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Subject: Islam FAQ (Part 11/15): Islamic Internet Guide: Islamic Resources on Internet

This article was archived around: 21 May 2006 04:22:29 GMT

All FAQs in Directory: islam-faq
All FAQs posted in: alt.religion.islam, bit.listserv.muslims
Source: Usenet Version


Archive-name: islam-faq/part11 Posting-Frequency: monthly Last-modified: 1995/3/27 Version: 3.3 Organization: Alumni Association, Caltech, Pasadena, California
Copyright 1993,1994,1995 Asim Mughal (mughal@caltech.edu) Redistribution for profit, or in altered content/format prohibited without explicit written permission of the author. Any other redistribution must include this copyright notice and attribution. Frequently Asked Questions: Part 11 ___________________________________ This message is automatically posted to 'soc.religion.islam' every month and when updated. This lists answers to most commonly asked questions on the forum. Contributions & changes are requested and should be directed to: mughal@caltech.edu OVERVIEW: The Frequently Asked Questions document for Islam has been divided in parts. Below is the index. Part 1 - Welcome & Index Part 2 - Info on Islamic News Groups Part 3 - Introduction to Islam Part 4 - God & Worship Part 5 - Islam, Quran & Muhammad (PBUH) Part 6 - Marriage Laws in Islam Part 7 - Women In Islam Part 8 - Life after Death, Moral System & Human rights in Islam Part 9 - Islam: Prophethood, Jesus & Trinity Part 10 - Islam: Farrakhism & Malcom X Part 11 - Islamic Internet Guide: Islamic Resources on Internet Part 12 - Other Islamic Resource Guides on Internet Part 13 - Islamic Literature: Books & Video Part 14 - Islamic Calendar & Prayer Time Table for 1994 Part 15 - Misc: List of Halal Foods _____________________________________________________________ PART 11: Islamic Internet Guide: Islamic Resources on Internet Contents --Articles-- 1. Introduction .............................................................. 2. Retrieving files using FTP ................................................ 3. Major FTP Sites for Islamic Material on Internet .......................... 4. FTP Sites for Holy Quran .................................................. 5. FTP Sites for Hadith ...................................................... 6. FTP Sites for Islamic Literature .......................................... 7. Using Gopher .............................................................. 8. Gopher Sites with Islamic Literature ...................................... 9. Holy Quran & Hadith Available Thru Gopher ................................. 10. About World-Wide-Web ...................................................... 11. Web Servers with Islamic Material ......................................... 12. LISTSERV Lists on Islam ................................................... 13. Islamic Newsgroups on USENET .............................................. 14. Software: Islamic Prayer Timers ........................................... --Announcements-- 15. Archive Info .............................................................. 16. Credits ................................................................... Articles ..................................................................... 1. Introduction .............................................................. The Islamic resources available on the network have increased many folds and continue to increase. This document attempts to cover almost all the know resources. The listing is sorted by protocols. An information site may be accessible by several protocols and provide pointers to other sites. Hence, there may be some duplication. In addition, all resources listed were verified as of August 25, 1994. and Jan 10, 1995. Holy Quran & Hadith: Please use the translations on your own risk. No claim on authencity of the text is guaranteed. Caltech MSA has undertaken the task verifying the text of Holy Quran translations against the published & authenticated translations. This task is expected to take several months, starting August 1994. Any additions/changes to the resources cited are welcome. 2. Retrieving files using FTP ................................................ Anonymous File Transfer Protocol: This is a standard setup on internet. It allows a user to use 'ftp' command to connect to a site and download files. The following may be help to the new users. How to down load files using FTP: ________________________________ % ftp _name_of_the_site Login: anonymous Password: _your_email_address_ Dir: From the listing provided. File Extensions: .Z or .zip or .tar ____________________________________ The files may be in different formats. A file maybe an executable program or just a text file. Most files are compressed to save the disk storage space. Here is a list to identify the files. .zip DOS compression .Z UNIX compression .tar UNIX file bundle .gz GNU zip File Transfer Mode: __________________ it is a good idea to use 'binary' transfer, especially for .tar files. To set the 'binary' mode at 'ftp' prompt type: "binary" ftp> binary To Retrieve a File: ftp> get _file_name_ To Change Directory: ftp> cd _directory_path_ 3. Major FTP Sites for Islamic Material on Internet .......................... This index is by site name, index by subject follows later. A- Name: Caltech MSA Site -1- Site: ftp.cco.caltech.edu Directory: /pub/calmsa B- Name: Caltech MSA Site -2- Site: ftp.ugcs.caltech.edu Directory: /pub/calmsa C- Name: Boston University Site: cs-ftp.bu.edu Directory: /amass/Islam/Quran/ D- Name: Islam Net (on Rahut.net) Site: ftp.rahul.net Direcotry: /pub/islamnet 4. FTP Sites for Holy Quran .................................................. MAJOR SITES: Hosting Several Translations of Holy Quran. ___________________________________________________________ Boston University FTP Site ___________________________________________________________ SITE:cs-ftp.bu.edu DIRECTORY: /amass/Islam/Quran/ README arabic-by-eyler.hqx trans-pickthal.text.gz and-translations.text.Z arabic-by-eyler.text trans-yousufali.text.gz ___________________________________________________________ Caltech UGCS FTP Site (Caltech MSA/IINN FTP Site-2-) ___________________________________________________________ SITE:ftp.ugcs.caltech.edu DIRECTORY: /pub/cms/Quran/ Quran-Picthall.Z System-7.01-&-Arabic.sea.#1.hqx Quran-Shakir.tar.Z System-7.01-&-Arabic.sea.#2.hqx Quran-and-trans.sea.#1.hqx pickthal.txt.sea.hqx Quran-and-trans.sea.#2.hqx yusufali.txt.sea.hqx Quran.sea.hqx ___________________________________________________________ Caltech CCO FTP Site (Caltech MSA/IINN FTP Site-1-) ___________________________________________________________ SITE:ftp.cco.caltech.edu DIRECTORY: /pub/cms/Quran/ Quran-Picthall.Z Quran-Shakir.tar.Z Quran.readme ___________________________________________________________ FILE: Quran.tar.Z etlport.etl.go.jp /pub/NeXT/Literature/working/Quran.tar.Z nova.cc.purdue.edu /pub/next/Literature/working/Quran.tar.Z roxette.mty.itesm.mx /pub/next/Literature/working/Quran.tar.Z sonata.cc.purdue.edu /pub/next/Literature/working/Quran.tar.Z ftp.uu.net /doc/literary/obi/Religion/Quran.tar.Z unix.hensa.ac.uk /pub/uunet/doc/literary/obi/Religion/Quran.tar.Z ftp.princeton.edu /pub/Quran.tar.Z OTHER FORMAT: gatekeeper.dec.com /.8/misc/scripture/quran/ phoenix.oulu.fi /pub/quran/quran.tar slopoke.mlb.semi.harris.com /pub/doc/quran.tar.Z ftp.rahul.net /pub/islamnet/quran/trans-pickthal.text.Z Courtesy: Islamic Information & News Network (IINN) Muslims @ Asuacad.BITnet 5. FTP Sites for Hadith ...................................................... ___________________________________________________________ Caltech UGCS FTP Site (Caltech MSA/IINN FTP Site-2-) ___________________________________________________________ SITE:ftp.ugcs.caltech.edu DIRECTORY: /pub/cms/Hadith/ Bukhari.Z hadith.2.Z hadith.qudsi.2.Z hadith.1.Z hadith.Z hadith.qudsi.Z ___________________________________________________________ Caltech CCO FTP Site (Caltech MSA/IINN FTP Site-1-) ___________________________________________________________ SITE:ftp.cco.caltech.edu DIRECTORY: /pub/cms/Quran/ Bukhari hadith.1.Z hadith.qudsi.2.Z Hadith.2.cr.Z hadith.2.Z hadith.qudsi.Z ___________________________________________________________ IslamNet FTP Site ___________________________________________________________ SITE: ftp.rahul.net DIRECTORY: /pub/islamnet/hadith hadith.1.Z hadith.qudsi.2.Z Bukhari.Z hadith.2.Z hadith.qudsi.Z Courtesy: Islamic Information & News Network (IINN) Muslims @ Asuacad.BITnet 6. FTP Sites for Islamic Literature .......................................... ___________________________________________________________ Boston University FTP Site ___________________________________________________________ SITE: cs-ftp.bu.edu DIRECTORY: /amass/Islam Contact Person(s): Mohammad Jamil Sawar (sawar@cbl.leeds.ac.uk) Images/ crescent-93.text ramadan-boston94.ps Prayer-scheds/ crescent-sighting.text ramadan-boston94.tex Praytimer/ fatiha-stack.doc takbyr.dvi Quran/ fatiha-stack.hqx takbyr.ps Sounds/ praytimer.tar.Z crescent-92.text ramadan-boston94.dvi ___________________________________________________________ Caltech CCO FTP Site (Caltech MSA/IINN FTP Site-1-) ___________________________________________________________ SITE: ftp.cco.caltech.edu DIRECTORY: /pub/calmsa Contact Person(s): Asim Mughal & Asif Khaliq (calmsa@cco.caltech.edu) 33windows.creator emaan islamic.centers DSS_ascii.1QH.txt environment istiqamat Hadith/ faq.ari kashmir.pns94 ITimer21.README faq.bit.muslims knowledge ITimer21.exe faq.iinn last.sermon ITimer21.shar faq.iinn.muslims mercy.ayat IslamicTimer-2.0.shar faq.sri.2.3 miracles Muhammad.prophet finality.1 mosque.why Quran/ finality.2 muhammed.bible README.FIRST finality.3 perseverance.job README.OLD finality.4 political.order README.OLD.2 fundamentals prayer.f README.calmsa hijab.protect praytime.zip README.cms humanrights quotron/ README.instruct iiie/ ramadan.meaning arafat.day iinn.survey94 resurrection belief.unbelief ijtihad revelation books index.quran ritual.prayers booksellers.list index.surah sahaba bosnia/ info.amana status.women bosnia.aid.info introtoislam tawhid cfv.bosnia islam-faq/ treatise.nature cfv.scm islam-rc.92 treatise.quran cfv.tri islam-rc.old way.to.quran christ.islam islam.focus wedding.in.islam consequences islam.glance worldly.gain cybermuslim.v2.0 islam.is.future educators islam.west ___________________________________________________________ Caltech UGCS FTP Site (Caltech MSA/IINN FTP Site-2-) ___________________________________________________________ SITE:ftp.ugcs.caltech.edu DIRECTORY: /pub/cms Contact Person(s): Asim Mughal (calmsa@cco.caltech.edu) CMS.README README.calmsa emaan.Z CMS.README.OLD README.cms forums.Z Hadith/ Shakir-suras/ ijtihad.Z ITimer21.README bonsia.Z islam-rc.1.1.Z ITimer21.exe books.Z islam-rc.1.1a.Z ITimer21.shar books.list.2.Z marriage.Z Islam.introduction.Z bosnia.Z prayer.f.Z IslamicTimer-2.0.shar.Z bosnia.video.Z think.Z Quran/ cms.readme.Z treatise.Z README.FILES educators.Z ___________________________________________________________ IslamNet FTP site ___________________________________________________________ SITE:ftp.rahul.net DIRECTORY: /pub/islamnet/articles intro.islam.txt.Z resurrec.txt.Z christ.islam.Z islamic.centers.txt.Z ritual.prayers.Z cybermuslim.guide.Z last.sermon.Z sahaba.Z emaan.Z marriage.Z science.Z food.halal.Z muhammed.bible.Z status.women.Z fundamen.txt.Z praytime.zip tawhid.Z humanrig.txt.Z ramadan.meaning.Z way.to.quran.Z Courtesy: Islamic Information & News Network (IINN) Muslims @ Asuacad.BITnet 7. Using Gopher .............................................................. The "Gopher" is a client/server based information delivery setup. Gopher clients connect to a Gopher Server loaded with information. A Gopher Server may be connected to hundreds of other Gopher servers. This connection is transparent to the user. To use the gopher system, you should have 'Gopher client' on your local system. TO Access Gopher with Gopher Client: Type: % gopher server_name 70 To Access Gopher without Gopher Client: You may wish to use a public telnet gopher site. You may use any of the following: Hostname Login Area ------------------------- ------------- consultant.micro.umn.edu gopher North America ux1.cso.uiuc.edu gopher North America gopher.msu.edu gopher North America gopher.ebone.net gopher Europe 8. Gopher Sites with Islamic Literature ...................................... A- GOPHER LATIF.COM 70 As of December 01, '93 Islamic material is available thru gopher services as well. To access: % gopher latif.com 70 Contact Name: Br. Yaakob Abdullah (yaakob@latif.com) B- GOPHER GOPHER.CALTECH.EDU 70 The ftp site maintained by Caltech MSA carrying files archived by Islamic Information & News Network (muslims@asuacad.bitnet) is now accessible thru gopher. The gopher server is: gopher.caltech.edu \Computing Information \CCO anonymous FTP site \pub \calmsa For Quick Access: % gopher gopher.caltech.edu 70 gopher.caltech.edu is linked to world-wide network of gophers. Contact Name: (Asim Mughal) calmsa@cco.caltech.edu [MSA Acct] mughal@alumni.caltech.edu C- GOPHER WINGS.BUFFALO.EDU 70 The gopher server is: wings.buffalo.edu and choose #10 from the first menu (Student Life and Services/) #12 from the second (Undergraduate Student Association/) #2 from the third (The Muslim Student Association/) Contact Name: hkhalak@ren.hwi.buffalo.edu (Hanif Khalak) COURTESY: Islamic Information & News Network (MUSLIMS@PSUVM.BITnet) 9. Holy Quran & Hadith Available Thru Gopher ................................. HADITH AVAILABLE THRU GOPHER: TO ACCESS: % gopher This will connect to your root gopher. If gopher is NOT setup on your site, go to the end of the document for 'Public Telnet Sites for Gopher.' SITE-1- % gopher cwis.usc.edu Please select the following in sequence: --> 4. Campus Life/ --> 5. Student Organizations/ --> 3. Muslim Students Association/ SITE-2- % gopher umicc.umich.edu --> 2. UMCC FTP archives and user's gopher entries/ --> 6. users/ --> 4. Abdullah Haydar's Stuff/ or --> 7. Omar Haydar, MSA/ SITE-3- % gopher gopher.caltech.edu --> 4. Computing Information/ --> 1. CCO anonymous ftp archive/ --> 6. pub/ --> 12. calmsa/ SITE-4- % gopher wings.buffalo.edu --> 10. Student Life and Services/ --> 12. Undergraduate Student Association/ --> 2. The Muslim Student Association/ 10. About World-Wide-Web ...................................................... World-Wide-Web (WWW) makes it possible to browse thru resources and fetch documents using hypertext. Hypertext is a text with pointers to other text. Selecting hypertext opens up the text listed in the pointer. With a WWW browser, one may browse thru information in several protocols, e.g. FTP, gopher, telnet. etc. This is achieved by calling up information using 'Unified Resource Locators' (URL). Breakdown of URL: protocol://machinename:port:/path/filename e.g. http://info.cern.ch:80/default.html ftp://wuarchive.wustl.edu/mirrors WWW provides 'integrated services.' Common WWW interface is 'Mosaic.' A new WWW interface is 'Netscape.' 11. Web Servers with Islamic Material ......................................... SITE-1: http://latif.com/welcome.html Maintainer: yakkob@latif.com SITE-2: http://www.cco.caltech.edu/~calmsa Maintainer: calmsa@cco.caltech.edu SITE-3: http://www.clark.net/pub/murple/home.html SITE-4: gopher://wings.buffalo.edu/hh/student-life/sa/muslim Maintainer: MSA Buffalo,NY 12. LISTSERV Lists on Islam ................................................... LIST-1: MUSLIMS@ASUACAD & MUSLIMS@PSUVM Name: Islamic Information & News Network (IINN) Info: Weekly or Bi-weekly Digest containing news, info and articles on Islam. Subscription: 800+ OWNER: pakowner@asuacad.bitnet (Nauman Mysorewala). LIST-2: ISLAM-L@ULKYVM Name: History of Islam Info: A discussion list. Subscription: 380+ OWNER: jacock01@ulkyvm (Jim Cocks) LIST-3: ISLAMIAT@SAKAAU03 Name: Islamic Information and Issues Discussion Group. Info: A discussion list. Subscription: unknown OWNERS: ENF3006@SAKAAU03 (Abu baker Essahak & Muhammad Moula) LIST-4: NAHIA-L@MSU.EDU Name: North American Historians of Islamic Art Info: A discussion list. Subscription: 101 OWNERS: alan@ah2.cal.msu.edu (Alan Fisher) 13. Islamic Newsgroups on USENET .............................................. NEWSGROUP-1: Soc.Religion.Islam (moderated) Contact Addresses: religion-islam-request@ncar.ncar.edu sri@gnu.ai.mit.edu NEWGROUP-2: Bit.Listserv.Muslims (moderated) Islamic Information & News Network gatewayed from MUSLIMS@PSUVM.BITnet Contact Address: Muslims@Psuvm.Bitnet NEWSGROUP-3: Alt.Religion.Islam (un-moderated) -No contact address- Courtesy: Islamic Information & News Network (MUSLIMS@PSUVM.BITNET) 14. Software: Islamic Prayer Timers ........................................... A number of software programs have been written by Muslims to make it easier for others to calculate the prayer timings in their areas. This is a brief listing of prayer software availale thru Caltech MSA/IINN anonymous FTP sites: _____________________________________________ Islamic Timer 2.1 (Released August 1994) _____________________________________________ Location: ftp.cco.caltech.edu Dir: /home/pub/calmsa ITimer21.shar, ITimer21.exe, ITimer.README Runs on DOS and UNIX Machines. Provided by: <wmuhanna@magnus.acs.ohio-state.edu> _____________________________________________ Prayer Timer (Released August 1994) _____________________________________________ Location: ftp.cco.caltech.edu Dir: /home/pub/calmsa praytime.zip Prayer Timer for DOS machines _____________________________________________ Prayer Time Table (Released 1991) _____________________________________________ Location: ftp.cco.caltech.edu Dir: /home/pub/calmsa prayer.f Runs on UNIX machines Provided by: t. djamaluddin _____________________________________________ Prayer Time Table (Released 1991) _____________________________________________ Location: ftp.ugcs.caltech.edu Dir: /home/pub/cms prayer.c Runs on UNIX machines Provide by: Waqar Malik (Caltech MSA) calmsa@cco.caltech.edu Courtesy: Islamic Information & News Network (Muslims@Asuacad.BItnet) Announcements ................................................................ 15. Archive Info .............................................................. This FAQ is archived at several sites and is available for public retrieval thru anonymous FTP, E-MAIL, Gopher & World Wide Web. -- Anonymous FTP -- Login: anonymous Password: Your e-mail address Site: rtfm.mit.edu Dir: /pub/usenet/news.answers/islam-faq/ Site: ftp.uu.net Dir: /pub/usenet/news.answers/islam-faq/ Site: ftp.cco.caltech.edu Dir: /pub/calmsa/islam-faq/ -- E-MAIL -- Send E-mail to: mail-server@rtfm.mit.edu Text of E-mail Message: send usenet/news.answers/islam-faq/part11 quit -- GOPHER -- Site: gopher.caltech.edu 70 Path: Computing Information/ CCO anonymous ftp archive/ pub/ calmsa/ islam-faq/ Site: latif.com 70 Path: Resources relating to Islam/ Soc.Religion.Islam -- World-Wide-Web (WWW) -- One recommended interface is 'mosaic,' below are mosaic 'home pages.' URL at USENET Archive site: http://www.cis.ohio-state.edu/hypertext/faq/usenet/islam-faq/faq.html URL at Caltech MSA site: http://www.cco.caltech.edu/~calmsa/links.html 16. Credits ................................................................... The author wishes to thank all those who contributed in any capacity for the original one part FAQ or this multi-part FAQ. -- FORMAT -- The format of the FAQ series has been done by utilizing resources of Islamic Information & News Network (IINN). A custom program, Nebula, written by editors of IINN for generating newsletters has been used. What is IINN? Islamic Information & News Network is a forum dedicated to educate the network community on issues relating to Islam and Muslims in an academic & non-political environment. Weekly digest is available on internet by subscribing to MUSLIMS@ASUACAD.BITnet (A Bitnet listserv list) and on USENET: bit.listserv.muslims. -- Permissions -- Permission to post this multi-part FAQ has been obtained by the following: o Institute of Islamic Information & Education (III&E) o Islamic Information & News Network (Muslims@PSUVM.bitnet) o Moderator(s) of News.Answers (Thomas Khoenig & P.Huang) # End of Islam FAQ Part 11 #