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Subject: OpenVMS Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ), Part 8/11

This article was archived around: Sun, 04 Sep 2005 20:06:09 GMT

All FAQs in Directory: dec-faq/vms
All FAQs posted in: comp.os.vms, comp.sys.dec
Source: Usenet Version

Archive-name: dec-faq/vms/part8 Posting-Frequency: quarterly Last-modified: 02 Sep 2005 Version: VMSFAQ_20050902-08.TXT
Miscellaneous Information Realize that defining this logical name will cause license checks that are otherwise hidden (unimplemented, latent, or part of a check for any of a series of licenses) to become visible. In other words, expect to see zero or more spurious license check calls when you define this, in addition to the check for the particular license. For information on PAKGEN and on generating license PAKs, please see Section 10.10. For information on obtaining commercial and hobbyist licenses, and for additional adminstrative information on LMF, please see Section 2.8.4 and Section 2.8.1. 12-6 _______________________________________________________ 13 Finding and Using Software For information on programming on OpenVMS, see Chapter 10. __________________________________________________________ 13.1 Where can I find freeware/shareware/software for OpenVMS? o Details on many commercial OpenVMS products are available in the catalog located at: o http://www.hp.com/go/dspp_catalog o The OpenVMS Freeware is is distributed with OpenVMS, and is also available for download at various sites, including the following: o http://www.hp.com/go/openvms/freeware/ o ftp://ftp.montagar.com/ o ftp://mvb.saic.com/freewarev40/ and at various other sites. The website also includes various updates and new packages that become available after the CD-ROM distributions are created. Submissions to the OpenVMS Freeware can be made via: o http://www.hp.com/go/openvms/freeware/ To acquire the OpenVMS Freeware CD-ROM distribution, you can order an OpenVMS distribution from HP (the Freeware is included)(see the OpenVMS SPD for part numbers), or you can specifically order a Freeware distribution from HP under part number: o QA-6KZAA-H8 The Freeware CD-ROM set contains a large assortment of freeware, and is a good starting point if looking for utilities. Many of the packages listed below are also on the Freeware CD. Some of the most oft- requested OpenVMS tools on the Freeware CD include 13-1 Finding and Using Software ZIP and UNZIP and GZIP (please see Section 13.11, MMK (make), PINE, PERL, TAR, UUENCODE and UUDECODE. Many other tools are available on the Freeware. o The UUENCODE and UUDECODE tools and various other tools are also available as part of TCP/IP Services package. (Use the DCL command procedure SYS$STARTUP:TCPIP$DEFINE_COMMANDS.COM available on V5.0 and later to set up the necessary DCL foreign command symbols used for these and for various other tools provided by TCP/IP Services.) o OpenVMS software (formerly at Western Kentucky University (WKU) is now available via Madgoat and via Process Software archives: o http://www.process.com/openvms/index.html o http://www.madgoat.com/ o The FILESERV packages are also available via anonymous FTP from: o ftp://ftp.process.com/vms-freeware/ o ftp.process.com, under [.WKU.VMS.FILESERV]. o ftp.vms.stacken.kth.se, under [.MIRRORS.WKU.VMS.FILESERV]. o ftp.ctrl-c.liu.se, under [.WKU.VMS.FILESERV]. o ftp.riken.go.jp o ftp.vsm.com.au, under kits and kits/decwindows. o ftp.vsm.com.au, via the WWW instead of FTP. The packages are also available via e-mail from FILESERV@PROCESS.COM. Send the commands HELP and DIR ALL in the body of a mail message to this email address for further information on retrieving the files. o Arne Vajh°j operates an OpenVMS website, with software and other pointers, at: o http://www.levitte.org/~ava/ 13-2 Finding and Using Software o Jouk maintains a summary of various public-domain and open-source software ports, and specifically ports of packages for use on OpenVMS, at: o http://nchrem.tnw.tudelft.nl/openvms/ o The Kermit file transfer package is available at: o http://www.columbia.edu/kermit/ o ftp://kermit.columbia.edu/ o ZMODEM is available at: o ftp://ftp.cs.pdx.edu/pub/zmodem See the FILES file in that directory for further details. Note that this freeware version of ZMODEM will interoperate only with ZMODEM software that is licensed from Omen Technology. (This package is also available on various of the Freeware distributions.) o A good source of software for OpenVMS systems and for various other platforms is the Encompass (formerly known as DECUS) library. Online catalogs are available as well as some software via o ftp://ftp.decus.org o gopher://gopher.decus.org/ o http://www.decus.org/ o DECUS SIG Tape collections are available on Mark Berryman's system, o ftp://mvb.saic.com/ o David Jones's DECthreads-based HTTP_SERVER World- Wide Web server for OpenVMS, often known as the OSU webserver: o http://kcgl1.eng.ohio- state.edu/www/doc/serverinfo.html o Secure Shell (SSH) support for OpenVMS is available. Use of SSH V2 with current updates is recommended, 13-3 Finding and Using Software as the security of older SSH releases have been compromised. Server for OpenVMS: o Secure Shell (SSH) Server for OpenVMS: o http://kcgl1.eng.ohio- state.edu/~JONESD/ssh/DOC/ Secure Shell (SSH) FISH Client for OpenVMS: o http://www.free.lp.se/fish/ SSH V2 support is included with TCP/IP Services V5.4 and later, and support is likely also available within available third-party IP stacks. For information on the SSH key file configuration, see topic 151.22 and following in the VMS notes conference on the Deathrow Cluster (deathrow.vistech.net and openvms-rocks.com). You can telnet into the host, and an announced anonymous login is/was available; username DEMO, password USER. Information on OpenSSL (SSLeay) for OpenVMS: o http://www.free.lp.se/openssl/ o http://www.free.lp.se/fish/ Information on OpenSSL (SSLeay) and OSU Web server interoperation: o http://www.ourservers.net/openvms_ports/ OpenSSL is included with OpenVMS V7.3-1 and later. o DECwindows Motif V1.2-3 includes NCSA Mosaic 2.4 built for TCP/IP Services (UCX). V1.2-4 includes Spyglass Enhanced Mosaic, which supports many of the Netscape enhancements. Versions of the Netscape Navigator and particularly the Mozilla Web Browser are also available for OpenVMS. The Compaq Secure Web Browser (CSWB) kit is a packaged version of the Mozilla.org Mozilla Web Browser. o A port of the NCSA Mosaic web browser that supports TCP/IP Services, Multinet and SOCKETSHR/NETLIB is available from: o ftp://wvnvms.wvnet.edu/mosaic/ 13-4 Finding and Using Software Versions of the Mosaic web browser are also available on the Freeware. o Lynx (a character-cell World-Wide-Web web browser) is available from o ftp://ftp2.cc.ukans.edu/pub/lynx Versions of Lynx, a character-cell web browser, are also available on the OpenVMS Freeware. o The Netscape Navigator and Mozilla web browsers are available at: o http://www.openvms.compaq.com/ebusiness/Technology.html o http://www.mozilla.org/ o PGP (Phil Zimmerman's "Pretty Good Privacy") is available from various distribution sites, including those listed in the PGP FAQ. Information on PGP and on OpenVMS downloads of PGP is available. Relevant URLs include: o http://www.ipgpp.org/ o http://web.mit.edu/network/pgp.html o http://www.pgpi.com/ o http://www.yrl.co.uk/~phil/pds/pds.html o http://www.nai.com/ o GNU Privacy Guard (GPG, GnuPG) is available. Search the comp.os.vms newsgroup archives for information regarding GnuPG; the source code, binaries for various platforms, and documentation are all available at: o http://www.gnupg.org/ The OpenVMS source code and OpenVMS Alpha images can be found at: o http://saf.bio.caltech.edu/pub/SOFTWARE/openvms/ o ftp://ftp.process.com/vms-freeware/mathog/ As of this writing, the port only runs on OpenVMS Alpha, but an investigation of an OpenVMS VAX port is reportedly under consideration. 13-5 Finding and Using Software o An archive of the CENA DECwindows, X Windows, and VMS software packages can be found at the following sites: o http://decwarch.free.fr/ o ftp://ftp2.cnam.fr/decwindows/ o ftp://ftp.ctrl-c.liu.se/decwindows/ o ftp://ftp.vms.stacken.kth.se/mirrors/decwindows/ o http://www.multimania.com/pmoreau/decw/ Other FTP mirror sites for the DECwindows archive include: o axp.psl.ku.dk (Multinet) o ftp2.cnam.fr (MadGoat) ftp.x.org (in /contrib/vms) is effectively not a mirror, but it does have various OpenVMS packages from the DECwindows archive. A list of the http mirror sites for the DECwindows archive is available at: o http://axp616.gsi.de:8080/wwwar/cena/decwindows/cena.html Various of these packages are also available on the Freeware. o ImageMagick is an X11 package for display and interactive manipulation of images. The package includes tools for image conversion, annotation, compositing, animation, and creating montages. ImageMagick can read and write many of the more popular image formats (e.g. JPEG, TIFF, PNM, XPM, Photo CD, etc.). o http://www.imagemagick.org/ Versions of ImageMagick are also included on the Freeware. o XV is a image viewing and editing tool and is available from: o ftp://ftp.cis.upenn.edu/pub/xv o http://www.sanface.com/ 13-6 Finding and Using Software o ftp://www-pi.physics.uiowa.edu/~dyson/xv/ o Many software packages are available for displaying various bitmap files (.JPG, .GIF, .BMP, etc) on OpenVMS. Xloadimage, Xli, Xv, ImageMagick are the most common tools used under OpenVMS. Various web browsers such as Mozilla (qv) can also display various file formats on OpenVMS. You can find some of these tools at the DECwindows Archive: o http://www.multimania.com/pmoreau/decw/index.html o http://www.multimania.com/pmoreau/decw/images.html o GHOSTSCRIPT (gs) and GHOSTVIEW (gv) are available from the Freeware V5.0 and Freeware V6.0 distributions: o http://www.hp.com/go/openvms/freeware/ Versions are also available on the Freeware. Also see: o http://www.cs.wisc.edu/~ghost/gnu/ o XPDF, a DECwindows viewer for PDF (Adobe Acrobat) files, is available from: o http://www.foolabs.com/xpdf/ Software and installation kits for XPDF are also available on the Freeware. Beware: the XPDF tool included on OpenVMS Freeware V4.0 is dated, and has been found to have various bugs. Use the Freeware V5.0 version of the XPDF kit, or (better) later. A Java-based PDF viewer is available from Adobe, and is known to operate on recent OpenVMS Alpha releases: o http://www.adobe.com/ o Various OpenVMS-related tools-both freeware and shareware-such as txt2pdf-are available from at: o http://www.sanface.com/ 13-7 Finding and Using Software o The MPEG library version 1.1 is available for OpenVMS VAX and Alpha at o ftp://ftp.x.org/contrib/vms/mpeglib-11-vms.readme o ftp://ftp.x.org/contrib/vms/mpeglib-11-vms.zip Various MPEG players and related tools are available on the Freeware. o An Archie clone is available at INFO.CS.PUB.RO. Telnet to that machine, and login as VMSARCI. It contains now listings for over 30 ftp servers with over 14 gigabytes of OpenVMS software. The most useful commands are LIST, which generates a list of scanned ftp servers, and FIND string, whichs looks for a file containing "string" in the name; the search modes are only "substring" [default] and "exact", and regex search is not supported (so FIND EMACS will work, but FIND *EMACS* or FIND *EMACS*.* will not). The search is case-insensitive. The maintainer of the site (stfp@roipb.cs.ipb.ro) requests that anyone submit notifications of FTP servers with OpenvMS software that are not listed on the site. o The Levitte (extended :-) Family (and OpenVMS) website: o http://www.levitte.org/ o http://www.levitte.org/~ava/ o Robert Alan Byer's OpenVMS Hobbyist Systems, including OpenVMS public domain software and various ports: o http://www.ourservers.net/ o CalTech Software Archives: o http://saf.bio.caltech.edu/pub/software/openvms/aaa_ contents.txt o DJE Systems Website (David J. Dachtera) o http://www.djesys.com/freeware/vms/ o Web Servers: 13-8 Finding and Using Software Apache Web server (HP Secure Web Server (SWS, formerly CSWS)): o http://www.openvms.compaq.com/ebusiness/Technology.html o http://www.er6.eng.ohio- state.edu/~jonesd/apache/1_3_9/ The SOAP Toolkit is available at the OpenVMS website. OSU Web server o http://www.er6.eng.ohio- state.edu/www/doc/serverinfo.html o http://www.kjsl.com/archives/ o email list: VMS-WEB-daemon-Request@KJSL.COM WASD Web server o http://wasd.vsm.com.au/wasd/ Purveyor Web server: o email list: listserv@cjis.ci.lincoln.ne.us, no subject, one line message: SUBSCRIBE PURVEYOR FastCGI software is available from: o http://www.DigitalSynergyInc.com/ o CD-R (CD-Recordable) media tools are available, please see Section 9.7. o Grace (WYSIWYG 2D plotting tool) o http://plasma-gate.weizmann.ac.il/Grace/ o The POV-Ray ("Persistance of Vision" Raytracer) ray- tracing graphics package is available on the OpenVMS Freeware. o Majordomo mailing list handler: o http://www.openvms.compaq.com/ebusiness/Technology.html o PINE (OpenVMS tools for sending and receiving MIME mail): o ftp://ftp2.kcl.ac.uk/pub/vms/pine-vms/ o http://www.agh.cc.kcl.ac.uk/files/vms/pine-vms/ 13-9 Finding and Using Software A MIME tool is available in OpenVMS V7.2 and later. Also see the mmencode base64 encode and decode available at: o http://nucwww.chem.sunysb.edu/htbin/software_ list.cgi o Menufinder (menu-driven system management environment): o http://www.itre.com/mf/download.html o SYSLOGCLIENT (a client for processing SYSLOG requests) has been provided for download by Mark Hemker at: o http://home.insightbb.com/~hemker/vms.html o tcgmsg, pvm, mpi, linda: o ftp://v36.chemie.uni-konstanz.de/tcgmsg_ vms/tcgmsg_vms.zip o OpenVMS software that can control a Tripp-Lite Uninterruptable Power Supply (UPS) is available from: o http://saf.bio.caltech.edu/pub/software/openvms/tcontrol.zip UPShot web-based software for controlling a UPS is available from: o http://www.tmesis.com/apc/beta.htmlx OpenVMS software for controlling Liebert UPS devices are available from the Liebert website: o http://www.liebert.com/apc/beta.htmlx o Examples of using the OpenVMS Foreign MAIL interface are available at: o http://www.hhs.dk/anonymous/pub/vms/collection/foreignmail.zip o http://www.hhs.dk/anonymous/pub/vms/nbl/nbl.zip o For tools to manage or to search your OpenVMS MAIL file, see: o http://vms.process.com/scripts/fileserv/fileserv.com?MLSEARCH 13-10 Finding and Using Software o AscToHTM attempts to convert any plain text file to HTML, while AscToTab restricts itself to files that are plain text tables. (Versions are also availabe on the OpenVMS Freeware). o http://www.jafsoft.com/asctohtm/index.html o http://www.jafsoft.com/asctotab/index.html o Information on the SAMBA package, a package that provides SMB-based Microsoft Windows PC disk and print services for OpenVMS, is available at: o http://ifn03.ifn.ing.tu-bs.de/ifn/sonst/samba- vms.html o http://www.samba.org/ o http://www.hp.com/go/openvms/freeware/ To subscribe to the SAMBA-VMS mailing list e-mail listproc@samba.org with no subject line and the following single line of text: subscribe samba-vms Your Full Name Also see: o http://lists.samba.org/ o The Perl language is available for OpenVMS, see Section 13.9 for details. o XML is available for OpenVMS. Source code of an XML Parser is available from Oracle. Also see: o http://www.python.org/sigs/xml-sig/ An XML parser is available as part of OpenVMS V7.3 and later. o Python kit, and resource, and documentation sites include: o http://www.pi-net.dyndns.org/anonymous/kits/ o http://vmspython.dyndns.org/ o http://www.python.org/ 13-11 Finding and Using Software o GTK+ (The GIMP GUI Tookit) for OpenVMS: o http://www.openvms.compaq.com/ebusiness/Technology.html o The OpenVMS Porting Library now available, and is intended to permit easier porting of C and C++ applications from UNIX systems to OpenVMS: o http://www.openvms.compaq.com/ebusiness/Technology.html GTK is also available. o Mlucas (specialized FFT): o ftp://hogranch.com/pub/mayer/README.html o Tools to monitor the terminals and the activity of other OpenVMS users (in addition to existing auditing capabilities in OpenVMS) are available. Peek and Spy (Networking Dynamics) and Contrl (Raxco) are two of the commercial packages, while the freeware Supervisor package is available on OpenVMS VAX. o http://www.networkingdynamics.com/ o http://www.raxco.com/ o Python for OpenVMS: o http://www.python.org/ Also see the OpenVMS Freeware. o Various packages for OpenVMS: o http://richj.home.mindspring.com/richware/index.html o http://www3.sympatico.ca/n.rieck/links/cool_vax_ vms.html o TSM (Terminal Server Manager) is available via: o http://www.compaq.com/support/digital_networks_ archive/servers/tsm/index.html o Look at Freeware V5.0 at http://www.hp.com/go/openvms/freeware/ 13-12 Finding and Using Software o Beware: The TSM saveset shipped on the Freeware V5.0 disk media is known to be corrupted. Download a new copy of the saveset from the Freeware V5.0 FTP server or from the Freeware V5.0 website. o TCL for OpenVMS: o ftp://sapodilla.rsmas.miami.edu/pub/VMS-tcl/ o make, gmake, mmk and other build tools are available on the Freeware. o An OpenVMS port of the ht://Dig web search engine is available at: o ftp://ftp.pdv-systeme.de/vms/ o A mySQL database client is available at: o http://mysql.holywar.net/Downloads/MySQL- 3.22/mysql-3.22.25-clients-vms.zip o http://mysql.holywar.net/Downloads/MySQL- 3.22/mysql-3.22.25-clients-vms.readme For additional information related to the mySQL port, please search the comp.os.vms newsgroup archives. A MySQL port is also available on the OpenVMS Freeware. o http://www.hp.com/go/openvms/freeware/ o If you need to change the file modification date and are looking for a utility such as the UNIX touch tool, look at DFU on the OpenVMS Freeware (DFU SET or simular), or use an existing DCL commands such as: $ SET FILE/PROTECT=(current_protection_mask) [...]*.* o A table listing translations between UNIX shell and OpenVMS DCL commands was posted to comp.os.vms by Christopher Smith some time ago. This page should be available from the google newsgroup archives. For information on and the status of the OpenOffice port for OpenVMS, please see: o http://www.oooovms.dyndns.org 13-13 Finding and Using Software o The UNIX touch tool is available via various means: $ RENAME filename.ext;version * o http://nucwww.chem.sunysb.edu/helplib/@hvmsapps/TOUCH MadGoat FILE tool (see the MadGoat archives) o use /REVISION_DATE or /CREATION_DATE o The DFU tool (see the OpenVMS Freeware) o The pair: $ set file 'p1' /acl=(ident=[system],access=none) $ set file 'p1' /acl=(ident=[system],access=none) /delete $ SET FILE/VERSION=0 o The following touch hack: $! Command procedure SETDATE.COM $! $! Changes the DATES for an input file to a $! file named OUTFILE. $! $assign/nolog 'p1' outfile $convert/fdl=sys$input 'p1' outfile: date creation 01-apr-2010 expiration 01-Apr-2012 revision 01-Apr-2011 backup ... o The following RMS system service sequence: o sys$open(), with the XABRDT XAB structure chained. o set the desired values within the XABRDT XAB. o sys$close() Various OpenVMS tools and utilities are available at: o http://wwwvms.mppmu.mpg.de/vmssig/src/ OpenVMS ports of the xmcd and MPlayer tools have also been reported as available. 13-14 Finding and Using Software __________________________________________________________ 13.2 Where can I find UNIX tools for OpenVMS? There are OpenVMS DCL and UNIX shell command comparison tables posted at: o http://wwwvms.mppmu.mpg.de/vmsdoc/UNIX_VMS_CMD_ XREF.HTML o http://www.mcsr.olemiss.edu/unixhelp/VMStoUNIX.html The GNV package (Section 13.2.6) and the various C library calls available in current/recent libraries are the replacement for the POSIX package. _____________________________ 13.2.1 C system and library routines Common C system and library routines are present in the DEC C run-time library, which is available for V5.5 and later, and is shipped in V6.1 and later. DEC C is the upgrade for VAX C, DEC C and VAX C can coexist on the same system OpenVMS VAX system, and both compilers can be enabled via the "C" license PAK. Also see SYS$EXAMPLES:, and (if either is installed) the DECW$EXAMPLES: and TCPIP$EXAMPLES (or prior to V5.0, UCX$EXAMPLES:) areas. The HP C Run-Time Library documentation is now part of the OpenVMS Operating System Documentation, and separate from the HP C compiler documentation. o http://www.hp.com/go/openvms/doc/ Additionally, there have been large-scale increases to the capabilities and features available within recent HP C compilers. If you have not taken the opportunity to skim the current C compiler documentation, you may well be surprised with the sheer volume of new C capabilities discussed there. 13-15 Finding and Using Software _____________________________ 13.2.2 X Windows utilities and routines Various X Windows utilities are available for DECwindows. DECwindows is an implementation of the X Windows environment and libraries, and provides various libraries, and provides various desktop interfaces, including COE, Motif, and XUI. xwd, xev, mosaic web browser, xrdb, bmtoa and atobm, xpr, ico, etc. are available. Look in DECW$UTILS: in DECwindows Motif V1.2-3 and later. Also see DECW$EXAMPLES: for example X and C programs. Miscellaneous tools and examples are also available. Examples include the older DWAUTH (X Windows SYSUAF authorize-like tool) tool, various versions of grep, fgrep, yacc, vmstar, uuencode, gawk, etc. html tools, the mx SMTP mail exchange package, X windows flight simulator, the mxrn X windows news reader, the OSU HTTPD WWW server, a WWW gopher browser, Castle Wolfenstein (Wolf3D), etc. are all on the various OpenVMS Freeware distributions. (Also see the GNV package (Section 13.2.6) for related materials, APIs, and tools.) _____________________________ 13.2.3 TCP/IP Tools and Utilities for OpenVMS? TCP/IP Services (formerly known as UCX) contains tools such as ping, uuencode, smtp, snmp, rcp, nfs, tnfs, etc. OpenVMS V6.2 and later includes DCL-integrated support for various IP tools, with commands such as SET HOST/TELNET, and COPY/FTP. This interface requires the installation of an IP stack, and TCP/IP Services (UCX) V3.3 and later as well as any then-current or now-current third-party IP stack can be used. Once the IP stack is installed and configured, the DCL command qualifiers such as /FTP, /RCP, /RLOGIN, /TELNET, and /TN3270 are available on various DCL commands including DIRECTORY. Various C programming examples in TCPIP$EXAMPLES and (on releases prior to V5.0) in UCX$EXAMPLES:. 13-16 Finding and Using Software _____________________________ 13.2.4 The vi text editor vile, vim and elvis are all clones of the vi text editor, and all operate on OpenVMS. Versions of vile are available on the Freeware and at: o http://www.clark.net/pub/dickey/vile/vile.html vim: vi improved o http://www.polarfox.com/vim/ _____________________________ 13.2.5 The Emacs Text Editor OpenVMS ports of versions of the Emacs text editor can be found on various OpenVMS Freeware distributions (eg: OpenVMS Freeware V7.0 has a port of Emacs 21.2), and at various web sites including: o http://www.glug.org/people/ttn/software/emacs-for- vms/ "Emacs isn't a text editor, it's a way of life." For comparisions of OpenVMS text editors and UNIX, see the following: o http://www.unh.edu/cis/docs/vms-to-unix/Emacs/cheat- sheet.html _____________________________ 13.2.6 GNV: Various GNU tools Information on the GNU on VMS (GNV; "GNU's Not VMS") Project, which aims to port and provide GNU software (bash, flex, bison, tar, grep, gcc emulation, etc) to OpenVMS, is available at: o http://gnv.sourceforge.net/ Software info: o http://vms.gnu.ai.mit.edu/software/ Software archive: o ftp://vms.gnu.ai.mit.edu/gnu-vms/software/ 13-17 Finding and Using Software Various GNU tools are also available on the Freeware. _____________________________ GCC compiler Yes, gcc is available for OpenVMS Alpha and OpenVMS I64. o gcc compilation compatibility for OpenVMS Alpha and I64 is available as a component of the GNV package. This causes the HP C compiler to emulate the interface and compilation behaviours of gcc. http://h71000.www7.hp.com/opensource/opensource.html#gnv o GNV Home Page http://gnv.sourceforge.net/ o GCC Home Page - GNU Project - Free Software Foundation (FSF) http://gcc.gnu.org/ o GNU/FSF ftp://ftp.tmk.com/vms-freeware/gcc-for-alpha/ o Help GCC - SUNY NCSB http://nucwww.chem.sunysb.edu/helplib/@hvmsapps/GCC o Redhat's gcc Archive ftp://ftp.mirror.ac.uk/sites/sources.redhat.com/ftp/gcc/releases o Malmberg's Ftp Service - gcc281_u ftp://ftp.qsl.net/pub/wb8tyw/gcc281_u/ o updated header-files for GNU C 2.8 ftp://ftp.qsl.net/pub/wb8tyw/gcc281_u/ In addition to gcc, the HP C compiler and other development tools are part of the OpenVMS Hobbyist licensing program for non-commercial users, and these and other tools are available to commercial developers via the HP DSPP partner program. (See Section 2.15 for information on DSPP.) 13-18 Finding and Using Software __________________________________________________________ 13.3 What is the status of PL/I on OpenVMS? Kednos now owns and supports the former DIGITAL PL/I compiler and run-time support on OpenVMS, and is the contact for product status, support and associated plans. As of this writing, (older) versions of the PL/I run-time library and associated supporting images remain available on OpenVMS VAX and on OpenVMS Alpha, including the DECmigrate VEST translated images run- time support on OpenVMS Alpha, though neither the PL/I shareable image nor the DECmigrate (AEST) translated image support for the PL/I run-time are available (from HP) on nor present on OpenVMS I64 systems. Newer versions of the PL/I run-time library may be (are?) available from Kednos for various OpenVMS platforms; please contact Kednos for product details and availability. o http://www.kednos.com __________________________________________________________ 13.4 Where can I get the Mozilla Web Browser? Mozilla.org is an open source organization providing HTML-related tools; software that is the basis for various utilities including the Mozilla web browser and the Secure Web Browser (SWB) package. OpenVMS Engineering is continuously porting Mozilla.org's web browser to OpenVMS, and OpenVMS ports of the current Mozilla baselevels and releases are available. The OpenVMS Mozilla port includes the web browser, the mail client, the Composer HTML editor, an IRC chat client, a netnews (NNTP) reader, and various other tools. The Mozilla web browser download and the development and release schedules for this and for other Mozilla- related tools are available at: o http://www.mozilla.org/ 13-19 Finding and Using Software The available Secure Web Browser (SWB) kit is a packaged version of the Mozilla Web Browser, and typically the SWB version number matches the underlying Mozilla version. A hardware configuration appropriate for Mozilla generally involves an OpenVMS Alpha system with an EV56 Alpha microprocessor, or an EV6 or more recent processor, and with 256 megabytes of system memory. The performance of Mozilla on EV5-based and earlier Alpha microprocessor systems is generally viewed as inadequate, this due to the extensive use of an Alpha instruction subset that is first available with the EV56 microprocessor generation. Mozilla is not available for OpenVMS VAX. Various versions of the Netscape Navigator web browser are based on the Mozilla code-base. __________________________________________________________ 13.5 Where can I get Java for OpenVMS? Java is available on and is included with OpenVMS Alpha, starting with the OpenVMS Alpha V7.2 and later releases. Java download kits are available for OpenVMS Alpha V7.1 and later releases. Java is not available on OpenVMS VAX. As for why: the Java language definition requires a floating point format (IEEE) that is not native to VAX, and this would require the emulation of all floating point operations within Java applications. Further, the C source code used to implement for Java itself is heavily dependent on passing IEEE floating point values around among the many internal subroutines, and adding support for VAX would entail changes to the HP C compiler for OpenVMS VAX-and specifically to the VAX VCG code generator that is used by HP C on OpenVMS VAX systems-in order to add support for passing IEEE-format floating point doubles around. Alternatively, extensive changes to the Java source code to remove the assumption that the double is an IEEE floating point value. 13-20 Finding and Using Software There are currently no plans to make a version of Java available for OpenVMS VAX. (A prototype version of Java was created for OpenVMS VAX, and performance was found to be inadequate. At best.) If Java2 or other environment lifts the requirements for IEEE floating point as part of the language definition, this decision may be revisited. If you are having problems with Display Postscript, you need to upgrade your Java kit-1.2.2-3 and later remove the requirement for Display Postcript extensions, and Java 1.2.2-3 is required with DECwindows V1.2-6 and later. For additional information on Java for Alpha systems, please see the OpenVMS documentation (V7.2 and later), and the following site: o http://www.compaq.com/java/alpha/index.html HP Secure Web Server (SWS, formerly CSWS) includes CSWS_JAVA, which provides the following Apache Tomcat technologies: JavaServer Pages 1.1, Java Servlet 2.2, and MOD_JK. Also available is CSWS_PHP, a PHP implementation. (SWS is based on the Apache web server. See SOFT1.) __________________________________________________________ 13.6 Obtaining user input in DCL CGI script? If you choose to use the GET method, then the form data is available in the DCL symbol QUERY_STRING, in URL-encoded format. If you use the POST method, then you need to read the form data from stdin. For a DCL CGI script running under the Netscape FastTrack web server, you can read the data using the following READ command: $ READ SYS$COMMAND postdata to read the information in. The following describes the use of DCL command procedures as CGI scripts with the OSU web server: o http://www.levitte.org/~ava/cgiscripts_other.htmlx 13-21 Finding and Using Software DCL CGI is also discussed in the Writing Real Programs in DCL book, and in the Ask The Wizard website. __________________________________________________________ 13.7 How can a batch job get its own batch entry number? To have a batch procedure retrieve its own batch entry number, use the following: $ Entry = F$GETQUI("DISPLAY_ENTRY", - "entry_number","display_entry","this_job") Remember that the entry numbers issued by the OpenVMS Job Controller are always opaque longword values. Do not assume you know the format of the entry number, nor the range of entry numbers you might see, nor the algorithm that is used to assign enty numbers. You should simply assume opaque longword. __________________________________________________________ 13.8 How do I convert to new CMS or DTM libraries? A change was made to the format of the CMS database for CMS libraries starting with V3.5-03-to ensure that earlier versions of CMS are unable to access the database once the "conversion" to V3.5-05 and later is made, you must issue the following two commands when upgrading from V3.5-03 and prior. (The only differences between CMS version V3.5-03 and CMS version V3.5-05 involve changes to ensure that no earlier version of CMS can access the "converted" database, and corrupt it.) To perform the "conversion", issue the following commands for each CMS library present: $ RENAME disk:[directory]00CMS.* 01CMS.* $ COPY NLA0: disk:[directory]00CMS.CMS The new file 00CMS.CMS must have the same security settings as the 01CMS.CMS file, and is created solely to ensure continued compatibility with tools that expect to find a 00CMS.CMS file (eg: various versions of the Language-Sensitive text editor LSEDIT). 13-22 Finding and Using Software If you choose to install and use the longer variant names support that is available with CMS V4.1 or later, you cannot mix earlier CMS versions within a cluster. If you attempt to mix older and newer versions, you will typically see the following BADLIB and BADTYPSTR error sequence when accessing the CMS library from the older CMS versions: %CMS-F-BADLIB, there is something wrong with your library -CMS-F-BADTYPSTR, header block type is 145; it should be 17 Please see the CMS V4.1 release notes for additional details on this. To perform the equivalent "conversion" for DEC Test Manager (DTM) V3.5 and prior versions to V3.6 and later versions, issue the following DCL commands for each DTM library present: $ RENAME disk:[directory]00DTM.* 01DTM.* $ COPY NLA0: disk:[directory]00DTM.DTM Like CMS, this change is intended to prevent older versions of DTM from accessing newer libraries, and corrupting the contents. Like CMS, once the libraries are renamed, they cannot and should not be renamed back to the older names; like CMS, the changes are not downward-compatible. To convert version 1 (ancient) DTM and CMS libraries forward, please see the DTM CONVERT and the CMS CONVERT commands. __________________________________________________________ 13.9 Where can I get Perl for OpenVMS? OpenVMS support is included in the standard distribution of Perl, the popular scripting language created by Larry Wall. In addition to nearly all of the functionality available under Unix, OpenVMS- specific Perl modules provide interfaces to many native features, as well as access to Oracle, Ingres, and Sybase databases via the Perl DBI available on OpenVMS. 13-23 Finding and Using Software A website useful for getting started with Perl on OpenVMS-where you will find such things as download links, instructions, auxiliary tools, and sample scripts-is available at: o http://www.sidhe.org/vmsperl If you have a C compiler, the best way to obtain Perl is to download and build it yourself. The latest production quality source kit is available from: o http://www.perl.com/CPAN/src/stable.tar.gz You will need GUNZIP and VMSTAR (both available from the OpenVMS Freeware CD, or from other sites) to unpack the archive; once you've done that, read the instructions in the README.vms file. Binary distributions for most Alpha and VAX environments are available on the OpenVMS Freeware CD- ROM and from various websites, including the following: o http://www.sidhe.org/vmsperl/prebuilt.html o http://www.hp.com/go/openvms/freeware/ During active Perl development cycles, test kits are sometimes found at: from: o ftp://ftp.sidhe.org/ Watch the mailing list (see below) for details on experimental releases. Charles Lane maintains pages on how to write CGI scripts in Perl for the OSU HTTP server, as well as more general tips, tricks, and patches for building and running Perl on OpenVMS: o http://www.crinoid.com/crinoid.htmlx There are OpenVMS-specific Perl modules that implement interfaces to a subset of the VMS System Services. With these modules, you can get (and often set) device, job, queue, user, system, and performance information. The lock manager, RMS indexed files, screen management utilities, and Intracluster Communication Services are 13-24 Finding and Using Software also accessible via Perl. The relevant modules are all available from: o http://www.perl.com/CPAN/modules/by-module/VMS To subscribe to the OpenVMS Perl mailing list (a discussion forum for both user support and new development), send an email message to vmsperl- subscribe@perl.org The mailing list archives may be searched at: o http://www.xray.mpe.mpg.de/mailing-lists/vmsperl __________________________________________________________ 13.10 Obtaining the DECmigrate (AEST or VEST, and TIE) translator? The DECmigrate image translation family provides tools that translate OpenVMS VAX images for use on OpenVMS Alpha, and OpenVMS Alpha images for use on OpenVMS I64, Details are available at: o http://h71000.www7.hp.com/openvms/products/omsva/omsva.html VEST is the name sometimes given to the DECmigrate translation tool for VAX images, AEST is the name given to the Alpha translation tools, and TIE names the DECmigrate run-time environment within OpenVMS. (If you've ever noticed images with filenames ending with _TV and wondered what this meant, these images are part of TIE.) And yes, you can use AEST to re-translate images that were translated using VEST; you can perform a second translation of a VAX image. Please see Section 13.12 for related information. Please see the website for the most current details on availability and plans and status of translations for OpenVMS I64 platforms. 13-25 Finding and Using Software __________________________________________________________ 13.11 Where can I get Zip, Unzip, self-extracting zip, etc? Many packages are provided in ZIP, GZIP, or BZIP2 format, which requires you to acquire the associated unzip tool to unpack it. You can get ZIP and UNZIP and related and similar tools from the following areas: o http://www.hp.com/go/openvms/freeware/ . Look in the [000TOOLS...] and [*ZIP*...] directories. o ftp://ftp.process.com/vms-freeware/unzip.alpha_exe o ftp://ftp.process.com/vms-freeware/unzip.vax_exe o http://zinser.no-ip.info/www/vms/sw/zip.htmlx o http://www.djesys.com/zip.html o http://www.djesys.com/unzip.html o The master Info-Zip web site is at http://www.info- zip.org/ . OpenVMS ports of current versions of zip and unzip are typically available at this web site, as is a mailing list. Freeware V4.0 [000TOOLS...]*ZIP*.EXE The Freeware V4.0 [000TOOLS...] pre-built versions of ZIP will erroneously return BILF errors on OpenVMS V7.2 and later. This is not the only error lurking within these pre-built versions, just the most obvious. Accordingly, please use one of the far more current versions that are now readily available, whether on the most recent Freeware distribution, or from one of the sites listed above. Do not use the Freeware V4.0 [000TOOLS...]*ZIP*.EXE images. Directions for creating and using the sfx self- extracting zip file compression mechanism are available in the unzip kit that is available at: o Look in a recent unzip* directory at http://www.hp.com/go/openvms/freeware/ o With the UNZIP542 directory from Freeware V5.0, look for the file UNZIPSFX.TXT. 13-26 Finding and Using Software If you want to build the zip images for yourself (eg: for an older OpenVMS version), pull over the entire contents of a recent unzip and unzip directory, or Info-Zip directory, or visit one of the web sites. With most OpenVMS ports of the tools, find and invoke LINK.COM. No compilers are needed, as objects are provided with most distributions. HP OpenVMS Engineering uses a tool known as FTSV for creating self-extracting compressed files using the OpenVMS DCX compression tools, as seen with various OpenVMS ECO (patch) kits. (sfx typically provides better compression than does DCX.) FTSV and FTSO are available on Freeware V7.0, for OpenVMS VAX and OpenVMS Alpha. Due to changes in the image headers, no version of FTSV is presently available for OpenVMS I64. __________________________________________________________ 13.12 Are VAX Hardware Emulators Available? Software-based emulators of the VAX architecture and for specific VAX hardware platforms are available from various sources: o Software Resources International (SRI) CHARON-VAX http://www.softresint.com/ o Tim Stark's TS10 http://sourceforge.net/projects/ts10/ o Bob Supnik's Trailing Edge http://simh.trailing-edge.com/ VAX emulators that operate on PC systems and/or on OpenVMS Alpha systems are available. For information on an alternative to using a VAX emulator- on the available DECmigrate VAX executable image translator- please see Section 13.10. 13-27 _______________________________________________________ 14 Hardware Information __________________________________________________________ 14.1 What are the OpenVMS differences among VAX, Alpha, and IA-64? In terms of software, very few. As of OpenVMS V6.1, the OpenVMS VAX and OpenVMS Alpha platforms achieved "feature parity". Subsequent work has seen significant enhancements and new features added on OpenVMS Alpha. OpenVMS I64 started with "feature parity" with OpenVMS Alpha at the V8.2 release, and OpenVMS Alpha and OpenVMS I64 are based on and built from the same source pool. (There are low-level platform-specific differences, and there is platform-specific code within the shared source code pool.) Most applications can just be recompiled and run. Some differences to be aware of: o The default double-precision floating type on OpenVMS Alpha is VAX G_float, whereas on VAX it is usually D_float. D_float is available on Alpha, but D_float values are converted to G_float for computations and then converted back to D_float when stored. Because the G_float type has three fewer fraction bits than D_float, some applications may get different results. IEEE float types are also available on OpenVMS Alpha. o The preferred floating point format on the Alpha and on the IA-64 architectures is IEEE. o Data alignment is extremely important for best performance on OpenVMS Alpha and on OpenVMS I64. This means that data items should be allocated at addresses which are exact multiples of their sizes. Quadword alignment will offer the best performance, especially for character values and those smaller than 32 bits. Compilers will naturally align 14-1 Hardware Information variables where they can and will issue warnings if they detect unaligned data items. o HP C is the only C compiler HP offers on OpenVMS Alpha and on OpenVMS I64, and is a direct descendant of Compaq C and DEC C on OpenVMS Alpha. HP C is highly compatible with DEC C on OpenVMS VAX, but does differ somewhat in its syntax and support when compared with the older VAX C compiler most OpenVMS VAX programmers are traditionally familiar with. Read up on the /EXTERN_MODEL and /STANDARD qualifiers to avoid the most common problems, and see the documentation in the DEC C for OpenVMS VAX manuals around migrating from VAX C to DEC C. (In addition to HP C, there have been open-source ports such as Gnu C available for OpenVMS.) o The page size on Alpha and IA-64 systems is variable, but is at least 8 kilobytes. This can have some effect on applications which use the $CRMPSC system service as well as on the display of available memory pages. The page size is available from $GETSYI using the SYI$_PAGE_SIZE itemcode. There are also a number of manuals which discuss migration to OpenVMS Alpha and to OpenVMS I64 available in the OpenVMS documentation, both in the main documentation and (depending on the age of the manuals involved) in the archived documentation section. As mentioned earlier, more recent OpenVMS Alpha and OpenVMS I64 releases have added features and support that are not available on OpenVMS VAX. Salient additions include the following: o 64-bit addressing in OpenVMS Alpha V7.0 and later, and on OpenVMS I64. o Multi-host SCSI support (SCSI TCQ) in V6.2 and later o PCI support (platform-dependent) o OpenVMS Galaxy (vPars) support in OpenVMS Alpha V7.2 and later 14-2 Hardware Information Please see Section 14.4.5 for Intel Itanium terminology. __________________________________________________________ 14.2 Seeking performance information for Alpha (and VAX) systems? HP makes a wide range of performance documents available through its FTP and WWW Internet servers (see Section 3.2). The following contain information on Integrity, Alpha and VAX products, with the VAX information largely accessable via archive-related links at the Alpha- related product web pages: o http://www.hp.com/go/server/ o http://www.compaq.com/alphaserver/vax/index.html The following sites are reachable via the AlphaServer information pages, and contain information on various retired VAX and Alpha products: o http://www.compaq.com/alphaserver/archive/index.html o http://www.compaq.com/alphaserver/performance/perf_ tps.html Also see CPU2000: o http://www.spec.org/osg/cpu2000/ o http://www.spec.org/osg/cpu2000/results/cpu2000.html __________________________________________________________ 14.3 Console Commands, Serial Lines, and Controls? This section contains information on VAX and Alpha consoles, and details related to console commands, serial lines, and configuration settings. 14-3 Hardware Information _____________________________ 14.3.1 What commands are available in the Alpha SRM console? In addition to the normal BOOT commands and such (see Section for some details) and the normal contents of the console HELP text, operations such as I/O redirection and floppy disk access are possible at the SRM console prompt: 1 Format a FAT floppy, and insert it into the AlphaStation floppy drive. 2 Perform the following at AlphaStation SRM Console : >>> show * > env.dat >>> show conf > conf.dat >>> cat env.dat > fat:env.dat/dva0 >>> cat conf.dat > fat:conf.dat/dva0 3 You may use the SRM "ls" command to display the contents of the floppy. >>> ls fat:env.dat/dva0 >>> ls fat:conf.dat/dva0 4 You can now transfer the FAT-format floppy to another system. _____________________________ 14.3.2 What does SRM mean? What is PALcode? The abbreviation SRM is derived from the Alpha System Reference Manual, the specification of the Alpha architecture and the associated firmware. PALcode is a name assigned to a particular set of functions provided by the SRM firmware. PALcode is used to provide low-level functions required by higher-level operating system or application software, functions which may not be directly available in Alpha hardware. PALcode is implemented using available Alpha instructions and using the Alpha processor, though PALcode operates in a mode which simplifies programming. PALcode is also permitted access to processor-specific and otherwise internal features of a particular Alpha microprocessor implementation; microprocessor-specific features which are not easily accessable to operating system or application code. 14-4 Hardware Information _____________________________ 14.3.3 Alpha COM ports and VAX console serial line information? This section contains information on the Alpha COM communication ports, and related settings, as well as on the VAX console bulkhead and VAX console serial line connection. _____________________________ Which terminal device name is assigned to the COM ports? COM2 is normally TTA0:. COM1 is normally TTB0: if the Alpha workstation is booted with the SRM console environment variable set to graphics, and is OPA0: if the console is set to serial. On the DEC 2000 series (sometimes incorrectly known by the name of the system as sold for Microsoft Windows NT Alpha; as the DECpc 150 AXP series) on older OpenVMS Alpha releases, COM1 through COM4 are known as OPA0: through OPA3:. On all current OpenVMS releases, these ports are serviced by the terminal driver and not by the console OPDRIVER driver. Often the easiest way to determine the OpenVMS terminal name assigned to the port is to connect a terminal, log in interactively, and look at the output of SHOW TERMINAL. (Device names can vary by OpenVMS version, as well as by the SRM console environment variable selection.) For serial console hardware and related information, and for pin-outs and related information, please see Section 14.3 and Section 14.26. _____________________________ Which serial port is the console on the MicroVAX 3100? Just to keep life interesting, the MicroVAX 3100 has some "interesting" console ports behaviours based on the setting of the BREAK enable switch. When the console is not enabled to respond to BREAK, MMJ-1 is the console port. MMJ-3 will (confusingly) output the results of the selftest in parallel with MMJ-1. When the console is enabled to respond to BREAK, MMJ-3 14-5 Hardware Information becomes the console port, and MMJ-1 will (confusingly) output the results of selftest in parallel with MMJ-3. _____________________________ How can I set up an alternate console on a VAXstation? Most VAXstation series systems and a few Alpha series systems have a switch - most often labeled S3, largely for historical reasons-that enables one of the serial lines as the system console device; as OPA0:. This disables console output to the graphics display. (For a related behaviour, please see Section 11.10.) All VAXstation 3100 series systems provide a S3 slide switch, though the oldest may be missing the cut-out through the enclosure that provides access to the switch. The slide switch is located near the diagnostic LED display. (The slide switch is accessable with the cover removed.) Various members of the DEC 3000 series Alpha systems also have a similarly-labled S3 switch for selection of the alternate console. The particular port that becomes the console can vary. The printer MMJ connection is used on all VAXstation 3100 series. On VAXstation II, the console DB9 is used, rather than the graphics display. On most (all?) AlphaStation series systems, typically the COM1 serial port becomes the console. Also see Section 14.3.6, Section 11.10, and Section 14.17. Beware the two different DB9 pin-outs; see Section 14.27 for related details. For information on registering software license product authorization keys (PAKs), please see Section 5.6.2. _____________________________ Please explain the back panel of the MicroVAX II The MicroVAX-series console bulkhead interface was used with the KA630, as well as with the KA650 and KA655 processors. 14-6 Hardware Information There are three controls on the console bulkhead of these systems: Triangle-in-circle-paddle: halt enable. dot-in-circle: halt (<break>) is enabled, and auto-boot is disabled. dot-not-in-circle: halt (<break>) is disabled, and auto-boot is enabled. Three-position-rotary: power-up bootstrap behaviour arrow: normal operation. face: language inquiry mode. t-in-circle: infinite self-test loop. Eight-position-rotary: console baud rate selection select the required baud rate; read at power-up. There are several different bulkheads involved, including one for the BA23 and BA123 enclosures, and one for the S-box (BA2xx) series enclosure. The console bulkheads typically used either the MMJ serial line connection, or the MicroVAX DB9 (not the PC DB9 pin-out), please see the descriptions of these in section Section 14.26. For available adapters, see Section 14.27. Also present on the console bulkhead is a self-test indicator: a single-digit LED display. This matches the final part of the countdown displayed on the console or workstation, and can be used by a service organization to determine the nature of a processor problem. The particular countdown sequence varies by processor type, consult the hardware or owner's manual for the processor, or contact the local hardware service organization for information the self-test sequence for a particular processor module. Note that self-tests 2, 1 and 0 are associated with the transfer of control from the console program to the (booting) operating system. 14-7 Hardware Information _____________________________ 14.3.4 What are Alpha console environment variables? Alpha systems have a variety of variables with values set up within the SRM system console. These environment variables control the particular behaviour of the console program and the system hardware, the particular console interface presented to the operating system, various default values for the operating system bootstrap, and related control mechanisms-in other words, "the environment variables provide an easily extensible mechanism for managing complex console state." The specific environment variables differ by platform and by firmware version-the baseline set is established by the Alpha Architecture: AUTO_ACTION ("BOOT", "HALT", "RESTART", any other value assumed to be HALT), BOOT_DEV, BOOTDEF_DEV, BOOTED_DEV, BOOT_FILE, BOOTED_FILE, BOOT_OSFLAGS, BOOTED_OSFLAGS, BOOT_RESET ("ON", "OFF"), DUMP_DEV, ENABLE_AUDIT ("ON", "OFF"), LICENSE, CHAR_SET, LANGUAGE, TTY_DEV. OpenVMS Galaxy (vPars) firmware can add console environment variables beginning with such strings as LP_* and HP_*, and each particular console implementation can (and often does) have various sorts of platform-specific extensions beyond these variables. These variables allow both vPars (virtual partitions) and lPars and lPars (logical partition) support; vPars is a generic name for soft partitioning constructs such as OpenVMS Galaxy, while lPars is a generic name applied to hard partitioning constructs. The contents of a core set of SRM console environment variables are accessible from OpenVMS Alpha using the f$getenv lexical and the sys$getenv system service. (These calls are first documented in V7.2, but have been present in OpenVMS Alpha for many releases.) Access to arbitary SRM console environment variables is rather more involved, and not directly available to application software operating outside of kernel-mode. 14-8 Hardware Information _____________________________ 14.3.5 What are the boot control flag values? Integrity, VAX and Alpha primary bootstraps support flag values; a mechanism which permits the system manager to perform specific customizations or site- specific debugging of the OpenVMS system bootstrap. While very similar, there are differences among the boot flag implementations for the various architectures. _____________________________ What are the I64 IPB boot flag values? The OpenVMS I64 primary bootstrap flags are processed within the IA-64 primary bootstrap image IPB.EXE; within the SYS$EFI.SYS structures. The primary bootstrap boot flags are largely parallel to those of OpenVMS Alpha (see Section, though the console and the console mechanisms used to specify the boot command, the boot flags, and boot command options do differ markedly. You can specify the boot flags via an EFI environment variable VMS_FLAGS , or via the boot alias boot options mechanism, or by appending the requested boot flags onto the specification of VMS_LOADER.EFI. To set the bootstrap flags environment variable at the EFI shell prompt, use: Shell> SET VMS_FLAGS "0,1" When you register an EFI boot alias (please see Section 14.4.5 for Intel Itanium terminology), you will be asked if you want to enter boot options, and what type. To add boot flags to a boot alias, select Unicode as the boot options type, and enter an SRM-like options string, such as the conversational bootstrap selected by the following example: -flages 0,1 For related information on managing EFI boot aliases from OpenVMS I64, please see Section 14.3.10. 14-9 Hardware Information When using VMS_LOADER.EFI to request boot flags, you will want to specify the invocation as follows: fsn:\efi\vms\vms_loader -flags 0,1 The above shows a conversational bootstrap request. Typical boot flags are listed in Table 14-1. ________________________________________________________________ Table 14-1 I64 Conversational Bootstrap Flags _______________________________________________________ Bit_______Example_Mnemonic__________Description________ 0 0,1 CONV Conversational bootstrap 1 0,2 DEBUG Load SYSTEM_ DEBUG.EXE (XDELTA) 2 0,4 INIBPT Stop at initial system breakpoints 16 0,10000 DBG_INIT Enable verbose bootstrap messages 17 0,20000 USER_MSGS Enable additional bootstrap messages 17 0,200000? Request for a bootstrap from _____________________________________________USB_keydisk________ For a conversational bootstrap of the OpenVMS I64 root SYS4 associated with the fs2: EFI file system device with full bootstrap messaging enabled, specify: fs2:\efi\vms\vms_loader -flags 4,30001 _____________________________ What are the Alpha APB boot flag values? The flags listed in Table 14-2 are passed (via register R5) to the OpenVMS Alpha primary bootstrap image APB.EXE. These flags control the particular behaviour of the bootstrap. BOOT -FL root,flags 14-10 ---------------------------- #include <rtfaq.h> ----------------------------- For additional, please see the OpenVMS FAQ -- www.hp.com/go/openvms/faq --------------------------- pure personal opinion --------------------------- Hoff (Stephen) Hoffman OpenVMS Engineering hoff[at]hp.com