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Subject: rec.pets.dogs: United Kennel Club FAQ
This article was archived around: 21 May 2006 04:22:41 GMT
Last-modified: 29 Jan 1998
There are many FAQ's available for this group. For a complete
listing of these, get the "Complete List of RPD FAQs". This article
is posted bimonthly in rec.pets.dogs, and is available via anonymous ftp
to rtfm.mit.edu under pub/usenet/news.answers/dogs-faq/faq-list, via
the Web at http://www.k9web.com/dog-faqs/lists/faq-list.html, or
via email by sending your message to firstname.lastname@example.org with
in the body of the message.
This article is Copyright 1997 by the Author(s) listed below.
It may be freely distributed on the Internet in its entirety without
alteration provided that this copyright notice is not removed.
It may NOT reside at another website (use links, please) other
than the URL listed above without the permission of the Author(s).
This article may not be sold for profit nor incorporated in other
documents without he Author(s)'s permission and is provided "as is"
without express or implied warranty.
United Kennel Club
Please send comments, questions, and especially corrections to me.
Copyright (c) 1995 by Cindy Tittle Moore.
_Disclaimer:_ This is not a UKC sanctioned document. It is not meant
to be definitive, exhaustive, nor authoritative. This information is
provided by me as a convenient resource only. It is not to be
considered official. You should contact the UKC directly for official
information from them: UKC United Kennel Club 100 East Kilgore Rd.,
Kalamazoo, MI 49001-5598; (616) 343-9020.
_New! Website at http://www.ukcdogs.com/. The HRC page is at
Another source of UKC info on the net (also unofficial) is kept by Pat
Kalbaugh, email@example.com, at:
Thanks to: Chris Barnes, Gail E. Brookhart, Terri Hardwick, S.
Mudgett, Dianne Schoenberg, Kathy Vineyard, marvinw, and Pamela & the
Cindy Tittle Moore, Copyright 1995.
Table of Contents
* History and Overview
+ Single registration
+ Limited Privilege
+ Novice U-CD
+ Open U-CDX
+ Utility U-UD
* Hunting Retriever Tests
* Coonhounds and Beagles
+ Beagle Trials
History and Overview
The United Kennel Club was formed in 1898 by Chanucy Bennet for the
sole purpose of registering "Pit Bull Terriers" as the American Kennel
Club would not. After the APBT, a few different hunting breeds, most
notably many of the coonhounds, were recognized.
Today, the United Kennel Club provides an alternative to the more
widely known American Kennel Club in the United States and performs
many of the same functions: registry, shows, and stud books. The UKC
has grown rapidly in the last few years and is worth looking at. If
your dog is registered with another registry (AKC, CKC, etc), it is
easy to register your dog with the UKC as well. UKC recognizes 166
breeds, including some that the AKC does not. UKC offers breed,
obedience, agility and hunting trials. Because of their initial start
with game and hunting breeds, they are primarily performance oriented,
although they have shown signs of changing this in recent years (for
example, with the advent of all breed conformation shows in 1995).
The UKC is willing to explore the addition of more sports and events
and is in need of parent breed clubs for the work of adding to the
conformation shows held by UKC.
There are no professional handlers allowed in UKC conformation or
obedience events. Certified Handlers are allowed by either in person
permission of the registered owner or by written permission of the
It is very easy to start a club and to get approval for putting on UKC
sanctioned events. At shows, there are no Premium Lists, no catalogs,
no worry about timing - for example the obedience trials are always at
one ring and the order is always Utility B, Utility A, Open B, Open A,
Novice B, Novice A, non-regular classes (Grad Novice or Pre-Novice
[veterans?]). There is usually a price break for preregistering for a
show. The pre-registered dogs are judged first.
In general, you can contact the UKC at
100 East Kilgore Road
Kalamazoo MI 49001
The UKC also publishes a number of informational magazines on its
activities and upcoming events. These include:
100 East Kilgore Road
Kalamazoo MI 49001-5596
1 yr $12USD (7 issues)
Bloodlines is UKC's offical publication, and it lists all shows,
etc). Each January issue is the Rules booklet for all its events
for that year. You can get a copy of the most recent January issue
at any time.
* _Hunting Retriever_
100 East Kilgore Road
Kalamazoo, MI 49001-5592
Hunting trials are covered by the Hunting Retriever Club
* _Coonhound Bloodlines_
Dog World magazine also publishes the UKC show schedules although not
as far in advance.
The UKC has many types of registration: one for dogs whose ancestors
are also registered with the UKC, one for dogs who "crossed in" from
another registery, and one for neutered dogs of unknown or mixed
To register your dog with the UKC, write to them for the application
form. It will ask you to list a five generation pedigree for your dog,
as well as the owner of the sire and the owner of the dam (at the time
of the breeding). It will also ask you a few short questions about
whether the dog meets the standard, is show quality, whether you
intend to hunt, work, or show in breed with your dog. If your dog has
a disqualifying fault for its breed (presumably under UKC rules) it
must be neutered.
Such dogs and some of their offspring are ineligible for the Purple
Ribbon pedigree (see below).
Finally, you can get an LP (limited privilege), the equivalent of
AKC's ILP, for any dog, including mixed breed dogs (in an agreement
worked out between UKC and AMBOR in February of 1994). Dogs registered
via the LP process must be neutered and they are eligible for all but
conformation events held by the UKC.
AMBOR may be contacted through:
President: Linda Readman, PO Box 7841, Rockford, IL 61126;
Membership Coordinator: Michele Sanders, RD 3 PO Box 297, Hanover, PA,
Whichever type of registration you use, the process is relatively
quick. Fill out the application and send it in: in just a few weeks,
you will receive a wallet-sized ID card with your dog's registration
information that will allow you to enter UKC trials the same day,
provided that entries haven't been filled yet. The requirement of
sending in pictures with the application has been dropped.
UKC offers a Purple Ribbon 'PR' Bred Pedigree for dogs with at least
six generations of known ancestors and all 14 ancestors in the last 3
generations registered with the UKC. All other dogs registered get a
yellow certificate. The UKC marks pedigrees as "inbred" if the mating
was between mother to son, father to daughter, or brother to sister.
In 1996, the UKC started a DNA registration program. Dogs that have
been identified by DNA analysis are marked on papers; dogs whose
parentage has been proven by DNA analysis are also marked on their
papers and where appropriate, their pedigrees. They are the first
Kennel Club in the United states to incorporate this information into
their stud books.
There are 167 breeds recognized by UKC. Some notable exceptions to the
AKC list: many coonhound breeds, American Pit Bull Terrier,
Appenzeller, Ariegeois, Azawakh, Belgian Shepherd Dog (includes
Groenendael, Laekenois, Malinois, Tervuren as in the European manner),
Border Collie, Boykin Spaniel, Chinook, Entelbucher, German Pinscher,
Glen of Imaal Terrier, Havanese, Jagdterrier, Leonberger, Nova Scotia
Duck Tolling Retriever, Polish Owczarek Nizinny, Toy Fox Terrier, and
Two conformation titles are awarded: UKC Show Champion and Grand Show
Champion. A UKC Champion meets three criteria: has a minimum of 100
UKC championship points; has aquired championship points under three
different judges, has won either a Best Male or Best Female of Show.
At least two of the shows, under stwo different judges, must have had
competition (eg the winning dog defeats other dogs rather than winning
by default). A Grand Champion wins that title by winning against all
other champions of the breed in at least five shows under at least
three different judges.
Dogs are weighed and measured for height at every show to determine if
the dog fits within the requirements of the standard. Dogs need only
be measured once when the same club is offering more than one event in
Grooming is not allowed in the ring and includes grooming tools, spray
bottles and wiping cloths.
Owners or handlers may not use any means of attracting the dog's
attention such as food, keys, or squeakers. You may speak or snap your
fingers to your own dog. If you bait in the ring you are excused.
The classes are:
1. Puppy Class - for males/females 6 months to under 1 year of age.
2. Junior Class - for males/females 1 year to under 2 years of age.
3. Senior Class - for males/females 2 years to under 3 years of age.
4. Veteran Class - for males/females 3 years of age and over.
5. Best Male Class - first place winners of puppy, junior, senior and
6. Best Female Class - as for males
7. Best of Winners - Composed of the Best Male of Show and Best
Female of Show classes.
Ribbons are awarded for placement in conformation and obedience events
and are: blue for first, red for second, green for third and yellow
Dogs shown in variety classes: American Eskimo, Belgian Shepherd Dog,
Collie, Dachshund, Fox Terrier, Jack Russell Terrier, Manchester
Breeds with Height Disqualifications: Akita, Australian Cattle Dog,
Basset Hound, Beagle, Belgian Shepherd Dog, Briard, Brittany Spaniel,
Canaan Dog, Cocker Spaniel, Golden Retriever, Great Dane, Havanese,
Irish Wolfhound, Kerry Blue Terrier, Kuvasz, Miniature Pinscher,
Miniature Schnauzer, Papillon, Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen, Puli,
Shetland Sheepdog, Shiba, Siberian Husky, Standard Schnauzer, Vizsla,
Dogs with Weight Disqualifications: Boston Terrier, Chihuahua, French
Bulldog, Havanese, Irish Wolfhound, Manchester Terrier, Pekingese, Toy
Three obedience titles are awarded that are similar to the AKC titles:
U-CD, U-CDX, and U-UD.
In 1996, a fourth, competitive, title was recently added: the U-OCH.
In UKC the jump is the dog's height at the withers to a maximum of 24"
(lower than the AKC's maximums). They also allow warmups on the
grounds (including jumping), and some clubs will set up a ring
specifically for warming your dog up.
Brown ribbons may be awarded for qualifying scores in obedience
Jump heights: minimum 8 inches to a maximum 24 inches. The height is
set at even 2 inch increments. A dog 17 1/2 inches jumps 16 inch high.
A dog must jump twice its shoulder height for the Broad Jump in one
Honor (Long Down in opposite ring
corner while other dog doing
Heel on Leash) 35 pts
Heel on Leash and Figure 8 35
Stand for Exam 30
Heel off Leash 35
Recall over Jump 35
Long Sit (1 min) 30
Honoring (out of sight) 30 pts
Heel Off Leash and Figure 8 40
Drop on Recall 30
Retrieve on Flat 20
Retrieve over High Jump 30
Broad Jump 20
Long Sit (3 min out of sight) 30
On the Heel Off Leash the steward walks the same pattern as the
handler/dog team. Also after the dog drops on the Drop on Recall the
steward walks from the handler's side past the dog to the other side
of the ring.
Signaling and Heeling 30
Scent Discrimination (metal) 30
Directed 'Marked' Retrieve
(from handlers side) 30
Directed 'Signal' Retrieve
(sent from handler, then
(one with and one without
Directed Jumping 40
In order to obtain this title, the dog must have a U-UD. It must
qualify in BOTH Utility B and Open B classes at the same trial, with a
combined score of 370 or better; at five trials. Finally, it must get
100 championship points by earning qualifying scores in either Open B,
Utility B, or both (qualifying in both at the same trial is not
necessary for championship points). A minimum of 30 championship
points must be earned in Open B; and a minimum of 20 points in Utility
B. Points are based on the score: 1 point for 170-174.5 up to 8 points
for a 199-200.
Effective July 1, 1995 UKC holds all rights to NCDA agility. All NCDA
clubs had to apply to become UKC licensed clubs in order to continue
holding agility trials. Dogs registered with UKC prior to July 1, 1995
had their points/titles transfered to UKC.
UKC Hunting Retriever Tests
The Hunting Test program for retrievers is actually sponsored by a
subsidiary organization of the UKC called the HRC (Hunting Retriever
Club). Their motto is very much indicative of their philosophy:
"Conceived by Hunters, for Hunters".
Like AKC hunting tests, there are 3 tests designed for different
levels of ability of the dog. The dogs are judged against a standard
for that level of test (ie. not against each other). The 3 levels of
tests are called Started, Seasoned, and Finished, and are basically
equivalent to the AKC levels of Junior, Senior, and Master. While not
always true, it is generally agreed by people that run both AKC and
HRC tests, that a HRC test is slightly easier than it's AKC
Unlike AKC tests, titles are awarded based on the total number of
points a dog has accumulated. Three titles are possible (they are
"name prefix" titles - ie. the title goes before the name of the dog
on the pedigree). They are: HR (Hunting Retriever), HRCH (Hunting
Retriever Champion), and GRHRCH (Grand Hunting Retriever Champion).
The point requirements for each title are: HR - 40 points, HRCH - 100
points, GRHRCH 300 points (more on this in a moment). Points for each
stake are broken down as follows: Started - 5 points (max of 10 may be
earned at this level), Seasoned - 10 points (max of 40 may be earned
at this level), Finished - 15 points (no maximum). There is one
additional test level equivalent to the the AKC's National Master. It
is called the "Grand" -- a series of tests over 4-5 days which include
quartering. To qualify for entering, the dog must earn 100 points. A
dog earns points for each Grand pass; for a dog to earn its GRHRCH a
dog must have at least two Grand passes.
There are no restrictions as to breeds that may enter an HRC test (as
long as it's UKC registered). The HRC program aims to simulate, as
realistically as possible, actual hunting conditions.
The HRC tests pay perhaps more attention to gun safety than other hunt
tests. At the Started level, the handler has the OPTION of handling a
gun. Usually a Started handler does NOT handle a gun, as their dog is
not required to be steady and the handler cannot both handle a gun and
have their dog on lead at the line. Thus gun line. The judges strongly
discourage Started handlers from handling a gun, unless the handler is
certain the dog will be steady. If a gun is handled at the Started
level, the judges will evaluate the handler on gun safety, and hence,
can fail the dog/handler team for poor gun safety. At higher levels,
steadiness and good gun handling practices are required.
The requirements for each stake are as follows:
The dog must perform 2 single marks on land, and 2 single marks on
water. Usually, the distances are almost always under 75 yards over
fairly light terrain.
The dog must perform 1 double mark on land, 1 double mark on water, a
blind retrieve on land, and a blind retrieve on water. There is one
diversion. (an honor is not done at this level as in an AKC's Senior
test). Typically, the distances are between 50 and 100 yards over
moderately tough terrain.
The dog must perform 1 multiple mark on land (usually a triple), 1
multiple mark on water (also usually a triple), a blind retrieve on
land, a blind retrieve on water, and (not always done), properly
quarter a field (as if pheasant hunting). In addition, the dog must
perform and honor and a diversion. The distances range between 50 and
150 yards over tough terrain (gut sucking mud, high weeds, etc.)
Same type test as a Finished, but over even harder conditions and
usually done in multiple steps over several days. This is open to all
HRC Champions; two Grand passes and 300 points are required for the
Grand Hunting Retriever Champion title.
Coonhounds and Beagles
Coonhounds are treated differently than most other breeds in the UKC
because the UKC (and the AKC for that matter) took over previously
existing Coonhound programs. You'll find Coonhounds are also treated
differently by the AKC--little known factoid, but there is a part of
the AKC that is a Coonhound organization.
UKC-recognized coonhounds include: American Black and Tan Coonhound,
Bluetick Coonhound, English Coonhound, Plott Hound, Redbone Coonhound,
and the Treeing Walker Coonhound.
For all show titles there must be at least one win over competition
(unlike AKC, UKC will award points in some cases where there is no
For coonhounds there is no veteran class (2 yrs and up are all shown
as seniors) there is no best of winners but there is a best male of
show (judged best of all the best of breed males) and best female of
show (best of best of breed females.). All champion males of all
coonhound breeds compete for champion of champion males (win counts
towards grand champion), then the same is done for females. Finally
all grand champions compete (split by sex) for the grand champion
Beagles offer bench classes, BUT the dog either has to have run in the
trial the same day or PLACED in a hunt.
For a coonhound grand champion, five wins under at least 3 judges are
needed. Best of Show, 100 points and three wins (1 under competition,
2 different judges, any level competition) and Champion of Champions,
5 wins (1 win under competition, 2 different judges) earn Grand Show
Titles for coonhounds only:
1. Night Champion and Grand Night Champion (night hunts)
2. Water Race Champion and Grand Water Race Champion
3. Field Trial Champion and Grand Field Trial Champion
4. Bench Show Champion and Grand Show Champion
There is a magazine called Coonhound Bloodlines put out by UKC that is
similar to Bloodlines but exclusively for Coonhound breeds and
These are very similar to Coonhounds, and are included in the
Coonhound magazine. Basically the only difference is that Beagles are
always during the day, and the hunt ends differently (rabbit in hole
rather than in tree!).
United Kennel Club FAQ
Cindy Tittle Moore, firstname.lastname@example.org