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Subject: Apple A/UX FAQ List (1/4)

This article was archived around: 6 Jan 98 17:20:54 GMT

All FAQs in Directory: aux-faq
All FAQs posted in: comp.unix.aux
Source: Usenet Version

Archive-name: aux-faq/part1 Last-modified: Tue Jan 6 12:18:24 EST 1998
This is the Frequently Asked Question (FAQ) list for A/UX 3.x.x \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ START OF PART 1 OF 4 ////////////////////// FAQ for A/UX ============ This FAQ list is intended to cut down on the number of "often asked questions" that make the rounds here on comp.unix.aux. Also included you'll find a few words of wisdom as well as some general information for the A/UX community. This list assumes that you are familiar with Unix (to some extent) but are curious about A/UX's eccentricities. The list will concentrate on A/UX 3.x.x but may also have info about previous versions. If you don't understand something in the FAQ List, and a "Point of Contact" isn't specified, then contact me and I'll attempt to help or else point you to someone who can. In any case, let me know how I can make the list more clear. You'll notice jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov mentioned alot here. You can access files on jagubox either using 'ftp' (jagubox runs the WUARCHIVE-FTPD server), 'gopher' or a WWW-client (jagubox's URL is "http://jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov"). <<ED: Note that the gopher-server will be down for awhile >> This FAQ is written in a format that EasyView (for the Mac) can understand and make use of. EasyView provides a very nice front-end for viewing, browsing and reading the FAQ. EasyView is available on jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov. The list will be posted every other Tuesday on comp.unix.aux as well as on news.answers and comp.answers. It is also available on jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov. There is a frozen FAQ that deals with A/UX 2.0.1 which is available on jagubox (FAQ.aux.201). This FAQ will be posted monthly (or so) on comp.unix.aux. This FAQ will focus on A/UX 3.1.1, but will also refer to 3.1, 3.0.2 and 3.0.1. Bugs and things "broken" in 3.0.1 but fixed in 3.0.2 (and later) or "broken" in 3.1 but fixed in 3.1.1 won't necessarily be mentioned, since the 3.0.1->3.0.2 and 3.1->3.1.1 fixes (the AWS "Tune-Up" disks, v1.0 and v2.0) are free and readily available. This FAQ is "copyrighted" in the same sense that all other FAQs are copy- righted: the FAQ may be _freely_ redistributed as long as the author's/editor's name and this notice is included. If contents of this FAQ are to be published, then you should ask the author's/editor's permission to do so. Send your additions|modifications to Jim Jagielski (jim@jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov) (editor's notes are included as <<ED: ...>>). I will tend to refer to myself in the 3rd person in the Q&A section. ============================= **** Significant Changes **** ----------------------------- |++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ |Significant changes/additions since last posting: | Changes signified by "|" in 1st column; | Additions by "+" in the 1st column; | Deletions by "-" in the 1st column (the line will be | deleted in the next posting) | + ssh/sshd suite added |++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ ============================ **** TABLE OF CONTENTS: **** ---------------------------- o List of Contributors to A/UX FAQ List o List of anon-ftp archives for A/UX o List of security-related issues o List of known bugs and patches under A/UX 3.x.x o List of ported software o Hints and Words Of Wisdom o Q&A- GENERAL QUESTIONS: G.01) What's A/UX? Is it any good? G.02) What's the minimum system I need (CPU, disk and RAM) to run A/UX? G.03) What's new about A/UX 3.x.x? G.04) What's the diff between 3.0.2 and 3.0.2(wgs)? G.05) How can I order A/UX? G.06) What's the upgrade path for A/UX 3.0.2? G.07) What are Right-To-Copy and Right-To-Upgrade licenses? G.08) How can I report bugs that I find? G.09) What's the word on A/UX 3.1 and 3.1.1? G.10) What's the future of A/UX with the PowerMacs? G.11) I can't use A/UX. What UNIX alternatives are there? ADMINISTRATION ISSUES: A.01) How come my Login screen is gray, not color? A.02) How come my Login ScreenSaver doesn't see both my monitors? A.03) Even though I have lot's of swap space and only a little bit is being used, I STILL get a lot of messages saying that my swap space is running low. What's the buzz? A.04) How can I copy a complete file system from one disk|partition to another? A.05) What's with UUCP? A.06) How can I log anonymous ftp entries? in.ftpd has a -l option, but it doesn't work. A.07) How come when I do a 'df' as a regular user, it shows me a different number of free blocks compared to when I run it as 'root'? A.08) Does A/UX LocalTalk support IP? A.09) How do I get MPW 3.1 to work? It hangs my system... A.10) Can I refer to a file on my Mac system from within A/UX? A.11) How can I adjust the amount of virtual memory Finder uses? ! A.12) Is there an archive of comp.unix.aux out there somewhere? A.13) How come I can't use color under X? A.14) Using the command shell interface, I'm trying to access some Mac files (that have strange names) but I can't; the program returns an error message I can't access the file. What's going on? A.15) I heard the the Installer for 3.x.x works on "any" 3rd party hard disk. Well, it doesn't on mine! A.16) Since RetroSpect will no longer be bundled with A/UX 3.0.2, how can I get it? A.17) How can I configure CAP under A/UX? A.18) What are some good books about A/UX? A.19) When booting up, I get a "panic ialloc, dup alloc" (or other) error message and A/UX won't boot. What can I do? A.20) Is traceroute available for A/UX? A.21) What is KEEPALIVE and how can I use it? A.22) What does this 'panic' message mean...? A.23) How often does A/UX sync the file system? A.24) What is 'catsearchd'? A.25) Is there any way to make AppleDouble file formats the default, rather than AppleSingle? A.26) Is there a way to update the 'whatis' database? A.27) Does A/UX support Virtual Interfaces? MAC-EMULATION QUESTIONS: M.01) What Mac applications are compatible with A/UX? M.02) What screen-savers are compatible with A/UX? M.03) My MacOS partition mounts fine under MacOS but it doesn't show up under A/UX... Why? M.04) I have MacsBug installed. How can I trigger it? M.05) Sometimes my MultiFinder environment (and/or CommandShell) freezes up; how can I unfreeze it? Should I hit the Interrupt switch? M.06) My site is not upgraded to EtherTalk Phase 2 yet... can I use Phase 1 under A/UX? M.07) I'm having trouble transfering files between A/UX and my MacOS disk. Also, sometimes things get transfered fine, othertimes not. What's going on? M.08) Do I install CDEVs and Extensions in the System Folder on MacPartition or on the "/" A/UX disk. M.09) I heard that A/UX requires a special version of System 7 to boot... Is this true? M.10) After the Mac environment crashes (or when I use MacsBug), the Desktop gets all screwed up... Argg!! M.11) My MacOS partition(s) only show up on the Desktop when I login as root. Why? M.12) For some reason, my CommandShell only responds to a keyboard event after it receives a second event. For example, typing "a" won't show until I type something else or click the mouse. What gives? M.13) Can A/UX 3.x.x run System 7.1? M.14) What version of AppleTalk does A/UX run? M.15) I've just installed MacTCP 2.0.2|4|6 on A/UX and nothing works! What's going on? M.16) Does the LaserWriter Bridge s/w work under A/UX? M.17) My /etc/fidd processes refused to run and dumps core. Help! DEVICES AND PERIPHERALS: D.01) Can I use my Teac|DAT|etc tape drive under A/UX? D.02) I have an EtherNet card that works fine under the Macintosh OS but not under A/UX. Why? D.03) Can I use my scanner under A/UX? D.04) I'm trying to use a SyQuest drive under A/UX but it refuses to work. I keep on getting a "more data than device expected" error message. What's wrong? D.05) What 3-button mice work under A/UX (and X)? D.06) Is it worth getting a cache card for the IIci? D.07) How can I figure out the /etc/disktab entry for my hard disk? D.08) Which serial cards work under A/UX? D.09) I'm using a LaserWriter IIg with A/UX 3.x.x and whenever I print something to it through 'lpr', the first line of the page is cut off. Why? D.10) I'm trying to access my tape drive using 'tc' (with something like "find . -print | cpio -o > /dev/rmt/tc1") but it doesn't work... D.11) What CD-ROM drives are compatible with A/UX 3.x.x? D.12) I've tried to install the CD Remote extension to A/UX so that I can play audio CD's, but it doesn't work... D.13) What UNIX CD-ROM formats does A/UX support? D.14) How can I add printers other than those available in Chooser? D.15) What 3rd party accelerators are compatible with A/UX? D.16) Will the old serial HP DeskWriter work under A/UX? D.17) How can I use a HP DeskWriter under A/UX? D.18) Does A/UX support 24-bit color? D.19) What's the specifics on the AWS95 PDS Card? D.20) What are the specifics of SCSI under A/UX? D.21) I can't get my LaserJet 4M to work reliably. Help! D.22) Does the Apple Adjustable Keyboard work under A/UX? D.23) How can I increase the number of inodes when creating a new file system? D.24) Can I use my Zip Drive under A/UX? PORTING AND PROGRAMMING P.01) How come rn|elm|less|etc... act weird concerning signals? P.02) Is X11R5 available for A/UX? P.03) I've noticed that FSF GNU doesn't support A/UX. Does that mean I'll miss out on all the neat Gnu-stuff like gcc? P.04) I've ported Elm (or other mail reader) and it doesn't seem to work... Why? P.05) What languages are available for A/UX? P.06) Is OSF/Motif available for A/UX? P.07) While trying to port some software, the Makefile looks for a program called 'ranlib' and dies when it can't find it. What is it and where can I get it. P.08) When compiling, I get the message that 'setlocale' is an "undefined symbol"... what's going on? P.09) How in the world do I use nlist()? COMMUNICATION: C.01) I'm unable to start a getty process on a built-in serial port. When I use 'setport' to enable the port, I get a "no such device" error. Configuring /etc/inittab to respawn getty on the port has no effect. C.02) I am using and depending on /etc/hosts to do all my hostname resolving (i.e. not using named or /etc/resolv.conf). How come I can't mail to other hosts, but I can ping|ftp|etc... them? C.03) When I try to mail something, I get the following error message: "Cannot read frozen config file: not a typewriter". What's wrong? C.04) How do I set up my Mac and A/UX to enable remote logins via a modem on tty0? C.05) How come I can't use 'talk' with some of the other Unix boxes out there, and they can't talk to me? C.06) How can I convince A/UX to forward IP packets? C.07) Is PPP available for A/UX? C.08) How can I change the MTU value for CSlip? C.09) I'm having trouble having Solaris 2.4 NFS clients access my NFS server! C.10) I'm running a busy web-server and clients are getting lots of 'Connection Refused' messages... Why? ERRORS EXPLAINED: E.01) How do I keep command lines that I edit with "backspace" from erasing the prompt? E.02) Whenever I try to run xinit (or startx) from the CommandShell I get a fatal server error. Why? E.03) I keep on getting the following error message on the Console: "fcntl: local lock manager not registered". What's going on? E.04) When I try to startup 'xterm', I get the following error message: "xterm: no available ptys"... What gives? E.05) 'ps' and 'pstat' only seem to work for root. If anyone else tries these commands, they get a "no mem" error message. What's wrong? =============================================== **** List of Contributors to A/UX FAQ List **** ----------------------------------------------- The editor would like to thank all the various people who have contributed to the A/UX FAQ List (both those that submitted questions as well as those who submitted answers). Also included under the Q&A section are the relevant people to contact if you have specific questions about specific A/UX items. If I've left you out, PLEASE E-mail me! Brian Bechtel (blob@apple.com) Greg Berryman (gpb@gpb-mac.sps.mot.com) Nick Beser (beser@aplcomm.jhuapl.edu) Peter Brewer (brewer@hamlet.umd.edu) Manuel Bouyssou (manuel@apple.com) John Coolidge (coolidge@apple.com) Bob Denny (denny@alisa.com) Eric Dittman (dittman@skitzo.dseg.ti.com) John Dundas III (dundas@salt.jpl.nasa.gov) Thomas Eberhardt Rick Ewing (ewing@vhp.vanderbilt.edu) Ron Flax (ron@afsg.apple.com) Marcelo Gallardo (marcelo@deadzone.princeton.edu) Ben Goren (ben@tux.fa.asu.edu) James Gritton (gritton@byu.edu) Jim Jagielski (jim@jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov) Chris Johnson (cjohnson@brl.mil) Bill Johnston (johnston@me.udel.edu) Ron Johnston (johnston@apple.com) Bob Kirby (kirby@esl.com) Nicolas Lenz (nlenz@sdcc13.UCSD.EDU) Darrell Pfeifer (pfeifer@camins.camosun.bc.ca) Phillip Porch (root@theporch.com) Wes Price (ww2@bullwinkle.ssc.gov) Alexis Rosen (alexis@panix.com) Eric Rosen (eric@cse.ucsc.edu) Craig Ruff (cruff@ncar.ucar.edu) Jim Ryan (jryan@adobe.com) Paul Sander (paul@sander.uucp) Kent Sandvik (ksand@apple.com) Jon Stevens (root@dolphin.csudh.edu) Craig Struble (cstruble@gnu.ai.mit.edu) Richard Todd (rmtodd@servalan.servalan.com) Chuq Von Rospach (chuq@apple.com) Jon W{tte (d88-jwa@nada.kth.se) Earl Wallace (earlw@macaux.aux.apple.com) Herb Weiner (herbw@wiskit.com) Bill Woodcock (woody@zocalo.com) ================================================= **** List of anonymous ftp archives for A/UX **** ------------------------------------------------- The following sites have A/UX related archives and materials available via anonymous ftp (see below for more information): abs.apple.com ( Meant to be the central server for _all_ Apple Business Systems products, including A/UX, AWS, MAE, etc... afsg.apple.com ( ports and hacks for A/UX dolphin.csudh.edu ( neat A/UX stuff dunkin.Princeton.EDU ( mirror of jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov ftp.amug.org mirror of jagubox and other goodies ftp.fenk.wau.nl ( mirror of jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov ftp.support.apple.com ( main FTP server for Apple. ftp1.jaguNET.com ( various A/UX goodies jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov ( FAQ List; bunch of ports, utilities, new mini-inews (1.6); Apple fixes (in ~ftp/pub/aux/Apple.fixes) *** jagubox also runs a gopherd-server as well *** *** and a WWW-httpd server "http://jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov" *** nada.kth.se ( mirror of A/UX items from: afsg.apple.com jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov wuarchive.wustl.edu rascal.ics.utexas.edu ( misc. ports; Mac applications, CDEVs, etc...; redstar.dcs.qmw.ac.uk ( IIci benchmarking results; wc208.residence.gatech.edu ( copies of various A/UX ports wuarchive.wustl.edu ( ports, GNU stuff; (look in systems/aux) ======================================= *** List of security-related issues *** --------------------------------------- No system is 100% secure. To this end, it makes sense to make each one as secure as possible, including A/UX. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Permissive Permissions ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ o The default distribution of A/UX has some files with somewhat permissive permissions. These should be changed to avoid problems. These files and the recommended modes, owners and groups are as follows: -rwsr-xr-x 1 root sys /bin/ps -rwxr-sr-x 1 bin sys /bin/pstat -rwxr-xr-x 1 bin bin /etc/ncheck -rwxr-sr-x 1 bin sys /usr/bin/lav -rwxr-xr-x 1 bin bin /usr/bin/X11/xterm -rwxr-sr-x 1 bin sys /usr/etc/ncstats -rwxr-sr-x 1 bin sys /usr/etc/nfsstat -rwxr-xr-x 1 bin bin /usr/etc/rpcinfo -rwxr-x--- 1 adm adm /usr/lib/acct/diskusg drwxr-xr-x 21 root sys /etc (The removal of SUID-to-root from 'diskusg' means that the cron 'adm' accounting package [all the /usr/lib/acct/* stuff] will need to be run by 'root' instead) To make changing the user, group and permissions of these files a little easier, Jim Jagielski has hacked together an ugly little 'ksh' script that does it for you. The info required is self contained in the script itself and it's easy to add more entries as required. Look for the script on jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov under "/pub/aux/Security/better.perms". o Also, to close things a little tighter, remove all permissions for "others" ('chmod o-rwx') for all files in: /usr/lib/acct /usr/lib/cron o Only trusted users should be allowed to use 'lpr'. Remove execute priviledges for OTHERS and then change '/etc/groups' to make _only_ trusted users as members of group 'daemon'. If you want, you can dump 'lpr/lpd' and use 'lp/lpsched'. o You may want to consider if you really want the 'lp'|'lpr' admini- stration programs (such as 'lpadmin', 'lpmove' etc...) executable by all. If not, then remove that mode from them ('chmod o-rwx'). o Under 3.x.x, make sure that all files in /dev/scsi are mode 600 with owner 'root' and group 'sys'... Get the new 'devscsi' file (available on jagubox) to replace what's in /etc/install.d/init.d. o A/UX also has the 'expreserve' problem. This program (actually called 'ex3.9preserve' under A/UX) is used by 'vi'|'ex' to "save" canceled or killed edit sessions. 'expreserve' saves a copy of the buffer in the "/usr/preserve" directory. The program is SUID to root since the directory is owned by root, but any other user would do just fine. There's also no real need for it to be SUID either. To preserve the use of 'expreserve' you'll need to create a new user whose sole existance is to own "/usr/preserve" and 'ex3.9preserve'. : Create a new user on the system. Make it totally unused. eg: /etc/passwd: preserve:* void *:33:33:secure preserve:/usr/preserve:/bin/noshell /etc/group preserve:* void *:33:preserve : Now change the owner and group of /usr/lib/ex3.9preserve and /usr/preserve to the above user. Change the mode of 'ex3.9preserve' to 2111 and 'preserve' to 775: ---x--s--x 1 preserve preserve /usr/lib/ex3.9preserve drwxrwxr-x 2 preserve preserve 512 Mar 4 15:46 /usr/preserve ...and you're done. Now vi/expreserve can write in /usr/preserve but no root security hole exists! If this is too much work, then you can just remove the SUID bit for 'expreserve'; this will close the hole, but killed editting sessions won't be saved (except for root). (***NOTE*** Replacing 'sh' with the "fixed" version described below fixes this hole. Still, having 'expreserve' SUID to root goes against the ideal of running programs with the least priviledges possible.) o The '/lib/librmt.a' library has write permissions for all users. You should remove it (the write permissions, that is, not the file ;) ): -rw-r--r-- 1 root bin 14734 Mar 23 1993 /lib/librmt.a o Why not create a group called 'wheel' and make /bin/su mode 4750 with owner 'root' and group 'wheel'. Then, only make trusted users with the need to use 'su' as members of 'wheel'. o Make sure that 'bin' has a void password and '/bin/false' as it's login shell. o The shadow-passwd suite has been ported to A/UX. Basically, this package moves the encrypted passwds from world-readble /etc/passwd to root-only- readable /ec/shadow, thus greatly increasing security. Some daemons, such as popper and wu-ftpd will need to be recompiled. Use it! ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Other "Gotcha's" and Info ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ o One definate improvement you should make to your A/UX system is to obtain (from jagubox and other A/UX mirror sites) and install the 'uwrap' program. 'uwrap' is a wrapper specfically designed to wrap and protect /etc/init from the SIGURG signal. It can also be used to wrap other programs and processes as well if desired. Programs linked with -lbsd or -lposix or those compiled with 'set42sig()' do not require SIGURG protection (and since /etc/init exec's all other processes, unless processes use SysV signals _and_ reset SIGURG to SIG_DFL, they will also be protected as well). o There is a replacement version of rpc.statd for A/UX 3.1 (3.1.1) available on ftp.support.apple.com, in /pub/apple_sw_updates/US/Unix/A_UX/supported/3.x that addresses and fixes the vulnerability described in CERT Advisory CA-06.09. Get It! o A number of holes are due to some "wrong" things that '/bin/sh' does concerning IFS. To fix this, Apple has released a "corrected" version of 'sh' that resets IFS to it's default value before executing a script. This fixes some holes that exist in SUID programs that call 'system()' or 'popen()' to execute some commands. This replacement version of 'sh' is available both on aux.support.apple.com and jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov. To install it, follow these directions (assuming you are located in the directory where the new 'sh' is located): $ cp /bin/sh /bin/Osh $ cp sh /bin/sh For this to work, /bin/sh shouldn't be busy, so this should be done either in Single-User mode (as long as root's shell isn't 'sh') or while in A/UX Startup. o If you are connected to the Internet, it's a Good Idea to either use either tcp_wrappers (on ftp.win.tue.nl and jagubox)) or inetd 1.9 (on jagubox), both of which provide host access control (i.e. you can select which hosts can exec which network daemons. While you are at it, the replacement version of 'portmap' (also on jagubox) is very easy to compile and is recommended as well. o By all means, remove the Guest account. Check to make sure that there are _no_ users with null-passwords in /etc/passwd. o The default distribution of A/UX has 'in.fingerd' SUID to root. Even though it doesn't have the famous Internet Worm problem, there's no need for that. Much better to have it run as 'nobody'. You can do this by either changing the owner of 'in.fingerd' to 'nobody' and keeping it's SUID bit or you can remove the SUID capability and tell 'inetd' to run it as 'nobody'. To do the later, you'll need to use the new, unofficial replacement of 'inetd' for A/UX (see below: "Performance Patches", "Ported s/w" and Q&A A.06). Jim Jagielski has also ported a version of 'in.fingerd' that logs fingers. It's available via anon-ftp on jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov. Of course, the most secure option is simply to disable 'in.fingerd' totally in '/etc/servers'. o Root should never use the common System Folder... Due to it's very nature it's writable by everyone. Give root a personal System Folder and sleep easier :) o A/UX doesn't support the 'sticky-bit' feature for directories. So why not create a directory in your $HOME called '.tmp' with mode 700. Now in /etc/profile add: if [ -d "$HOME/.tmp" ]; then EXINIT="set directory=$HOME/.tmp" export EXINIT TMPDIR="$HOME/.tmp" export TMPDIR fi and in /etc/cshrc add: if ( -d "$HOME/.tmp" ) then setenv EXINIT "set directory=$HOME/.tmp" setenv TMPDIR "$HOME/.tmp" endif Now most UNIX programs (like 'vi', 'elm', 'cc', 'gcc', etc...) will use $HOME/tmp as a safer location for temp-files. ========================================================= **** List of known bugs and patches under A/UX 3.x.x **** --------------------------------------------------------- ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ AWS Tune-Up 2.0 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ By far, this is the most important patch you could apply to A/UX 3.1. It updates it to 3.1.1 and fixes lots of bugs as well as provides better performance. The patch is in the form of 1 DiskCopy Image file which can be found on jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov and on aux.support.apple.com. You download the files and then use DiskCopy to make the Installer disks. This is a _free_ upgrade to 3.1 and requires 3.1. NOTE: A/UX 3.1.1 will _NOT_ run reliably on the MacII, MacIIx, MacIIcx or SE/30. On jagubox, look in ~ftp/pub/aux/Apple.fixes/supported ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ AWS Tune-Up 1.0 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ By far, this is the most important patch you could apply to A/UX 3.0.1. It updates it to 3.0.2 and fixes lots of bugs as well as provides better performance. The patch is in the form of 2 DiskCopy Image files which can be found on jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov and on aux.support.apple.com. You download the files and then use DiskCopy to make the Installer disks. This is a _free_ upgrade to 3.0.1 and requires 3.0.1. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Performance related patches: 3.x.x ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ BNET: *** Has an incredibly small listen() queue *** *** which is a major pain for loaded WebServers *** *** *** *** 'adb' shell script that fixes this is *** *** available on ftp1.jaguNET.com in /pub/aux *** *** as well as on jagubox *** {{{{{ }}}}} {{{{{ Jim Jagielski (jim@jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov) }}}}} inetd: *** Unofficial replacement is available *** *** on jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov in pub/aux/Daemons *** *** This replacement is based on the BSD-reno inetd *** *** and allows such nice features as rereading /etc/servers *** *** on receiving SIGHUP, specifying options for *** *** called daemons, logging when daemons *** *** are spawned and which host requested the daemon *** *** and providing host access control *** {{{{{ }}}}} {{{{{ Jim Jagielski (jim@jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov) }}}}} {{{{{ John Coolidge (coolidge@apple.com) }}}}} tc (tape driver device driver): Reports incorrect file number when 'mt' is used to skip files (fsf and/or bsf). Doesn't allow for additional storage capability of extended length tapes or hardware compression tape drives. Doesn't work with Exabyte 8200s *** *** *** An unofficial replacement version of 'tc' has *** *** has been written that fixes these bugs as well as *** *** providing additional capability and support *** *** for other drives *** *** *** *** 3.x.x replacement is available *** *** on jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov in pub/aux/Sys_stuff *** {{{{{ }}}}} {{{{{ Jim Jagielski (jim@jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov) }}}}} ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Bugs and Fixes|Workarounds: 3.x.x ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~lp/model/at_interface: Incorrectly prints multiple copies of input. For example, "lp file.1 file.2" would print 2 copies of file.1 and just one of file.2. *** Due to '>>' being used instead of '>' in certain *** *** places in at_interface. *** *** Unofficial replacement is available *** *** on jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov in pub/aux/Sys_stuff *** *** (entries in ~lp/interface based on at_interface *** *** should also be changed/patched) *** {{{{{ }}}}} {{{{{ Jim Jagielski (jim@jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov) }}}}} atprint: Doesn't correctly connect to the LaserWriter Pro 810. *** Official replacement is available *** *** on ftp.support.apple.com in /pub/aws95/atprint *** syslogd: Doesn't handle some facility (like 'news') logging correctly. *** Unofficial replacement is available *** *** on jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov in pub/aux/Daemons *** *** (contains new /etc/syslogd as well as syslog.h) *** {{{{{ }}}}} {{{{{ Jim Jagielski (jim@jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov) }}}}} in.telnetd: Leaves ports open and hanging occasionally. Can cause kernel crashes. *** Unofficial replacement is available *** *** on jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov *** *** in pub/aux/Sys_stuff *** {{{{{ }}}}} {{{{{ Jim Jagielski (jim@jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov) }}}}} {{{{{ John Coolidge (coolidge@apple.com) }}}}} #### Please note that it appears that this new version has #### #### some slight bugs in correctly handling Synchs and #### #### options negotiation. I have only seen this using #### #### VersaTerm Pro 3.6.2 and connecting to myself via telnet #### /etc/startup.d/ao,as,ae6: Ignores the Broadcast Address value in /etc/NETADDRS. *** If your broadcast address needs to be different *** *** then the default, you'll need to modify these scripts *** *** to add 'broadcast "$broadcast"' to the 'ifconfig' *** *** lines that _don't_ refer to Loopback. Pretty easy *** *** but Email me if you have questions *** /usr/include/dir.h: If entered through dirent.h and _SYSV_SOURCE is defined, rewinddir() is incorrectly "defined". It assumes that you are linking -lposix and will use the "real" rewinddir() function found there, when, in fact, you should #define rewinddir as done with _BSD_SOURCE. *** A hacked version of dir.h is available on *** *** jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov. It only assumes -lposix will *** *** be included (and the real rewinddir() called) if *** *** _only_ _POSIX_SOURCE is defined *** /usr/include/sys/file.h: Even though fcntl.h is smart enough to know if sys/file.h has been included, and won't redefine things defined in there, the reverse isn't true. So if you include sys/file.h 1st and fcntl.h next, no warnings will be given, but if you do the reverse, some "redefine" warnings will be printed. *** A hacked version of file.h is available on *** *** jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov. It checks for __fcntl_h first *** *** (if you are using 'gcc', you'll also need to snag it's *** *** fixed header-file from jagubox: GNUfile.h) *** /usr/include/sys/param.h: MAXHOSTNAMLEN is defined as a ridiculously low value (32). It should instead be set to what's "normal": 256. *** Fix is very simple... edit /usr/include/sys/param.h *** *** and change the value from 32 to 256 *** *** (if you are using 'gcc', you'll also need to edit it's *** *** include file [gcc/aux/?.?.?/include/sys/param.h] *** /usr/include/sys/types.h: Incorrectly defines size_t as signed int when every other header file defines it as unsigned int. *** Fix is very simple... edit /usr/include/sys/types.h *** *** and change it from signed to unsigned *** ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Bugs and Fixes|Workarounds: 3.1 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ chsh: Resets the uid of nobody to 60001 (the MAXUID under 3.1 is 65534, but 'chsh' thinks it's 60001). *** Use 'vipw' to change this value back if needed *** ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Bugs and Fixes|Workarounds: 3.0.2 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ elap: A/UX-mac occasionally disappears under Chooser *** Official 3.0.2 patch is now available *** *** on aux.support.apple.com in aws95/elap *** ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Performance related patches: 3.0 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ MacOS System Heap Expansion: Not as robust as the _real_ System 7.0.1 capability, thus pre- venting you from loading lots of memory hungry Extensions and CDEVs. *** Unofficial replacement is available *** *** on jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov *** *** in pub/aux/Apple.fixes/unsupported/3.0 *** ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Bugs and Fixes|Workarounds: 3.0 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ as, ao, etheraddr: H/W ethernet address is burned in bitwise reverse on Q9?0 and Ethernet NB card. Thus, ao, as and etheraddr reports the incorrect address. *** 3.0 patch is now available *** *** on aux.support.apple.com in supported/3.0 *** BNU/HDB UUCP (the whole thing): Severe problems as distributed, such as inability to dialout with correctly configured modem, etc... *** 3.0 patch is now available *** *** on aux.support.apple.com in supported/3.0 *** *** This "patch" is a newer version of HDB (to 1.16) *** *** and adds some Mega-enhancements as well. *** *** Thanks to Earl Wallace!!! *** #### If you snagged version 1.14 from aux.support.apple.com #### #### then be _sure_ to update to version 1.16. #### #### #### #### Installing BNU 1.6 causes syslogd to break under #### #### new compiles. This is due to the fact that dial.o #### #### is replaced in libc.a|libc_s.a when BNU is installed #### #### To fix, just get the replacement dial.o #### #### on ftp.apple.com in pub/earlw/dial #### csh: Doesn't seem to like filename completion. pstat: Depending on the options used, can gobble memory and not release it. *** Unofficial replacement is available *** *** on jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov *** *** in pub/aux/Apple.fixes/unsupported/3.0 *** rpc.rstatd: Doesn't report correct load averages *** Unofficial replacement is available *** *** on jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov *** *** in pub/aux/Apple.fixes/unsupported/3.0 *** serial drivers: After some use on all Macs (except IIfx and maybe the Quadras) the kernel will crash. *** This has been confirmed by Apple but no fix exists yet!! *** syslogd: If BNU 1.6 is installed, syslogd won't work on newly compiled programs due to some munging of libc.a|libc_s.a when BNU 1.6 is installed. See BNU/HDB UUCP above. ========================================================= **** List of ported software available via anon-ftp: **** --------------------------------------------------------- ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Already ported and available: ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ (Included is the person responsible for the port and the location of the port) 3270 (v3.6): Eric C Hagberg (hagberg@mail.med.cornell.edu) jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov [pub/aux/Utilities] Austin KCL (619): Thomas Weigert (weigert@mcs.anl.gov) wuarchive.wustl.edu [???] apache (v1.0.0 thru v1.1) Jim Jagielski (jim@jaguNET.com) jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov [pub/aux/Web_stuff] ftp.apache.org [officially supported OS] bash (1.12): John Coolidge (coolidge@apple.com) wuarchive.wustl.edu [systems/aux/gnu] Berkeley make: Phillip P. Porch (root@theporch.com) jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov [pub/aux/Utilities] Berkeley mandoc: Phillip P. Porch (root@theporch.com) jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov [pub/aux/Utilities] cut & paste (BSD versions): Ken Whang (ken@touch.wustl.edu) jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov [pub/aux/Sys_stuff] EBBS/BBS 2.2 (UNIX based BBS): Jon Stevens (root@dolphin.csudh.edu) jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov [pub/aux/Utilities] emacs 19.21: Brent Burton (brentb@tamsun.tamu.edu) isc.tamu.edu [pub/personal/brentb] (The diffs that Brent used, done by Paul Traina, are available on jagubox in the emacs diffs "collection" tarchive) fortune: Phillip P. Porch (root@theporch.com) jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov [pub/aux/Utilities] freeWAIS (0.3): Jon Stevens (root@dolphin.csudh.edu) jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov [pub/aux/Web_stuff] fvwm (1.21z): Renzo Marcanzin (aire@maya.dei.unipd.it) maya.dei.unipd.it [pub?] gated (2.1.3) Herb Weiner (herbw@wiskit.com) jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov [pub/aux/Patches] gcc (2.7.2): Jim Jagielski (jim@jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov) jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov [pub/aux/GNU_stuff] (See Q&A #P.03) gdb (4.12): John Coolidge (coolidge@apple.com) wuarchive.wustl.edu [systems/aux/gnu] jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov [pub/aux/GNU_stuff] GNUplot (3.5): Eric Rosen (eric@cse.ucsc.edu) jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov [pub/aux/GNU_stuff] GNUtar (1.11.2): Dennis Govoni (dennis.govoni@East.Sun.COM) jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov [pub/aux/GNU_stuff] GNUzip (1.2.4): Jim Jagielski (jim@jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov) jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov [pub/aux/GNU_stuff] httpd (1.4): Jim Jagielski (jim@jaguNET.com) ftp.ncsa.uiuc.edu [Web/Unix] inetd (BSD/Reno) Jim Jagielski (jim@jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov) John Coolidge (coolidge@apple.com) jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov [pub/aux/Daemons] last (BSD version): Jim Jagielski (jim@jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov) Ken Whang (ken@touch.wustl.edu) jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov [pub/aux/Sys_stuff] lemacs (19.6): Thomas Eberhardt labrea.Stanford.EDU [pub/gnu/lucid] <<ED: I don't think it's there anymore... anybody know where a copy might be?>> libg++ (2.5.3): John Coolidge (coolidge@apple.com) wuarchive.wustl.edu [systems/aux/gnu] jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov [pub/aux/GNU_stuff] logging in.ftpd: Jim Jagielski (jim@jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov) jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov [pub/aux/Daemons] (See Q&A #A.06) md5: Jim Jagielski (jim@jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov) jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov [pub/aux/Security] Mosaic (diffs for 2.2): Eric Rosen (eric@cse.ucsc.edu) jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov [pub/aux/Web_stuff] Mosaic (2.4 binary): jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov [pub/aux/Web_stuff] msgs: Phillip P. Porch (root@theporch.com) jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov [pub/aux/Utilities] mt2 (replacement for 'mt' tape positioner program... not really needed since NEWtc is available that fixes the need for mt2): Jim Jagielski (jim@jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov) jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov [pub/aux/Sys_stuff] mtools (MS DOS floppy access tools): Parag Patel (parag@netcom.com) jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov [pub/aux/GNU_stuff] named: Various A/UXers PS: DON'T replace the header files and don't let 'make' install the files... instead, install them by hand. Specifically, copy the 'named' and 'named-xfer' files from './named' to the correct location (usually /etc) on your system. _There is NO need to install or use ANY of the header (*.h) or library (*.a) files in the distribution_!! Just replace the binaries, not the include-files! (PS: There is also no need to recompile your programs as well) patch: Jim Jagielski (jim@jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov) jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov [pub/aux/Utilities] perl (4.036): perl (5.001e): perl (5.002): Jim Jagielski (jim@jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov) jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov [pub/aux/Utilities] pine 3.90: Phillip P. Porch (root@theporch.com) jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov [pub/aux/Utilities] popper: Ben Goren (ben@tux.fa.asu.edu) jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov [pub/aux/Utilities] popper-shadow: jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov [pub/aux/Utilities] + portmap 4: + Jim Jagielski (jim@jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov) + jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov [pub/aux/Daemons] sendmail 5.65: Jim Jagielski (jim@jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov) jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov [pub/aux/Daemons] (See Q&A #C.02) sendmail.cf: Alexis Rosen (alexis@panix.com) jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov [pub/aux/UUCP-sendmail-cf] (See Q&A #A.06) shadow-passwd: Jim Jagielski (jim@jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov) jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov [pub/aux/Sys_stuff] showaudio: Eric Rosen (eric@cse.ucsc.edu) jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov [pub/aux/Utilities] smail 3.1.28: Bob Denny (denny@alisa.com) Jim Jagielski (jim@jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov) jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov [pub/aux/Daemons] + ssh-1.2.17: + <<later versions compile easily out of the box>> + Jim Jagielski (jim@jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov) + jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov [pub/aux/Daemons] talk and talkd (BSD 4.3 versions) Steve Green (xrsbg@dirac.gsfc.nasa.gov) jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov [pub/aux/Daemons] (See Q&A #C.05) + tcp_wrappper 7.4: + Jim Jagielski (jim@jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov) + jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov [pub/aux/Daemons] tcsh (6.03): jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov [pub/aux/GNU_stuff] texinfo (3.1): Phillip P. Porch (root@theporch.com) jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov [pub/aux/GNU_stuff] vim (4.2): Jim Jagielski (jim@jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov) jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov [pub/unix/vim] vtwm (5.1): Dennis Govoni (dennis.govoni@East.Sun.COM) jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov [pub/aux/Utilities] WUARCHIVE ftpd (2.4): Jim Jagielski (jim@jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov) jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov [pub/aux/Daemons] (See Q&A #A.06) xmeter: Eric Rosen (eric@cse.ucsc.edu) jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov [pub/aux/Utilties] xntpd (3.3zd): Jim Jagielski (jim@jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov) John Dundas III (dundas@salt.jpl.nasa.gov) jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov [pub/aux/Daemons] zmodem: Jon Stevens (root@dolphin.csudh.edu) jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov [pub/aux/Utilities] ~~~~~~~~~~~ Easy to do: ~~~~~~~~~~~ The following have also been successfully ported to A/UX with minimal trouble. Since the ports are pretty straightforward, only a few are actually available in their ported form (please see Q&A #P.01). Please note that most of these require or assume using 'gcc.' << ED: As a general rule of thumb, most of the ports that I've done use gcc and GNUmake... provided patches may assume or require these >> o Cnews (Ver. ??) o Deliver (v2.1 pl. 9 or later) # Elm 2.4.23 (use -lbsd and edit config.sh and "undef" d_locale or else follow the advice of P.08, below) o Ghostscript 2.3 # GNU Stuff (all are pretty much straight-forward and compile "right out of the box"): binutils 1.9 # bison 1.22 # diffutils 2.3 emacs 19.[19-22] (diffs on jagubox in the emacs diffs "collection" tarchive) # fileutils 3.6 # find 3.8 (to allow 'find' to recognize user=nobody, compile with 'cc') flex 2.3.7 gawk 2.1.5 (use '-traditional' with gcc) # gdbm 1.7.1 # grep 2.0 # gzip 1.2.4 # indent 1.9.1 # make 3.71 # pgp 2.6/2.6.1 (from bitsy.mit.edu) # ripem 1.2 (from ripem.msu.edu) # sed 1.1.6 # sed 2.0.3 shellutils 1.8 Smalltalk 1.1.1 # tar 1.11.2 (requires '-lbsd -lposix') # textutils 1.6 # gopher/gopherd 2.016 [from boombox.micro.umn.edu] (diffs available on jagubox) o Gwm 1.7h # httpd 1.4.2/1.5 [from ftp.ncsa.uiuc.edu] (compiles right outta the book. Officially supports A/UX). o INN 1.4 (get 'INN.config.data' files from jagubox) Please note that INN is an _extreme_ memory hog, esp. when compiled using gcc. If you use it, be _sure_ that you have enough memory and swap space. It helps a LOT if you don't run the Finder interface as well. # less 177 # listproc 6.0c (was: listserv) (compile w/ -DDONT_GO_INTERACTIVE; and use GNUmake) # lynx 2.3 [from FTP2.cc.ukans.edu] (diffs available on jagubox) # NetHack # mush 7.2.5 (Use either 'cc -DAUX' or 'gcc -traditional'; make sure SIGRET=int; use INTERNAL_MALLOC; use makefile.sys.v) # named (compiles right outta the book. Officially supports A/UX; however, don't let it install itself. instead, install them by hand. Specifically, copy the 'named' and 'named-xfer' files from './named' to the correct location (usually /etc) on your system. _There is NO need to install or use ANY of the header (*.h) or library (*.a) files in the distribution_!! Just replace the binaries, not the include-files! (PS: There is also no need to recompile your programs as well)) # nn 6.4.18 (A/UX configuration file available on jagubox) # nn 6.5.0(b3) (A/UX configuration file available on jagubox) # nntp 1.5.11 # perl 4.035 (use '-lm -lPW -ldbm -lbsd', get "fixed" dir.h to avoid needing -lposix for rewinddir(), use gcc if possible, make sure d_voidsig is correct ("define" if using ANSI, "undef" if not), and undef d_ndbm while defining d_dbm in config.sh). # perl 4.036 (Don't answer "aux" but instead let the configure script work it's magic -- hints for 4.035 also apply) # perl 5.003 # portmap ("secure" version on ftp.win.tue.nl). # rn 4.3.54 # rn 4.4.1 o SB Prolog 3.1 (minor changes in the builtin directory) # sendmail 8.6.12/8.7.? (compiles right outta the book. Officially supports A/UX). # smail 3.1.28 (get the AUXsmail.tar.gz file on jagubox for A/UX diffs and patches) # tcpd 6.3 [from ftp.win.tue.nl] # tcsh (compiles out of the box) # trn 3.0 + # vim 4.00 (non-GUI, and add -D_POSIX_SOURCE and -lposix) # xntpd (see above) ////////////////////// END OF PART 1 OF 4 \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ -- #include <std/disclaimer.h> | Jim Jagielski | jim@jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov | V: 301 286-5964 | | NASA/GSFC, Code 734.4 | Greenbelt, MD 20771 | F: 301 286-1737 | << "Suspicion is the sure sign of a little mind" >>