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Subject: soc.culture.syria (FAQ)

This article was archived around: 23 May 1997 21:28:23 GMT

All FAQs in Directory: cultures
All FAQs posted in: soc.culture.syria
Source: Usenet Version

Archive-name: cultures/syria-faq posting-frequency: monthly Last-modified: May 22, 1997
{~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~} {*{ }*} {*{*{ S O C I A L C U L T U R E S Y R I A }*}*} -------{*{*{*{ soc.culture.syria (SCS) }*}*}*}-------- | {*{*{ }*}*} | | {*{ FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS ON SCS (FAQ) }*} | | { } | | ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ | | o | | /________ | | / (_________ | | /________ / | | / * (_________/ | | /________ * / | | / (_________/ | | /________ / | | / (_________/ | | / | | / _/_/_/_/ _/ _/ _/_/_/_/ _/ _/_/ | | / _/ _/ _/ _/ _/ _/ _/ _/ | | / _/_/_/_/_/ _/_/_/_/ _/_/_/_/_/ _/ _/_/_/_/ | | / _/ _/ _/ _/ _/ _/ _/ | | / /_/_/_/_/ /_/_/_/_/ _/ _/_/ _/ _/ _/ | | | -------------------------------------------------------------------------- This document is a compiled list of answers to the most Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) about soc.culture.syria in particular, and about Syria and Syrian Internet sources in general. This document will be posted monthly to the following newsgroups: soc.culture.syria, news.answers, soc.answers. This FAQ is Maintained by: Thabet Birro <tbirro@citilink.net> Date of Last Update : 5/22/97 FTP Location : rtfm.mit.edu Version : 1.11 This version of FAQ is the official copy to be distributed. Please email your suggestions and proposed additions to me personally at tbirro@citilink.net Once your contribution is added to this FAQ, your name will appear in the Credits section. If you wish to email this FAQ to someone, please do so without any modification. This is an evolving document and will be more comprehensive as readers email me their proposed additions. Disclaimer: ~~~~~~~~~~~ This FAQ is presented without any warranties or guarantees of any kind. I have tried to verify the correctness of most of the information in it, but your use of any of the contents of this document is at your own risk. I may not to be held responsible in any way for any of the information contained herein. This FAQ may be freely distributed for non-commercial purposes, but on the condition that it may not be altered in any way. --------------------------------------------------------------------------- TABLE OF CONTENTS --------------------------------------------------------------------------- I. Credits Section and a Brief History about SCS II. Internet Access in Syria and Internet & Technology sources about Syria III. Rules of Netiquette (Etiquette and Rules of Thumb for Posting to SCS) IV. Syria Data Sheet V. Information Concerning Syrians abroad --------------------------------------------------------------------------- CREDITS SECTION --------------------------------------------------------------------------- The names of contributors to this FAQ are acknowledged in this section (unless anonymity is requested), provided of course the information submitted is actually published in the FAQ (i.e. it is deemed relevant to Syrian social and cultural issues, and determined to be suitable, in that it doesn't violate any of the principles of Netiquette, especially copyright laws). Thabet Birro, Marc Haddad, Haisam K. Ido, Karim El-Boustani, Azim Hamoud, Marwan Zakaria, Hossam Haron. History of soc.culture.syria: I received the first approval for establishing our newsgroup, soc.culture.syria on April 18th, 1995. It was the official date for starting this newsgroup. The establishment of SCS had to be approved by an Internet-wide vote, then carried through by special Usenet admins working at UUnet. SCS passed by a wide margin: 284 yes -- 25 No. Since then, SCS has become one of the more popular Mid-East newsgroups. With a readership estimated between 10-12 thousand readers a month, it has surpassed many of the older newsgroups on the net. Keep up the good work guys! Below is the official notification I received upon finishing the vote count: (I have deleted the name of the vote taker to protect his privacy) Date: Tue, 18 Apr 1995 19:44:22 -0700 From: <vote taker> To: Thabet Birro <tbirro@BB.IU.NET> Subject: YOUR GROUP PASSED! I'm pleased to inform you that your group, soc.culture.syria, passed its vote and should be created in the next few days. Congratulations! <end of letter> -------------------------------------------------------------------------- INTERNET AND TECHNOLONGY SOURCES ABOUT SYRIA -------------------------------------------------------------------------- Internet in Syria: As of the last update made to this document, Syria does not yet have a true connection to the Internet. However, I have established the top-level domain for Syria,.sy (with that, the Internic root servers have been updated to acknowledge the .sy). I have built 7 organizational TLDs to service the various Syrian organizations with the following designation: com.sy (for commerical companies) net.sy (for ISPs and NOCs) edu.sy (for schools and colleges) mil.sy (for military organizations) int.sy (for International organizations, such as the UN) org.sy (for non-profit organizations) gov.sy (for government establishments) I adopted the above designation as it seems to minimize confusion about the otherwise home-grown acronyms, by using widely-known symbols. Based on a recent MoU (Memorandum of Understanding), it was decided that STE is to be the TLD manager for the country. Regulating Internet in Syria is a cooperative task which is going to be managed by the STE, SCS and the HIAST, I believe. Syria currently hosts an X.25 public data network, SyriaPac, which is connected to several other public data networks in other countries. SyriaPac is run by the STE. Syrian Businesses Online: This section was established to provide means for Syrian businesses to have a worldwide exposure. However this list is not an endorsment nor is it a guarantee of any sort. AL-Cham Tours & Palaces: http://www.chamtour.com Pacific International Securities http://www.fares.net/pis.html American & International Companies with some business relations with Syria include (may not be up to date): * IBM, Apple, Acer, and AST, (USA and UK) * Harris Corp., USA * Eagle Computer Systems, USA * Austin Computers, USA * 3Com, USA * Network Solutions, USA * Global Link, USA * Siemens, Germany * The Communication Consultant Group, USA * MENIC (Middle East Network Information Centre), worldwide Online Sources about Syria: A travelogue by Doug Burnett dburnett@cedar.cic.net http://www.cic.net/~dburnett Nizar Qabbani related pages (poetry): http://edmund.hiof.no/almashriq/scl/base/poetry.html http://www.alquds.org/www/culture/poems/poem15.html http://www.fas.harvard.edu/~alississ/poetry/nizar.html More Syrian pages can be found: http://www.manhal.com http://www.inforamp.net/~marwan A great source of information about Syria: http://www.mysite.com/syria/syria.htm IRC channel: #syria related web page: http://www.syria.org/irc Guide to Syria: Syria Revealed - by Anthony King - From the Revelation Guides series. The first guide in this new British series, and the first guide in English, in many years, devoted to Syria. 262 pages - 5 1/4" x 8 1/2" - 1st edition ... http://www.gcb.com/catalog/t/t16/8409.html Statistical and social data about Syria can be found at: gopher://gopher.ssa.gov:70/00/K-Statistical_Data_and_Abstracts/G-Social%20Security%20Programs%20Throughout%20the%20World./C-COUNTRIES/Syria --------------------------------------------------------------------------- RULES OF NETIQUETTE --------------------------------------------------------------------------- GUIDELINES AND RULES OF THUMB FOR POSTING TO SCS: In addition to being familiar with the general rules of etiquette for posting on the Internet (Netiquette), which can be found in the newsgroups news.answers or news.announce.newusers, one is expected to observe the following rules of thumb, for the purpose of keeping SCS a worthy representative of Syria: * If you are a new reader, you are encouraged to observe the group for a while, and when you decide to post, it is always a welcome gesture to post a little introduction about yourself. Most of us have done that at one point. * Refrain from using profanity and name-calling. It reflects badly on YOU. Inflammatory postings are not acceptable, be them by nature or by language. Remember, this is soc.culture.SYRIA and all postings should observe that. * Use a descriptive title for your posting. If your posting is meant to ask a question, don't make the title to appear as a statement, but rather as a question. Don't use elaborate measures to draw extra attention to your posting. Chances are, readers will start to ignore you after a while. CAPS MEAN SHOUTING...If you want to stress a phrase/word, use _underscores_ instead. * Use discretion when cross-posting. SCS should not become a battlefield for flames across newsgroups. Overall, keep it to a minimum and do it only when it relates to Syria. * Be your own critic for the quality of your post and try to be sensitive towards the rest of the readers of SCS and their diverse and ethnic backgrounds. * In the spirit of the national pride that most Syrians enjoy, avoid making remarks which may reflect badly on that pride. * Try to take the higher ground when provoked. Unfortunately, there are elements on the net who enjoy starting unnecessary flames. They are best ignored. Should their flames continue to poison SCS, try to resolve the matter via email. If they continue, you're encouraged to contact their Internet access provider. * When doing a follow-up, please make sure to properly quote the previous posting and mark the deleted sections as such. Try not to echo the entire previous posting unless you have to. * Bear in mind that the minute you decide to share your posting with the world, you become responsible for its contents. Postings on the Internet are admissible in the courts of law as evidence in case of violations. Public slandering is _illegal_ and can result in legal action taken against you. * Do not post Copyrighted material without obtaining the proper permission. Do not post private email unless you obtain a permission from the sender. It is considered rude and you may become liable should the content of the email be of importance. While SCS is an _unmoderated_ group, SCS readers will be quick to let you know should you violate the agreed upon netiquette. The above rules are meant to ensure quality postings and discussions. Please do your part in contributing to the overall quality of SCS. Should you violate the rules of thumb, chances are; you will get a copy of the guidelines in your emailbox sent by me or other readers. Informing one of his/her violations of the above rules of thumb is a collective duty by ALL readers who like to keep SCS clean. Any violation of the above rules is a violation against all readers. --------------------------------------------------------------------------- SYRIA DATA SHEET --------------------------------------------------------------------------- Proper Name: Al-Jamhouriya al-Arabiya as-Souriya (The Syrian Arab Republic) or (The Arabic Republic of Syria) Capital : Damascus President : Hafiz al-Assad Population : 15 millions (est. 1995) Ethnic Composition: Arabs (90.3%); Kurds & others (9.7%) Religious Composition: Senni Muslim (70%); other Muslim sects (16%); Christians (14%) Languages : Arabic (Official); Kurdish; Armenian; Aramaic; Circassian; French and English are widely spoken and understood. Total Area : 71,498 square miles, or 184,180 square kilometers Total Land : 71,062 square miles, or 184,050 square kilometers Major Cities: Damascus, Aleppo, Latakia, Homs, Hama, Tartous, Idlib Raqqa, Dair el Zawr, Swedaa, quamishli, Dara'a, Hasakeh Independence: Syria achieved independence on April 17, 1946 from the French mandate. The Syrian Golan Heights: In accordance with resolutions 242 and 338 of the UN, Syria has been urging Israel to accept the call of the world community and withdraw from the Syrian Heights in exchange for full peace, as stated in the relevant UN resolutions. Source: Northern Sky Publication, which was submitted to me by the Embassy of Syria at D.C. Further data on Syria can be obtained from designated electronic sites. --------------------------------------------------------------------------- INFORMATION CONCERNING SYRIANS ABROAD --------------------------------------------------------------------------- For North America (USA and Canada), the address of the Syrian Embassy is: Embassy of Syria 2215 Wyoming Ave., NW Washington, D.C. 20008 (202) 232-6313 * Travel Agenices: Sunshine Travel & Tours Inc. 3051 W.Bancroft St. P.O.Box 2783 Toledo, OH 43606 (419) 531-4440 FAX (419) 536-6611 Sahara Travel 1-(800)-946-8206 SyrianAir, the official Syrian airlines, does not service North America at this point. However, a connecting flight from Europe is possible. Most international carriers service Damascus and some service Aleppo too.