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Subject: HOLOCAUST FAQ: Willis Carto & The Institute for Historical Review (2/2)
This article was archived around: NNTP-Posting-Sat, 14 Feb 2009 23:15:02 -0600
IHR: A Layman's Guide to Willis Carto
& The Institute for Historical Review (Part 02)
4.0 Political Organization.....................................17
4.1 National Youth Alliance....................................17
4.2 Populist Action Committee..................................17
5.0 IHR Investigates Conference Attendees......................23
6.0 Epilog - Carto Expelled from IHR in Palace Coup ...........23
7.0 Reference Section..........................................24
7.1 Suggested Reading........................................25
7.3 Works Cited..............................................25
[IHR] [Page 17]
4.0 Political Organizations & Activities
4.1 National Youth Alliance
In his book "Brotherhood of Murder," Martinez mentions the National
Youth Alliance, which had its beginnings as "Youth for Wallace," and
was formed during the Wallace Presidential campaign of 1968. He
notes that Dr. William Pierce, whom he describes as a "Nazi," along
with several founders of George Lincoln Rockwell's National Socialist
White People's Party, joined the organization in the late Sixties.
The information he provides which relates to Carto's involvement in
this group is sketchy, to say the least:
The behind-the-scenes power in the NYA was Willis Carto, head of
the far right-wing, Washington, D.C.-based Liberty Lobby,
publisher of an anti-Zionist magazine called 'Spotlight' and also
publisher of a book that teaches terrorist urban warfare tactics.
Martinez continues with "After wresting control of the group from
Carto..." and no further references are to be found. (Martinez, 33)
The neo-Nazi group The National Alliance grew out of "The National
Youth Alliance," and is now controlled by Dr. William Pierce.
I would appreciate receiving any additional, documented, information
regarding Carto's involvement with this group, and invite your
contributions. ("Brotherhood of Murder" tells of Martinez'
involvement with The Order, the neo-nazi organization responsible for
the murder of Denver talk-show host Alen Berg and others.)
4.2 The Populist Action Committee (Richard Hatch, May, 1993)
In 1991, the Populist Action Committee (PAC) was "formally launched
by the Liberty Lobby, the Washington-based populist institution that
publishes _The Spotlight_." (Spotlight, 6-3-91, 1) The PAC is
intimately tied to the Spotlight, which is "a prime mover behind the
PAC." (Spotlight, 9-9-91, A-3) Unlike conventional political action
committees, the PAC will not give money directly to candidates for
office, but rather will "promote and publicize populist candidates,
urging patriots to make direct contributions to these candidates."
The featured speaker at the kick-off meeting was "English populist"
John Tyndall of the British National Party. (Spotlight, 6-3-91, 1)
Tyndall is a British "former" National Socialist who has been quoted
as saying "The Jew is like a maggot feeding on a body in an advanced
state of decay." (Knight, 47) The selection of Tyndall as featured
speaker for the founding meeting is an indication of the political
direction of the Populist Action Committee. Tyndall was a founder of
the British National Party in 1960. (Hill, page??) The original BNP
was "pro-nazi and anti-semitic" and later merged with other far-right
groups to form the National Front in 1967. The NF promoted the
exclusion of non-whites from England. (Fielding, 67-68)
[IHR] [Page 18]
Tyndall resurrected the old BNP name when he founded a new party
after the collapse of the National Front. As noted in a "Spotlight"
interview, the BNP publishes _British Nationalist_ and _Spearhead_.
(Spotlight, 6-24-91, 16-17) The name "Spearhead" is a throwback to
the paramilitary organization in which Tyndall was active during the
original BNP days. Tyndall, who sported Nazi-style stormtrooper
attire in those days, was "gaoled" for his involvement in this
paramilitary group. (Hill, 61)
Promoting "Populist Candidates"
According to Liberty Lobby founder Willis Carto, the PAC "will be
promoting populist candidates." (Spotlight, 6-10-91, 11) The PAC does
this in part by publicizing the activities of such candidates in the
In one such case, the "Spotlight" directed readers to Joe Fields who
in 1992 was running for a California State legislature seat under the
banner of the American Independent Party. Fields is a notorious
far-right activist from Southern California who in 1987 "identified
himself to reporters as a member of the National Socialist American
Workers Party." (Los Angeles Times March 11, 1988, 30, section 1)
Art Jones was singled out for publicity in a special PAC "wrap"
addition to the Spotlight. (Spotlight, 3-9-92, A-2) The PAC
identified Jones as one of "seven viable candidates for public office
who are dedicated to the principles of populism...With your help,
there is a chance to elect candidates unbeholden to special interests
now plunging our country into ruin." Apparently, this was as far as
the PAC could go, since the special PAC "wrap" noted that the
"Populist Action Committee is a research and education entity not
registered with the Federal Election Committee and does not endorse
any candidate." (Spotlight, 3-9-92, A2) An earlier PAC report in the
"Spotlight" described Art Jones as a candidate who "puts America
first." "Spotlight" went on to note that "Jones has been connected to
far-right nationalist groups in the Chicago area by the local media."
(Spotlight, 2-24-92, 7)
In fact, local media reports had identified Jones as a leader in the
American Nazi Party. (Chicago Tribune 1-20-89, 3) Jones was active
in overt Nazi agitation as far back as 1979, when he was photographed
at a Chicago rally wearing the swastika armband. He later became
briefly involved with Civilian Military Assistance (CMA). CMA was
part of the "private" support network for Reagan's contra war in
Nicaragua. (Bellant, 120-122) In 1989, Jones was vice chairman of
the American Nazi Party. He achieved some notoriety when he was
photographed shaking hands with David Duke during Duke's run for
governor of Louisiana. Even Duke, attempting to shake off his own
past, called Jones a "Nazi kook." (Rose, 64)
[IHR] [Page 19]
The make-up of the advisory board of the PAC gives an idea of why
such "populist candidates" would be promoted by the PAC. The members
(and their descriptions) as of March 9, 1992 included:
Abe Lincoln Austin (Monetary Scientist)
Mike Blair (Investigative Reporter)
Ken Bohnsack (Founder, Sovereignty)
Robert Brock (Black Nationalist)
Howard Carson (Publishing Consultant)
Capt. G. Russel Evans (Historian)
Lt. Col. James (Bo) Gritz (US Army, ret.)
Dr. Martin A. Larson (Author)
Roger Lourie (President, Devin-Adair publishing)
Donald A. MacPherson (Constitutional Attorney)
Pauline Mackey (Treasurer, ret. David Duke for President)
Tom McIntyre (Former Chairman, Populist Party)
Eustace Mullins (Author)
John Nugent (Financial Consultant)
Lawrence Patterson (Editor & Publisher, Criminal Politics)
Col. L. Fletcher Prouty (US Air Force, ret.)
John Rakus (President, National Justice Foundation)
John Rarick (Former Congressman, D-Louisiana)
Vince Ryan (Editor, The Spotlight)
Sherman Skolnick (Chairman, Committee to Clean Up the Courts)
Maj. James H. Townsend, Ret. (Editor & Publisher, The National Educator)
James P. Tucker (President, National Media Services)
Tom Valentine (Host, Radio Free America)
Raymond E. Walk (President, Rayan Associates, Inc.)
Robert Weems (Founding Chairman, Populist Party)
Some biographies may be useful in illustrating the caliber of
advisors to the PAC...
Mike Blair ("Investigative reporter") is a long-time reporter for
Robert Brock is a "black nationalist" who promotes the repatriation
of Black Americans and supports the so-called Pace Amendment to that
end. This amendment would cause untold upheaval as it calls for the
compulsory repatriation of most minorities in a period of one year.
The Pace Amendment would establish mechanisms by which one's race
would be judged by "a combination of blood type, ancestry, and
appearance." (Aho, 261-263)
Brock's unusual sense of humor was revealed in a surprise appearance
at Pete Peters Identity Christian camp in 1988. Brock entered the
meeting hall dressed in a KKK robe and revealed himself, at the
podium, no doubt to hearty guffaws. (Scriptures, Vol. V <1988>, 20)
Brock also organized a 1992 Holocaust revisionist "First
[IHR] [Page 20]
Amendment" conference in Southern California (Los Angeles Times
2-2-92, 1, part B) Institute for Historical Review regular Mark Weber
spoke, as did Joe Fields, now with the Populist Party, and his
Afrikaner-born wife Dee Fields. Joe proclaimed his belief in "the
purity of the races... and the desirability of segregation."
"Bo" Gritz was "featured at two Liberty Lobby conventions in 1987 and
1990." (Spotlight, 10-26-92, 5) Gritz is a regular on the Christian
Identity/Patriot/Liberty Lobby circuit. Rudy Proctor, who Gritz met
while attending one of Pastor Pete Peters' Christian Identity camps,
paid for tapes and press releases to be sent to radio stations as
part of Gritz Khun Sa publicity campaign. (Gritz, 485-486)
Gritz has also worked with another prominent Christian Identity
activist, Richard Flowers, of Boring, Oregon. Flowers heads up the
Christian Patriot Association (CPA), which publishes "The Patriot
Review" and sponsored a Gritz campaign trip to Oregon. Flowers
believes that "Blacks in general have a lower IQ than whites, and
most just want to come in and take over without establishing anything
themselves." (The Clackamas County Review, week ending June 3, 1992,
The CPA distributes an array of literature and audio/video tapes
through their 76-page book Catalog. (CPA Book Publisher Book Catalog
1992-1993) There are whole sections devoted to "Christianity - Race -
Religion" and "The Jewish Issue." Audio tapes by old stand-bys of the
Posse Comitatus movement, such as James Wickstrom, are available.
(See Ridgeway, James. Blood in the Face. Thunder's Mouth Press,
1990, 133 for an example of a Wickstrom tape message)
Holocaust revisionists are well represented with tapes by David
Irving and books by Arthur Butz and Austin App. Gritz has had a
direct working relationship with the CPA through the National
Coalition to Reform Money and Taxes (NCRMT.) Gritz's Center for
Action and the CPA, as well as a number of other "patriot"
organizations are allied in this project to repeal income tax, return
to the use of gold and silver, etc... The January 1992 edition of
"The Petitioner" newsletter, which reports on the activities of the
coalition, approvingly interviewed Gritz and his campaign manager
Charlie Brown and reported on Gritz's participation in the coalition.
Gritz also participated in at least one Patterson Strategy conference
in October 1991 (See entry for Patterson, below) (Criminal Politics,
July 1991, 29)
Martin Larson's column appears practically every week in the
"Spotlight." Larson writes primarily on economic matters, but manages
to throw in enough other tidbits to make things interesting. For
example, he feels that "the powers that be are doing everything they
can to encourage breeding among welfare recipients." (Spotlight,
[IHR] [Page 21]
Roger Lourie's Devin-Adair company is a long-time source of
right-wing publications. In addition, "Devin-Adair and Regnery
published the greater part of those World War II revisionist studies
which faulted the Roosevelt administration for intervening against
the Axis powers." (Mintz, 48)
Tom McIntyre was chairman of the Populist Party when they nominated
"former" Klansman David Duke as their Presidential candidate in 1988.
(Gritz was nominated to run as Vice Presidential candidate--see above
for Gritz.) (Spotlight, 3-28-88, 4)
Eustace Mullins is the author of the virulently anti-Jewish book "The
Biological Jew" (Faith and Service Books, Stauton, VA, 1968).
Mullins, in this lengthy comparison of Jews with biological
The Jew has always functioned best as a panderer, a pornographer,
a master of prostitution, an enemy of the prevailing sexual
standards and prohibitions of the gentile community....
We must remember that there is no Jewish crime per se, since the
existence of the Jewish parasite on the host is a crime against
nature, because its existence imperils the health and life of the
This religious ceremony of drinking the blood of an innocent
gentile child is basic to the Jew's entire concept of his
existence as a parasite, living off the blood of the host...
The Jews do not want anyone to know what Nazism is. Nazism is
simply this--a proposal that the German people rid themselves of
the parasitic Jews. The gentile host dared to protest against the
continued presence of the parasite, and attempted to throw it off.
It was an ineffectual reaction, because it was emotional and
Mullins' writings are a standby on the Klan/neo-Nazi circuit. A
recent Sons of Liberty book list included Mullins titles such as
"Jewish TV: Sick, Sick, Sick," "The Jewish War Against the Christian
World," and "Easter," which the catalog tells us give a "look at the
5,000 years of history in the ongoing war between the Satanic-Jewish
forces and their Babylonian religious system and the rest of
humanity." (Sons of Liberty Fall 1992 catalog, New Christian Crusade
Lawrence Patterson addressed the national committee of the Populist
Party in 1988 when they gathered for the David Duke nomination.
Patterson's "Criminal Politics" newsletter carries warnings of a
"Zionist Trilateral Party" conspiracy to merge the United States, the
USSR, and Europe. This conspiracy is "anti-American, anti-religious,
atheistic, anti-Christian, anti-Catholic, and anti- Protestant."
(Criminal, 07/91, 6) Patterson's newsletter, which went
[IHR] [Page 22]
for $15 an issue in 1991, listed Eustace Mullins (see above) as
contributing editor. Eric Butler and Ivor Benson were listed as
correspondents. Butler has been a long time leader of the Australian
League of Rights and is "considered a mentor by active racists and
anti-semites throughout the English-speaking world." (Knight, 23)
Similarly, Benson -- Information Advisor to the former Rhodesian
government -- was a staunch supporter of apartheid in South Africa.
Pauline Mackey is another veteran of the David Duke campaign.
Col. L. Fletcher Prouty has maintained a strong relationship with
the Liberty Lobby for years. During the lengthy legal battles
surrounding the Mermelstein lawsuits against the Liberty Lobby and
Willis A. Carto, Prouty and fellow PAC advisory board member Lt.
Col. James "Bo" Gritz were "prepared to testify as character
witnesses on behalf of Liberty Lobby founder Willis A. Carto."
(Spotlight, 10-7-91, 12)
Prouty has been a guest on the Liberty Lobby sponsored Radio Free
America program dozens of times. (I understand that the Pacifica
Radio folks also broadcasts a syndicated "Radio Free America"
program, which should not be confused with this one.) Prouty was a
featured speaker at the 35th Liberty Lobby Board of Policy
convention were he said "If anybody really wants to know what's
going on in the world today, he should be reading 'Spotlight'" and
explained that "one of the first enemies we have in this country is
usury". (Spotlight, 10-8-90, 14)
John Rarick has been "a willing enough ally of the Liberty Lobby" for
years. (Mintz, 155) Rarick was a prominent activist in the
segregationist white Citizens Councils.
Robert Weems was the founding chairman of the Populist Party. Weems
was a "voting member of party's national executive committee" in
1988, when the party nominated David Duke. (Spotlight, 3-28-88, 4)
Also the founding national chairman of the PAC, Weems was a
Mississippi KKK leader. (Ridgeway, 131)
Weems was scheduled to speak in July 1991 at the "First National
Identity-Christian Conference in Reidsville, North Carolina. His
topic was "Internationalism and How it Relates to Race, Nation, and
Faith." Other speakers at the conference included Eustace Mullins and
Lt. Col. James "Bo" Gritz. The promotional materials for this
conference included advertisements for books such as "Our Nordic
Race," "White Race--True People of Israel," and "God's Call to Race."
(Conference mailing, June 1991)
[IHR] [Page 23]
5.0 IHR Investigates Conference Attendees
The nature of the IHR can clearly be seen from the application it used
for its 10th. "International Revisionist Conference", which required
"Those who have not been an attendee at a previous IHR conference" to
provide the names of the conference speakers, if any, "or others you
may know will be attending" as personal references. If none of the
speakers would vouch for you, you were required to provide "two personal
references with daytime phone numbers" to permit background
investigation before permitting those wishing to attend to do so.
Has anyone here ever been to a convention of any scientific, medical,
historical or academic organization and been required to have someone
"vouch" for you before you could attend? Clearly the IHR's interest
in "open debate" isn't genuine, given their obvious reluctance to
permit it at their own conventions! (get
The following extract was published anonymously to alt.revisionism
in February, 1994. It indicates that Willis Carto has been purged
from the IHR - the Coalition for Human Dignity's Research
Department (Portland, Oregon) offered additional information in
its March 1, 1994 Dignity Report. (Get
pub/people/c/carto.willis/ carto.005 for the article.)
From _The Journal of Historical Review_, Nov/Dec 1993, pg 25:
WILLIS CARTO AND THE IHR
Willis Carto is perhaps best known as the founder and director
of Liberty Lobby, an organization based in Washington, DC that
publishes a weekly tabloid paper, The Spotlight. Carto has also
been affiliated with the Institute for Historical Review since
its founding in 1978. As those who have attended recent IHR
conferences know, the IHR staff acknowledges the many hours of
volunteer help that he and his wife Elisabeth have contributed
over the years.
Neither, however, contributed financially to the IHR. Neither
was involved in the IHR's day to day operations, nor was either
ever a paid employee. Willis Carto did, however, occasionally
act as an "agent" for the Institute and its non-profit corporate
parent, the "Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc."
During the past several months, facts have come to light to
persuade the IHR senior staff that Carto's relationship with the
IHR had become a liability. After much careful deliberation,
and on advice of legal counsel, the Institute resolved to
terminate this relationship. Accordingly, the corporate Board
of Directors, meeting on September 25, voted unanimously to end
its relationship with the Cartos. This decision has the full
support of the IHR staff, including Director Tom Marcellus* and
editors Mark Weber, Theodore O'Keefe and Greg Raven. (Note:
it is my understanding that Mr. Marcellus has left the IHR to
pursue other interests. KNM, April 5, 1995)
* Mr. Marcellus has since left the IHR to pursue other interests,
including the Church of Scientology.
[IHR] [Page 24]
Tom Martinez provides us with a fitting epilog to this document in
one of the final chapters of "Brotherhood of Murder":
"[A] ... self-depreciating logic is displayed when the Neo-Nazis
and their allies claim that the Holocaust never occurred. In order
to do that, they have to deny that their hero Hitler, with whose
anti-Semitism they are in agreement, ever intended to harm the
Jews. Instead, the Jews wanted to harm Hitler and bring the entire
sacred Aryan supremacy movement into disrepute, which they did -
with diabolical cleverness - by fabricating the Holocaust. Just as
with Cutler's* analysis of The Order's failure, in denying the
Holocaust, the Aryan racists are admitting they aren't capable of
carrying out their own aims. Each time they appear to have tried
to do so - as with the Jews in Germany or The Order - they are
actually under the control of their enemy. In this way, claims of
Aryan superiority become riddled with admissions of Aryan
inferiority, which admissions - because they are psychologically
insupportable to those making them - are readily denied through
the creation of a fantasy world..." (Martinez, 206)
* Eldon "Bud" Cutler, who succeeded Gary Yarbrough as security chief
for the Aryan Nations in 1985
7.0 Reference Section
An extensive Holocaust-related bibliography is available from our
archives, at http://www.nizkor.eye.net/.
In the future, as we locate sources of material specific to the IHR
and Willis Carto, we will add them to this section.
We have published several Holocaust-related FAQ's previous to this
one, and all are available via anonymous ftp (see the beginning of
this document for specifics). These research guides also provide
specific bibliographic citations.
The following are available now:
Archive Name Subject File Name
------------ ------- ----------
auschwitz Auschwitz auschwitz.faq1
auschwitz Auschwitz auschwitz.faq2
leuchter Leuchter Report leuchter.faq1
leuchter Leuchter Report leuchter.faq2
reinhard Operation Reinhard reinhard.faq1
reinhard Operation Reinhard reinhard.faq2
[IHR] [Page 25]
The Fascism and Holocaust archives are also available via
anonymous ftp from: ftp.nizkor.org, in the directory /pub,
and via World Wide Web (http://www.nizkor.org).
7.1 Suggesting Reading
ADL Special Report. Embattled Bigots: A Split in the Ranks of
the Holocaust Denial Movement. Anti-Defamation League, 1994.
Diamond, Sara. Spiritual Warfare: The Politics of the Christian Right.
Montreal, PQ, and New York: Black Rose Books, 1990
George, John and Laird Wilcox. Nazis, Communists, Klansmen and Others on the Fringe. New York: Promotheus, 1992
"It's Not Populism," and "When Hate Groups Come to Town: A Handbook
of Effective Community Response." Center for Democratic Renewal,
P.O. Box 50469, Atlanta, Georgia, USA 30302-0469.
Mintz, Frank P. The Liberty Lobby and the American Right: Race,
Conspiracy, and Culture. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1985
Simonds, C.H. "Liberty Lobby - Willis Carto and his Fronts,"
National Review, September 10, 1971. (Request holocaust/ihr
carto.002 for complete text.)
NCLC: The National Caucus of Labor Committees, organized by followers
of Lyndon LaRouche. For a comprehensive look at LaRouche and the
NCLC, see King.
7.3 Works Cited
Aho, James. The Politics of Righteousness: Idaho Christian Patriotism.
Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1990
Anderson, Scott and John Lee Anderson. Inside the League. New York:
Dodd, Mead and Company, 1986
Caplan, Marc, ed. Hitler's Apologists: The Anti-Semitic Propaganda
of Holocaust "Revisionism". Anti-Defamation League, 1993
Barrett, Stanley R. Is God a Racist? Toronto: University of
Toronto Press, 1987. ISBN 0802066739
Bellant, Russ. Old Nazis, the New Right, and the Republican Party.
Boston: South End Press, 1991
Bilodeau, Paul. "The Zundel Trial," Toronto Star: March 4, 1988
CDC. "Fact Sheet: Holocaust Denial," Coalition for Human Dignity,
P.O. Box 40344, Portland, Oregon 97240.
[IHR] [Page 26]
Criminal Politics, Patterson Strategy Organization, P.O. Box 37812,
Cincinnati, Ohio 45222
Diamond, Sara. 'The Right's Grass Roots.' "Z" March 1992: 19+
Fielding, Nigel. The National Front. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1981
Gritz, James. Called to Serve. Sandy Valley, Nevada: Lazarus Publishing
Hill, Ray, with Andrew Bell. The Other Face of Terror. Grafton Books,
King, Dennis. Lyndon LaRouche and the New American Fascism. New York:
Knight, Derrick. Beyond the Pale: The Christian Political Fringe.
Lanashire: Caraf Publications, 1982
Lipstadt, Deborah E. Denying the Holocaust: The Growing Assault on
Truth and Memory. New York: The Free Press (A division of Macmillan,
Martinez, Thomas, with John Guinther. Brotherhood of Murder. New
York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1988. ISBN 0070406995
Mintz, Frank P. The Liberty Lobby and the American Right. Westport,
Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1985
Rauber, Paul. 'Response to letter by Mark Weber.' "The Express"
January 17, 1992: 4. [PS-Express Publishing Company, P.O. Box 3198,
Berkeley, California] (Request ihr express.011792 for the entire
Weber letter and Rauber's response, transcribed for release to
UseNet with permission)
Rauber, Paul. 'Sticks and Stones' column, "The Express"
January 10, 1992 (Request ihr express.011092 for the complete
article, transcribed for release to UseNet with permission)
Ridgeway, James. Blood in the Face. Thunder's Mouth Press, 1990
Rose, Douglas, ed. The Emergence of David Duke and the Politics of Race.
Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1992
Scriptures for America, P.O. Box 766, LaPorte, Colorado, 80535.
Seidel, Gill. The Holocaust Denial. London: Beyond the Pale
[IHR] [Page 27]
Spotlight, The. According to the masthead on the May 17, 1993
edition, The Spotlight is published weekly except for two issues
combined into one at the beginning of the year by Cordite Fidelity,
Inc. at 300 Independence Ave. SE, Washington, D.C. 20003. *
* However, the Spotlight has referred to Liberty Lobby as the
publisher of the Spotlight-see Section 4.2, first paragraph. Most
likely Cordite Fidelity is some sort of holding company.
** The reference to the Nazi-style attire of Tyndall in the Hill book
comes from the caption of an un-numbered page which is one of the
photographs ("plates" I would call them) in the center of the book
between pages 160 and 161. Page 61 (sixty-one) describes the
Spearhead paramilitary group and its breakup by police.
The Nizkor Project - An electronic Holocaust educational resource
The Nizkor Project - An electronic Holocaust educational resource
David Irving vrs. Deborah Lipstadt & Penguin Books Ltd: Judgment