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Subject: [misc.news.bosnia] Frequently Asked Questions

This article was archived around: 21 May 2006 04:22:20 GMT

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All FAQs posted in: misc.news.bosnia, soc.culture.bosna-herzgvna
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Archive-name: bosnia-news-faq Posting-Frequency: monthly Last-modified: 1996/03/28 Version: 1.5 Organization: Alumni Association, Caltech, Pasadena, California X-URL-MNB: http://alumni.caltech.edu/~mughal/mnb/mnb.html X-URL-BOSNIA: http://www.cco.caltech.edu/~bosnia/bosnia.html
Copyright 1993,1994,1995,1996 Asim Mughal (mughal@caltech.edu) Redistribution for profit, or in altered content/format prohibited without explicit written permission of the author. Any other redistribution must include this copyright notice and attribution. __________________________________________ This message is automatically posted to 'misc.news.bosnia' every month and when updated. This lists answers to most commonly asked questions on the forum. Contributions & changes are requested and should be directed to: mughal@caltech.edu Contents --Articles-- 1. Bosnia .................................................................... 2. Charter (Original Text) ................................................... *3. List of Relief Agencies ................................................... 4. Bosnia News on Internet ................................................... 5. FTP Sites for Bosnia Info ................................................. 6. World Wide Web (WWW) Home Page on Bosnia .................................. 7. Need for this Newsgroup ................................................... 8. Detailed info on Relief Agencies .......................................... 9. UN Resolution 947 ......................................................... --Announcements-- 9. Moderation Policy ......................................................... 10. Moderators List & Guidelines .............................................. 11. Administrativa 001: Oct 03, 1994 .......................................... 12. Administrativa 002: Oct 27, 1994 .......................................... 13. Administrativa 003: Feb 17, 1995 .......................................... 14. Where & How to send your submissions ...................................... 15. How to reach Moderators & Facilitators .................................... 16. E-Mail Subscription to misc.news.bosnia ................................... 17. History of this newsgroup ................................................. 18. This FAQ: Archive Info, History & Credits ................................. *New or updated in this revision of FAQ. Articles ..................................................................... 1. Bosnia .................................................................... Probably the most appropriate person to talk about Bosnia is the President of Bosnia-Herzegovina. ************************************** Following is from speech of Mr. Alija Izetbegovic,President of Bosnia and Herzegovina, for the 49 session of General Assembly of the United Nations. 27th of September 1994. ************************************** Mr. Secretary General, Distinguished delegates, Allow me at the outset, to commend His Excellency Mr. Samuel Insanally for the able manner in which he conducted the work of the 48th Session of the General Assembly. I would also like to congratulate H.E. Mr. Amara Essy for his election as the President of this 49th Session. I wish him all success in pursuing this very important task. I would like to thank the President for giving me this opportunity to speak on behalf of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina at this distinguished gathering. I thank you all for your attention. Mr. President, I come from Bosnia and Herzegovina, a far away country that has currently been the subject of many discussions. Unfortunately, I have to begin my statement by repeating facts that for the majority of you may be or should be well known. At the time - some three years ago, when Yugoslavia underwent its dissolution, we were doing our best to conduct this separation in a peaceful fashion and without any violence. For reasons already known to us all, our initiatives bore no fruits. When Slovenia and Croatia had seceded , and the dissolution of Yugoslavia had become inevitable, we organized a referendum in order to decide, in a democratic manner, about the fate of Bosnia. By two-thirds majority ( that is, exactly: 64,4%) of the registered voter body, citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina opted for the independence of the country at the referendum of March 1, 1992. The international recognition of our country followed soon after, and so did the aggression against it. The decision of recognition was made on April 5, 1992, and it was announced the following day, April 6, 1992. The Serbian and Montenegrin aggression against Bosnia and Herzegovina began on April 5, 1992, the same day when the decision on recognition was passed. The aggression continues to this day, with more or, at times, less intensity, and without any prospects of it coming to an end soon. War, that was forced upon Bosnia and Herzegovina and its peoples, and has now entered its 31st month, belongs to the bloodiest wars in the history of mankind. In its very beginnings, it was not a war, but an attack of a well armed and equipped army, the former Yugoslav Army, against defenseless citizens. The results of this uneven struggle are as follows: 70% of our country fell under occupation in the first months of the war, more than 200 000 civilians have been killed, over 1,000 000 ( or one fourth) of our inhabitants have been expelled from their homes, hundreds of cities and villages destroyed and burnt. This cannot be described as a classic example of a warfare between two armies. This has been a war of an army against civilians, followed by genocide and, until this time, unprecedented destruction of cultural and religious objects. The world has not responded in an appropriate manner to such barbarism. Whether it was because of the brutality of the attack, or being morally and psychologically unprepared, or perhaps, due to the entanglement in its contradictory interests, the world appeared confused and hesitant. When the news and pictures of new concentration camps in the heart of Europe came out, the public was astonished, but the responsible ones mostly kept silent. Tens of thousands of people have perished in these camps, and many thousands of them have disappeared, without any trace. The more brutal an attack, the more hesitant the world became. The free world neither defended, nor supported freedom. Our people, facing the threat of extermination and a clearly pronounced death sentence, decided to defend itself. But then it encountered a new absurdity. It had found its hands tied. Namely, before the war was waged against Bosnia and Herzegovina, The United Nations imposed an notorious resolution that banned any import of weapons in the territory of Former Yugoslavia. Everything changed, the war began, the aggressor and the victim emerged, but the arms embargo has remained in place, as if nothing had happened in the meantime. Justice has turned into injustice, because the aggressor had weapons - which had been stock - piled over 40 years time - while the victim was unarmed and its hands were kept tied. The resolution on the arms embargo became its own contradiction. By maintaining the imbalance in weaponry, it has prolonged the war, and it has turned peace negotiations into diktats by the better armed aggressor. We told the world: you do not have to come to defend us, but do untie our hands and allow us, at least, to defend ourselves. While they kill our children, rape our women, and destroy all our relics, do recognize our right to self - defense. However, the arms embargo has remained in place until present times. Practically, with only guns and rifles in our hands, our defenders have stood against artillery and tanks. We have lost many people. Data reports indicate that more than 90% of them have been killed by grenades and artillery shells. Our cities and villages have been left at the mercy of this powerful military technology in the hands of the murderers. In the capital of Sarajevo alone, more than 10 000 have been killed, and more than 50 000 wounded. There is not a single family without casualties - killed or wounded. To all this, the world has sent us only one message: negotiate. Believing that the only right path was to continue to defend our land and in this just struggle to be supported by the peace and freedom loving world, we refused to negotiate with war criminals for a very long time. Finally, faced with the unbearable plight of our people and the indifference of the world, and without any choice, we accepted the negotiations. It turned out that the aggressor had only used negotiations as a bargain for time and a cover up for the continuation of the aggression. In March, 1993, after long and painful negotiations, and with many a concession from our side, we signed the Vance / Owen Plan. The aggressor rejected it. The next bloody round of war came about, followed by another round of negotiations. As a result was a Peace Plan of July 5, 1994, by the Contact Group, consisting of the world's 5 most powerful states, (USA, United Kingdom, France, Germany and Russian Federation) . This time again, we have chosen peace and the attackers have, once again, opted for a continuation of the war. We have accepted the unjust peace offer in order to halt the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina. We have done so hoping that the injustice of the peace plan could still be corrected in the years of peace. Knowing the soul of Bosnia, we believed and we still believe that peace rescues and war destroys everything that we call Bosnia. And what we call Bosnia is not only a small peace of land in the Balkans. For many of us, Bosnia and Herzegovina is not just a homeland, it is an idea. It is a belief that peoples of different religions, nationalities and cultural traditions, can live together. If it happened that this dream was forever buried, and this idea of tolerance among the peoples in these areas was irretrievably gone, the guilt would lie not only with the ones who have been relentlessly killing Bosnia with their mortars for over thirty months, but nonetheless, with many of the powerful from the rest of the world who could have helped, yet have chosen to do otherwise. Two days ago, I left Sarajevo. I did not leave by plane, because the airport was closed. I had to take land routes through woods that are constantly exposed to fire and where many people are killed daily. For days, there is no electricity, water and gas in the city. The capital is completely blocked and it is virtually dying. Yesterday, after I had arrived to the United Nations building, I received a letter from Srebrenica, a small town on the river Drina. The letter was supposed to be a report, but it is moreover a cry from a real human hell. I could find no strength to read this letter for the second time. It has been over three months, since a new wave of ethnic cleansing reignited. Thousands of civilians, whose only fault was that they were not Serbs, have been expelled from their homes in Banja Luka, Bijeljina, Janja and other towns under the control of Karadzic's army. Once again, nothing has been done. The world seems to have gradually gotten accustomed to unpunished violations of the basic norms of international law. This is an ill stage, that concerns every man and every woman in the world, no matter how close or far from Bosnia they may be. For a very long period of time, I have rejected - and still reject- "a theory of conspiracy", that is, that all this that has befallen Bosnia is because the majority nation is a Muslim people and that there are some dark powers who have consciously pushed Serbs towards the extermination of Bosnian Muslims. Those who claim so, have their own arguments . I believe You have heard them before : namely, an obvious aggression, followed by genocide, concentration camps and other forms of the darkest fascism are on stage in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The world can only be blind not to see it. Is it blind, or does it consciously accept all these evils? Blind it is not, therefore, the other possibility remains. This is their argument that has gained ever more supporters. It will not be good if a billion Muslims in the world accept this argument. The latest events in and around the Plan of the Contact Group have given the supporters of "theory of conspiracy" an additional argument. Namely, Bosnia and Herzegovina has been offered a proposal that was backed by five major powers, and therefore, by the majority in the international community. It was clearly stated that the side who rejected the plan would be punished, while the side who accepted the plan would be protected. The opposite happened: Serbs rejected the Plan and they have been rewarded by the suspension of sanctions. We have accepted the Plan and we have been punished by a complete blockade of Sarajevo. Both processes ran parallelly and simultaneously. These days, the highest United Nation's civilian and military authorities are warning us: If you demand and succeed in the lifting of the arms embargo, UNPROFOR will pull out from the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, etc., etc. I have, certainly, not undertaken this long and arduous trip from Bosnia to America only to convey the facts that may be known to the majority of you. We, in Bosnia believe that Good and Justice, despite the hardships, cannot be defeated. We do not give up faith that the world could be better and that we should all work and we should all try over and over again in order to make it better. With this conviction, I have come to speak before you and to present some of our proposals, despite all our disappointments and frustrations. From this General Assembly and the Security Council, we ask: 1. That all Resolutions on Bosnia and Herzegovina adopted by the Security Council and General Assembly be implemented; 2. That measures be taken in order to effectively monitor the border between Serbia and Montenegro on one side, and Bosnia and Herzegovina on the other side, so that any transport of troops, weapons and military equipment over this border be prevented or timely detected; 3. Should this transport occur, that the decision on suspension of some of the sanctions against Serbia and Montenegro ( Security Council resolution 943/1994) be immediately recalled and tightened sanction measures be imposed in accordance with the Plan of the Contact Group of July, 1994; 4. That there will be no further easing of the sanctions towards Serbia and Montenegro until they recognize Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia within its internationally recognized borders; 5. That a resolution be adopted, without delay, which would strengthen the protection of and mandate the extension of the safe areas as in Security Council Resolutions 824 and 836, and in accordance with provisions of Article 6, of the Contact Group Plan; 6. That decisions be taken that would prevent and ensure an immediate end to the strangulation of Sarajevo. As an integral part, these measures should envisage the opening of the city along the north communication route ( road and highway), by creating a demilitarized belt , 2,5 kilometers wide, on both sides of these routes. In this demilitarized belt, only the United Nations troops and police may remain. Potential use of force against the strangulation of Sarajevo, as is envisaged under Article 4, of the NATO decision of February 9, 1994. Provided that the above conditions be fulfilled, and with a condition that UNPROFOR continues to carry out its mission, the Government of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina would be willing to accept a new, modified formula for the problem of the arms embargo. Namely, we would limit our demand for the lifting of the arms embargo only to the adoption of formal decision, while its application, or its consequences, would be deferred for another six months. In this case, UNPROFOR troops could remain in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Contact Group would fulfill its promise, and a clear message would be conveyed to Karadzic's Serbs. At the end, we would also like to state our two commitments: 1. Our irrevocable objective is a democratic Bosnia and Herzegovina within its internationally recognized borders, and with full ethnic, religious and political rights for all its citizens. Within a such Bosnia and Herzegovina as envisioned, the Serbs will have all rights up to the highest level of autonomy, but they cannot have a state within a state. 2. We consider that as all other nations, we have the unalienable right to self-defense. Therefore, should for any reason, our compromising proposal on the arms embargo be rejected, we will then seek from our friends that this embargo be lifted immediately, and even unilaterally. In closing this statement, I take this opportunity to express our sincere gratitude to all friends of Bosnia who have supported its struggle for survival and freedom. I thank You, Mr. President. 2. Charter (Original Text) ................................................... The purpose of this newsgroup is to provide prompt & timely information on Bosnia. This may include variety of items including, summary of news reports, upcoming events, nato briefing, coverage of Bosnia by international press, international news agencies, wire news services, announcements & info by U.S. state department, listing of relief organization and much more. 3. List of Relief Agencies ................................................... BENEVOLENCE INTERNATIONAL FOUNDATION P.O.Box 548 Worth, IL 60482 USA Tel:708-233-0062 Fax:708-233-0069 e-mail:mermaa@engvms.unl.edu MERCY INTERNATIONAL-USA P.O. Box 248, Garden City, Michigan 48136-0248 U.S.A. Telephone: (313)421-2273 FAX: (313)421-2022 Tax Id. Number (38-2846307) Contributions are tax deductable. FRIENDS OF BOSNIA 47 East Street Hadley, MA 01035 Tel: 413-586-6450 Fax: 413-586-2415 Email: visualcom@igc.apc.org THE BOSNIA RELIEF FUND USA INC. Mailing : PO Box 91825 Elk Grove Village, IL 60009-1825 Shipping: 1024 Fairway Dr., Bensenville, IL 601016 USA Telephone: (708) 616-8223 Fax : (708) 616-8389 NEW ENGLAND BOSNIAN RELIEF COMMITTEE 54 Ellery St Boston, MA 02127 (617) 269-5555 voice (617) 464-4406 fax lpingel@shore.net WOMEN FOR WOMEN IN BOSNIA P.O. Box 9733 Alexandria, VA 22304 STUDENTS AGAINST GENOCIDE-Project Bosnia (SAGE Contact) sherilee@leland.stanford.edu Phone: 415-725-SAGE MN COALITION FOR PEACE & HUMAN RIGHTS IN FORMER YUGOLAVIA Melis Arik c/o Institute for Education and Advocacy 1219 University Avenue SE Minneapolis, MN 55414 (612) 378-9114 (612) 378-9132 (FAX) GLOBAL CHILDREN'S ORGANIZATION GCO Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovnia, Ms. Elma Kucukalic-Selimovic TEL. (011 387 71) 444-296 GCO Zagreb, Croatia, Mr. Zoran Ivancic, TEL/FAX (011 385 41) 382-660 GCO Berkeley, California, Ms Edie Heartshorne TEL. (510) 526-4476 LIFEMISSION INC. P.O.BOX 604331 FLUSHING, NEW YORK 11360-4331 TEL: (718) 767-7184 THE BOSNIAN STUDENT PROJECT Box 271, Nyack, NY l096, USA TEL. ++914-358-4601 Fax ++914-358-4924 Email: fornatl@apc.igc.org BALKAN MUSLIM ASSOCIATION E-mail: BalkanMus@aol.com Courtesy: Islamic Information & News Network (Muslims@Asuacad.Bitnet) File:Bosnia Relief Agencies 4. Bosnia News on Internet ................................................... BOSNET (English) 'Bosnet' is Bosnia News Network. It publishes daily event over internet. BOSNET publications are posted to several news groups on USENET including 'misc.news.bosnia.' One may subscribe to it by writing to 'bosnews-request@doc.ic.ac.uk.' BOSNET (Bosnian Language) 'Bosnet' is also available in Bosnian language. To request subscription write to: 'bosnet-request@gnu.ai.mit.edu.' MISC.NEWS.BOSNIA Mailing List Posting made to news group 'misc.news.bosnia' may be received as email message. If interested write to: 'misc-news-bosnia-request@gnu.ai.mit.edu' BOSNIA ACTION COALITION: 's weekly summary is available by e-mail. Titled, "This Week in Bosnia-Hercegovina." Subscription request may be sent to: nebosnia-list-approval@world.std.com 5. FTP Sites for Bosnia Info ................................................. The info on Bosnia is located at the following anonymous FTP sites: Login: anonymous Password: _your_email_address_ A - SITE: triples.math.mcgill.ca Directory: /pub/bosnia B - SITE: ftp.cco.caltech.edu Directory: /pub/bosnia 6. World-Wide Web (WWW) Home Page on Bosnia .................................. http://www.cco.caltech.edu/~bosnia/bosnia.html It is a very extensive home page on Bosnia, covering documents & images, news reports and many more items. 7. Need for this Newsgroup ................................................... Bosnia problem is over four years old by now and doesn't show much hope of going away. A newsgroup can reach a lot more people than a mailing list. The information on Bosnia is scattered over different newsgroups in bits & pieces, some mailing lists give a weekly report on Bosnia. This group will also attempt bring all news & info on Bosnia in this newsgroup. Daily postings & updates on Bosnia will be posted on this newsgroup Discussions on Bosnia already take place on soc.culture.bosna-herzgvna. Current proposed newsgroup will be news & info oriented newsgroup and also to avoid junk appearing in this newsgroup, the newsgroup will be moderated. 8. Detailed Info on Relief Agencies .......................................... a) WOMEN FOR WOMEN in Bosnia The name of the organization is Women for Women in Bosnia and here is how it works. You donate $20 each month along with a short letter, and they deliver ALL the money along with your letter and its translation to the woman you have chosen to sponsor in Bosnia. Most of the women are in refugee camps, and is $40 per month to sponsor a woman in Sarajevo. The main thing to notice here is that all of the donation goes to the sponsored woman. There is no cut for administrative expenses or anything else. They will even try to send small items like vitamins, underwear, etc. to your sponsee if you choose to send something. The sponsees may choose to write back or they may not, but even if they don't the aid workers who deliver the money say that the letters they receive help them tremendously. These women really need to feel like someone in the world cares about them. If men wish to participate they may pay the $20 per month, but a woman should always write the letter. I even know several people who sponser one woman as a group because they cannot individually afford to do so. Also, contributions to the expenses of the organization are always needed. If you wish to contact WWB, their address is: Women for Women in Bosnia P.O. Box 9733 Alexandria, VA 22304 b) S.H.A.R.P Sarajevo Hospital Aid and Reconstruction Project The Sarajevo Hospital Aid and Reconstruction Project (SHARP), a chapter of the Bosnia and Herzegovina Relief Fund, is a nonprofit organization raising funds to help rebuild Sarajevo's health care system and to provide financial aid and educational opportunities for medical personal. In addition to financial support, the organization is also seeking donations of medical supplies, including medical textbooks and journals. For information, please contact: Ernesto A. Pretto, MD Safar Center for Resuscitation Research 3434 Fifth Avenue Pittsburgh, PA 15260 tel:412-383-1904; fax:412-624-0943 e-mail: pretto@smtp.anes.upmc.edu b) SAVEZ It is an organization that wishes to help the Croats of Bosnia. We stand for the unity among Croats and Bosnians, as well as for Bosnia's internationally recognized borders. We seek to act as a bridge between the Croats, and the Bosnians, using our talents to help the federation. We also seek to promote the preservation of Croats of BH, in full accordance of the Washington agreement, as well as to have Croatia and Bosnia work together. We have two organizations. The first is our sister organization in Croatia, where on Oct 15, 1994, it was created. It received positive coverage in the Croatian media. The other organization is the one for North America, where we had our founding meeting Oct 22, 1994. We were joined in our meeting by Sarajevo journalist Ivica Puljic, as well as by his excellency Muhamed Sacirbey, who gave us encouraging words. If you feel that your goals are similar to ours, and you would like to get in contact with your local brance of SHBH, in North America, drop me a line, and I will get you in touch with our local brances. Contact Addres: madcro@mcs.com c) LIFEMISSION INC Lifemission Inc., a volunteer, non-profit organization was formed in 1993 to provide relief and medical services to the victim of war torn Bosnia. Staffed by trained medical professionala, Lifemission Inc. has now embarked on a mission to provide medical training to those personnel interested in helping and aiding persons who seek medical attention. Pre-hospital emergency care is one of the corner stones to ensure prompt and definitive medical care to those who seek it, and will aid in lessening the mortality rates in those regions... Jim Schrang is the President of Lifemission Inc. He is planing a new trip to East Mostar with medical equipment in January 1995. Any assistance, financial or medical would be highly appreciated. Please, contact Jim and Lifemission as soon as possible. They need your help. JIM SCHRANG LIFEMISSION INC. 19-10 PARSONS BLVD. P.O.BOX 604331 APT. 1 G WHITESTONE FLUSHING, NEW YORK 11360-4331 N.Y. 11357 phone: (718) 767-7184 d) BENEVOLENCE INTERNATIONAL FOUNDATION (BIF) The Benevolence International Foundation (BIF) has been working in partnership with the communities devastated by wars and catastrophes through out the world for more than seven years. The volunteers of BIF are risking thier lives to provide food, shel- ter, and neccessary health care to the oppressed people of Bosnia, Tajikstan, Burma, Afghanistan, and others. Because of the help of GOD, BIF was able to provide to thousands of children all over the world, the neccessary health care, nutrition, education and training. But Millions of other children still despe- rately need our help....YOUR help! It does'nt take much to help a needy person. By contributing your little time, effort or money, you can actually help save lives! Come and join others who have chosen not to remain silent against oppression. Bring a little warmth and laughter to a childs face. Act now as the time is running out. If you would like to work with us or want to know on how you can contribute and help, give us a call or write to us or send an e-mail message at the following address. Dear freind! You Can Help Change LIVES-And May be Even History! Benevolence International Foundation P.O.Box 548 Worth, IL 60482 USA Tel:708-233-0062 Fax:708-233-0069 e-mail:mermaa@engvms.unl.edu A nonprofit organization working to relieve human suffering all over the world 9. UN Resolution 947 (1994) .................................................. United Nations Security Council Resolution 947 (1994) RESOLUTION 947 (1994) Adopted by the Security Council at its 3434th meeting, on 30 September 1994 The Security Council, Recalling all its previous relevant resolutions on the conflicts in the territory of the former Yugoslavia and reaffirming in this context its resolution 908 (1994) of 31 March 1994, on the mandate of the United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR), Having considered the reports of the Secretary-General of 9 May 1994 (S/1994/555) and 17 September 1994 (S/1994/1067 and Add.1), Affirming its commitment to the search for an overall negotiated settlement of the conflicts in the former Yugoslavia ensuring the sovereignty and territorial integrity of all the States there within their internationally recognized borders, and stressing the importance it attaches to the mutual recognition thereof, Welcoming the continuing efforts of the Co-Chairmen of the Steering Committee of the International Conference on the Former Yugoslavia, Welcoming also the efforts of Member States in the context of the Contact Group, and emphasizing the utmost importance of the work of the Contact Group and its role in the overall peace process in the area, Recognizing that the major provisions of the United Nations Peace-keeping Plan for the Republic of Croatia (S/23280, annex III) and relevant Security Council resolutions, in particular resolution 871 (1993) of 4 October 1993, still remain to be implemented, Stressing that UNPROFOR plays an essential role in preventing and containing hostilities and thus creating the conditions for achieving an overall political settlement, Paying tribute to the UNPROFOR personnel in the performance of the mandate of UNPROFOR, in particular in assisting the delivery of humanitarian assistance and monitoring the cease-fires, 94-38250 (E) /... Reiterating its determination to ensure the security of UNPROFOR and its freedom of movement for all its missions, and to these ends, as regards UNPROFOR in the Republic of Croatia and in the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, acting under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations, 1. Welcomes the report of the Secretary-General of 17 September 1994 (S/1994/1067), and approves the proposals therein concerning UNPROFOR's activities in relation to mine- clearance, public information and civilian police; 2. Decides to extend UNPROFOR's mandate for an additional period terminating on 31 March 1995; 3. Urges all the parties and others concerned to cooperate with UNPROFOR in carrying out its mandate, to refrain from any hostile and provocative acts against UNPROFOR personnel, and to ensure their security and their freedom of movement; 4. Requests the Secretary-General to report no later than 20 January 1995 on progress towards implementation of the United Nations Peace-keeping Plan for the Republic of Croatia and all relevant Security Council resolutions, taking into account the position of the Croatian Government, and decides to reconsider UNPROFOR's mandate in the light of that report; 5. Requests also the Secretary-General, in the light of resolution 871 (1993), to include in that report information on progress towards (a) opening the road and railway communications with the United Nations Protected Areas (UNPAs) and the rest of the Republic of Croatia; (b) establishing the water and electricity supply in all regions of Croatia for the mutual benefit of all its citizens; (c) opening of the Adriatic pipeline; 6. Invites the Secretary-General to update his report submitted pursuant to Security Council resolution 838 (1993) of 10 June 1993, and to expand it as appropriate to cover other areas where UNPROFOR is deployed; 7. Affirms the right of all displaced persons to return voluntarily to their homes of origin in safety and dignity with the assistance of the international community; 8. Reaffirms its support for the established principle that all statements or commitments made under duress, particularly those regarding land and ownership, are null and void; 9. Calls on all parties and others concerned fully to comply with all Security Council resolutions regarding the situation in the former Yugoslavia, and concerning in particular UNPROFOR in Croatia to create the conditions that would facilitate the full implementation of its mandate; 10. Expresses its concern that the necessary arrangements, including, where appropriate, agreements on the status of forces and other personnel, have not yet been concluded by the Republic of Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro), and calls upon them to conclude such arrangements without delay; 11. Requests the Secretary-General to keep the Council regularly informed on progress with regard to the implementation of UNPROFOR's mandate and to report, as necessary, on any developments on the ground and other circumstances affecting the mandate of the Force; 12. Urges the Bosnian Serb party fully to respect the territorial integrity of the Republic of Croatia and to refrain from any actions that are threatening its security; 13. Urges also that the pilot project described in paragraph 39 of the report of the Secretary-General of 17 September 1994 (S/1994/1067) be put into effect as soon as possible; 14. Declares that the restoration of the authority of the Republic of Croatia in the "pink zones", to the extent that it is compatible with the 29 March 1994 cease-fire agreement, must be accomplished under the close supervision of UNPROFOR, and in such manner as to avoid any further destabilization of the region; 15. Decides to remain seized of the matter. Announcements ................................................................ 9. Moderation Policy ......................................................... Misc.News.Bosnia is group moderated. Moderators will post only news & info related directly or indirectly to Bosnia. Rejected items will include, discussions, test messages, anonymous message & posting which are not in proper USENET format, (to spell out), 80 characters in width & more quoted text than original. 10. Moderators List & Guidelines .............................................. LIST OF CHARTER MODERATORS for misc.news.bosnia _______________________________________________ Dated: September 05, 1994 irfan@cisco.com Syed Irfan Ashraf iraj@gnu.ai.mit.edu Iraj Ali-Mughal erkocevc@devm.crl.sony.co.jp Murat Erkocevc Additional Moderators Dated: October 03, 1994 kirac@systems.caltech.edu Ahmet Kirac mughal@alumni.caltech.edu Asim Mughal Additional Moderator Dated: Feb 17, 1995 ayhan@cco.caltech.edu Ayhan Irfangolu GUIDELINES: To spell out guidelines, moderators may resign voluntarily, new moderators may be selected by the preceding ones. MODERATION SETUP: As pointed out, this newsgroup is group moderated. Submissions are sent to one of the active moderatos. The moderator reviews the submission and takes appropriate action. The moderation is based at 'gnu.ai.mit.edu' site. The articles submitted are forwarded from the above site to the moderators. The moderators use Automatic Posting Scripts to faciliate the review & posting of submissions. In addition to the moderators, the newsgroup has two facilitators. Ahmet Kirac (kirac@systems.caltech.edu) and Asim Mughal (mughal@alumni.caltech.edu), for advice & coordination among moderators. The newsgroup host site, Automatic Posting Script & this document is maintained by Asim Mughal. 11. Administrativa 001: Oct 03, 1994 .......................................... ADMINISTRATIVA 001: Oct 03, 1994 Facilitators appointed Moderators To: Readership of 'misc.news.bosnia' From: Moderators (Irfan Ashraf, Iraj Ali-Mughal, Murat Erkocevc) The moderators of misc.news.bosnia, in accordance with the voted moderation policy, excerise their right to appoint two additional moderators for the news group 'misc.news.bosnia.' The moderators of misc.news.bosnia, hereby, appoint the current facilitators, as listed as below as the moderators of misc.news.bosnia, making a total of five (5) moderators. Moderator-4 : Asim Mughal (mughal@alumni.caltech.edu) Moderator-5 : Ahmet Kirac (kirac@systems.caltech.edu) UPDATED COMPLETE LIST OF MODERATORS: as of Oct 04, 1994 irfan@cisco.com Syed Irfan Ashraf iraj@gnu.ai.mit.edu Iraj Ali-Mughal erkocevc@devm.crl.sony.co.jp Murat Erkocevc mughal@alumni.caltech.edu Asim Mughal kirac@systems.caltech.edu Ahmet Kirac RELEVANT VOTED GUIDELINES: " To spell out guidelines, moderators may resign voluntarily, new moderators may be selected by the preceding ones. " LIST OF FACILITATORS: from FAQ "In addition to the moderators, the newsgroup has two facilitators. Ahmet Kirac (kirac@systems.caltech.edu) and Asim Mughal (mughal@caltech.edu), for advice & coordination among moderators. The newsgroup host site, Automatic Posting Script & this document (FAQ) is maintained by Asim Mughal." End of Administrativa 001: Oct 03, 1994. 12. Administrativa 002: Oct 27, 1994 .......................................... ADMINISTRATIVA 002: Oct 27, 1994 Anyone at American University? Help! From: mughal@alumni.caltech.edu [Asim Mughal] X-Receive-Date: Fri, 28 Oct 1994 09:36:50 -0700 (PDT) Greetings, Dear Readers, A number of people have contacted us wanting to read the newsgroup 'misc.news.bosnia.' Unfortunately, most of them don't have USENET access. We have talked with gateway administration at American University. They are willing to setup a mailing list and a gateway between the mailing list & newsgroup 'misc.news.bosnia.' The setup will look like the following: misc.news.bosnia <---> Gateway <--> Mailing list This will distribute all postings made on the newsgroup misc.news.bosnia to those on the mailing list. We need to have someone local at American University, who can be a student, faculty or staff, to 'sponsor' before Mailing list can be setup. If you are at American University, node AUVM, or know anyone at AUVM, please contact us at: misc-news-bosnia-request@gnu.ai.mit.edu We thank & appreciate your help! Sincerely, Asim Mughal Facilitator, misc.news.bosnia 13. Administrativa 003: Feb 17, 1995 .......................................... ADMINISTRATIVA 003: Feb 17, 1995 Ayhan Irfanoglu selected as moderator From: mughal@alumni.caltech.edu [Asim Mughal- Facilitator/Moderator] Subject: ADMIN 003: Ayhan Irfanoglu selected as moderator. Greetings, Dear Readers, One of the moderators lost his network access, the current moderators, under the authority given to them by the voted charter of the newsgroup, hereby select the Ayhan Irfanoglu (ayhan@cco.caltech.edu) as a moderator for misc.news.bosnia. The following is an up-to-date listing: [Feb 17, 1995] MODERATORS: Irfan Ashraf [on leave] Iraj Ali-Mughal [on leave] Ayhan Irfanoglu [active] {Mod #06} FACILITATORS: Ahmet Kirac [active] Asim Mughal [active] Per ADMIN 001: Facilitators may also server as moderators. SUBMISSION ADDRESS: misc-news-bosnia@gnu.ai.mit.edu MODERATING PANEL: misc-news-bosnia-request@gnu.ai.mit.edu ## End of Admin 003 ## Feb 17, 1995 ## 14. Where & How to send your submissions ...................................... There are two ways to do so: A- Thru USENET While reading newsgroup 'misc.news.bosnia' simply respond to the artilce or post a new article. The article will be automatically routed to one of the active moderators for review. B- Thru E-MAIL You may submit your article to the following address. Again, your article will reach one of the moderators for review. The e-mail address is: misc-news-bosnia@gnu.ai.mit.edu 15. How to reach Moderators & Facilitators .................................... If you wish to reach moderators & facilitators of this newsgroup. You may send email to: misc-news-bosnia-request@gnu.ai.mit.edu 16. E-Mail Subscription to misc.news.bosnia ................................... If you do not have access to usenet, you can still read misc.news.bosnia by receiving all postings as e-mail messages to your account. Inclusion in email messages is done at the discretion of the moderators due to limition on resources. If interested, write to: misc-news-bosnia-request@gnu.ai.mit.edu 17. History of this newsgroup ................................................. Newsgroup: misc.news.bosnia Description: News, Articles, Reports & Info on Bosnia. Status: moderated Proponent: Ahmet Kirac (kirac@systems.caltech.edu) Sponsor: Caltech MSA (calmsa@cco.caltech.edu) Request for Discussion: June 21, 1994 Call for Votes: August 12, 1994 Voting Ended: September 03, 1994 23:59:59 UTC Vote Taker: UVV Votes: XXX in favor, XX against 18. This FAQ: Archive Info, History & Credits ................................. ARCHIVE INFO: This FAQ is archived & availble thru anonymous FTP & thru world-wide web. Anonymous FTP: ------------- 1. SITE: rtfm.mit.edu Directory: /pub/usenet/news.answers/bosnia-news-faq.Z 2. SITE: ftp.uu.net Directory: /pub/usenet/news.answers/bosnia-news-faq.Z 3. SITE: ftp.cco.caltech.edu Directory: /pub/calmsa/bosnia/bosnia-news-faq.Z Word-Wide Web: ------------- URL for USENET FAQs: http://www.cis.ohio-state.edu/hypertext/faq/usenet/top.html URL for this FAQ: http://www.cis.ohio-state.edu/hypertext/faq/usenet/bosnia-news-faq/faq.html HISTORY: Version 1.5 Released Mar 28, '96: Item # 3 updated. Version 1.4 Released Aug 28, '95: Items 5 & 6 updated. New item 16. Version 1.3 Released May 20, '95: Expanded from 16 to Version 1.2 Released Mar 27, '95: Expanded from 13 to 16 items. Version 1.1 Released Oct 20, '94: Expanded from 8 to 13 items. Version 1.0 Released Sept 05, '94: ## End of misc.news.bosnia FAQ ##