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Subject: rec.games.chess.misc FAQ [3/4]

This article was archived around: 23 May 2006 04:24:23 GMT

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Archive-Name: games/chess/part3
Chess FAQ rec.games.chess.misc FAQ part 3/4 Please obtain all URLs from the current hypertext version of the faq available From: http://www.drpribut.com/sports/chess.html Publicly available material [18] Material Available via Anonymous FTP [19] Chess-Playing Computers [20] Chess-Playing Software [21] Database Software ---------------------------------------------------------------------- [18] Material Available via Anonymous FTP FTP is a way of copying files between networked computers. Information on it is available via anonymous FTP from "ftp://rtfm.mit.edu/pub/news.answers/finding-sources" rtfm.mit.edu in the file /pub/usenet/news.answers/finding-sources. If you do not know how to use anonymous FTP or do not have access to it, you can retrieve the file by sending an e-mail message to mail-server@rtfm.mit.edu with "send usenet/news.answers/finding-sources" as the body of the message. (Send a message containing "help" for general information on the server.) Or, see the posting titled "How to find sources (READ THIS BEFORE POSTING)" in the news groups comp.sources.wanted or news.answers. Information on what the various compression extensions mean (like ".Z") and what utilities are available to deal with them can be found in the comp.compression FAQ list (see the posting in comp.compression or news.answers titled "comp.compression Frequently Asked Questions," or from "ftp://rtfm.mit.edu/pub/usenet/news.answers/compression-faq" rtfm.mit.edu in the file /pub/usenet/news.answers/compression-faq. Miscellaneous. A general repository for chess-related material is somewhat associated with the Internet Chess Server (ICS). Currently, the 'ICS FTP host' is "ftp://ics.onenet.net/pub/chess" ics.onenet.net or via the web: "http://caissa.onenet.net/chess/" Caissa.onenet.net Material is in the pub/chess directory. New material may be placed in pub/chess/uploads. Many freeware chess programs for different platforms, including graphical ICS (see [17]) clients, are available (e.g., for MS-DOS, MacOS, AmigaOS, NeXT, and UNIX vt100 or X Windows interfaces). Scores of various matches and other groups of games as well. While directories may change the following should give you an idea of the probable directory structure and files available. An outline of some of the recently available directories on ICS follows: pub/chess: general chess directory pub/chess/PGN: Portable Game Notation directory pub/chess/PGN/Standard: ASCII version of the PGN Standard pub/chess/PGN/Standard.TOC: Table of Contents for above pub/chess/PGN/Events: directory of directories of events by year pub/chess/PGN/Players: directory with many PGN games by player pub/chess/Tests: directory with many chess program test positions pub/chess/Tests/Manifest: description of EPD test files pub/chess/TB: endgame tablebases pub/chess/TB/README-TB: tablebase decyphering documentation pub/chess/TB/tbt.c: ANSI C tablebase test harness pub/chess/PGN/Tools: PGN tools and utilities directory pub/chess/Unix/SAN.tar.gz: Standard Algebraic Notation source kit Chaos. A chess tournament pairing program (Swiss pairing as well as Round Robin), GNU General Public License, runs on the Commodore-Amiga, available from AmiNet mirrors (e.g., wuarchive.wustl.edu), under /pub/aminet/game/think. GNU chess. Gnuchess is a freely available chess-playing software program. Gnuchess can be FTP'ed from: * "ftp://prep.ai.mit.edu" prep.ai.mit.edu * "ftp://export.lcs.mit.edu" export.lcs.mit.edu * and probably other sites It can be compiled for X Windows (with XBoard, below), SunView, curses, IBM PC character set, or ASCII interfaces. Included in the package are the utilities gnuan (analysis program), game (PostScript printout), postprint (prints hashfile), checkgame (checks a game listing for illegal moves), and checkbook (checks the opening book for illegal moves). It has been posted to gnu.chess. XBoard: XBoard is an X11/R4-based user interface for GNU Chess or ICS. As an interface to GNU Chess, XBoard lets you play a game against the machine, set up arbitrary positions, force variations, or watch a game between two machines. As an interface to the ICS, XBoard lets you play against other ICS users or observe games they are playing. You can also use XBoard as a chessboard to review or analyze games. It will read a game file or allow you to play through a variation manually. This is useful for keeping track of email postal games, browsing games off the net, or reviewing GNU Chess and ICS games you have saved. Beginning with version 2.0, Tim Mann <mann@src.dec.com has taken over development of XBoard. The program can be FTP'ed from the 'ICS FTP host.' LaTex chess macros. Piet Tutelaers' (rcpt@rwc.urc.tue.nl) chess LaTex package (version 1.2) may be FTP'ed from sol.cs.ruu.nl (; please restrict access to weekends or evenings. A server can answer e-mail requests (put "send HELP" as the message to ("mailto:mail-server@cs.ruu.nl"mail-server@cs.ruu.nl ). Get TEX/chess12.*. See [23]. Notation. Notation is a chess game score preprocessor written by Henry Thomas("mailto:hthomas@irisa.fr"hthomas@irisa.fr ). It reads chess games, either in full algebraic or shortened notation (i.e., Nf1-g3 or f1g3 or Ng3) and is able to output the games and/or the board at any move, in ASCII, PostScript, TeX, or nroff. It also can generate output for the gnuan and XBoard programs. It is multi-lingual for piece identification; understanding French, English, German, Spanish, Dutch, Italian, Polish, etc. The program also handles variations and symbolized comments. It works fine on UNIX (Sun SPARCstation and Sun-3). It uses standard C, and function declarations are done in both K&R-C and ANSI-C. It won't be difficult to compile for MS-DOS with MSC. Sources have been posted to comp.sources.misc. You can also get them from Mr. Thomas by e-mail. They may be FTP'ed from ("ftp://wuarchive.wustl.edu/usenet/comp.sources.misc/volume28/notation/* .Z " wuarchive.wustl.edu ) (European users use garbo.uwasa.fi). Chess notation tool kit. The Standard Algebraic Notation (SAN) Kit chess programming C source tool kit is designed to help chess software efforts by providing common routines for move notation I/O, move generation, move execution, and various useful position manipulation services. There are substantial additions to the previous version which include a standard position notation scheme along with some benchmarking tests. A main program is included which gives sample calls for the various routines. Simple I/O functions are also provided. A clever programmer needs only to add a search and an evaluation function to produce a working chessplaying program. A programmer who already has the source to a chessplaying program may improve it further by including tool kit routines as needed for standardization. The author of this package is Steven J. Edwards ("mailto:sje@mv.mv.com"sje@mv.mv.com ). The SAN Kit may be retrieved from the "ftp://ics.onenet.net/pub/chess/Unix/SAN.tar.gz" ICS FTP host . ------------ Subject: [19] Chess-Playing Computers There are numerous dedicated chess-playing computers available commercially, as well as chess-playing software for various personal computers. Prices vary from perhaps $10,000 for the most expensive dedicated computer to perhaps $30 for the cheapest software (see [20]). The differences are basically how strong the machine (or software) plays, and the other features it has to offer (e.g., for dedicated machines: size of board, wood/plastic, autosensory or "push the pieces," etc.). When purchasing a chess computer or software, it is best to buy something which plays at least 300 points above your rating. Here are the estimated USCF ratings for some of the more popular dedicated chess computers. A computer may assist in your learning in many ways. One of the best uses is to auto-analyze your own games. Find out where you have erred and what better lines were available. You may also set up positions that are of interest or play out lines against the computer. If you are working on a specific opening, you may play a vairiety of continuations against the computer. Both middle game and endgame practice are also useful. Set up positions that are in the instructional books you are reading. Playing against the computer is excellent practise. Most people recommend setting up a board, rather than just keeping the position on screen. Unless of course you are cramming for the ICS. The level of play now attainable on your personal computer has reached that of being able to win against master level and above players. Even world champion super-GM Garry Kasparov has lost to more than one chess software program which would be available to anyone. (Fritz and Genius in speed play) Recently on ICC a GM lost 4 to 5 five minute blitz games in a row to Chess Genius playing on a Pentium. He tried to win using tactics rather than postional strategy. These were casual games, to be sure, but, none the less, computer chess has come a long way since David Levy, in 1968, made a bet that a computer could not, within 10 years win a match against him. In 1975, David Levy was able to undertake, and come out well ahead, in a simultaneous exhibition against 12 chess computers. I don't think any GM would enjoy doing that now. In several books David Levy and Raymond Keene detail their strategy to win against computer opponents. They suggest avoiding tactics, concentrating instead on postiional advantages and using long term strategy to slowly build an advantage. Some of their suggestions include: allowing your computer opponent to castle first, then castle on the opposite wing and launch a pawn storm. Software programs typically use a wide band width brute force search, combined with an in depth search for tactically active lines. Sources of information on computer chess may be found in: _The Computer Chess Gazette_, Box 2841, Laguna Hills, CA 92654. 714-770-8532. Focuses on computer chess. _Chess Skill in Man and Machine; Editor Peter Frey. Springer-Verlag. 1983. _How to Beat your Chess Computer_. Ray Keene and David Levy. Batsford Chess Library. 1991. Estimated Ratings Of Dedicated Chess Computers There are a number of non-commercial chess-playing machines, the strongest and most famous of which is "Deep Blue." It's predecessor Deep Thought was built and programmed by graduate students Feng-Hsiung Hsu, Thomas Anantharaman, Murray Campbell, Peter Jansen, Mike Browne, and Andreas Nowatzyk at Carnegie Mellon University, and who are now working (some of them, anyway) for IBM. Deep Blue beat Kasparov in the second of their 2 matches. It calculates approximately 200 million moves per second. Chess computers usually evaluate four types of chess values when choosing their next move: material, position, Kingsafety and tempo. The usual rules for material apply: a pawn is considered to be worth a value of 1, knights and bishops are each valued at 3, a rook value is 5, and the most valuable piece the Queen counts for 9. The King is far beyond value, and cannot be lost during the game. His impending capture via checkmate signifies a loss and is the end of the game. Position is more complex. In pre-Nimzovitch time, it was thought that control of the center was all that mattered. Most grandmaster games before the 20th century began by moveing the Kings or Queens pawn to the fourth rank. In this century "hypermodern" openings have been used which delay the development of the center. The hope is that the opponent will overextend himself. Position in one sense signifies the number of squares controlled, particularly on the opponents half of the board. The defensive aspect of position is the safety of the King. You don't want your king to fall victim to a simple attack. Tempo is related to who gets to place is pieces well first. Subject: [20] Chess-Playing Software Since the question most often posed is "how strong is the software", we will start with a quick look at the rankings. SSDF Rating List http://w1.859.telia.com/%7Eu85924109/ssdf/list.htm October 2002 1 Deep Fritz 7.0 256MB Athlon 1200 MHz 2755 31 -29 614 71% 2603 2 Fritz 7.0 256MB Athlon 1200 MHz 2741 30 -29 574 64% 2636 3 Shredder 6.0 Paderb 256MB Athlon 1200 2734 25 -24 852 65% 2624 4 Chess Tiger 15.0 256MB Athlon 1200 MHz 2731 33 -31 517 67% 2609 5 Shredder 6.0 256MB Athlon 1200 MHz 2717 32 -31 505 64% 2618 6 Chess Tiger 14.0 CB 256MB Athlon 1200 2715 30 -30 557 61% 2636 7 Deep Fritz 256MB Athlon 1200 MHz 2711 31 -30 531 62% 2628 7 Gambit Tiger 2.0 256MB Athlon 1200 2711 29 -29 583 58% 2652 9 Junior 7.0 256MB Athlon 1200 MHz 2687 28 -28 623 57% 2637 10 Hiarcs 8.0 256MB Athlon 1200 MHz 2680 26 -26 738 55% 2642 11 Chess Tiger 15.0 128MB K6-2 450 MHz 2679 50 -48 210 60% 2607 12 Rebel Century 4.0 256MB Athlon 1200 MHz 2675 29 -29 590 60% 2604 13 Shredder 5.32 256MB Athlon 1200 MHz 2662 27 -27 659 53% 2642 14 Gandalf 4.32h 256MB Athlon 1200 MHz 2651 34 -33 430 54% 2623 15 Deep Fritz 128MB K6-2 450 MHz 2648 22 -22 1031 59% 2582 16 Deep Fritz 7.0 128MB K6-2 450 MHz 2645 52 -51 184 54% 2616 17 Gambit Tiger 2.0 128MB K6-2 450 MHz 2641 29 -28 634 66% 2526 18 Gandalf 5.0 256MB Athlon 1200 MHz 2640 49 -50 202 46% 2671 19 Gandalf 5.1 256MB Athlon 1200 MHz 2637 25 -25 758 55% 2603 20 Junior 7.0 128MB K6-2 450 MHz 2633 24 -23 925 62% 2546 21 Fritz 7.0 128MB K6-2 450 MHz 2631 38 -37 348 53% 2608 22 Chess Tiger 14.0 CB 128MB K6-2 450 MHz 2629 26 -25 753 59% 2565 23 Gromit 3.11.9 256MB Athlon 1200 MHz 2622 57 -59 148 45% 2661 24 Fritz 6.0 128MB K6-2 450 MHz 2620 21 -21 1154 60% 2550 25 Shredder 6.0 UCI 128MB K6-2 450 MHz 2617 43 -43 264 52% 2607 26 Crafty 18.12/CB 256MB Athlon 1200 MHz 2612 27 -27 647 52% 2601 27 Shredder 5.32 128MB K6-2 450 MHz 2606 28 -27 639 58% 2549 28 Junior 6.0 128MB K6-2 450 MHz 2590 18 -17 1605 56% 2549 29 Hiarcs 8.0 128MB K6-2 450 MHz 2587 37 -38 344 44% 2626 29 Shredder 5.0 128MB K6-2 450 MHz 2587 20 -20 1217 55% 2551 31 Rebel Century 4.0 128MB K6-2 450 MHz 2566 52 -53 178 46% 2592 32 Nimzo 8.0 128MB K6-2 450 MHz 2554 22 -22 1011 49% 2559 33 Nimzo 7.32 128MB K6-2 450 MHz 2552 21 -21 1130 53% 2531 34 Gandalf 5.0 128MB K6-2 450 MHz 2535 73 -68 102 60% 2461 35 Gandalf 4.32f 128MB K6-2 450 MHz 2532 28 -28 627 51% 2525 36 Hiarcs 7.32 128MB K6-2 450 MHz 2529 20 -20 1260 45% 2564 37 Gandalf 4.32h 128MB K6-2 450 MHz 2521 34 -34 418 52% 2506 38 SOS 128MB K6-2 450 MHz 2518 18 -18 1514 44% 2562 38 Rebel Century 3.0 128MB K6-2 450 MHz 2518 30 -30 546 49% 2523 40 Chessmaster 8000 128MB K6-2 450 MHz 2515 44 -45 251 45% 2548 41 Goliath Light 128MB K6-2 450 MHz 2510 22 -23 992 39% 2588 42 Crafty 17.07/CB 128MB K6-2 450 MHz 2490 23 -23 912 47% 2514 43 MChess Pro 8.0 128MB K6-2 450 MHz 2478 25 -26 753 40% 2549 44 Crafty 18.12/CB 128MB K6-2 450 MHz 2476 32 -34 471 36% 2578 45 Genius 6.5 128MB K6-2 450 MHz 2474 29 -29 565 48% 2488 46 R30 v. 2.5 2274 41 -38 343 69% 2135 47 Meph Genius 68 030 33 MHz 2195 43 -42 267 55% 2157 48 Chess Tiger 14.9 Palm m515 16MB 42MHz 2101 69 -74 100 39% 2180 49 Atlanta SH7000 20 MHz 2089 29 -28 647 69% 1948 50 Sapphire II 2009 34 -32 464 63% 1919 Some Old, Some New, Nothing At All That Is Blue * Rebel 10 http://www.rebel.nl/ * Rebel Decade 3 ~2200 Free on the net at: http://www.rebel.nl/ * Fritz, Junior, Nimzo, Shredder, et. al. http://www.chessbase.com/ Freeware and Shareware Available Online: Ant http://www.cent.co.yu/chess/free.htm Arasan http://www.pitt.edu/~schach/Archives/index2.html Bionic http://www.impakt.be/bion ic/download/ Bowili http://www.gambitsoft.com/sharee.htm Bug Chess http://www.gambitsoft.com/sharee.htm Chenard http://www.intersrv.com/~dcross/chenard.html Cilian http://www.cent.co.yu/chess/free.htm Clueless http://www.pitt.edu/~schach/Archives/index2.html Comet http://www.gambitsoft.com/sharee Crafty ftp://ftp.cis.uab.edu/pub/hyatt/ The Crazy Bishop http://www- leibniz.imag.fr/~coulom/remi.htm Dabbaba http://www.gambitsoft.com/sharee.htm La Dame Blanche http://members.xoom. com/mphuget/ladame.htm Diogenes ftp://gambitsoft.com/pub/shareware/diogenes Eugen http://www.gambitsoft.com/sharee.htm EXCHESS http://www.gambitsoft.com/sharee.htm Faile http://www.cent.co.yu/chess/free.htm Fortress http://www.cent.co.yu/chess/free.htm KnightCap http://www.gambitsoft.com/sharee.htm Gnu Chess ftp://prep.ai.mit.edu/pub/gnu/gnuchessPC-4.14.zip Gromit http://home.t-online.de/home/hobblefrank Huuhkaja http://www.gambitsoft.com/ sharee.htm InmiChess http://members.magnet.at/werner.inmann/ Lambchop http://www.cent.co.yu/chess/ Owl Chess http://info.pitt.edu/~schach/Archives/index2.html Phalanx Unix, Windows binary, Winboard, xboard, RoboFICS compatible. Y Chess http://stud1.tu wien.ac.at/~e8925162/ychess.html Siberian Chess http://www.gambitsoft.com/sharee.htm SSE Chess II http://www.cs.purdue.edu/homes/slutzksn/chess.html Green Light Chess http://www2.prestel.co.uk/diamond/personal.html SSEChess http://www.cs.purdue.edu/homes/slutzksn/chess.html Nero http://www.math.j yu.fi/~huikari/download.html MS Chess http://www.microsof t.com/games/download.htm Olipow http://www.phy.uni-bayreuth.de/~btp434/ Olithink http://www.phy.uni-bayreuth.de/~btp434/ Rabbit http://www.cent.co.yu/chess Rebel Decade 3.0 The Best http://www.rebel.nl/ Rival http://www.gambitsoft.com/sharee.htm Rookie http://www.cent.co.yu/chess/free.htm Mirage http://www.gambitsoft.com/sharee.htm Light Tiger http://www.gambitsoft.com/ sharee.htm Yace http://home1.stofanet.dk/moq/ Z Chess http://www.worldnet.net/~fzibi/zchess.htm Mac: R Chess - MAC http://hyperarchive.lcs.mit.edu/HyperArchive.html Chess ++ - MAC http://hypera rchive.lcs.mit.edu/HyperArchive.html GNU Mac version ftp://caissa.onenet.net/pub/chess/Macintosh/ LINUX/UNIX: Crafty with Xboard ftp://ftp.cis.uab.edu:/pub/hyatt Phalanx with Xboard ftp://ftp.math.muni.cz/pub/math/people/Dobes/ KnightCap ftp://samba.anu.edu.au/pub/KnightCap/ GnuChess ftp://prep.ai.mit.edu/pub/gnu/ ZZZZZZ - Unix ftp://caissa.onenet.net/pub/chess/Unix/ Olithink - http://www.phy.uni-bayreuth.de/~btp434/ Gromit - http://home.t-online.de/home/hobblefrank SSEchess: http://www.cs.purdue.edu/homes/slutzksn/chess.html EXchess: http://www.astro.brandeis.edu/BRAG/people/dch/chess.html ZZZZZZ - Unix ftp://caissa.onenet.net/pub/chess/Unix/zzzzzz- 3.4.tar.gz Pocket Chess Pocket Chess for Windows CE http://www.eskimo.com/~scottlu/ PocketGrandmaster For Pocket PC http://www.pocketgrandmaster.com/english/ Chess Genius http://www.chessgenius.com/ Pocket Fritz http://www.chessmaster.com/ Palm OS Chess Tiger (Palm) http://www.chesstiger.com/ Chess Genius http://www.chessgenius.com/ Chessmaster For Palm http://www.gameloft.com/en/product_page.php?item=121 WinBoard (Viewer/Adjunct to Chess Engines) Many of the freeware/shareware programs operate within the Winboard/Xboard environment. This is a truely fun and useful tool to use for those with at least mild geeky tendencies. A wealth of information, documentation, and even source code for some of the programs is available. Winboard performs three major functions: 1) PGN reader, 2) Interface to chess engines, 3) Interface to online Chess Sites such as FICS and ICC. Winboard may be downloaded at Tim Mann's chess pages: http://www.tim-mann.org/chess.html . You will also find a listing of 100 chess engines that work with xboard/winboard at: http://www.tim-mann.org/engines.html Details on Winboard/XBoard are on the Winboard/XBoard FAQ at: http://www.tim-mann.org/xboard/FAQ.html#[A0] and additional information at: http://www.chesskit.com/aarontay/Winboard/Winboard.html . The "Winboard Engine Newsticker" has the latest news on engines that run with winboard online at: http://www.winboardengines.de/html/winboard-newsticker.htm and. Winboard compatible engines may run within Chessbase and Fritz 5.32 and up using an adaptor found at: http://www.chessbase.com/Products/engines/winboard/adapter.htm WB Tourney Manager will allow you to set up a round robin tournament on your win32 computer with winboard. The author is Jori Ostrovskij. http://koti.mbnet.fi/~jorio/tourney/ A discussion forum on winboard is online at: http://f11.parsimony.net/forum16635/ Subject: [21] Database Software Chess databases store games and information about games, and can manipulate and recall that information in a variety of ways. The "big four" of chess databases are Chess Assistant, ChessBase, NICBase, and Bookup. You can purchase data disks for each of these databases. NICBase and ChessBase are game-oriented, Chess Assistant is position or tree oriented as is Bookup. While Bookup is primarily known for studying openings it really is also useful for endings. Chessbase 8.0 http://www.chessbase.com/ The ultimate in databases. ChessBase 8 for Windows; http://www.chessbase.com/ Multiple games may be viewed simultaneously, each one may be miniaturized so that 6 or more games may be visible, each with independent controls. The same game may be viewed at different stages. It is easy to edit or add alternate lines and comments, annotations or "?", "!", etc to any game in your database. Just begin using your mouse to enter the moves or click on the appropriate icon to add comments. You do not have to switch to any other submenu area. This is an incredible convenience and an amazing time saver. The game may then be saved either in the original database or an alternate or "training" database. Several games may be combined. If you are studying a particular opening and want to combine 4 or 5 games that exemplify this opening, you may combine them together as alternate lines of each other. Highlight the games, press the enter key and the games will be combined together. ECO type viewing of the lines is available one mouse click away. Searching and sorting on a variety of fields is available. Classification by ECO is one Control-C away. Besides the oridinary position search a feature called "find novelty" features a modified position search which will find games that are similar to the game that you are viewing or have just entered. It will search the currently open database. The printing and publishing features are exceptional, and like other truetype windows printing programs, extremely easy to use. An helpful feature is Alternate-F1, which turns on tool-tips and floats a bubble over the icons telling what each does as your mouse passes over it. ChessBase magazine includes approximately 1,000 games every second month, 25% - 50% annotated, along with a section on tactics, endgames, dramatic master errors and an opening study. These may be added to your database choices within CBW. $115. The TASC System-TascBase Tasc has a fine looking and interesting program available. The complete information may be seen at their web site along with information on a variety of their products. The Tasc ChessSystem Demos of Chessica, Tascbase, Tasc Chess Tutor - Clubmate Clubmate is database software for Windows. ClubMate provides a huge range of powerful features at a low price.Whether you want to record your own triumphs and disasters, study openings, or collect thousands of games by masters, ClubMate gives you ease of use, clear presentation. speed of data retrieval, and excellent technical support. And if that's not enough, ClubMate has a free upgrade policy. Clubmate was formerly freeware, then shareware and now costs approximately $64. A functional demo is available at their home page. Clubmate - Database Software NICBase 3.0 (MS-DOS or Atari ST: $195 with 5,000 games; $595 with 50,000 games) & NICTools ($125) from Chess Combination, Inc. P.O. Box 2423 Noble Station, Bridgeport CT 06608-0423. Phone 203-367-1555 or 800-354-4083; fax 203-380-1703; SmartChess, available from R&D (Chess)Publishing. 800-425-3555 2679 State Highway 70, Manasquan, NJ 08736 Macintosh Software Contact: Paul Hodges ("mailto:hodges@smartchess.com"hodges@smartchess.com ) SmartChess Web: http://www.smartchess.com Chess Assistant 6.1 http://www.chessassistant.com/ Bookup http://www.bookup.com/ Transpositional database and more for training. Free limited version is available at the website. While Bookup initially gained its reputation for opening study, it is also useful for many more aspects of chess. FM Chuck Schulien has written a Bookup book called "100 Essential Endings" which contains 7,000 positions. This follows his "King & Pawn" set of endgame studies. The "Rubinstein Collection" is FM Chuck Schulien's more advanced analysis of Akiba Rubinstein's instructive endings. Bookup may also be used for middle game study. Entering positions from your favorite middlegame or tactics book will be helpful. You can than set Bookup to training and test your ability to handle these positions. Bookup can also be integrated with several chess computer programs. These programs all utilize the EPD format. More information on the expanding list of chess computers can be obtained directly from Bookup. This is useful to generate an analysis of the postions in your specific book. [21.2] Freeware/Lowcost Database Software: SCID freeware database http://scid.sourceforge.net/ If you have the patience to set everything up, this is a full sourcecode available database with many features. ChessBase Light http://www.chessbase.com/download/cblight/index.asp Chessbase Light was designed to be a special limited version of ChessBase 6.0 and is available for free download. It is limited to 8000 games per database and supports the CBH format of ChessBase 6 and Fritz and the PGN format. Within the 8000 games limit you may save, copy, convert, annotate, print, search, analyse, merge and classify games. Help and tips are available at the chessbase website. While old, it still works just fine. ---- The FAQ is compiled and posted by Stephen Pribut pribut@yahoo.com . Copyright (c), 1995-2003 Stephen M. Pribut. Permission to copy all or part of this work is granted for individual use, and for copies within a scholastic or academic setting. Copies may not be made or distributed for resale. The no warranty, and copyright notice must be retained verbatim and be displayed conspicuously. You need written authorization before you can include this FAQ in a book and/or a CDROM archive, and/or make a translation, and/or publish/mirror on a website (scholastic and academic use excepted). If anyone needs other permissions that aren't covered by the above, please contact the author. No Warranty: This work is provided on an "as is" basis. The copyright holder makes no warranty whatsoever, either express or implied, regarding the work, including warranties with respect to merchantability or fitness for any purpose.