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Subject: comp.emulators.misc Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) [1/3]

This article was archived around: 25 Nov 1997 00:00:05 -0600

All FAQs in Directory: emulators-faq
All FAQs posted in: comp.emulators.misc
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Archive-name: emulators-faq/part1 URL: http://www.why.net/home/adam/cem/ Posting-Frequency: semi-monthly (11th and 25th of each month) Last-modified: Fri, 25 Apr 1997 19:26:19 GMT Version: 1.1.1 (1997-Apr-25)
comp.emulators.misc Frequently Asked Questions ########################################################################## # Copyright 1995, 1996, 1997 Adam Roach # # You may distribute this document freely under the conditions that it is # transmitted to all parties (1) in its entirety, (2) unmodified, and # (3) free of charge. It is explicitly stated that this document MAY NOT # be included in any off-line compilations for which any remuneration is # expected without prior written permission of the copyright holder. # # Web-accessible versions of this document may be made available only # if they are updated automatically from one of the following sources # no less frequently than once per month: # - The semi-monthly posting to news.groups # - The FAQ archive at rtfm.mit.edu # - The web pages found at http://www.why.net/home/adam/cem/ # # Permission to create derivative works may be granted on a per-case # basis. E-mail me at the address below if you wish to create such works. # All rights not expressly granted herein are reserved by Adam Roach. ########################################################################## *** As the case is with all FAQs, this document is a work in progress. *** *** Additions, corrections, and comments are very welcome. Please send *** *** any correspondence to me at <adam.roach@exu.ericsson.se> *** ---------------------------------=:> * <:=--------------------------------- Contents 1 - Introduction 1.1 Purpose 1.2 What is not included 1.2.1 Apple II Emulators 1.2.2 Atari 8-Bit Emulators (400/800/XL/XE) 1.2.3 Commodore 8-Bit Emulators (64/128/Pet/Vic-20) 1.3 General Resources 1.3.1 Tenabis Emulator Classes 2 - Processor Emulation 2.1 6502/6507/6510 2.1.1 6502 Emulation Package (Source) 2.2 6800 2.2.1 68em [MS-DOS] 2.3 6809 2.3.1 usim (Portable) 2.4 6811 2.4.1 M68HC11 emulator 2.5 680x0 2.5.1 68000 Assembler/Simulator [MS-DOS, VMS] 2.5.2 68k-simulator [Unix & X] 2.5.3 BSVC [Unix & X, Windows 95] 2.5.4 EMU68 [Unix, MS-DOS] 2.6 68HC11 2.6.1 M6811 [MS-DOS] 2.6.2 Motorola 68HC11 uController simulator [MS-DOS] 2.7 80x86 2.7.1 Bochs [Unix & X] 2.7.2 Emplant [Amiga] 2.7.3 SoftProbe 386/SIM [MS-Windows, MS-DOS, SunOS, AIX, VMS] 2.7.4 Transformer [Amiga] 2.8 IBM 370 2.8.1 PC/370 [MS-DOS] 2.9 Pokey 2.9.1 POKEYSND [MS-DOS] 2.10 PowerPC 2.10.1 PSIM 2.11 Tia 2.11.1 TIASND [MS-DOS] 2.12 Zilog 80 2.12.1 Z80 Emulation Package (Source) 2.12.2 z80emulator [Amiga] 3 - Operating System Emulation 3.1 AES 3.1.1 oAESis 3.2 Amiga OS 3.2.1 AmigOS (work in progress) 3.3 CP/M 3.3.1 22nice [MS-DOS] 3.3.2 ame86 [MS-DOS] 3.3.3 CP/M Emulator [MacOS] 3.3.4 CP/M-80 Emulator [Linux] 3.3.5 CPMDOS [MS-DOS] 3.3.6 ECPM [Amiga] 3.3.7 "My Z80" [MS-DOS] 3.3.8 SimCPM [Amiga] 3.3.9 CPeMulator/Zrun [MS-DOS] 3.3.10 Yaze [Unix] 3.3.11 z80mu [MS-DOS] 3.3.12 Zsim [MS-DOS] 3.4 Flex 3.4.1 6809 Flex Emulator [Windows 95, AmigaOS] 3.5 MS-DOS / PC-DOS 3.5.1 Bochs [Unix & X] 3.5.2 CrossPC [Amiga] 3.5.3 DOSEMU [Linux] 3.5.4 DOS Merge [80x86 Unix] 3.5.5 FreeDOS [80x86] 3.5.6 IBeM [Amiga] 3.5.7 MDOS [Mach 3] 3.5.8 Merge [Solaris] 3.5.9 PC-Ditto [Atari ST] 3.5.10 PC-Task [Amiga] 3.5.11 PCEMU [Unix] 3.5.12 PCM [Unix & X] 3.5.13 SoftPC [NeXTStep, MacOS, Atari TT, Atari Falcon] 3.5.14 SunPC [Solaris] 3.5.15 Xdos [Unix & X] 3.6 MS-Windows 3.6.1 Bochs [Unix & X] 3.6.2 Freedows 98 [MS-DOS, MS-Windows] 3.6.3 MDOS [Mach 3] 3.6.4 Merge [Solaris] 3.6.5 PC-Task [Amiga] 3.6.6 SoftWindows [MacOS, Unix & X] 3.6.7 WINE [Linux] 3.6.8 Wabi [Solaris, Linux] 3.7 MacOS 3.7.1 Equal Application Adapter [Solairs, Irix, HP-UX] 3.7.2 Executor [MS-DOS, Linux, NeXTStep] 3.7.3 Liken [Solaris, HP-UX, AIX, Digital Unix] 3.7.4 MAE/MAS [Solaris 2.3, HP-UX 9.01, PowerOpen Unix] 3.8 Magic 3.8.1 MagiC-Mac [Macintosh] 3.8.2 MagiC-PC [MS-Windows, Windows 95, WinNT] 3.9 SunOS 3.9.1 FreePort Express [DEC Alpha] 4 - Machine Emulation 4.1 ABC80 4.1.1 ABC80 [MS-DOS] 4.2 Acorn Atom 4.2.1 Acorn Atom Emulator [Unix & X] 4.3 Altair 4.3.1 Altair 8800 Emulator [MS-Windows] 4.4 Amiga 4.4.1 amiga.zip (Hoax) 4.4.2 UAE [Unix & X, Macintosh, MS-DOS, NeXTstep, BeBox, AmigaOS] 4.5 Atari ST/TT 4.5.1 Amtari [Amiga] 4.5.2 Chamaeleon II [Amiga] 4.5.3 Emplant [Amiga] 4.5.4 Medusa [Amiga] 4.5.5 PaCifiST [MS-DOS] 4.5.6 ST4Amiga [Amiga] 4.5.7 STEmulator [Amiga] 4.5.8 STiMuL [MS-DOS] 4.5.9 STonX [Unix & X, MS-DOS, MS-Windows] 4.5.10 TOS2WIN [Windows 95, NT] 4.5.11 ??? 4.6 BBC 4.6.1 !6502Em [Acorn Archimedes] 4.6.2 !65Host [Acorn Archimedes] 4.6.3 BBC [MS-DOS] 4.6.4 BBC-Basic [MacOS] 4.6.5 BBC-Environment [Atari ST] 4.6.6 BBC386 [MS-DOS] 4.6.7 BBCEm [Acorn Archimedes] 4.6.8 BPC [MS-DOS] 4.6.9 Beeb (1) [Linux] 4.6.10 Beeb (2) [Unix] 4.6.11 BeebEm [Unix, Windows NT, MS-Windows] 4.6.12 Horizon/MacBeebEm [MacOS] 4.6.13 Owl [NeXTstep] 4.6.14 THE EMULATOR [Amiga] 4.6.15 TOL [MS-DOS] 4.6.16 XBeeb [Unix & X] 4.7 CHIP8 4.7.1 DOS Chip8 and VChip-8 [MS-DOS] 4.7.2 Chip8 [MS-DOS] 4.7.3 S-CHIP [HP-48] 4.8 Coleco Adam 4.8.1 ADAMEm [MS-DOS, Unix & X, Linux] 4.9 Colour Genie 4.9.1 CGenie [MS-DOS] 4.9.2 Colour Genie Emulator [MS-DOS] 4.10 CPC 4.10.1 A-CPC [Amiga] 4.10.2 Ami-CPC/PC-CPC [Amiga, MS-DOS] 4.10.3 !CPC, !CPC_Demo [Acorn Archimedes] 4.10.4 CPC++ [SunOS, MacOS] 4.10.5 CPCEMU [MS-DOS] 4.10.6 CPC-Emulator [Acorn Archimedes] 4.10.7 CPE [MS-DOS, Amiga] 4.10.8 EmuCPC [Amiga] 4.10.9 No$CPC [MS-DOS] 4.10.10 Richard Wilson's CPC Emulator [MS-DOS] 4.10.11 ??? [Unix & X] 4.11 CoCo 2, Dragon 32/64 4.11.1 CoCo 2 [MS-DOS] 4.11.2 Dream [Amiga] 4.11.3 PC Dragon II [MS-DOS] 4.11.4 T3 [MS-DOS] 4.11.5 ??? (2) [Unix] 4.12 DG Nova/Eclipse 4.12.1 Computer History Simulators 4.13 EDSAC 4.13.1 Warwick EDSAC Simulator [MacOS, Windows 95] 4.14 ENIAC 4.15 Enterprise 64/128 4.15.1 Enterprise Emulator [Unix & X] 4.16 HP41 4.16.1 TTCALC [MS-Windows] 4.17 HP-48 4.17.1 Emu48 [MS-DOS, MS-Windows] 4.17.2 x48 [Unix & X] 4.18 IBM 1401 4.18.1 Computer History Simulators 4.19 Macintosh 4.19.1 A-Max [Amiga] 4.19.2 Aladin [Atari ST] 4.19.3 Basilisk [BeBox] 4.19.4 Emplant [Amiga] 4.19.5 MagicSac [Atari ST/TT] 4.19.6 ShapeShifter [Amiga] 4.19.7 Spectre [Atari ST] 4.19.8 vMac (portable) 4.20 MSX 4.20.1 AmiMSX [Amiga] 4.20.2 Atari ST MSX-1 emulator [Atari ST] 4.20.3 PC MSX-1 emulator [MS-DOS] 4.20.4 PC MSX-2 emulator [MS-DOS] 4.20.5 fMSX [Unix, PowerMac, MS-DOS] 4.20.6 fMSX Amiga [Amiga] 4.21 Oric 4.21.1 Amoric [Amiga] 4.21.2 Euphoric [MS-DOS, Linux] 4.21.3 Oric 48K [Unix & X] 4.22 P2000 4.22.1 M2000 [MS-DOS, Unix & X, Linux] 4.23 PDP-4 4.23.1 Computer History Simulators 4.24 PDP-7 4.24.1 Computer History Simulators 4.25 PDP-8 4.25.1 Computer History Simulators 4.25.2 PDP 8/11 Emulator [Unix] 4.25.3 PDP8/E Emulator [MacOS] 4.25.4 PDP-8 Computer [Java] 4.25.5 TM PDP-8 [MS-DOS] 4.25.6 Unix PDP-8 emulator [Unix & X] 4.26 PDP-9 4.26.1 Computer History Simulators 4.27 PDP-11 4.27.1 Computer History Simulators 4.27.2 Ersatz-11 [MS-DOS] 4.27.3 PDP Emulator [Unix] 4.27.4 PDP 8/11 Emulator [Unix] 4.27.5 Russian Emulator [MS-DOS] 4.27.6 ??? (1) [Unix] 4.27.7 ??? (2) [Unix] 4.28 PDP-15 4.28.1 Computer History Simulators 4.29 Psion 4.29.1 S3AEMUL [MS-DOS] 4.30 R2000 4.31 SAM Coupe 4.31.1 SimCoupe [Unix & X, 80x86] 4.32 Sinclair 1000/ZX81 4.32.1 Extender [MS-DOS] 4.32.2 ts1000 [MS-DOS] 4.32.3 ZX81.PRG [Atari ST] 4.33 Sinclair QL 4.33.1 Q-EmuLator [MacOS] 4.33.2 QLem [Atari ST] 4.34 Sinclair Spectrum 4.34.1 !MZX [Acorn Archimedes] 4.34.2 !Speccy [Acorn Archimedes] 4.34.3 Atari-Speccy [Atari] 4.34.4 Elwro 800-3 Jr [MS-DOS] 4.34.5 Java ZX Spectrum Emulator [Java] 4.34.6 JPP [MS-DOS] 4.34.7 KGB [Amiga] 4.34.8 MacSpeccy [MacOS] 4.34.9 MacSpectacle [MacOS] 4.34.10 PowerSpectrum [PowerMac] 4.34.11 SP [MS-DOS] 4.34.12 SPECTRUM/VGASpec [MS-DOS] 4.34.13 SpecEM [MS-DOS] 4.34.14 Spectrum 48 [Commodore 64] 4.34.15 Spectrum [Amiga] 4.34.16 Speculator [Acorn Archimedes] 4.34.17 Warajevo [MS-DOS] 4.34.18 WSpecem [MS-Windows] 4.34.19 X 128 [Unix & X, MS-DOS] 4.34.20 xz80 [Unix & X] 4.34.21 xzx [Unix & X] 4.34.22 Z80 [MS-DOS] 4.34.23 !z80Em [Acorn] 4.34.24 ZX SP [Atari] 4.34.25 ZX Spectrum-Emulator [MS-DOS] 4.34.26 ZX Spectrum [MS-DOS] 4.34.27 zx-spectrum [Amiga] 4.34.28 zxlin386 [Linux] 4.34.29 ZXAM [Amiga] 4.34.30 zxspec [Amiga] 4.35 Sinclair Z88 4.35.1 Win Z88 [MS-Windows] 4.35.2 Z88dream [MS-Windows] 4.35.3 Z88EM [MS-DOS] 4.36 TI-81 4.36.1 TI-81 Emulator [MacOS] 4.37 TI-99/4A 4.37.1 PC99 [MS-DOS] 4.37.2 TI99-4A [Amiga] 4.37.3 TI99EMUL [MS-DOS] 4.37.4 V9t9 [MS-DOS] 4.38 TO7 4.38.1 FunzyTo7 [MS-DOS, Unix & X] 4.38.2 FunzyTo7-70 [MS-DOS, Unix & X] 4.39 TRS-80 Models I-IV 4.39.1 model1-d.zip [MS-DOS] 4.39.2 TRS-80 Model I emulator [MS-DOS] 4.39.3 TRS-80 Model III emulator [MS-DOS] 4.39.4 TRS-80 Model III simulator [MS-DOS] 4.39.5 trs80 [Amiga] 4.39.6 trs80_sit.hqx [MacOS] 4.39.7 Xtrs [Unix & X] 4.39.8 ??? [MS-DOS] 4.40 Universal Turing Machine 4.40.1 Turing [MS-DOS] 4.40.2 Turing Machine [MS-Windows] 4.40.3 Turing-Maschine [MS-Windows] 4.40.4 Turing's World [Macintosh, MS-Windows] 5 - Game Consoles 5.1 Arcade Emulators 5.1.1 Arcade Emulation Repository Project [MS-DOS] 5.1.2 Asteroids Emulator [Power Mac] 5.1.3 Centepede Emulator [MS-DOS] 5.1.4 Cinematronics Emulator 5.1.5 Crazy Kong Emulator [MS-DOS] 5.1.6 Emu [MS-DOS] 5.1.7 Gauntlet Emulator 5.1.8 Gottlieb Emulator 5.1.9 Gyruss Emulator [MS-DOS] 5.1.10 Kong Emulator [MS-DOS] 5.1.11 MacMoon [MacOS] 5.1.12 Mr. Do Emulator [MS-DOS] 5.1.13 Namco's Museum of Games 5.1.14 Pengo Arcade Emulator [MS-DOS] 5.1.15 Phoenix and Pleaides [Windows 95] 5.1.16 Shinobi Emulator 5.1.17 Space Invaders Emulator [MacOS] 5.1.18 Sparcade! [MS-DOS] 5.1.19 T3 [MacOS] 5.1.20 Williams Arcade Classics [MS-DOS, Sony PlayStation, Windows 95] 5.1.21 Williams Digital Arcade [MacOS] 5.1.22 Williams Pinball Sound emulator [Macintosh] 5.2 Atari 2600 5.2.1 A26 [MS-DOS] 5.2.2 Activision Game Pack [MS-Windows, Mac OS] 5.2.3 Atari 2600 Emulation Project [MS-DOS, Unix & X] 5.2.4 PCAE [MS-DOS] 5.2.5 Stella 96 [Unix & X, MS-DOS, MS-Windows, PowerMac, Linux] 5.2.6 Virtual 2600/Virtual VCS [Unix & X, MS-DOS] 5.2.7 VCS2600 [MS-DOS] 5.2.8 ??? (2) 5.2.9 ??? (3) 5.3 Atari Jaguar 5.4 ColecoVision 5.4.1 ColEm [Unix & X, MacOS, PowerMac, MS-DOS, MS-Windows] 5.4.2 Mission [MSX-DOS] 5.5 GameBoy 5.5.1 Fondle GameBoy Emulator [MS-DOS] 5.5.2 !GameBoy [Acorn] 5.5.3 GBSIM [MS-DOS] 5.5.4 PCBOY [MS-DOS] 5.5.5 ToyBoy [Amiga] 5.5.6 Virtual GameBoy [Unix & X, MS-Windows, Amiga, MacOS, MS-DOS, OS/2] 5.6 Intellivision 5.6.1 ??? 5.7 NES/Famicom 5.7.1 iNES [Unix & X, PowerMac, MS-Windows, Linux] 5.7.2 LandyNES [MS-DOS] 5.7.3 NESA [MS-DOS] 5.7.4 PasoFami [MS-Windows] 5.8 SNES 5.8.1 Emplant [Amiga] 5.8.2 SPW [Windows 95] 5.8.3 SFEM 1.11 (Hoax) 5.8.4 SNES 96 [Windows 95] 5.8.5 SNES Professional [MS-DOS] 5.8.6 Virtual Magicom [MS-DOS] 5.8.7 XNES [Unix & X] 5.9 Sega 5.9.1 SEGA-EM 1.01 (Hoax) 5.10 Sega Genesis 5.10.1 Emplant [Amiga] 5.10.2 EmulatorX [MS-DOS] 5.10.3 GenEm [MS-DOS] 5.10.4 Kyoto [MS-DOS, Linux, MacOS] 5.10.5 MegaDrive [MS-DOS] 5.11 Sega Master System/GameGear (SMS) 5.11.1 Massage [MS-DOS] 5.11.2 MasterGear [Unix & X, MS-DOS, Macintosh] 5.11.3 ??? [MS-DOS] 5.12 Sony PlayStation (PSX) 5.12.1 PSXMooSim [Amiga, Solaris] 5.13 Vectrex 5.13.1 DVE [MS-DOS] 5.13.2 ??? [MS-DOS, Unix & X] 6 - Hardware Solutions 6.1 Atari Jaguar 6.1.1 Jaguar PC Card [80x86] 6.2 Atari ST 6.2.1 Gemulator [80x86] 6.2.2 Janus [80x86] 6.3 DG Nova/Eclipse 6.3.1 The Hawk [80x86] 6.4 IBM-PC and Compatibles 6.4.1 A2088/A2286/A386SX-16/A386SX-25 [Amiga] 6.4.2 AtOnce Plus [Amiga] 6.4.3 AT Speed [Atari ST/TT] 6.4.4 DOS Compatibility Card [Macintosh, Power Macintosh] 6.4.5 DOS on Mac [Macintosh] 6.4.6 Falcon Speed [Falcon] 6.4.7 Golden Gate 486SLC [Amiga] 6.4.8 OrangePC [Macintosh] 6.4.9 PC286 [Amiga] 6.4.10 SideCar [Amiga] 6.4.11 SunPC [Sparc] 6.5 Macintosh 6.5.1 A-Max [Amiga] 6.6 Multiple Computers 6.6.1 Emplant [Amiga] 6.7 PDP-11 6.7.1 The Osprey [80x86] 6.8 Sinclair QL 6.8.1 QXL [80x86] 7 - In-Circuit Emulators 7.1 American Arium P5 Emulator [80x86] 7.2 Applied Microsystems Corporation 7.3 Hewlett Packard 7.4 Huntsville Microsystems Motorola Emulators [680x0] 7.5 Lauterbach Datentechnik GmbH [680x0, 80x86, H8, others] 7.6 Orion Instruments, Inc. [680x0, 68hc11, 80196, z80, H8, others] 8 - Terminal Emulation Appendices Appendix A - URL Formats Appendix B - DEC VTxxx Control Sequences Appendix C - Emulator FTP Sites/Sources Appendix D - Related Documents Appendix E - Archie Appendix F - Comp.emulators.misc Charter Appendix G - Legal Issues G.1 Australian Copyright Law G.2 Canadian Copyright Law G.3 Hong Kong Copyright Law G.4 US Copyright Law Appendix H - FAQ Archive Sites Appendix I - Credits ---------------------------------=:> * <:=--------------------------------- 1 - Introduction As a general note, I'd like to explain that all references to resources available on the network are given in the form of a URL. See appendix A for an explanation if you have problems. Additionally, the pointers to resources at FTP sites are almost never the sole place to obtain information. If you have trouble finding a file at a particular site, use archie to locate it at a different place on the net. See appendix E for more information. The most recent version of this FAQ can be obtained from: ftp://rtfm.mit.edu/pub/usenet/news.answers/emulators-faq A hypertext version of the FAQ is available at: http://www.why.net/home/adam/cem/ If you don't have FTP or WWW access, you can request the most recent version of this FAQ by sending mail to <mail-server@rtfm.mit.edu> with the text "send pub/usenet/news.answers/emulators-faq/*" in the body of the message. 1.1 Purpose Most of the questions posed on comp.emulators.misc seem to be of the form, "is there a XXX emulator for XXX? Where can I find it?" This FAQ cannot pretend to answer every possible permutation of this question, but, hopefully, it will be possible to knock out the most common ones. There is also quite a bit of information which could be useful to developers (pointers to specifiations, etc) contained in this FAQ. 1.2 What is not included This document excludes topics that are not covered by the comp.emulators.misc charter (see appendix F), such as sound card emulation (use comp.sys.ibm.pc.soundcard.misc), math co-processor emulation (use comp.sys.ibm.pc.hardware.misc), and the X windowing system (use comp.windows.x). For the record, there is no such thing as an X "emulator;" X is a standard. You IMPLEMENT it on a platform, not EMULATE it. Furthermore, this document specifically excludes those machines for which an emulation FAQ has already been written. You may wish to check the FAQ archives listed in appendix H. Specific FAQs which should be referenced instead of this document follow. 1.2.1 Apple II Emulators Maintained by Alex Maddison <amaddiso@extro.ucc.su.oz.au>: ftp://rtfm.mit.edu/pub/usenet/comp.emulators.apple2/ http://www.cs.ruu.nl/wais/html/na-dir/apple2/emulators-faq/ part1.html There is also a web page which has a collection of Apple II emulator resources. Maintained by Jonathan Badger <badger@phylo.life.uiuc.edu>: http://geta.life.uiuc.edu/~badger/apple2.html One final note; there appear to be a bunch of Apple II applications available from: http://www.asimov.net/apple_II/site/ 1.2.2 Atari 8-Bit Emulators (400/800/XL/XE) This FAQ is posted on the 1st of each month to comp.emulators.misc. Maintained by Bill Kendrick <kendrick@zippy.sonoma.edu>: http://zippy.sonoma.edu/~kendrick/nbs/new_and_emu.html gopher://gopher.archive.umich.edu:7055/00/atari/8bit/Faqs/ new_and_emu.txt Note that, since the 8-bit FAQ mentions the ST line only in passing, I will be including entries for ST emulators in this document. 1.2.3 Commodore 8-Bit Emulators (64/128/Pet/Vic-20) Maintained by Kevin Gifford <kgifford@netaxs.com>: ftp://ftp.funet.fi/pub/cbm/faq/8bit-emulation-faq http://www.cs.ruu.nl/wais/html/na-dir/commodore/8bit-emulation-faq/ .html 1.3 General Resources 1.3.1 Tenabis Emulator Classes Sebastien Brochet <tenabiss@mail.micronet.fr> has put together some interesting C++ classes that may prove interesting and useful to potential emulator developers. He also has a small virtual machine ("Tiny Emulator") and an assembler for that machine ("TinyAsm") available from the same page. Sebastien is using these classes to implement an Atari ST emulator. http://www.micronet.fr/~tenabiss/tec/tec.htm 2 - Processor Emulation A comprehensive listing of chip specifications is available for those people wishing to create emulators. It is available at the following sites (and several other mirrors, listed at each site): http://www.xs4all.nl/~ganswijk/chipdir/ http://www.hitex.com/chipdir/ http://www.civil.mtu.edu/chipdir/ http://ftp.unina.it/pub/chipdir/chipdir.html 2.1 6502/6507/6510 2.1.1 6502 Emulation Package (Source) The source for the 6502 emulator which Marat Fayzullin <fms@freeflight.com> has written and based a few emulators on. He has given permission for this code to be used in non-commercial non-profit programs, so long as proper credit is given. Homepage: http://www.freeflight.com/fms/CPUs/ Source: http://www.freeflight.com/fms/CPUs/6502.tar.Z 2.2 6800 2.2.1 68em [MS-DOS] 6800 emulator for DOS; includes a realtime O/S. I have very little information about this program, other than a report that the ROL direct instruction does not rotate the carry flag into the low bit of the operand properly (although ROLA does). If anyone can find a version of 68em dated after 1991-Jun-15, a pointer to that may be helpful. Program: ftp://oak.oakland.edu/pub/simtelnet/msdos/emulate/68em10.zip 2.3 6809 Some information on the 6809 can be found on : http://www.physics.carleton.ca/~aland/interests/ 2.3.1 usim (Portable) C++ class implementation of a 6809. Includes a derived class which shows processor stats in an X window. It has been tested under Linux. Written by Ray Bellis <Ray.Bellis@psy.ox.ac.uk>. Program: ftp://ftp.mrc-bbc.ox.ac.uk/pub/users/rpb/mc6809/usim-0.91.tar.gz 2.4 6811 2.4.1 M68HC11 emulator M6811 emulator and debugger; it is in its final stages of development. The processor emulation provides emulation of devices, provides an execution history, allows step debugging, and has several styles of breakpoints for debugging. See the homepage for more information. Written by Bambang Sutanto <bsutanto@POBoxes.com> as a final project. Homepage: http://www.netforward.com/POBoxes/?bsutanto 2.5 680x0 2.5.1 68000 Assembler/Simulator [MS-DOS, VMS] A 68000 simulator with a cross assembler. Includes source. No information is available on where to find this simulator. Written by Marwan Shaban <shaban@ece36h.ncsu.edu> 2.5.2 68k-simulator [Unix & X] MC-68000 Simulator for X-Windows Program: ftp://sunsite.unc.edu/pub/Linux/system/Emulators/ 68k-simulator.tar.gz 2.5.3 BSVC [Unix & X, Windows 95] Microprocessor Simulator (Motorola 68000, Hector 1600); it is copyrighted, but may be freely distributed. The Unix version requires Tk/Tcl to compile. The Windows 95 version does not include support for the M68681 Dual UART. Written by Bradford W. Mott <bwmott@eos.ncsu.edu> Program: ftp://sunsite.unc.edu/pub/Linux/system/Emulators/ Homepage: http://www2.ncsu.edu/eos/service/ece/project/bsvc/www/ 2.5.4 EMU68 [Unix, MS-DOS] M68000 emulator for MS-DOS and UNIX. This emulator was developed as part of a MS thesis. It is written entirely in C++, and the source code is available. On a '486-33, it runs about 1/50th as fast as an MVME101 (an embedded procssor board). Two separate sets of source are available -- one for MS-DOS (which is known to work with the Borland C++ compilers), and one for Unix. The emulator does not support the following opcodes: ABCD, CHK, MOVEP, NBCD, SBCD, and TAS. The developer has offered to supply development documents to anyone who needs to modify the source code. Developed by Zijian Huang (formerly <n4521661@aidan.ncl.ac.uk>). Program: ftp://aidan.ncl.ac.uk/pub/local/n4521661/emu/ 2.6 68HC11 2.6.1 M6811 [MS-DOS] Written as a final project for university. Includes a debugger and benchmark program. See the homepage for more information. Written by Bambang Sutanto <bsutanto@POBoxes.com>. Homepage: http://www.netforward.com/POBoxes/?bsutanto 2.6.2 Motorola 68HC11 uController simulator [MS-DOS] Program: ftp://oak.oakland.edu/pub/simtelnet/msdos/emulate/sim6822c.zip 2.7 80x86 2.7.1 Bochs [Unix & X] This is an 80x86 emulator which runs on most Unix platforms under X. It emulates the CPU, BIOS and I/O environment of an IBM AT compatible PC. Currently, the program is in Alpha, but it has an impressive list of accomplishments. It can handle 386 opcodes, and runs DOS 5.0 & 6.22 and Windows 3.1 (in standard mode). Hardware support includes Hercules graphics, PIC, timers, 1.44M/1.2M/760K floppies, and AT keyboard. Plans are to emulate VGA graphics. Currently, Bochs does not support networking, numerics coprocessor, or mouse emulation. Tasking & paging are missing in the CPU support, but paging is currently being implemented. For embedded systems developers, PC BIOS developers, O/S developers, CPU vendors, etc, Bochs supports the use of an external BIOS, and provides a compile time option for linking with an external CPU simulation environment. There is also a mailing list for this emulator: To subscribe: email to: <bochs-developers-request@world.std.com> subject: (leave blank) body: subscribe To send to the mailing list email to: <bochs-developers@world.std.com> Written by Kevin P. Lawton <bochs@world.std.com> Homepage: http://world.std.com/~bochs/ Program: ftp://ftp.std.com/pub/bochs 2.7.2 Emplant [Amiga] See section 6.6.1. 2.7.3 SoftProbe 386/SIM [MS-Windows, MS-DOS, SunOS, AIX, VMS] This product provides full simulation of the Intel 386 and 387, as well as many common support chips such as the 8254, 8259, etc. It includes a symbolic/source-level debugger and many ICE-like features such as trace and triggers. Its targeted users include embedded system developers, PC BIOS developers, O/S developers, CPU vendors, and trainers for protected mode development. Versions for the 386EX and the 486 are also available. Systems & Software, Inc. 18012 Cowan, Suite 100 Irvine, CA 92714 phone: +1 714 833-1700 fax: +1 714 833-1900 mailto:<info@syssoft.com> 2.7.4 Transformer [Amiga] 8088 software emulation for the A1000. Produced by Commodore. No other information is available. 2.8 IBM 370 2.8.1 PC/370 [MS-DOS] IBM 370 Emulator and assembler for 80x86 PCs. Developed as early as the early 1980's, and updated for a variety of purposes over the years. The current version is free, and was released in 1988. Written by Donald S. Higgins. Program: ftp://oak.oakland.edu/pub/simtelnet/msdos/emulate/pc370v42.zip 2.9 Pokey Pokey is a sound chip used in many Atari 8-bit computers. 2.9.1 POKEYSND [MS-DOS] POKEYSND is a library of C functions to emulate the Pokey chip. The library is covered by the Gnu Library General Public License. The routines are written for MS-DOS with a soundblaster compatible card, although modifications to operate on any computer that allows for direct manipulation of the speaker voltage should be pretty easy. Written by Ron Fries <rfries@tcmail.frco.com>. Source: ftp://members.aol.com/atari800xl/pokey11.zip 2.10 PowerPC 2.10.1 PSIM PSIM is an instruction-level emulator for the PowerPC architecture. The program is written in ANSI C and covered by the GNU public licence. Version 1.1 of PSIM was bundled with GDB-4.16 (available from GNU ftp sites). For additional information (and more recent beta releases) see the URLs listed below. Written by Andrew Cagney <cagney@highland.com.au>. Information: ftp://ftp.ci.com.au/pub/psim/index.html ftp://cambridge.cygnus.com/pub/psim/index.html Source Code Updates: ftp://ftp.ci.com.au/pub/psim/ ftp://cambridge.cygnus.com/pub/psim/ 2.11 Tia Tia was the sound chip used in the Atari 2600. 2.11.1 TIASND [MS-DOS] TIASND is a library of C functions to emulate the Tia chip. The library is covered by the Gnu Library General Public License. The routines are written for MS-DOS with a soundblaster compatible card, although modifications to operate on any computer that allows for direct manipulation of the speaker voltage should be pretty easy. Written by Ron Fries <rfries@tcmail.frco.com>. Source: ftp://members.aol.com/atari800xl/tiasnd10.zip 2.12 Zilog 80 2.12.1 Z80 Emulation Package (Source) The source for the Z80 emulator which Marat Fayzullin <fms@freeflight.com> has written and based a few emulators on. He has given permission for this code to be used in non-commercial non-profit programs, so long as proper credit is given. Marcel de Kogel <m.dekogel@student.utwente.nl> has released his modified version of this code, as well; it has been optimised for gcc-x86, as well as having some additional changes. Homepage: http://www.freeflight.com/fms/CPUs/ Source: http://www.freeflight.com/fms/CPUs/Z80.tar.Z MS-DOS Optimised version homepage: http://www.komkon.org/~dekogel/misc.html 2.12.2 z80emulator [Amiga] The package emulates a Z80 (slowly) and also contains a complete Z80 cross development system. Written by Phil. [No last name given.] Program: ftp://wuarchive.wustl.edu/pub/aminet/misc/emu/z80emulator103.lzh 3 - Operating System Emulation 3.1 AES 3.1.1 oAESis A free replacement for the AES that runs on Atari or compatible computers. It aims to have all the features of MultiTOS. It requires MiNT to run. By Christer Gustavsson <d2cg@dtek.chalmers.se> Homepage: http://www.dtek.chalmers.se/~d2cg/oaesis/ 3.2 Amiga OS While no functioning Amiga OS emulators currently exist, there is at least one group of citizens attempting to write one. See also section 4.4.2. 3.2.1 AmigOS (work in progress) This is a voluntary project to port an Amiga OS compatible operating system to other platforms. As of yet, no programs have been produced, and the pages have not changed in quite a while. What started out as a fairly promising project appears to have stalled or died. For more information, check out their homepage. Homepage: http://amigos.telesys-innov.fr/AmigOS/AOS.html 3.3 CP/M 3.3.1 22nice [MS-DOS] 22NICE is an emulator of 8-bit CP/M 2.2 systems using 8080, 8085 or Z-80 processors; it runs under MS-DOS. It includes terminal emulation for several common terminal types, 8080-only Z-80 only, or "auto detect" processor support. It will use a NEC V20/V30 chip if one is available. 22NICE Supports CP/M user number-to-DOS subdirectory mapping and custom keyboard maps. A facility to trap and handle 8-bit I/O references is also provided to allow emulation of 8-bit hardware not present on a PC. Program: ftp://oak.oakland.edu/pub/simtelnet/msdos/emulate/22nce142.zip 3.3.2 ame86 [MS-DOS] CP/M-86 emulator for MS-DOS system. Program: ftp://oak.oakland.edu/pub/simtelnet/msdos/emulate/ame86.zip 3.3.3 CP/M Emulator [MacOS] Text emulation of CP/M operating system. Homepage: http://www.komkon.org/~stiles/emulation/cpm/index.html 3.3.4 CP/M-80 Emulator [Linux] Emulates a Zilog Z80 CPU and a lookalike to the DR CP/M-80 operating system under Linux with a 80386 or better. Emulation is performed on BDOS level, and optionally on BIOS level. Written by Michael Bischoff <mbi@mo.math.nat.tu-bs.de>. Program: ftp://sunsite.unc.edu/pub/Linux/system/Emulators/cpm-0.2.tar.gz 3.3.5 CPMDOS [MS-DOS] CP/M Emulator based on the Z-80 emulator by Marat Fayzullin <fms@freeflight.com> (See section 2.12.1). Written by Tom Burnett <tburnett@community.net>, with some code contributed by M.Sekiguchi. More information: http://www.freeflight.com/fms/CPUs/CPM.txt Program: http://www.freeflight.com/fms/CPUs/CPMDOS.zip Source Code: http://www.freeflight.com/fms/CPUs/CPM.tar.Z 3.3.6 ECPM [Amiga] CP/M emulator with H19 terminal. No further information is available. 3.3.7 "My Z80" [MS-DOS] Simeon Cran's Z80 CP/M Z-System emulator Program: ftp://oak.oakland.edu/pub/simtelnet/msdos/emulate/myz80111.zip 3.3.8 SimCPM [Amiga] CP/M emulator with H19 terminal. No further information is available. 3.3.9 CPeMulator/Zrun [MS-DOS] This emulation was written originally as a bet; it was later released a two different programs by U.S. Digital. It has now been released as shareware. Two different versions are available; Zrun provides emulation of CP/M on an 8080, and v2080 provides emulation of CP/M on a v2080. The v2080 emulator is based on the 8080 emulator. Written by Michael Day; you can contact him at: Michael Day C/O Day Research P.O. Box 22902 Milwaukie, OR 97222 Programs: ftp://oak.oakland.edu/pub/simtelnet/msdos/emulate/v2080j88.zip ftp://oak.oakland.edu/pub/simtelnet/msdos/emulate/zrun321.zip 3.3.10 Yaze [Unix] "Yet Another Z80 Emulator" -- CP/M 2.2 emulator for Unix systems. This program includes a Z80 emulator, a P/M-2.2 bios written in C which runs on the Unix host but interacts with the simulated Z80, a monitor, and disk image utilities. It purports to emulate all undocumented opcodes and flag bits. YAZE is provided under the conditions of the GNU public license. Written by Frank Cringle <fdc@cliwe.ping.de>. Program: ftp://cantor.informatik.rwth-aachen.de/pub/unix/yaze-1.06.tar.gz http://cantor.informatik.rwth-aachen.de/pub/unix/yaze-1.06.tar.gz Patch from 1.05 to 1.06: ftp://cantor.informatik.rwth-aachen.de/pub/unix/ yaze-1.05-1.06.diff.gz http://cantor.informatik.rwth-aachen.de/pub/unix/ yaze-1.05-1.06.diff.gz 3.3.11 z80mu [MS-DOS] CP/M (Z80 processor) emulator for MS-DOS. Shareware; registration is US$150 per user. This is purportedly a very accurate and high-quality emulation. Written by Joan Riff. Program: ftp://oak.oakland.edu/pub/simtelnet/msdos/emulate/z80mu52b.zip 3.3.12 Zsim [MS-DOS] Z80 CP/M emulator for MS-DOS. Includes source code (80x86 assembly and Modula-2), but you must register (US$50) before you can decode the source (actually, it doesn't appear to be scrambled at all, although the documentation claims it is). This emulator is free for personal use. Requires an 80286 or higher. Written by Juergen G. Weber <weberj@azu.informatik.uni-stuttgart.de>. Program: ftp://oak.oakland.edu/pub/simtelnet/msdos/emulate/zsim241.zip 3.4 Flex 3.4.1 6809 Flex Emulator [Windows 95, AmigaOS] This package is a full 6809 emulator which runs the Flex operating system. It outruns the original setup on a P60. Written by Ben Williams <bwilliams@blackbelt.com>. Homepage: http://www.blackbelt.com/blackbelt/flexem.html 3.5 MS-DOS / PC-DOS 3.5.1 Bochs [Unix & X] See section 2.7.1. 3.5.2 CrossPC [Amiga] MS-DOS emulation for the Amiga. CrossPC was produced by Consultron. It was formerly bundled with CrossDOS, a utility to read, write and format MS-DOS media on an Amiga. The last version of CrossPC was with CrossDOS 5; CrossDOS 6 no longer includes CrossPC, which has been discontinued. CrossPC emulated a PC-XT with CGA graphics. Consultron can be contacted at: Consultron 8959 Ridge Road Plymouth, MI 48170 +1 313 459-7271 3.5.3 DOSEMU [Linux] Emulates DOS under Linux, FreeBSD, and NetBSD. Suposedly, this is a farily robust emulation. It is rumored that this will soon be capable of running Windows 3.1. Program: ftp://tsx-11.mit.edu/pub/linux/ALPHA/dosemu/ 3.5.4 DOS Merge [80x86 Unix] DOS Merge is a text-mode MS-DOS emulator produced by Platinum Technology. The November 1995 issue of BYTE reports that Platinum (Locus, at the time) licensed source code from Microsoft to produce this emulator, just as Insgnia Solutions did for SoftPC and SoftWindows. Homepage: http://www.platinum.com/products/sysman/merge_ps.htm 3.5.5 FreeDOS [80x86] Not really an emulation, but more of a replacement for MS-DOS released under the GNU general licence. The concept is that FreeDOS will provide DOS support after MicroSoft discards the operating system. Of course, since it's a GNU licence, all source code is freely available. Homepage: http://sunsite.unc.edu/pub/micro/pc-stuff/freedos/freedos.html 3.5.6 IBeM [Amiga] MS-DOS emulation for the Amiga. Program: ftp://wuarchive.wustl.edu/pub/aminet/misc/emu/ibem120.lzh 3.5.7 MDOS [Mach 3] Emulates DOS programs under Mach 3 as if they were running on a 80286. Can run MS-Windows 3.0, so it can also be used as a Windows emulator. 3.5.8 Merge [Solaris] Provides MS-DOS emulation under Solaris x86. More information is available from the homepage. For Sparc users, see SunPC (section 6.4.11). Produced by Sun Microsystems. Homepage: http://www.sun.com:80/sunsoft/solaris/products/merge/index.html 3.5.9 PC-Ditto [Atari ST] This is a software based MS-DOS emulator for the Atari ST. Version 3.96 is capable of emulating an 8086 with full CGA and MDA support. It can run Turbo Pascal 6, MS-DOS 5, 10Rogue, and Indy 500, among other programs. Unfortunately, it rates about 1 MHz (less than 1/4th the speed of the original PC machines), so it's not useful for any serious applications. 3.5.10 PC-Task [Amiga] Version 4.0, now available, runs 80486 MS-DOS/Windows programs on Amiga machines. Written by Chris Hames <bytey@werple.net.au>. You can contact his publisher at <pctask@pctask@ozemail.com.au>. Chris' Homepage: http://werple.net.au/~bytey/ Publisher Homepage: http://www.ozemail.com.au/~pctask/ Demo Program: ftp://wuarchive.wustl.edu/pub/aminet/biz/demo/PC-TaskDemo40.lha 3.5.11 PCEMU [Unix] Text-mode-only emulation of 8086 DOS Programs. Still in alpha phase. Works under Unix and X. Program: ftp://ftp.cs.bris.ac.uk/users/hedley/pcemu1.01alpha.tar.gz ftp://alf.uib.no/pub/Linux/BETA/dosemu/Misc/pcemu1.01.ALPHA.tar.gz 3.5.12 PCM [Unix & X] Interpretive emulation of DOS for Unix and X. Will emulate VGA graphics. 3.5.13 SoftPC [NeXTStep, MacOS, Atari TT, Atari Falcon] Runs MS-DOS programs under MacOS and NeXTStep. The newer NeXTStep product requires 80x86 based machines; it will not work on 680x0 based NeXTStep machines (although older versions did work on the 680x0 machines). Produced by Insigna Solutions. It is probable that Insigina has included the same emulation that they use for SoftPC in their SoftWindows product. See section 3.6.6 for details on SoftWindows. The Atari ST/Falcon version was never officially released, but an alpha version was (illegally) included on a German shareware CD at some point. It runs about as fast as an original XT on the Falcon, and about twice as fast as that on a TT. Insigna Solutions: Ordering Information: 800-848-7677 Unix Demo Requests: +1 508/682-7600 Homepage: http://www.insignia.com/ SoftPC Info: http://www.insignia.com/techsupport/faxdocs/1005.html 3.5.14 SunPC [Solaris] MS-DOS emulation for Solaris. Early versions were software-only, but SunPC now requires an add-in card; it has subsequently been moved into the "Hardware" category of emulators. See section 6.4.11. 3.5.15 Xdos [Unix & X] MS-DOS emulator designed for X (mouse works, etc). This emulator has no documentation. Written by Robert Sanders <gt8134b@prism.gatech.edu>, Matthias Lautner, and Edward Der-Hua Liu. Program: ftp://sunsite.unc.edu/pub/Linux/system/Emulators/dosemu/xdos0.4a.tgz 3.6 MS-Windows 3.6.1 Bochs [Unix & X] See section 2.7.1. 3.6.2 Freedows 98 [MS-DOS, MS-Windows] A freeware emulation of Windows 95; it is expected to run on 80386 or higher systems. The project coordinator hopes to have a release by 1998, as the name implies. This project is being run on a volunteer basis, so any help is appreciated. Coordinated by Reece Sellin <r_sellin@cariboo.bc.ca>. Homepage: http://www.geocities.com/SiliconValley/7519 3.6.3 MDOS [Mach 3] See section 3.5.7. 3.6.4 Merge [Solaris] See section 3.5.8. 3.6.5 PC-Task [Amiga] See section 3.5.10. 3.6.6 SoftWindows [MacOS, Unix & X] Runs MS-Windows programs under Unix with X and MacOS. Produced by Insigna Solutions. The most recent versions (SoftWindows 3.0 and SoftWindows 95) provide 32-bit support; as the name implies, SoftWindows95 comes with Windows 95 preinstalled. Insigna Solutions: Ordering Information: 800-848-7677 Unix Demo Requests: +1 508/682-7600 Homepage: http://www.insignia.com/ SoftWindows information: http://www.insignia.com/marcom/30_upgrade/announce30-95.html http://www.insignia.com/marcom/macprod.html 3.6.7 WINE [Linux] This emulator, still in its early development, runs MS-Windows 3.1 executables under Linux, FreeBSD and NetBSD. Program: ftp://sunsite.unc.edu/pub/Linux/ALPHA/wine/ ftp://tsx-11.mit.edu/pub/linux/ALPHA/Wine/development/ ftp://ftp.infomagic.com/pub/mirrors/linux/wine/development/ ftp://ftp.funet.fi:/pub/OS/Linux/ALPHA/Wine/ Homepages: http://www.ifi.uio.no/~dash/wine/ http://daedalus.dra.hmg.gb/gale/wine/wine.html http://www.asgardpro.com/dave/wine-faq.html http://www.thepoint.com/unix/emulate/wine http://www.linpro.no/wine/ http://www.clic.net/~krynos/wine_en.html Homepage In French: http://www.clic.net/~krynos/wine.html Newsgroup: news:comp.emulators.ms-windows.wine FAQ: ftp://rtfm.mit.edu/pub/usenet/news.answers/windows-emulation/ wine-faq http://www.primenet.com/~pdg/wine-faq.html ftp://ftp.primenet.com/users/p/pdg/Wine.FAQ ftp://tsx-11.mit.edu/pub/linux/ALPHA/Wine/Wine.FAQ ftp://aris.com/pub/linux/ALPHA/Wine/Wine.FAQ ftp://sunsite.unc.edu/pub/Linux/ALPHA/wine/Wine.FAQ 3.6.8 Wabi [Solaris, Linux] Runs MS-Windows 3.1 executables under Solaris. Supports OLE. Produced by Sun. Wabi is a Trademark of Sun Microsystems. Wabi cannot run MS-DOS applications; however, SunPC (Sparc) and Merge (80x86) will run under Wabi. See section 6.4.11 for information on SunPC and section 3.5.8 for information on Merge. Wabi operates by translating MS-Windows API calls into corresponding X calls, providing faster translation than full emulation would. Sun is planning support for 32-bit (Win32s, Windows 95, Windows NT) applications in future releases, but they have not announced an expected date for such support. Sun has also announced plans for a version of Wabi that allows the installation of Windows with the Japanese character set. Support is planned for French, Italian, German, Spanish and Swedish versions. Caldera (producers of Caldera Desktop, a commercial distribution of Linux) has released Wabi for Linux. For more information, see the Caldera homepage. Suggested retail price is US$199. Homepage: http://www.sun.com/sunsoft/solaris/products/wabi/wabi21/wabi21.html http://www.sun.com/sunsoft/solaris/products/wabi/index.html Caldera Homepage http://www.caldera.com/ Also, a version of Wabi is available for SCO Unix systems: http://www.unidirect.com/cgi-bin/w3com/start?www+wabi 3.7 MacOS See also section 4.19 3.7.1 Equal Application Adapter [Solairs, Irix, HP-UX] Emulates a 680x0 Macintosh under Unix; this emulator maps MacOS system calls to equivalent Motif calls, much like Wabi does for MS-Windows (see section 3.6.8). Produced by Quorum software. 3.7.2 Executor [MS-DOS, Linux, NeXTStep] Executor is a Macintosh emulator which works with MS-DOS, Linux, and NeXTstep. It was developed completely independant of the Macintosh ROMs, so you don't have to worry about hunting down ROM images to use it. Limited (incomplete) System 7 support is available in versions 1.99p and later. Furthermore, in versions 1.99p9 and later, limited sound support is available for the MS-DOS and Linux versions. The Linux versions run under X, although an experimental SVGALib version is available. There are a.out and elf versions of the Linux binaries. Executor runs at an unbeleivably fast speed, thanks to dynamic recompilation of 680x0 machine code into native 80x86 machine code for certain segments of code. More information on this technique is available on the FTP sites listed below; retreive "SynPaper" or "SynPaper.tex." The demonstration program listed below has full functionality, but stops running after 10 minutes. An Executor mailing list exists; for information, read the Executor FAQ: ftp://ftp.ardi.com/pub/executor-faq.ascii ftp://vorlon.mit.edu/pub/ardi/executor-faq.ascii http://vorlon.mit.edu/ardi/faq/index.html ftp://ftp.tcel.com/pub/mirrors/ardi/executor-faq.ascii Ardi Homepage: http://www.ardi.com/ Unofficial Ardi Pages: http://vorlon.mit.edu/arditop.html Program: ftp://ftp.ardi.com/pub/ ftp://vorlon.mit.edu/pub/ardi/ ftp://ftp.tcel.com/pub/mirrors/ardi/ ftp://wilbur.stanford.edu/pub/emulators/mac/executor.zip Newsgroup: news:comp.emulators.mac.executor 3.7.3 Liken [Solaris, HP-UX, AIX, Digital Unix] Emulation of Mac System 6 on a 680x0. It does no mapping of graphics calls, and requires the user to source his own copy of system 6.0.7. Produced by Andataco. I search of their website seems to indicate that they no longer produce or support Liken. Andataco home page: http://www.andataco.com/ 3.7.4 MAE/MAS [Solaris 2.3, HP-UX 9.01, PowerOpen Unix] MAE (Macintosh Application Environment) is produced by Apple; it runs Mac OS executables on Sparcs with Solaris 2.3 or later and HP 9000 Series 700 machines with HP-UX 9.01 or later. MAS (Macintosh Application Services) is also produced by Apple; it seems to be very similar to MAE, but runs on RS/6000 machines under PowerOpen Unix. This program uses a dynamic recompiler to speed up emulation. To order a copy or request a free demo, call 1-800-769-2775, extension 7675, or send email to <mae@applelink.apple.com>. You can also send a fax to 1-800-854-0929. Homepage: http://www.mae.apple.com/ Program & Information: ftp://ftp.support.apple.com/pub/mae/ 3.8 Magic Magic is a multitasking operating system. It is designed to be compatible with Atari's TOS. IT IS NOT AN EMULATOR. 3.8.1 MagiC-Mac [Macintosh] Magic for the Mac. This is a commercial product produced by Application Systems Heidelberg. Since it is written in native 680x0 code, it typically runs faster than an ST with TOS. A PowerPC version is rumored to have just recently been released; its performance is described as being 10% faster than a TT. You can contact Application Systems Heidelberg at <VRitzhaupt@aol.com> or: Application Systems Heidelberg Software GmbH Postfach 102646 69016 Heidelberg Tel.: 06221-300002 Mo.-Fr. 13.00-15.30 Uhr Fax: 06221-300389 Demo (non-Power PC version): ftp://ftp.cnam.fr/pub/Atari/Utilities/mmacdemo.sea.hqx http://members.aol.com/ashinfo/ashftp.htm More Information: http://members.aol.com/ashinfo/english.htm 3.8.2 MagiC-PC [MS-Windows, Windows 95, WinNT] Magic for the 80x86 machines. Requires Win32s to run under Windows 3.0 or 3.1. Produced by Application Systems Heildelberg. See section 3.8.1 for contact information. Demo: http://members.aol.com/ashinfo/ashftp.htm More Information: http://members.aol.com/ashinfo/english.htm 3.9 SunOS 3.9.1 FreePort Express [DEC Alpha] FreePort Express does translation of binaries from SunOS 4.1.x to DEC UNIX 3.0 or later. It is a free program. Freeport requires the binaries to be converted to be non-privledged, user mode a.out files. It will not work with file or filesystem formats which are not present (or are different) under Digital UNIX, code which uses SunView, or driver code. After conversion, the same code runs about the same speed (or faster) on an AlphaStation 400 4/233 as it does on a SPARC 20/71. Program: http://www.novalink.com/freeport-express/ 4 - Machine Emulation In many cases, especially the eariler home computers, the operating system was so closely tied to the hardware that it is virtually impossible to emulate one without emulating the other. This section contains entries for these types of emulators. 4.1 ABC80 The ABC80 is an early-'80's Swedish home computer based on the Z80; it was more or less on par with the other 8-bit home computers of its time. The ABC80 has 16k RAM and 16k ROM. It was manufactured by Luxor (who generally are in the business of consumer electronics, like television sets, etc.). Judging from the responses I get when making queries, it was a fantastically popular computer (like the BBC was in Brittian). 4.1.1 ABC80 [MS-DOS] ABC80 Emulator for PCs. Written by Erik Isaksson <exon@lysator.liu.se>. Part of the documentation is in Swedish; enough is in English that you don't need to know Swedish to use it. Homepage: http://www.lysator.liu.se/~exon/archive.html 4.2 Acorn Atom 4.2.1 Acorn Atom Emulator [Unix & X] This emulator is available under the Gnu Public License. See the homepage for the current status of this emulator. Under development by Frans F.J. Faase <faase@cs.utwente.nl>. Homepage: http://wwwis.cs.utwente.nl:8080/~faase/Ha/Atom/ 4.3 Altair The Altair was one of the first kit computers that could be ordered out of electronics enthusiast's journals; it was first released in 1975. It was a small, rectangular box with a couple dozen switches on it. You would use these to toggle in your program and execute it. The output was 20 LEDs which indicated various flags and one 8-bit value. 4.3.1 Altair 8800 Emulator [MS-Windows] Altair 8800 emulator for MS-Windows. Has nifty graphics of the original machine. Also performs IMSAI emulation. Written by Claus Giloi. Homepage: http://www.nwlink.com/~tigger/altair.html 4.4 Amiga For a long time, there has been an ongoing argument about whether an Amiga emulator would be possible; in a decisive blow to those claiming it is impossible, a usable (and even zippy, under certain circumstances) emulator has been developed and released; see below for details. Still, from the days when such an emulator was beleived impossible, there are a few odd hoaxes and rumors. Due to the nature of the Amiga floppy drive hardware, it is impossible to read Amiga floppies in an IBM-PC floppy drive without heavily modifying the hardware; the Amiga can read and write in IBM format, though. In fact, as far as common knowledge extends, it is absolutely impossible to read Amiga disks in anything but a genuine Amiga. Another chapter in the long Amiga saga: VIScorp has purchased Amiga Technologies, GmbH from Escom. For those keeping track, this makes the fourth holding company for the Amiga. More information is available from both websites: http://www.amiga.de/ http://www.vistv.com/ This has very few ramifications for the emulator; the largest one is that VIScorp has made it extraordinarily clear that they intend to pursue blatant copyright violations, such as kickstart ROM distribution. In an official memo on their website, they state: "...[W]e have recently become aware that versions of the Amiga System ROMs are being reproduced and distributed without proper licensing. This is a violation of international copyright law, and VIScorp will prosecute offenders to the full extent of the law." 4.4.1 amiga.zip (Hoax) A program which purports to be an Amiga emulator for MS-DOS machines has existed for a while. All it does is display the Kickstart 1.2 startup image and hang your machine. (It wasn't designed to do anything else. It's someone's sick idea of a joke.) Note that this program has turned up in a number of shareware CD collections that are otherwise reputable -- it's still the same fake. 4.4.2 UAE [Unix & X, Macintosh, MS-DOS, NeXTstep, BeBox, AmigaOS] UAE (Un*x Amiga Emulator) is a developing emualtor of the Amiga 500/2000. To use UAE, you need Unix and X (or Linux SVGAlib), a C compiler, and a Kickstart ROM image (1.3, 2.0, and 3.0 all work). The current version includes emulation of HAM graphics; sprites; the Blitter and Copper chips; timers; disk drive support; interlaced graphics mode emulation; parallel port emulation (requires the WB3.0 PostScript driver); support for French, Italian, and Swedish keyboards; and joystick support (Linux only). Caveats include: Sprite collisions are not yet implemented; the blitter chip isn't emulated at full speed; some sound problems persist. As of version 0.6.4, UAE is moving towards a recompiling processor, which should improve performance greatly. A Mac version is available; it includes binaries for the 680x0 Macs and PowerPC Macs. This port was done by Ernesto Corvi <macsupport@overnet.com.ar>. Any Mac specific questions should be directed to him. A MS-DOS version has been produced; the port is by Gustavo Goedert <GGOEDERT@MUSIC.PUCRS.BR>. Any questions about the MS-DOS port should be addressed to him. A BeBox port has been done by Christian Bauer <bauec002@goofy.zdv.uni-mainz.de>. The NeXTStep port is maintained by Ian Stephenson <ians@cam-ani.co.uk>. Believe it or not, UAE has been ported to the Amiga. Olaf 'Olsen' Barthel <olsen@sourcery.han.de> maintains that port. A Linux (elf) binary is available from the homepage. Developed by Bernd Schmidt <crux@pool.informatik.rwth-aachen.de> Unix Program: ftp://sunsite.unc.edu/pub/Linux/Incoming/uae-0.6.0.tar.gz (or) ftp://sunsite.unc.edu/pub/Linux/system/Emulators/uae-0.6.0.tar.gz MS-DOS Program: ftp://wuarchive.wustl.edu/pub/MSDOS_UPLOADS/emulators/amiga/ ftp://ftp.uwp.edu/pub/incoming/programs/AmigaEmulator/ Macintosh Program: http://hyperarchive.lcs.mit.edu/HyperArchive/Archive/app/ unix-amiga-emulator-060.hqx NeXTstep Program: ftp://pitcher.peak.org/pub/next/submissions/ Uae.app.0.5.2+.NIHS.compressed Homepage: http://www.schokola.de/~stepan/uae/ On a different note, Brian Grier <brgrier@probe.net> has developed an MS-Windows program to receive the data from the transdisk program included with UAE; it requires a null-modem cable, and is available from: http://www.probe.net/~brigrier/index.html Also, Zsolt Werner <dirkgent@mail.freenet.hut.fi> maintains a list of programs that work with UAE: http://freeside.elte.hu/~dadus/homepage/amiga.html 4.5 Atari ST/TT 4.5.1 Amtari [Amiga] Commercial ST emulator for the Amiga. The instructions for this emulator are written in German. 4.5.2 Chamaeleon II [Amiga] Commercial ST emulator for the Amiga. Screenshot: ftp://wuarchive.wustl.edu/pub/aminet/biz/patch/patchemu.lha 4.5.3 Emplant [Amiga] See section 6.6.1. 4.5.4 Medusa [Amiga] Commercial ST emulator for the Amiga. No other information is available. 4.5.5 PaCifiST [MS-DOS] PaCifiST is a freeware ATARI ST emulator which runs on PC under MS-DOS. It is now available for download. Written by Frederic Gidouin <frederic.gidouin@hol.fr>. Homepage: http://wwwperso.hol.fr/~gidouin/pacifist.html Program: http://wwwperso.hol.fr/~gidouin/download.html 4.5.6 ST4Amiga [Amiga] An ST emulator for the Amiga. Program: ftp://wuarchive.wustl.edu/pub/aminet/misc/emu/ST4Amiga.lha 4.5.7 STEmulator [Amiga] An ST emulator for the Amiga. Sort of. Written by David Addison. Program: ftp://wuarchive.wustl.edu/pub/aminet/misc/emu/STEmulator.lha 4.5.8 STiMuL [MS-DOS] ST emulator which will run under MS-DOS. Currently under development. Written by Sebastien Brochet <tenabiss@micronet.fr>. Homepage: http://www.micronet.fr/~tenabiss/anglais/qaemu_an.htm 4.5.9 STonX [Unix & X, MS-DOS, MS-Windows] This is an Atari ST emulator that runs under Unix with X. It requires an image of TOS to run (look for a program called "dumptos.ttp" which should be on all sites with STonX). Version 0.6 has been released. It is available from the homepage below in source and Linux binary forms. New features include serial and parallel port support, a Unix filesystem interface, and sound support on many systems. Version 0.6 is 60% to 80% faster than 0.5.X on most systems. STonX will also now boot TOS 1.0 - 2.06 (although 1.4 or higher is needed to use the Unix filesystem interface). Developed by Marinos Yannikos <nino@mips.complang.tuwien.ac.at>. There have been reports that a Windows/DOS version is under development. Homepage: http://www.complang.tuwien.ac.at/nino/stemu.html 4.5.10 TOS2WIN [Windows 95, NT] An ST emulator that runs under Windows 95 and Windows NT. This emulator maps TOS destop calls into native Windows calls to help speed. It allows direct filesystem access to floppies, CD-ROMs, and hard drives. Requires an 80486-66 or faster; a Pentium-100 provides emulation speed on par with a TT-030. There is a time-limited demo available for download from the homepage. Produced by Aixit GmbH. You can contact them at +49(0)241 9519230. The homepage is completely in German. Homepage: http://www.aixit.com/tos2win/info.htm 4.5.11 ??? French Atari ST emulator. It will emulate an STF/STE when complete, but no binaries are available yet. Homepage: http://www.iut-orsay.fr/~e5041/welcome.html 4.6 BBC The BBC appears to be a tremendously popular computer in Europe. Unfortunately, most Americans have no idea what one is -- despite the fact that a US version (with modifications for FCC approval) was produced and sold. So, in addition to the normal entries for emulators, I've included a not-so-brief description of what these little machines are. Also, there exists a mailing list for BBC emulators, but I get the distinct impression that it is primarily for developers. For information, send mail to <bbc-emu-request@bristol.ac.uk> Also, there are a few BBC Home Pages: http://homepage.cistron.nl/~wouters/bbc/bbc-etc.html Software is available from: http://homepage.cistron.nl/~wouters/ A utility to read BBC tapes via a soundcard (written by Robert Schmidt <robert@idt.unit.no>) is available from: ftp://amnesix.idt.unit.no/incoming/btape09b.zip There seem to be an inordinate number of posts requesting BBC ROMs on the group. To reiterate: it is illegal in almost all countries to use ROM images which you do not own. However, it's not completely clear whether you may use images of ROMs you own but obtain from a second source (U.S. Residents, see appendix G). There is a mailing list for BBC emulators; to subscribe, send email to <majordomo@netcom.net.uk> with a body of "subscribe beeb-emulators". Another list is available by sending mail with a SUBJECT of "subscribe" to the address <beeb-emulators-request@netcom.net.uk>. From Paul Boddie <Paul.Boddie@cern.ch>: "Apparently, according to folklore :-) the BBC were working with the people who made the NewBrain computer, to design the BBC microcomputer. However, they were persuaded to throw the competition open to at least Acorn. There are various tales of how Acorn, with the design of the Proton, but with no idea of whether it would work, built the first BBC within three days or so. It worked well enough to persuade the BBC (corporation that is!) to adopt it as the BBC computer. "The closest predecessor was the Atom, and various other machines were made as 'spin-offs' including the Electron, BBC B+, Master series, Acorn Business Computer (never released as such), and Acorn Cambridge Workstation. (Forgive me if I have missed one out!) "Its key features were: 32K RAM (model B - the model A had 16K expandible to 32K model B status), BBC BASIC 2 (early models had BBC BASIC 1), 6502 series processor, analogue joystick port, parallel printer port, Econet (optional?), Tube (a second processor interface), disc interface, graphics modes (640 * 256 * 2 colours, 320 * 256 * 4, 160 * 256 * 16 etc.), plug in language and 'service' (such as filing system) ROM's, and more features I could go on listing...! "The BASIC was later upgraded to version 4 (Master) and versions 5 and 6 (Archimedes - see comp.sys.acorn.* groups for fans of these machines) - version 6 has IEEE floating point support. "The Z88 and the PC, Amiga versions of BBC BASIC seem to be based on version 2, but only have restricted OS command access, and may or may not have assembler access. For emulating purposes, although BBC BASIC(86) tries to support various graphics modes, the BASIC variants cannot do enough to support a 'proper BBC' environment." [Reposted with permission] Useful BBC information: http://www.nvg.unit.no/bbc/ 4.6.1 !6502Em [Acorn Archimedes] BBC emulator for the Archimedes. Provides 65c02 emulation, odd sized screen modes, sound, and simple disk I/O and interrupts. Does not handle 6522 timers. Written by Mike Borcherds <borchrds.teaching@physics.oxford.ac.uk> Information: mailto:<Robin.Watts@comlab.ox.ac.uk> 4.6.2 !65Host [Acorn Archimedes] !65Host is a BBC B emulator for the Archimedes; it was supplied with RISC OS up to version 3.5. It is a reasonably complete emulation and supports all but the most dodgy ways of accessing the hardware. Images of BBC ROMs (for example Wordwise, View etc) can be loaded and used. Later versions support sound emulation (no mean feat) and allow around 70-80% of BBC games to be played. This emulator was developed and distributed by Acorn as an extension to RiscOS; it may not work with versions 3.5 and 3.6, though. You can contact Acorn at +44 1223 254 222. Homepage: http://www.acorn.co.uk/acorn/ 4.6.3 BBC [MS-DOS] A BBC emulator for MS-DOS machines. Still has a few problems, but pretty good progress has been made. Screen shots are available from the homepage. Requires SVGA and an 80386, although an 80486/100 or faster is suggested. You will have to get a copy of the BASIC and OS ROMs to run this emulator. Improvements in version 0.3 include VESA graphics support, limited sound emulation, teletext graphics, and a few bugfixes. More information is available from the homepage. Written by Tom Seddon <T.W.Seddon@ncl.ac.uk> Homepage: http://www.ncl.ac.uk/~n5013784/bbc-emu.htm 4.6.4 BBC-Basic [MacOS] Runs on a Macintosh. Cost UKP 149 in 1991. Produced by Human Computer Interface Ltd. Review: http://www.bham.ac.uk/ctimath/reviews/bbcmac.html 4.6.5 BBC-Environment [Atari ST] Emulates BBC-Basic and supports limited graphics. Reportedly very slow and not very compatible. No further information is available. 4.6.6 BBC386 [MS-DOS] This is a work in progress. When finished, it will run on an 80386 or better under MS-DOS. A C version is also being developed that should work on most other systems. Written by Stephen Quan <quan@sol.surv.utas.edu.au>. 4.6.7 BBCEm [Acorn Archimedes] Runs on an Archimedes. Executes BASIC programs and graphics. There are some buggy opcode implementations in this emulator that occasionally cause it to crash. Written by Nigel <apm1001@phx.cam.ac.uk>. 4.6.8 BPC [MS-DOS] A completely assembly emulator for MS-DOS. This is a work in progress; when complete, it will require an 80486 or higher. The development of this emulator has been set back slightly due to an operating system installation mishap. Under development by Mark Cooke <ee2015@bristol.ac.uk>. 4.6.9 Beeb (1) [Linux] BBC emulator for 80x86 machines running Linux. ftp://ftp.mrc-lmb.cam.ac.uk/pub/jkb/beeb/beeb-1.0.tar.gz ftp://ftp.mrc-lmb.cam.ac.uk/pub/jkb/beeb/beeb-ALPHA/beeb1.2.1.tar.gz 4.6.10 Beeb (2) [Unix] C based emulation of the BBC. Currently has reasonable support for the 6502 and 6522. Supports sideways RAM and ROM. Limited graphics support is implemented. Under development by James Bonfield <jkb@mrc-molecular-biology.cambridge.ac.uk> and Steve Youell <wgc-e@rx.xerox.com>. 4.6.11 BeebEm [Unix, Windows NT, MS-Windows] An emulator for the BBC which runs under Linux, SunOS, and HPUX; it probably will compile for other systems as well -- GCC seems to provide the best results. It has been ported to Windows NT 3.11 and Windows 3.1 with win32s. You need ROM images to run this emulator. Written by David Alan Gilbert <gilbertd@cs.man.ac.uk>. Windows port by Nigel Magnay <magnayn@cs.man.ac.uk>. There is also a newer version (0.6) available; it fixes a few bugs, runs faster, and emulates sound. The new version is available for Unix only at the moment. Program: ftp://alife1.cs.man.ac.uk/pub/beeb ftp://ftp.compsoc.man.ac.uk/pub/beebem/been0.4.tgz Prerelease v0.6: ftp://ftp.compsoc.man.ac.uk/pub/beebem/prerelease/beeb0.6.tgz MS-Windows 3.1 Program: ftp://ftp.compsoc.man.ac.uk/pub/beebem/beeb_win.tgz 4.6.12 Horizon/MacBeebEm [MacOS] Horizon includes instructions on how to make a cable for BBC-to-Mac transfer for about US$4. It was previously titled "MacBeebEm." Note that Horizon cannot run as a BBC Master micro. Written by Chris Lam <jx91@cityscape.co.uk>. Old version: ftp://blue.bad.bris.ac.uk/pub/bbc/bin/mbe/MacBeebEm.sit.hqx Homepage: http://www.cityscape.co.uk/users/jx91/horizon.html 4.6.13 Owl [NeXTstep] BBC B emulator for NeXTstep machines (680x0 and 80x86). Runs about half the speed of a BBC. Implements all non-split graphics modes. It can manipulate a variety of disk images (read only). By Ian Stephenson <Ian.Stephenson@isltd.insignia.com>. Program: ftp://pitcher.peak.org/pub/next/submissions/Owl.1.0.NIHS.compressed 4.6.14 THE EMULATOR [Amiga] This emulator runs software compatible with BBC BASIC 2 and DFS. It runs on its own screen and allows easy transfer to and from workbench programs. It runs BASIC faster than a BBC in all cases, and 6502 assembly slower than a BBC on 68000 machines, and faster on '030/'040 machines. It stores files as AmigaDOS files, not disk images. THE EMULATOR supports graphics modes 0 - 7, common VDU drivers, common OS procedures, printing, RS232 I/O, and sound (except the ENVELOPE command). It does not support GCOL modes 1 - 3. It will not run poorly behaved programs (ie programs that communicate directly with the hardware.) THE EMULATOR was produced by James Associates in the late '80s/early '90s. It runs as-is on a 68000, and requires a small patch to run on the '020 - '040. It is not known if JA are still in business; their address is/was: James Associates 6/7 Hazlitt Mews LONDON W14 0JZ Alastair Booker <ali%wgd562.uk.sb.com@sb.com> about the patch: "The best utility I have found for doing this is TUDE (available on Aminet). If you trap the MOVE SR instructions (select PRIVILEGED) and get it to return 1.3-like values on certain OS calls, it works OK." [Reposted with permission] See appendix C for Aminet sites. This emulator was sold as an official Commodore product at some point, but is no longer available commercially. Despite a brief appearance on Aminet, this emulator does not appear to have been released into the public domain. 4.6.15 TOL [MS-DOS] MS-DOS based BBC emulator, formerly called "My6502." This is a work in progress (ie it does not work yet). Under development by Chris Rae <clr1@st-and.ac.uk>. Homepage: http://www.st-and.ac.uk/~www_sa/personal/clr1/bbc 4.6.16 XBeeb [Unix & X] XBeeb is a BBC Micro Emulator for UNIX and the X Window system. It is reported to run faster than BeebEm, and can execute many BBC games. The source code (C) is known to compile under Solaris 2.5 and Linux. Features include support for NMOS 6502A and CMOS Rockwell 65C02 and 65C12 processors including all undocumented and illegal opcodes, Model A and Model B emulation, almost full support for the 6522 VIAs, mode 7 teletext support, emulation of all bitmapped screen modes (with a few minor bugs), full color support (including flashing colors), preliminary sound support (under Linux/Voxware), FS emulation support (using standard Unix files, not disk images), and sideways RAM and ROM. The author's compatibility testing produced about a 90% success rate. There is a mailing list for XBeeb emulators; to subscribe, send email to <majordomo@netcom.net.uk> with a body of "subscribe xbeeb". Written by James Fidell <james@hermione.demon.co.uk>. Homepage: http://www.netcom.net.uk/~james/BBCMicro/Xbeeb/ Program: ftp://ftp.netcom.net.uk/pub/Micros/BBC/Emulators/Xbeeb/xbeeb.tar.gz [End of part 1 (of 3) -- Continued]