990 est.) Labor force: 28,900,000; agriculture 54%, mining and manufacturing 13%, services 33%; extensive export of labor (1987 est.) Organized labor: about 10% of industrial work force PAKISTAN GOVERNMENT: Long-form name: Islamic Republic of Pakistan Type: Parliamentary with strong executive, federal republic Capital: Islamabad Administrative divisions: 4 provinces, 1 territory*, and 1 capital territory**; Balochistan, Federally Administered Tribal Areas*, Islamabad Capital Territory**, North-West Frontier, Punjab, Sindh; note - the Pakistani-administered portion of the disputed Jammu and Kashmir region includes Azad Kashmir and the Northern Areas Independence: 14 August 1947 (from UK; formerly West Pakistan) Constitution: 10 April 1973, suspended 5 July 1977, restored with amendments, 30 December 1985 Legal system: based on English common law with provisions to accommodate Pakistan's stature as an Islamic state; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations National holiday: Pakistan Resolution Day (proclamation of the republic), 23 March (1956) Executive branch: president, prime minister, Cabinet Legislative branch: bicameral Parliament (Majlis-e-Shoora) consists of an upper house or Senate and a lower house or National Assembly Judicial branch: Supreme Court, Federal Islamic (Shari`at) Court Flag: Green with a vertical white band on the hoist side; a large white crescent and star are centered in the green field; the crescent, star, and color green are traditional symbols of Islam PAKISTAN ECONOMY: GNP: exchange rate conversion - $45.4 billion, per capita $380; real growth rate 4.8% (FY91 est.) Inflation rate (consumer prices): 12.3% (FY91) Unemployment rate: 10% (FY91 est.) Budget: revenues $6.4 billion; expenditures $10 billion, including capital expenditures of $2.6 billion (FY92 est.) Ports: Gwadar, Karachi, Port Muhammad bin Qasim Airports: 112 total, 104 usable; 75 with permanent-surface runways; 1 with runways over 3,659 m; 31 with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 43 with runways 1,220-2,439 m Telecommunications: good international communication service over microwave and INTELSAT satellite; domestic communications poor; 813,000 telephones (1990); broadcast service good; broadcast stations - 19 AM, 8 FM, 29 TV; satellite earth stations - 1 Atlantic Ocean INTELSAT and 2 Indian Ocean INTELS ADDITIONAL INFO (A.J.Shah) National game : Hockey National flower : Jasmin National dress : Shalwar Qameez National poet : Allama Iqbal Baluchistan with capital Quetta. NWFP with capital Peshawar. Punjab with capital Lahore. Sind with capital Karachi. ************************************************************************ ************************************************************************ ------- Subject: 3) Addresses of Pakistan Embassy & Consulates in U.S. Telephone FAX Address CHANCERY (202)939-6200 (202)387-0484 2315 Massachusetts Ave. N.W. Washington DC. 20008 ANNEXE: (202)939-6205 (202)387-0578 2201 "R" St., NW A) Education Division Washington, DC. 20008 B) Finance & Accounts C) Food & Agriculture COMMERCIAL (202)939-6585 (202)939-6587 1825 Connecticut Ave. N.W. Suite-217 Washington, DC. 20009 CONSULATE GENERAL (New York) Mr. Iqbal Ahmad Khan ( Consul General ) (212)879-5800 (212)517-6987 12 East 65th St. New York, N.Y. 10021 CONSULATE GENERAL (Los Angeles) Mr. Aziz Ahmad Khan ( Consul General ) (310)-441-5114 (310)-441-9256 10850 Wilshire Blvd. Suite - 1100 Los Angeles, CA. 90024 Courtesy: Pakistan News Service ************************************************************************ ************************************************************************ ------- Subject: 4) Pakistan Government Listing [As of Feb 3, '97, general elections were held in Pakistan, new government has not been formed yet. Hence, the info is being left blank at this time.] The following is an official list of the Government of Pakistan: PRESIDENT Mr. Farooq Ahmad Khan Leghari PRIME MINISTER MINISTERS MINISTERS OF STATE ADVISER TO THE PRIME MINISTER SPECIAL ASSISTANTS Courtesy: Pakistan News Service PAKISTAN@ASUACAD.BITnet ************************************************************************ ************************************************************************ ------- Subject: 5) Information on Remitting Money to Pakistan Money may be sent through a Bank Draft written or a wire transfer. Fees vary depending on your local bank. Average Bank Draft $15, Average Wire Transfer $ 35. Wire Transfer takes five working days as opposed to two months for a bank draft. ************************************************************************ ************************************************************************ ------- Subject: 6) Pictures of Pakistan [FTP sites w/ gifs, info etc] Pictures of Pakistan in gif format & general info on Pakistan is kept on the following FTP site: ftp.ugcs.caltech.edu IP # (, Login: anonymous Password: anything directory: cd /pub/gifs/Pakistan Courtesy: Pakistan News Service PAKISTAN@ASUACAD.BITnet ************************************************************************ ************************************************************************ ------- Subject: 7) Pakistani Newspapers / Magazine Subscriptions Pakistani Newspapers & Magazines including The Dawn, Jang, Nation, Herald etc are available by: Asian Publications P.O. Box 580 Elmsford, N.Y. 10523 Tel: 914-429-5577 Courtesy: Pakistan News Service PAKISTAN @ ASUACAD.BITnet ************************************************************************ ************************************************************************ ------- Subject: 8) Pakistan News Service [News & Info on Pakistan] The latest News & Information on Pakistan is provided by Pakistan News Service (PNS), an independent volunteer effort. The variety of services vary from news bulletin to receipes of Pakistani food to database on Pakistanis. The news compiled in a newsletter form is distributed through LISTSERVs in Arizona & Pennsylvania on average thrice a week. The informational files are available on LISTSERV at ASUACAD and on FTP site at ftp.ugcs.caltech.edu. PNS CONTACT ADDRESS: PAKISTAN @ ASUACAD.BITnet The following is a reference guide on services provided by Pakistan News Service. T H E P A K I S T A N N E W S S E R V I C E __________________________________________________________________ A QUICK REFERENCE GUIDE _______________________ BASIC CONCEPTS: a. Email addresses of Pakistan News Service are: PAKISTAN@ASUACAD.BITnet pakistan@asuvm.inre.asu.edu PAKISTAN@PSUVM.BITnet pakistan@psuvm.psu.edu Any contributions of News/Articles/comments may be sent to any of the above email addresses. b. A number of services are handled automagically by the LISTSERV. c. These services include: SUB PAKISTAN name - Subscribe to Pakistan News Service (PNS) SIGNOFF PAKISTAN - Cancel Subscription to PNS SET PAKISTAN NOMAIL - Put subscription on hold SET PAKISTAN MAIL - Re-activate subscription INDEX PAKISTAN - Get listing of files available thorough PNS GET PAKISTAN filename - Get a copy of available file named 'filename' d. To use the LISTSERV services: Step 1: Send email to: LISTSERV@ASUACAD.BITnet Step 2: 'Subject' field is optional (can be left blank) Step 3: List the appropriate service (listed in 'c') as text of your email. e. Example: To subscribe from a unix machine my screen should look as follows: __________________________________________________________________ % mail listserv@asuacad.bitnet Subject: subscription to PNS SUB PAKISTAN Asim Mughal <CTRL-D> % _________________________________________________________________ f. Accessing Pakistan News Service forums thru USENET. As of Oct 1, '93. PNS forums are available thru usenet as: bit.listserv.pakistan bit.listserv.pns-l bit.listserv.muslims To access: On Unix machines: type: 'rn' or 'trn' go <name> On VAX/VMS : type: 'VNEWS' If USENET is not available on your site or your site doesn't get PNS forums, please contact your system administrator and request for PNS forums to be available. ************************************************************************ ************************************************************************ ------- Subject: 9) Electronic Services & Network Domains In Pakistan NETWORK DOMAINS IN PAKISTAN Top Level domains for Pakistan. imran.pk ar.pk Contancts: ashar@ar.pk & anwar@panix.com ELECTRONIC SERVICES: A number of services are available to date. Including email, ftp, telnet, www through different providers. Pakistan Telecommunications is also officially live on Internet as of Nov 23, 1995. Email services are provided by numerous provides, and more are opening up daily. Please look at the web pages on Pakistan to find an uptodated list of providers. ************************************************************************ ************************************************************************ ------- Subject: 10) Books on Pakistan From: murtaza@uclink.berkeley.edu (Niaz Murtaza) There is a bibliography on Pakistan which has been compiled by David Taylor called "Pakistan". It was published in 1990 by Clio Press and has a lot of references on each of the topics that you mentioned above. FOUNDERS OF PAKISTAN by Safdar Mahmood & Javaid Zafar. Publishers United Ltd. 176, Anarkali, Lahore CREATION OF PAKISTAN by Jamil Uddin Ahmad. Publishers United Ltd. 176, Anarkali, Lahore IDEOLOGY OF PAKISTAN by Prof. Saeeduddin Ahmad Dar. Islamic Book Foundation, Faisal Masjid, PO 1453, Islamabad PAKISTAN AFFAIRS- past & present by Tariq Mahmood Dogar Dogarsons, Al-Karim Market, 15-Urdu Bazar, Lahore POLITICS AND POLICIES OF QUAID-I-AZAM by Dr. K.F.Yusuf National Institute of Historical and Cultural Research, Islamabad HAD THERE BEEN NO JINNAH by Salahuddin Khan PanGraphics Ltd. Islamabad THE MODERN MOSES - A brief biography of M.A.Jinnah by E.H. Enver Jinnah Memorial Institute, Karachi PERSPECTIVES ON KASHMIR (Editor) Dr. K.F.Yusuf Pakistan Forum, Islamabad MY VERSION - India-Pakistan War 1965 by Gen (retd) Mohammad Musa. H.J. Publishers United Ltd. 176, Anarkali, Lahore ************************************************************************ ************************************************************************ ------- Subject: 11) National Anthem of Pakistan (with English Translation) Pakistan National Anthem was adopted in August 1954. An open competition was held among all highly competitive entries the entry of Hafeez Jallundhary was approved by the jury. Cabinet adopted the anthem proposed by Hafeez Jallundhari a couple of days before independence day in 1954. The National anthem of Pakistan is one of the most prestigious ones in the world and is very short. It's duration is only one minute and eight seconds. Following is the Pakistan national anthem: Pak sarzameen shad bad Kishwar-e-Haseen shad bad Tou Nishaan-e-Azm-e-aali shan Arz-e-Pakistan Markaz-e-yaqeen Shad bad Pak sarzameen ka nizaam Qouwat-e-Akhouwat-e-Awam Qaum mulk saltanat Painda tabinda bad Shad bad Manzil-e-murad Parcham-e-Sitara-o-Hilal Rahbar-e-Tarakkeey-o-Kamal Tarjumaan-e-mazee-shaan-e-Hal Jan-e-Istaqbal Saaya-e-Khuda-e-zuljalal ____________________________________________________________________________ English Translation of Pakistan National Anthem:................ Asim Mughal Blessed be the sacred land Happy be the bounteous realm Symbol of high resolve Land of Pakistan Blessed be thou of faith The Order of this sacred land is the might of the brotherhood of the people May the nation, the country, and the state Shine in glory everlasting Blessed be the goal of our ambition This flag of Crescent and Star Leads the way to progress and perfection Interpreter of our past glory of our present Inspiration of our future, Symbol of Almighty's protection Courtesy: Text: Pakistan News Service (Pakistan@Asuacad) Included per request of Amjad Shah. ************************************************************************ ************************************************************************ ------- Subject: 12) Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah - The Founder of Pakistan QUAID-E-AZAM -- The Founder of Pakistan. Amjad Shah <S.A.H.S.Shah1@lut.ac.uk> Baba-e Qaum, Quaid-e Azam Muhammad Ali Jinah was born in Karachi on December the 25th, 1876, in a building known as Wazir Mansion. He got his early education at Karachi and Bombay. He did his barristery from England. He saw the name of Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) on the top of the gate of Lincoln's Inn. So he decided to study there. After his return, Jinah started his practice in barristery. He joined All India National Congress in 1906. He attended for the first time a meeting of All India Muslim League in 1912. Later he Joined All India Muslim League in 1913. The third political party he joined was the Home Rule League. He was member of both the Congress and Muslim League at the same time. Initially he remained working with the Hindu leaders of Congress. He was given the title of "Ambassador of Hindu Muslim Unity" by prominent politicians. With the passage of time he realised that the Hindu leaders of Congress have a different agenda. He left Congress and became fully involved with Muslim League. Jinah was a man of principles. He was probably the only person among all the big leaders of the subcontinent, who never went to jail. His motto was: Unity, Faith and Discipline. When Muslim League finally decided to have a separate country for Muslims of the subcontinent, it was the leadership of Jinah which led the nation to achieve this goal. Because of these leadership qualities and his firm stand on the issue, Britishers found no way to reject the demand of Muslims of the subcontinent for a separate homeland. He took charge as the first Governor General of Pakistan on 14th of August 1947 in a ceremony at Karachi. India never took risk of invading Hyderabad or Junagarh in his life. Jinah died on September the 11th, 1948, at Ziarat near Quetta. He was buried in Karachi. His tomb is a beautiful piece of architecture and is worth visiting. ************************************************************************ ************************************************************************ ------- Subject: 13) Allama Iqbal - The National Poet of Pakistan ALLAMA IQBAL --- by Amjad Shah Hakeem-ul-Ummat Shaair-e-Mashriq Dr. Sir Allama Muhammad Iqbal was born in Sialkot on November the 9th, 1877. He got his school and college education from Sialkot. He got his B.A. and M.A. from Government College Lahore. He got Gold Medal in M.A. Philosophy from University of the Punjab. During his studies, his personality was influenced by Maulvi Mir Hasan (one of his school teachers) and Prof. Arnold (his teacher of philosophy at Government College Lahore and later at Cambridge). Iqbal started his career as Reader (a teaching grade below professorship) in Arabic at Government College Lahore. During this time he wrote a first ever book on islamic economics in Urdu. By the time he was a popular poet in the literary circles of Lahore. Iqbal Stayed in Europe from 1903 to 1907 for higher studies. He studied at Cambridge (England) and Munich (Germany). Finally he got his PhD degree from Munich University. The title of his thesis was "The Development of Metaphysics in Persia". Once, during his stay in Europe Iqbal decided to stop saying poetry in Urdu at all and to say in Persian only. Because there were ready made compound words in Persian and it was much easier to describe one's thoughts in Persian as compared with Urdu. On the request of some Muslim Scholars, he refrain from doing so. They told him that his audience is hindi, so he must write in Urdu as well, so that maximum people can benefit from his visualizations. He also did barristery during his stay at Europe. After his return to Lahore, he was an advocate at Lahore High Court. Now he was a very popular poet. In the fund raising public meetings of the charity Anjuman-e Himaeyat-e Islam, his poems like "Naala-e Yateem", "Shikwah" and "Jawab-e Shikwah" were sold as high as Rs. 50/- per copy. Iqbal in his political career, joined All India Muslim League. He also participated two out of three round table conferences at London. In 1930 he presided over the Annual Convention of All India Muslim League in Allah Abad. In his famous presidential address he told the nation that he is seeing a muslim rule in the muslim majority areas soon to be established. This is also known as the dream of Iqbal, which became reality as Pakistan in 1947. Iqbal died in Lahore on April the 21st, 1938, after an illness of about four months. He is buried near the footsteps of the Badshahi Mosque Lahore. His desire was that his age should not be more than the age of Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH). His poetry books are: Urdu -- Baal-e Jibreel, Baang-e Dara, Zarb-e Kaleem, Armaghan-e Hijaz (This book is both in Urdu and Persian) Persian -- Asrar-e Khudi, Ramooz-e Be-khudi, Piyaam-e Mashriq, P'as Cheh Baa-eyad Kard ai Aqwaam-e Sharq, Javed Nameh, Armaghan-e Hijaz. ************************************************************************ ************************************************************************ ------- Subject: 14) Telephone Area Codes for All Cities From: al369@FreeNet.Carleton.CA (Ayub Gaya) 92 Pakistan 21 Karachi 221 Hyderabad 221 Tando Adam 224 Tando Mohammad Khan 229 Dadu 23 Mirpur Hkas 241 Nawab-Shah 27 Uthal 29 Thatta 411 Faisalabad 42 Lahore 431 Gujranwala 432 Sialkot 4331 Gujrat 441 Sahiwal 442 Okara 448 Main Channu 451 Sargodha 459 Mianwali 47 Jhang 492 Kasur 4931 Qila Shiekhupura 51 Islamabad 51 Rawalpindi 521 Peshawar 522 Kohat 5231 Noshera 528 Bannu 529 Khan D.I. 531 Mardan 536 Mingora 536 Saidu Sharif, Swat 572 Gilgit 58 Muzaffarabad 5921 Abbottabad 593 Murree 5941 Jhelum 595 Haripur 596 Taxila 61 Multan 621 Bahawalpur 631 Bahawainagar 64 Khan D.G. 692 Khanewal 71 Sukkur 721 Jacobabad 731 Rahimyar Khan 741 Larkana 752 Moro 792 Kaipur 81 Quetta 83 Sibi 87 Khuzdar ************************************************************************ ************************************************************************ ------- Subject: 15) Currency Exchange Rates for Pakistani Rupees Dated: Wed, 02 Mar 1994 Australia dlr .7130 .7133 1.4025 1.4019 China yuan .1149 .1148 8.7046 8.7046 HongKong dlr .1294 .1294 7.7287 7.7263 India rupee .0322 .0321 31.09 31.09 Indo'sa rupia .000466 .000466 2144.04 2144.04 Japan yen .009565 .009569 104.55 104.50 Japan 1-mo .009575 .009579 104.44 104.39 Japan 3-mo .009600 .009603 104.17 104.14 Japan 6-mo .009646 .009647 103.67 103.65 N.Zealand dlr .5759 .5758 1.7365 1.7367 Pakistn rupee .0330 .0330 30.33 30.33 P'pnes peso .0367 .0367 27.25 27.25 Singapore dlr .6317 .6323 1.5830 1.5815 S.Africa rand .2896 .2879 3.4525 3.4738 S.Korea won .001238 .001237 808.00 808.00 Taiwan dollar .0378 .0377 26.49 25.29 ************************************************************************ ************************************************************************ ------- Subject: 16) Mailing Lists: "Pak-scholars", "Pak-students" & EML PAK-STUDENTS: ------------- By: Ihsan Khan <I.Khan@cs.ucl.ac.uk> June 25, 1994 Subject: up_date_for SCP FAQ Date: Fri, 06 Sep 1996 17:56:11 +0100 Dear fellow Pakistani Student/Scholar, Assalam'alaikom We are pleased to inform you that a mailing lists PAK-STUDENTS has been setup. The purpose this lists is to provide an educational forum to the Pakistani students on which they can cooperate and help each other on academic matters, such as, technical subject advise, information about admission and funding, etc. In order o subscribe to the list, please send a request to pak-students-request@info.com.pk with Subject : Subscribe PAK-STUDENTS and provide the following details in the message: Full Name : Email Address : Name of Univ. : Course : Year of Study : Home Institute : EDUCATION MAILING LIST (EML) --------------------------- A mailing list for Pakistani educator or anyone interested in Education Reform in Pakistan. To be included, send email to: Tariq Cheema <tcheema@sunflowr.usd.edu> ************************************************************************ ************************************************************************ ------- Subject: 17) U.S. Immigration Info GENERAL INFO Newsgroup: alt.visa.us Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) are very helpful. There are several parts to it. These documents may be obtained from any of the following sites. Anonymous FTP: 1. SITE: rtfm.mit.edu Directory: /pub/usenet/news.answers/us-visa-faq 2. SITE: ftp.uu.net Directory: /pub/usenet/news.answers/us-visa-faq Files: part1 part2 part3 part4 part5 part6 DV-1 Lottery: Deadline - June 30 1994 Information may be obtained by sending a request to Pakistan News Service (Pakistan@asuacad.bitnet) ************************************************************************ ************************************************************************ ------- Subject: 18) U.S. Embassy/Consulates in Pakistan & Pakistan Visa Info <fahmy@cats.ucsc.edu (Fahmy F Qazi)> This section is from the document '/Internet Resources/US-State-Department-Travel-Advisories/Current-Advisories/pakistan'. STATE DEPARTMENT TRAVEL INFORMATION - Pakistan ============================================================ Pakistan - Consular Information Sheet January 8, 1993 Embassy Location: The U.S. Embassy is located in Islamabad, Diplomatic Enclave, Ramna 5, telephone (92-51) 826-161. The Consular Section is located separately in the USAID building, 18 Sixth Avenue, Ramna 5. In Karachi, the U.S. Consulate General is located at 8 Abdullah Haroon Road, telephone (92-21) 568-5170. In Lahore, the U.S. Consulate General is located on Sharah-E-Abdul Hamid Bin Badees (50 Empress Road), New Simla Hills, telephone (92-42) 365-530. In Peshawar, the U.S. Consulate is located at 11 Hospital Road, Peshawar Cantonment, telephone (92-521) 279-801/2/3. Entry Requirements: A passport and visa are required. The visa must be obtained from a Pakistani embassy or consulate before arrival at the point of entry. Information on entry requirements can be obtained from the Embassy of Pakistan, 2315 Massachusetts Avenue, N.W., Washington, D.C., 20008; telephone (202) 939-6200. Travelers can also contact the Pakistani Consulate General, 12 East 65th St., New York, NY 10021; telephone (212) 879-5800. ## NEW (Nov 94) ## Effective September 1, 1986 ALL US citizens require visa to visit Pakistan. This includes tourists. Pakistan Visa Fee is: $20.00 ## ## Medical Facilities: Adequate medical care is available in major cities in Pakistan, but may be limited in rural areas. U.S. medical insurance is not always valid outside the United States. Doctors and hospitals often expect immediate payment in cash for treatment. Supplemental health insurance which specifically covers overseas treatment has proved to be useful. Additional information on health problems can be obtained from the Centers for Disease Control's international travelers hotline at (404) 332-4559. Safe Trip Abroad" contains information on safeguarding valuables and protection of personal security which may be of use. It is available from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402. Drug Penalties: Penalties for possession, use or trafficking in illegal drugs are strictly enforced. Convicted offenders can expect jail sentences and fines. Tips For Travelers: The Department of State publication "Tips for Travelers to South Asia" contains general information on the area. It is available from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington D.C. 20402. Registration: U.S. citizens who register at the U.S. Embassy in Islamabad or the Consulates General in Karachi, Lahore or Peshawar can obtain updated information on travel and security in Pakistan. No. 93-008 ************************************************************************ ************************************************************************ ------- Subject: 19) H-1 Visa Info: Mexico & Canada + H-4 Visa Info H-1 VISA INFO: (Juarez Mexico) ------------------------------ By:qqazi@nmsu.edu (Qadeer Ahmed Qazi) 23 May 1994 Information on getting visa in Juarez, Mexico ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ Jurez, Mexico is twin city of El Paso, Texas. Reach in El Paso in the evening and in the early morning go to Juarez, Mexico. It is one day project so you can plan to come back in the evening. Juarez is kind of part of USA, you can always come back with valid I-94 if some reason visa is rejected. Mostly not. Be at the consulate at 6:00 AM, take following documents with you: 1) Valid passport 2) One photograph (if color then background should be white) 3) $ 100.00 fee if from India (No fee for Pakistanis) 4) Valid I-20 5) Documents for financial aid 6) Bank statement 7) Transcripts (of last semester) Please do not say that you need visa to go to your home country, because the answer would be simple "go and get new visa from there." Mostly you would be done by 1:00 PM. If you are driving than stay in El Paso and go to Juarez in the morning.There is a secure parking beside consulate with parking fee of $3.00. If you are flying into El Paso, then reach early and you can find a motel in Juarez. An experience from a fellow is cited below: ------------------------------------------ 1. a. Juarez time = El Paso time (Mountain) (April - October) b. Juarez time = CST( 1 hour ahead of El Paso time in the other months of the year) Lot of people there thought Juarez was 1 hour ahead as this was mentioned so in the old stories. 2. They processed and gave us the visas by 12.30 PM. The old story said visas will be given only after 3.30PM. That could be the case also. So make flight arrangements so that you will have time to kill rather than hurry and/or miss the flight. 3. It might be a good idea to carry an umbrella. There is no shelter outside the consulate. Also, pack your papers in waterproof material. 4. At the now famous 'Econo Lodge' they have a little discount for AAA members. 5. Econo Lodge number is 778 3311. Call from airport and they will pick you up. 6. It is cheap but conveniently located. 7. You can talk to the front desk and they will arrange the transport to the consulate. In fact, the lady at the front desk called and arranged a pickup at 3.30 am in the morning, without my haveing to enquire!! In any case you can call Victor Garcia at 525 5341 and make arrangements. He even has a cellular phone. He charged $10/- apiece for 5 of us. 8. Tips about filling application: a. Leave blank what you are not sure about: i. What is the purpose of your visit? ii. How long do you intend to stay in USA? iii. Do you intend to work in the USA(This is NA for H1 applicants)? etc. b. Put your home country address in the applicant's home address. 9. Opposite to the consulate there is are couple of stores which will let you put your stuff in. 10. Yesterday, at the least, the consulate security let us bring in our briefcases or small bags. 11. While coming back ask the Mexican cab to drop you at Mexican side of border post. >From there walk for 5 mts to the INS visa center. Once you get your I-94 go ahead the USA side of the border and cabs will be waiting. 12. Questions asked: a. What is your work? b. Where did you study? H-1 VISA INFO (Canada) ---------------------- By: ajay@albali.cs.buffalo.edu Dec 3, 1993 Having obtained an H1 from Quebec yesterday, I guess I can jot down my experiences here. I have dealt with 3 consulates (Toronto, Ottawa and Quebec) in the past few weeks, and my experiences with each are given below: - Toronto. Effective 15th Nov 1993, the Toronto Consulate will take *5* WORKING days to process your application. So, unless you have friends in Toronto, and don't mind a week's vacation there, avoid Toronto!! - Ottawa. They don't take walk-in applicants. You simply have to fix up an appointment over the phone, and when I called in the early November, they gave me a date for Dec 7th. I'm not sure, but I think they take atleast a day to process your application. - Montreal. I haven't dealt with the Montreal consulate, but rumor has it that they take 3-5 working days also. - Quebec City. They take 48 hours to process your app. They accept applications only on MWF, 9-11AM. Don't bother lining up at 6AM; the consulate opens at 9, and as long as you get in before 11, it should be OK. The aren't that many people waiting to get in anyways. The consulate is located near the end of "Terrasse Dufferin" (the end further away from Chateau Frontenac), and you can see the flag poles sticking out at an angle above the doorways. (No flags on them at nite). I went on a Monday, and there were about 12 people requesting visas that day. However, when I went to pick up my passport on wednesday, I saw only 1 guy handing in his passport. BTW: they simply ignore your pleas to hand back the passport the same day; don't bother even trying unless there are just a couple of people applying for visas. If you are planning a trip to Quebec, I suggest you download the file "StampingH1inNearAbroad" from the alt.visa.us FTP archives, and read the post in there on how to get a visa at Quebec. H-4 Visa Info: ------------- H-4 visa is for the spouse of H-1 Visa Holder. There is no delay or hold in this category. Spouse may apply any time after the marriage, the whole process does not take more than couple of hours. Spouse need to take the following documents along to the consulate. a) His/Her own valid passport b) Nikah Nama (Marriage Certificate - English trans prefered) c) Two passport size pictures d) Other Spouse's passport with H-1 Visa already stamped on it. e) Letter from other spouse's employer confirming the empolyment is current. f) Don't forget to take original H-1 letter along. ************************************************************************ ************************************************************************ ------- Subject: 20) Baby Names! Female: Razia,RabiaRukhi,ruksana,zeba,shamimara,Rubina,Rabia,Sara,Fouzia, Shumaila,Shazia,Shela,Hafza,Fara,Iram,Nadia Male : AMIR,ASIM,ASLAM,ZAKI,ZUBAIR,SULEMAN,SALEM,FARAZ,ASAD,FARHAN Nadir Sohail Shafiq Sohrab Shumail Noor Qarin ************************************************************************ ************************************************************************ ------- Subject: 21) World Wide Web Home Pages on Pakistan I have put most of the home pages listed earlier under one home page after checking to make sure they still exist. Please send your home page URL on Pakistan for listing. Thanks. Combined HOME Pages URL: http://alumni.caltech.edu/~mughal/pakistan/pakistan.html --- Previously Listed Home pages --- A- http://www.egr.uh.edu/~escco/Pakistan.html By Fazia Rizvi (st156@jetson.uh.edu) B- http://www.rpi.edu/~ansars/paksa_locker/pak_mosaic/pakistan.html By Salman Ansari (ansars@rpi.edu) C- http://www.wam.umd.edu/~ghori/ By Ghanzanfar Khan Gori (ghori@wam.umd.edu) D- http://cuda3.me.mtu.edu:8023/home/maxwell-a.ee/kmushtaq/.mosaic/pakistan/pakistan.html By Kamran Mushtaq (kmushtaq@mtu.edu) ************************************************************************ ************************************************************************ ------- Subject: 22) USENET Statistics on Soc.Culture.Pakistan Per May '94 USENET statistics: Ranking: 316/3135 Estimated Readership: 100,000 April '94: 283/3190 ; 110,000 readership ************************************************************************ ************************************************************************ ------- Subject: 23) Info on soc.culture.pakistan Reorganization [This is intended as a brief summary. Please read the separate FAQ on newly created soc.culture.pakistan.* newsgroups for details] After a year or so discussion on 'PakNet' mailing list and initial proposal for open discussion. A proposal to expand soc.culture.pakistan with the addition of six subnewsgroups was presented on Nov 21, 1995. A formal 'Call for Votes' was issued on Dec 13, 1995. The vote closed on Jan 2, 1996. After a second 'Call for Votes', all following groups passed and have been created: Moderated: soc.culture.pakistan.education soc.culture.pakistan.history soc.culture.pakistan.moderated UnModerated: soc.culture.pakistan.politics soc.culture.pakistan.religion soc.culture.pakistan.sports More info on proposed newsgroups is as follows: NEWSGROUP LINES: soc.culture.pakistan.education Education in Pakistan. (Moderated) soc.culture.pakistan.history History of Pakistan. (Moderated) soc.culture.pakistan.moderated Discussions on Pakistan. (Moderated) soc.culture.pakistan.politics Political discussions on Pakistan. soc.culture.pakistan.religion Religious discussions related to Pakistan. soc.culture.pakistan.sports Sports in Pakistan. RATIONALE: all groups The reorganization is being proposed to better address the diversity of subjects and the needs of the readers which currently not being served by unmoderated soc.culture.pakistan newsgroup. The traffic on the unmoderated newsgroup soc.culture.pakistan has been increasing steadily. It has reached the point where any meaningful discussion on any topic related to Pakistan is lost in the high traffic & noise. Thus rendering the newsgroup inoperable & unusable for serious readership. This situation is also driving serious readership away from the newsgroup. Current proposal is to rectify this situation by proposing to reorganize the newsgroup into to a number of moderated & unmoderated newsgroup based upon specific topics of discussion. In addition to the current traffic of over 200+ messages per day. In the next few months, more usenet readers are coming on-line from Pakistan, estimated 100,000+. The current proposal is the essence of discussions held independently by at least three separate groups of scp readers. All of them arrived at the conclusion to split the newsgroup soc.culture.pakistan. The proposed hierarchy is intented to provide a foundation for subgroups under the hierarchy. The proposed subsgroups will focus on specific topics on Pakistan and Pakistani culture. This provides medium to express and share ideas, in addition learn from others experiences & knowledge. MODERATION POLICIES: For all three moderated newsgroups: Namely, soc.culture.pakistan.education soc.culture.pakistan.history soc.culture.pakistan.moderated The newsgroups in soc.culture.pakistan.hierarchy slated for moderation will be moderated by one group of moderators. The moderators submission address & multiple moderation tools are in the process of being setup. The moderation will not be censorship, it is solely for: 1. keeping the discussion relevant to the topics 2. Keeping personal comments out. 3. keeping flame/flamebaits out 4. keeping discussion civilized. Further, moderators will enforce standard USENET guidelines for postings, that is, i) No test messages ii) No commercial messages iii) No anonymous postings iv) Postings to be legible v) Postings to be in proper format: (not more than 80 characters per line) vi) Less than 50% quote text. The moderators may resign at their own will or by unanimous vote of other moderators if 1. They have no valid email address 2. Have been inactive for over six months. Additional moderators may be added by unanimous vote of active moderators. Changes in moderation team & calls for new moderators will be posted on the newsgroups. FACILITATORS: For all three moderated newsgroups: Namely, soc.culture.pakistan.education soc.culture.pakistan.history soc.culture.pakistan.moderated Facilitators are advisors to moderators. Readers interested in advising moderators and active in discussing moderation issues. Unlike moderators Facilitators will not have posting rights. Facilitators are nominated by moderators by mutual agreement. TECHNICAL MODERATOR: For proposed moderated newsgroups. Solely responsible for technical aspects, including maintaining submission addresses, updating moderators' lists, posting announcements on technical issues. Does not review/post regular incoming articles. ************************************************************************ ************************************************************************ ------- Subject: 24) Berkeley Urdu Language Program BERKELEY URDU LANGUAGE PROGRAM IN PAKISTAN 1997-1998 Background The 25th Berkeley Urdu Language Program in Pakistan will provide 30 weeks of Urdu instruction in two 15-week terms, with winter and spring breaks, from September, 1997 through May, 1998. Particularly well-qualified persons unable to spend the entire academic year may apply for one term. Independent scholars and faculty members who wish to improve their knowledge of Urdu in conjunction with ongoing or planned research are encouraged to apply. This is strictly a language program. Eligibility Applicants must be citizens or permanent residents of the United States. Plan A: Before beginning the program, applicants must have completed at least two years of Urdu and/or Hindi, or the equivalent, and should have a good knowledge of the Urdu script. Students having completed one year of Urdu and/or Hindi by June 1997 are eligible to apply if they intend to take an intensive second-year summer Urdu/Hindi course at the University of Washington, Seattle, or at the University of Wisconsin, Madison during the summer of 1997. Plan B: Urdu language instruction will be offered to a limited number of U.S. scholars conducting research in Pakistan. We can accommodate all levels of ability; private tuition may be secured on a contingency basis. We encourage American Institute of Pakistan Studies fellows to use the BULPIP facilities. Cost The costs to all participants are a $25 application fee and a program fee of $2,000 for the full academic year, or $1,300 for one term. Other fees for tuition, housing, round-trip air transportation, health insurance, and other living expenses may be paid in the following ways: Plan A: Intensive advanced language students may fund their participation in one of three ways: USIA/NMERTA funding: Contingent upon funding by USIA, a number of full fellowships will be awarded to US citizens enrolled in graduate degree programs. These will cover tuition, housing, round-trip transportation to Pakistan, a maintenance allowance, and health insurance. No provision is made for dependents. The Center for South Asia Studies awards the fellowships upon acceptance into the program. FLAS fellowships: If your home institution is a Title VI National Resource Center, ask about Foreign Language and Area Studies (FLAS) fellowships. Private funding. Students may participate on the program using their own funds. Ask us about total costs. You must pay all expenses in the United States before departing for Pakistan. Plan B: Those interested in language training other than the advanced program should contact us, giving specifics of the level and degree of training required. You must pay all expenses in the United States, prior to departure for Pakistan. Deadline The application deadline is March 1, 1997. Request applications and additional information from Berkeley Urdu Language Program in Pakistan Center for South Asia Studies University of California, Berkeley 10 Stephens Hall # 2310 Berkeley, CA 94720-2310 Tel: (510) 642-3608 Fax: (510) 643-5793 Email: udrebba@uclink4.berkeley.edu ************************************************************************ ************************************************************************ ------- Subject: 25) Urdu - Dictionary/Fonts/Software DICTIONARY: From: zia@dstos3.dsto.gov.au (Zia Ahmed) Subject: Urdu Dictionary (Part 1) Date: 3 Dec 1993 01:24:25 GMT Alphabet -------- Vowel Pronunciation Key ----------------------- a : "u" in "but" aa : "a" in "far" e : "e" in "bed" i : "i" in "fit" ee : "ee" in "feet" o : "o" in "code" u : "u" in "put" oo : "oo" in "booed" au : "ow" in "how" ai : "ei" in "neighbor" Notes: 1. ' indicates a glottal stop (pronounced like "uh") in very careful ----- speech. Normally, however, it is not pronounced at the beginning of a word and in other positions it represents 'aa'. 2. The combination 'ah' at the end of a word is pronounced like 'aa' or 'e'. For example: 'jagah' could be 'jagaa' or 'jage', i.e., the h is silent. 3. The combination 'ah' or 'aH' in the middle of a word is pronounced like 'e'. 4. n. (n period) indicates nasalization. 5. a - is used to distinguish between sh and s+h, kh and k+h, etc. Letter Transcription Remarks ------ ------------- ------- 'alif : a Could also stand for an unspecified initial vowel be : b pe : p Does not occur in Arabic te : t Used in native words Te : T Does not occur in Arabic and Persian se : s Used in loan words jeem : j che : ch Does not occur in Arabic baRi he : H Used in loan words khe : kh daal : d Daal : D Does not occur in Arabic and Persian zaal : z Used in loan words re : r Re : R Does not occur in Arabic and Persian ze : z Used in native words zhe : zh Does not occur in Arabic seen : s sheen : sh saad : s Used in loan words zaad : z Used in loan words to-e : t Used in loan words zo-e : z Used in loan words ain : ' Could also stand for an unspecified initial vowel ghain : gh fe : f qaaf : q kaaf : k gaaf : g Does not occur in Arabic laam : l meem : m noon : n vaa-o : w Stands for oo/o/au at the end of a word. In the middle it could stand for w/oo/o/au chhoTi he: h Used in native words chhoTi ye: y Stand for ee/e/ai at the end of a word. In the middle it could stand for y/ee/e/ai baRi ye : y Occurs only at the end of a word and stands for e or ai URDU FONTS: ---------- Date: Mon, 06 Nov 1995 13:12:05 -0500 (EST) From: ABBASS SYED AKBAR <93abbass@wave.scar.utoronto.ca> You can find urdu/persian fonts at the following site ; http://tehran.stanford.edu and look under PERSIAN EDITORS. There is one called PARSNEGAR. You can even download a demo. In addition if you browse around through the WEB pages on that site you URDU SOFTWARE: --------------- Subject: Urdu Software call 800-308-8883 Date: 28 Sep 1994 14:04:36 GMT Yes call this # if u are looking for an Urdu software. 1-800-308-8883. ************************************************************************ ************************************************************************ ------- Subject: 26) This FAQ: Archive Info, History & Credits ARCHIVE INFO: This FAQ is archived & availble thru anonymous FTP & world-wide web. Anonymous FTP: 1. SITE: rtfm.mit.edu Directory: /pub/usenet/news.answers/pakistan/faq 2. SITE: ftp.uu.net Directory: /pub/usenet/news.answers/pakistan/faq Word-Wide Web: ------------- URL for USENET FAQs: http://www.cis.ohio-state.edu/hypertext/faq/usenet/top.html URL for this FAQ: www.cis.ohio-state.edu/hypertext/faq/usenet/pakistan/faq HISTORY: V 1.0 Released Dec 25, 1993 V 1.1 Released Jan 31, 1994 Expanded to 11 Items, new items: #3,#9,#10,#11 V 1.2 Released Feb 18, 1994 New items in # 11, # 12 Total items 13 V 1.3 Released Mar 10, 1994 New Items in # 11, # 13. Total items 15 V 1.4 Released Apr 04, 1994 New item # 14, Total items 16 V 1.5 Released Apr 29, 1994 Format Touchups V 1.6 Released May 06 1994 New items # 1 & # 17 [Auto posting] V 1.7 Released May 06 1994 V 1.8 Released Jun 26 1994 New item #16,#17,#18.Addtions to #21. V 1.9 Released July 04 1994 New item # 18 & #21, #22 updated V 2.0 Released Nov 18 1994 Expanded # 10, #18, New # 22 V 2.1 Released Oct 05 1995 Updated WWW entry. V 2.2 Released Mar 26 1996 Updated #10, #19 & #25. New #23 & #24 V 2.3 Released Feb 14 1997 Updated headers, CREDITS: As noted by each item. End of Soc.Culture.Pakistan FAQ ******************************** -------