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Subject: rec.arts.bodyart: Piercing FAQ 8--Historical Information

This article was archived around: Tue, 02 May 2000 07:21:15 GMT

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Archive-name: bodyart/piercing-faq/historical Last-modified: May 01, 2000 Posting-frequency: Quarterly URL: http://www.cs.uu.nl/wais/html/na-dir/bodyart/piercing-faq/.html
Summary: This posting contains information about body piercing. Anyone interested in the subject and/or who wishes to read/post to rec.arts.bodyart should read the Piercing FAQ first. The rec.arts.bodyart Piercing FAQ is divided into 30 parts: 1--Introduction 2A--Jewelry Materials 2B--Jewelry Sizes & Designs 2C--Facial Piercings & Their Suggested Jewelry 2D--Body Piercings & Their Suggested Jewelry 2E--Genital Piercings & Their Suggested Jewelry 3--Getting A New Piercing 4A--Professional Organizations, Piercing Instruction 4B--Professional Piercers - United States - Alabama - California 4C--Professional Piercers - United States - Colorado - Iowa 4D--Professional Piercers - United States - Kansas - Nevada 4E--Professional Piercers - United States - New Hampshire - North Dakota 4F--Professional Piercers - United States - Ohio - Pennsylvania 4G--Professional Piercers - United States - Rhode Island - Wyoming 4H--Professional Piercers - Canada 4I--Professional Piercers - Beyond N. America 4J--Professional Piercers - Beyond N. America Cont'd 5--Care Of New Piercings 6--The Healing Process & Healing Problems 7--Healed Piercings 8--Historical Information 9A--Resource List 9B--Resource List Cont'd 10A--Personal Experiences - Facial & Unisex Piercings 10B--Personal Experiences - Genital Piercings 10C--Personal Experiences - Genital Piercings Cont'd 10D--Personal Experiences - Genital Piercings Cont'd 11A--Jewelry Manufacturers 11B--Jewelry Manufacturers Cont'd 11C--Jewelry Manufacturers Cont'd This section includes: 8 Historical Information 8.1 History Of The Nipple Piercing 8.1a History of the Nipple Piercing 8.1b Titrings, a Bit of History 8.2 The Apadravya in the Kama Sutra 8.3 History of Late 20th C. Piercing All texts written and (c) 2000 by Anne Greenblatt unless otherwise noted. Please see Part 1 of the FAQ for information regarding copyright and dissemination of the FAQ. DISCLAIMER! The Piercing FAQ contains material of a sexually explicit nature. The information contained in the Piercing FAQ should not be construed as medical advice. For a list of historical and anthropological publications about traditional tribal and ethnic piercing practices, please refer to Part 9 of the Piercing FAQ. 8 HISTORICAL INFORMATION 8.1 HISTORY OF THE NIPPLE PIERCING 8.1a ³History of the Nipple Piercing² by "Boy Brent" <bcapps@cse.ogi.com> A hundred years ago they were piercing a lot more than their ears. In the 1890s nipple piercing was very much in vogue for Victorian women. In _Anatomy and Destiny_ (Bobbs-Merrill, 1974, p. 97), Stephen Kern explains that: "In the late 1890s the 'bosom ring' came into fashion briefly and sold in expensive Parisian jewelry shops. These 'anneaux de sein' were inserted through the nipple, and some women wore one on either side linked with a delicate chain. The rings enlarged the breasts and kept them in a state of constant excitation...The medical community was outraged by these cosmetic procedures, for they represented a rejection of traditional conceptions of the purpose of a woman's body." In _The Golden Age of Erotica_ (Paperback Library, 1968, p. 264), by Bernhardt Harwood: "No more perfect example of Victorian extremism can be found than the unbelievable breast piercing craze that swept London in the 1890s. This barbaric practice achieved fantastic popularity among seemingly sane, civilized English women, who submitted to the excruciating pain of having their nipples pierced in order to insert decorative gold and jeweled rings. "In an attempt to explain what had driven so many females to embrace such a crackpot fad, a fashionable London modiste wrote a letter to a popular magazine, which stated in part, "For a long time could not understand why I should consent to such a painful operation without sufficient reason. I soon, however, came to the conclusion that many ladies are ready to bear the passing pain for the sake of love. I found that the breasts of those who wore rings were incomparably rounder and fuller developed than those who did not. My doubts were now at an end...So I had my nipples pierced, and when the wounds healed, I had rings inserted...With regard to the experience of wearing these rings, I can only say that they are not in the least uncomfortable or painful. On the contrary, the slight rubbing and slipping of the rings causes in me an extremely titillating feeling, and all my colleagues to whom I have spoken on this subject have confirmed my opinion." 8.1b ³Titrings, a Bit of History² by D. W. Jones Titrings turn out to have a longer history than most of us seem to believe these days. A titring is a ring worn through a piercing in (or just behind) the nipple. Today, such rings are growing in popularity in certain segments of the population, amon g both men and women. The required piercings can be obtained, for a fee, in many cities, and there are jewelers who make jewelry specifically intended for wearing in such piercings. Some may object to the name titring, preferring the propriety of the term nipple-ring. It seems odd to seek a proper sounding name for a piece of jewelry most people in our society would consider inherently improper, and I prefer the term titring for the same reason I'd prefer to call a ring worn through the earlobe an earring, not an earlobe-ring. I see no point in being annoyingly specific about exactly what part of the ear is pierced. Similarly, a ring worn through the nostril is, according to Indian women I've met who routinely wear such jewelry, a nosering, not a nostril-ring. The terms I prefer are short, descriptive, flow off the tongue with little effort, and generally likely to be based on common and sometimes vulgar English instead of on Latinate or scientific usage. Citations: Adams, Cecil. "Chain Letter", from _More of the Straight Dope_. Fuchs, Eduard. _Illustrierte Sittengeschichte vom Mittelalter bis Zur Gegenwart, Das Burgerliche Zeitalter Erganzungsband_. Albert Langen, Munich, 1912: This book turns out to be in 6 lavishly illustrated volumes (over 500 pages per volume) and Kern's citation was incomplete. The book is a complete history and commentary on all aspects of sexuality, from erotic art to clothing through the ages, along with courtship, nudism, prostitution, and much more. The passage cited by Kern is on pages 67 and 68 of the supplement to Volume 3, in the chapter titled "Erster Teil, Erganzungen und Exkurse." In 1898 a single Bond Street jeweller is supposed to have performed the nipple-boring operation on forty English ladies and young girls, and the lady quoted above also confirmed the spread of this custom among the fashionable women of London. In fact many ladies, instead of rings, had small chains fastened from breast to breast, and a celebrated actress of the Gaiety Theatre wore a pearl chain with a bow at each end. I have not read Pelham's work in its original context, but it appears that both he and Fuchs made extensive use of the same English source, one article in "Society," a journal unavailable to me. I would like to find other sources, but have not yet done so. Titrings have an interesting collection of names in other languages: In French, "des anneaus de sein", literally, rings of the nipples or rings of the breasts. I looked up "sein" in Larousse, and the word appears to properly translate as anything from bosom to tit, depending on context or convention. In German, "der Busenringen", an archaic term, literally "bosom rings." In German, "Brustwartzenringe" is the common term today, literally "nipple-rings" (nipples are "breast-warts" in German). In German, "intimschmuck", or in Swedish, "intimsmycke", intimate jewellry or decorations, refers to all kinds of jewelry worn "below the neck." 8.2 THE APADRAVYA IN THE KAMA SUTRA From the unexpurgated printing of the Kama Sutra printed in 1963 by Castle Books, NY: "Or he can make use of an apadravyas, which is a tubular object that is tied around the lingam [penis] to enlarge and lengthen it so that it can completely fill the yoni [vagina]. "Bhabravaya states that these apadravya should be fashioned out of gold, silver, brass, iron, ivory, buffalo horn, tin, lead or different kinds of wood. They should be soft, clean, capable of arounsing the lingam to a greater effort and perfectly made so that they can fulfill their purpose without difficulty or discomfort. "But the author of this work is inclined to believe that each one should fashion the apadravyas to his own taste. "There are many different sorts of apadravyas: 1) The Brace (Valaya): this apadravya should be the same size as the lingam itself and the exterior surface should be rough. 2) The Pair (Sanghati): this is formed with two braces. 3) The Bracelet (Chudaka): this is composed of three or more braces joined together until they achieve the necessary length. There exists also a simpler form of bracelet, which is composed of an iron thread which is rolled around the lingam to support and strengthen it. 4) The Kantuka or Jalaka: this is a hollow tube, which has a rough exterior carved with soft bumps whose size has been estimated in relation to the dimensions of the yoni. The Kantuka is slipped around the lingam and attached to a belt. "If one is caught unprepared and does not have a Kantuka at hand, a similar device can be made out of the branch of an apple tree or the tubular stem of a gourd, or a reed softened with oils and extracts of plants, or even with pieces of polished wood attached together. All these devices should be attached to a belt like the orthodox Kantuka. "These devices can be used to cover and help the lingam, or in some cases as a substitute, as in the case of two women. "Among the people of the south there is a belief that one cannot enjoy truly intense sexual pleasure unless the lingam has been perforated. "Now if a young man wishes to try this method, he should pierce the lingam with a very sharp instrument and then sit in water until the bleeding has stopped. The same evening he should indulge in a very active form of sexual intercourse so that the hole can be cleansed. After this, he should continue to wash the hole with various liquids and if he wishes he can make the hole larger by inserting reeds which will gradually enlarge the orifice. One can also wash the wound with a mixture of honey mixed with liquorice, and anoint the hole with a little oil. "In this hole across the ligam one can insert any kinds of Apadravyas such as: the Round (round on one side); -the wooden mortar; -the flower; -the bracelet; -the heron's bone; -the elephant's goad; -the eight balls; -the lock of hair; -and other such objects, which are named after the shapes and purposes they serve. All these apadravya should possess a rough exterior which adds to the efficacy of their use." 8.3 HISTORY OF LATE 20TH CENTURY BODY PIERCING In the US, Doug Malloy, along with Jim Ward and Fakir and, in England, Alan Oversby aka Mr. Sebastian, are credited with being the grandfathers of late 20th century piercing practices. The popularity of body piercing as we know it started in the mid to late 1970's in the San Francisco gay leather S&M scene. During the late 1970's body piercing became popular among punks in the U.S. and England. Body piercing remained an "underground" practice until the early 1990's by which time it was popular in many musical subcultures (Alternative Rock, Rave, Goth) and began to appear in music videos, on television talk shows and, perhaps most unexpectedly, on fashion runways. Doug Malloy created a number of the piercings now considered standard. Much of the "ancient history" of piercing described by Doug Malloy was written and invented by him; he never produced any concurrent written records of his findings. For information and interviews with Doug Malloy, Jim Ward, Fakir, and the creation of Gauntlet, the first full time piercing studio of the United States, please refer to the book _Modern Primitives_, 1989, REsearch Publications. Why do people get pierced? The motivations often include one or more of the following reasons: - for aesthetics, the look - for sensual pleasure, sensual play or adding sensation - to mark a special event on one's life - as a symbol of commitment in a relationship - as a symbol of possession or for chastity (for example, in an S&M relationship) - as a means or signifier of reclamation (for example, as an abuse survivor) Some people endure the piercing process for the final result. Others enjoy the process or enjoy the sensation. The pain releases endorphins, the body's own pain killers, which some people find a pleasurable effect of piercing. -- -- Anne Greenblatt Manager of the rec.arts.bodyart Piercing FAQ Piercing Exquisite http://www.piercingexquisite.com