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Subject: alt.2600 FAQ Revision .014 (3/4)

This article was archived around: Sun, 16 Jul 2006 12:02:22 GMT

All FAQs in Directory: alt-2600/faq
All FAQs posted in: alt.2600
Source: Usenet Version

Archive-Name: alt-2600/faq/part3 Posting-Frequency: Random Last-Modified: 2000/05/29 Version: .014
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ This is a second dial tone returned to an operator between digits indicating that he/she may dial the remainder of the number. For example, when an operator reaches a link-type Community Dial Office via a step-by-step office after dialing a routing code, he/she must pause until an idle link at the Community Dial Office returns dial tone. This method of operation is not recommended or considered standard. Dial-Normal Transmission Signal is a steady Low Tone. Dial Jack Tone ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Low tone is used as a start-dial signal to tell a DSA operator that the connection reached through a dial jack is ready to receive dialing. Dial Jack Tone is a steady Low Tone. Order Tone ~~~~~~~~~~ High tones sent over interposition, local interoffice, or toll trunks indicate: (1) the the originating operator that the order should be passed (2) to the receiving operator that an order is about to be passed For Call Announcement and Autometic Display Call Indicator, the tone serves function two only. (a) Single-order tone - This is a relatively long (0.5 second) signal which means that the originating operator should pass the office name and number. (b) Double-order tone - This signal is two short spurts in quick succession and means that the operator should pass only the desired number. (c) Triple-order tone - This signal is three short spurts in quick succession and means that the operator should pass the office name only and wait for another order tone. (d) Quadruple-order tone - This signal is four short spurts in quick succession and means that the operator should pass the city name only and wait for another challenge. It is used in manual toll tandem (also called zip tones or trunk assignment tones). Single-order tone is one .5 spurt of High Tone. Double-order tone is two short spurts of High Tone. Triple-order tone is three short spurts of High Tone. Quadruple-order tone is four short spurts of High Tone. Intercepting Loopback Tone ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ High tone sent from an intercept operator to the 'A' board operator in manual offices indicates that an intercept operator has completed the call and that the 'A' should disconnect from the circuit. The completion of intercepted calls in this manner is no longer recommended. Intercepting Loopback Tone is a steady High Tone. Number Checking Tone ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ High tone is sometimes used at DSA switchboards in No. 1 crossbar and some step-by-step areas to verify the verbal identification of the calling line. Number Checking Tone is a steady High Tone. On some older systems, Number Checking Tone was a steady 135 Hz tone. Coin Denomination Tones ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ These tones enable the operator to determine the amount deposited in coin telephones. Coin Denomination Tones for the old 3 slot payphones were: Nickel - One tap of 1050 Hz and 1100 Hz (bell) Dime - Two taps of 1050 Hz and 1100 Hz (bell) Quarter - One tap at 800 Hz (gong) Coin Collect Tone ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Low tone over a coin recording-completing trunk informs the originating toll operator that the local operator or coin control circuit has collected the charge. Coin Collect Tone is a steady Low Tone. Coin Return Tone ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ High tone over a coin recording-completing trunk informs the originating toll operator that the local operator or coin control circuit has returned the change when the connection is not completed (also called coin refund tone). Coin Return Tone is a single .5 to 1 second burst of High Tone. Coin Return (Test) Tone ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ High tone is used to tell an operator in a dial central office that a tester has completed a call to his/her position over a coin trunk. Coin Return (Test) Tone is a single .5 to 1 second burst of High Tone. Group Busy Tone ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ This audible signal is indicated by low tone on the sleeve of trunk jacks at cord switchboards. Absense of the tone tells the operator that there is at least one idle trunk in a group. Group Busy Tone is a steady Low Tone. Vacant Position Tone ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Low tone is applied to all straightforward trunks terminating in a vacated position in manual offices. Vacant Position Tone is a steady Low Tone. Dial Off-Normal Tone ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Low tone is returned to an operator after he/she has completed a call into a step-by-step office and after the calling party has answered to remind him/her to restore the dial key. Dial Off-Normal Tone is a steady Low Tone. Permanent Signal ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ A customer line, not in use, which exhibits a steady off-hook condition is routed to a permanent signal trunk. High tone, superimposed on battery, is supplied through a resistance lamp to the ring of the trunk. The tone is used to inform an operator or other employee making a verification test that the line is temporarily out of service. An intermittent ground may also be applied to the ring of the telephone systems left in the hold condition. Typical reasons for the line condition are: (a) No dialing within the allowed waiting interval. (b) A handset is off-hook. (c) Low insulation resistance or other line trouble. In some offices, if three or more digits are dialed but not a complete telephone number or code, the call is released and dial tone is returned. Permanent Signal is a steady High Tone. Warning Tone ~~~~~~~~~~~~ High tone warns an operator that the circuit he/she is connected to is not in condition for normal operation. Examples: (1) An operator at an Automatic Display Call Indicator position plugs in the wrong jack. (2) An operator at a sender monitor position plugs into a sender supervisory jack while the sender is under test. Warning Tone is a steady High Tone. Trouble Tone ~~~~~~~~~~~~ Low tone applied by an operator or test person at a B position in a manual office to the jack sleeve of a line or trunk in a calling multiple tells other operators the line or trunk is in trouble (also called plugging up codr tone). Trouble Tone is a steady Low Tone. Service Observing Tone ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ This tone indicated that the trunk to which it is applied is being service-observed. Service Observing Tone is a steady 135 Hz. Proceed to Send Tone (International Direct Distance Dialing) ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ This tone informs the operator that an overseas sender has been siezed and the address information (KP-CC-CC-ST) should be transmitted. Proceed to Send Tone is a steady 480 Hz at -22 dBm0. Centralized Intercept Bureau Order Tone ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ This tone tells the centralized intercept bureau operator that a call has reached the position. Centralized Intercept Bureau Order Tone is a .5 second burst of 1850 Hz at -17 dBm0. ONI Order Tone ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ This tone tells the ONI operator that a call has reached the position. ONI Order Tone is 700 Hz and 1100 Hz at -25 dBm for .095 to .25 seconds. --------------------------------------------------------------------------- C-28. What is the voltage used to ring a telephone? According to AT&T, the ringing signal is an 88v 20Hz A.C. signal superimposed on 48v nominal D.C. supervisory voltage. However, the actual rining signal used can and does vary greatly from one location to another. The frequency of the AC signal is normally between 15 and 70Hz. The interval between ringing signals is normally four seconds. --------------------------------------------------------------------------- C-29. What are all of the * (LASS) codes? Local Area Signalling Services (LASS) and Custom Calling Feature Control Codes: Service Tone Pulse/rotary Notes -------------------------------------------------------------------------- Assistance/Police *12 n/a [1] Cancel forwarding *30 n/a [C1] Automatic Forwarding *31 n/a [C1] Notify *32 n/a [C1] [2] Intercom Ring 1 (..) *51 1151 [3] Intercom Ring 2 (.._) *52 1152 [3] Intercom Ring 3 (._.) *53 1153 [3] Extension Hold *54 1154 [3] Customer Originated Trace *57 1157 Selective Call Rejection *60 1160 (or Call Screen) Selective Distinct Alert *61 1161 Selective Call Acceptance *62 1162 Selective Call Forwarding *63 1163 ICLID Activation *65 1165 Call Return (outgoing) *66 1166 Number Display Blocking *67 1167 [4] Computer Access Restriction *68 1168 Call Return (incoming) *69 1169 Call Waiting disable *70 1170 [4] No Answer Call Transfer *71 1171 Usage Sensitive 3 way call *71 1171 Call Forwarding: start *72 or 72# 1172 Call Forwarding: cancel *73 or 73# 1173 Speed Calling (8 numbers) *74 or 74# 1174 Speed Calling (30 numbers) *75 or 75# 1175 Anonymous Call Rejection *77 1177 [5] [M: *58] Call Screen Disable *80 1180 (or Call Screen) [M:*50] Selective Distinct Disable *81 1181 [M: *51] Select. Acceptance Disable *82 1182 [4] [7] Select. Forwarding Disable *83 1183 [M: *53] ICLID Disable *85 1185 Call Return (cancel out) *86 1186 [6] [M: *56] Anon. Call Reject (cancel) *87 1187 [5] [M: *68] Call Return (cancel in) *89 1189 [6] [M: *59] Notes: [C1] - Means code used for Cellular One service [1] - for cellular in Pittsburgh, PA A/C 412 in some areas [2] - indicates that you are not local and maybe how to reach you [3] - found in Pac Bell territory; Intercom ring causes a distinctive ring to be generated on the current line; Hold keeps a call connected until another extension is picked up [4] - applied once before each call [5] - A.C.R. blocks calls from those who blocked Caller ID (used in C&P territory, for instance) [6] - cancels further return attempts [7] - *82 (1182) has been mandated to be the nationwide code for "Send CLID info regardless of the default setting on this phone line." [M: *xx] - alternate code used for MLVP (multi-line variety package) by Bellcore. It goes by different names in different RBOCs. In Bellsouth it is called Prestige. It is an arrangement of ESSEX like features for single or small multiple line groups. The reason for different codes for some features in MLVP is that call-pickup is *8 in MLVP so all *8x codes are reassigned *5x These appear to be standard, but may be changed locally Under GTE, some LASS/CLASS tones may be changed from *NN to NN#. Under pulse, GTD5 allows either NN<pause> or 11NN, but with 11NN it may conflict with a test number. At one time these were called CLASS Codes, for Custom Local Area Signalling Services. --------------------------------------------------------------------------- C-30. What frequencies do cordless phones operate on? Here are the frequencies for the first generation 46/49mhz phones. Channel Handset Transmit Base Transmit ------- ---------------- ------------- 1 49.670mhz 46.610mhz 2 49.845 46.630 3 49.860 46.670 4 49.770 46.710 5 49.875 46.730 6 49.830 46.770 7 49.890 46.830 8 49.930 46.870 9 49.990 46.930 10 49.970 46.970 The new "900mhz" cordless phones have been allocated the frequencies between 902-228MHz, with channel spacing between 30-100KHz. Following are some examples of the frequencies used by phones currently on the market. ---------------------------------------------------------------- Panasonic KX-T9000 (60 Channels) base 902.100 - 903.870 Base frequencies (30Khz spacing) handset 926.100 - 927.870 Handset frequencies CH BASE HANDSET CH BASE HANDSET CH BASE HANDSET -- ------- ------- -- ------- ------- -- ------- ------- 01 902.100 926.100 11 902.400 926.400 21 902.700 926.700 02 902.130 926.130 12 902.430 926.430 22 902.730 926.730 03 902.160 926.160 13 902.460 926.460 23 902.760 926.760 04 902.190 926.190 14 902.490 926.490 24 902.790 926.790 05 902.220 926.220 15 902.520 926.520 25 902.820 926.820 06 902.250 926.250 16 902.550 926.550 26 902.850 926.850 07 902.280 926.280 17 902.580 926.580 27 902.880 926.880 08 902.310 926.310 18 902.610 926.610 28 902.910 926.910 09 902.340 926.340 19 902.640 926.640 29 902.940 926.940 10 902.370 926.370 20 902.670 926.670 30 902.970 926.970 31 903.000 927.000 41 903.300 927.300 51 903.600 927.600 32 903.030 927.030 42 903.330 927.330 52 903.630 927.630 33 903.060 927.060 43 903.360 927.360 53 903.660 927.660 34 903.090 927.090 44 903.390 927.390 54 903.690 927.690 35 903.120 927.120 45 903.420 927.420 55 903.720 927.720 36 903.150 927.150 46 903.450 927.450 56 903.750 927.750 37 903.180 927.180 47 903.480 927.480 57 903.780 927.780 38 903.210 927.210 48 903.510 927.510 58 903.810 927.810 39 903.240 927.240 49 903.540 927.540 59 903.840 927.840 40 903.270 927.270 50 903.570 927.570 60 903.870 927.870 ------------------------------------------------------------ V-TECH TROPEZ DX900 (20 CHANNELS) 905.6 - 907.5 TRANSPONDER (BASE) FREQUENCIES (100 KHZ SPACING) 925.5 - 927.4 HANDSET FREQUENCIES CH BASE HANDSET CH BASE HANDSET CH BASE HANDSET -- ------- ------- -- ------- ------- -- ------- ------- 01 905.600 925.500 08 906.300 926.200 15 907.000 926.900 02 905.700 925.600 09 906.400 926.300 16 907.100 927.000 03 905.800 925.700 10 906.500 926.400 17 907.200 927.100 04 905.900 925.800 11 906.600 926.500 18 907.300 927.200 05 906.000 925.900 12 906.700 926.600 19 907.400 927.300 06 906.100 926.000 13 906.800 926.700 20 907.500 927.400 07 906.200 926.100 14 906.900 926.800 ------------------------------------------------------------ Other 900mhz cordless phones AT&T #9120 - - - - - 902.0 - 905.0 & 925.0 - 928.0 MHZ OTRON CORP. #CP-1000 902.1 - 903.9 & 926.1 - 927.9 MHZ SAMSUNG #SP-R912- - - 903.0 & 927.0 MHZ ------------------------------------------------------------ --------------------------------------------------------------------------- C-31. What is Caller-ID? This FAQ answer is stolen from Rockwell: Calling Number Delivery (CND), better known as Caller ID, is a telephone service intended for residential and small business customers. It allows the called Customer Premises Equipment (CPE) to receive a calling party's directory number and the date and time of the call during the first 4 second silent interval in the ringing cycle. Parameters ~~~~~~~~~~ The data signalling interface has the following characteristics: Link Type: 2-wire, simplex Transmission Scheme: Analog, phase-coherent FSK Logical 1 (mark) 1200 +/- 12 Hz Logical 0 (space) 2200 +/- 22 Hz Transmission Rate: 1200 bps Transmission Level: 13.5 +/- dBm into 900 ohm load Protocol ~~~~~~~~ The protocol uses 8-bit data words (bytes), each bounded by a start bit and a stop bit. The CND message uses the Single Data Message format shown below. | Channel | Carrier | Message | Message | Data | Checksum | | Seizure | Signal | Type | Length | Word(s) | Word | | Signal | | Word | Word | | | Channel Seizure Signal ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ The channel seizure is 30 continuous bytes of 55h (01010101) providing a detectable alternating function to the CPE (i.e. the modem data pump). Carrier Signal ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ The carrier signal consists of 130 +/- 25 mS of mark (1200 Hz) to condition the receiver for data. Message Type Word ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ The message type word indicates the service and capability associated with the data message. The message type word for CND is 04h (00000100). Message Length Word ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ The message length word specifies the total number of data words to follow. Data Words ~~~~~~~~~~ The data words are encoded in ASCII and represent the following information: o The first two words represent the month o The next two words represent the day of the month o The next two words represent the hour in local military time o The next two words represent the minute after the hour o The calling party's directory number is represented by the remaining words in the data word field If the calling party's directory number is not available to the terminating central office, the data word field contains an ASCII "O". If the calling party invokes the privacy capability, the data word field contains an ASCII "P". Checksum Word ~~~~~~~~~~~~~ The Checksum Word contains the twos complement of the modulo 256 sum of the other words in the data message (i.e., message type, message length, and data words). The receiving equipment may calculate the modulo 256 sum of the received words and add this sum to the received checksum word. A result of zero generally indicates that the message was correctly received. Message retransmission is not supported. Example CNS Single Data Message ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ An example of a received CND message, beginning with the message type word, follows: 04 12 30 39 33 30 31 32 32 34 36 30 39 35 35 35 31 32 31 32 51 04h= Calling number delivery information code (message type word) 12h= 18 decimal; Number of data words (date,time, and directory number words) ASCII 30,39= 09; September ASCII 33,30= 30; 30th day ASCII 31,32= 12; 12:00 PM ASCII 32,34= 24; 24 minutes (i.e., 12:24 PM) ASCII 36,30,39,35,35,35,31,32,31,32= (609) 555-1212; calling party's directory number 51h= Checksum Word Data Access Arrangement (DAA) Requirements ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ To receive CND information, the modem monitors the phone line between the first and second ring bursts without causing the DAA to go off hook in the conventional sense, which would inhibit the transmission of CND by the local central office. A simple modification to an existing DAA circuit easily accomplishes the task. Modem Requirements ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Although the data signalling interface parameters match those of a Bell 202 modem, the receiving CPE need not be a Bell 202 modem. A V.23 1200 bps modem receiver may be used to demodulate the Bell 202 signal. The ring indicate bit (RI) may be used on a modem to indicate when to monitor the phone line for CND information. After the RI bit sets, indicating the first ring burst, the host waits for the RI bit to reset. The host then configures the modem to monitor the phone line for CND information. Signalling ~~~~~~~~~~ According to Bellcore specifications, CND signalling starts as early as 300 mS after the first ring burst and ends at least 475 mS before the second ring burst Applications ~~~~~~~~~~~~ Once CND information is received the user may process the information in a number of ways. 1. The date, time, and calling party's directory number can be displayed. 2. Using a look-up table, the calling party's directory number can be correlated with his or her name and the name displayed. 3. CND information can also be used in additional ways such as for: a. Bulletin board applications b. Black-listing applications c. Keeping logs of system user calls, or d. Implementing a telemarketing data base References ~~~~~~~~~~ For more information on Calling Number Delivery (CND), refer to Bellcore publications TR-TSY-000030 and TR-TSY-000031. To obtain Bellcore documents contact: Bellcore Customer Service 60 New England Avenue, Room 1B252 Piscataway, NJ 08834-4196 (908) 699-5800 --------------------------------------------------------------------------- C-32. How do I block Caller-ID? Always test as much as possible before relying on any method of blocking Caller-ID. Some of these methods work in some areas, but not in others. Dial *67 before you dial the number. (141 in the United Kingdom) Dial your local TelCo and have them add Caller-ID block to your line. Dial the 0 Operator and have him or her place the call for you. Dial the call using a pre-paid phone card. Dial through Security Consultants at (900)PREVENT for U.S. calls ($1.99/minute) or (900)STONEWALL for international calls ($3.99/minute). Dial from a pay phone. :-) --------------------------------------------------------------------------- C-33. How do I defeat Caller-ID blocking? Forward your phone line to a friend who lives in another LATA. When he receives the anonymous phone call, have him use *69 Call Return to dial to offending party back. As he is now placing a long distance phone call, the telephone number of the anonymous caller will show up on your friends phone bill at the end of the month. A variation of this system is available in areas where the local phone company offers per-call billing (as opposed to unlimited flat rate local calling) and where the local phone company issues itemized bills on those local phone calls. In those areas, you can switch your phone line to itemized local calling, *69 Call Return the anonymous telephone call, and read the anonymous callers telephone number at the end of the month. If you are particularly anxious, you can often request your toll records from your local telephone company without waiting for your final bill. --------------------------------------------------------------------------- C-34. What is a PBX? A PBX (Private Branch Exchange) is a small telephone switch owned by a company or organization. These organizations purchase PBX's to reduce the total number of telephone lines they need to lease from the telephone company. Without a PBX, a company will need to lease one telephone line for every employee with a telephone. [Note from Dan Mellem: Technically, a phone switch is known as a PABX (automatic) unless the inside people must call the operator to get an outside line. H.] With a PBX, every employees telephone line is wired to the PBX. When an employee takes the receiver off hook (i.e. picks up the telephone) and dials the outside access code (usually 9), the PBX connect the employee to an outside line (often, though somewhat incorrectly, referred to as a trunk). With a PBX, the company only needs to lease as many lines from the telephone company as the maximum number of employees that will be making outside calls at one time. This is usually around 10% of the number of extensions. Two common PBX systems are AT&T's Definity series (also known as the System 75 and Sytem 85) and Northern Telecom's Meridian series. Other manufacturers include ROLM, Siemens, NEC, and Mitel. --------------------------------------------------------------------------- C-35. What is a VMB? A VMB (Voice Mail Box) is a computer that acts as an answering machine for hundreds or thousands of users. Each user will have their own Voice Mail Box on the system. Each mail box will have a box number and a pass code. Without a passcode, you will usually be able to leave messages to users on the VMB system. With a passcode, you can read messages and administer a mailbox. Often, mailboxes will exist that were created by default or are no longer used. These mailboxes may be taken over by guessing their passcode. Often the passcode will be the mailbox number or a common number such as 1234. Two common VMB systems are AT&T's Audix system and Northern Telecom's Meridian Mail. --------------------------------------------------------------------------- C-36. What are the ABCD tones for? The ABCD tones are simply additional DTFM tones that may be used in any way the standard (0-9) tones are used. The ABCD tones are used in the U.S. military telephone network (AutoVon), in some Automatic Call Distributor (ACD) systems, for control messages in some PBX systems, and in some amateur radio auto-patches. In the AutoVon network, special telephones are equipped with ABCD keys. The ABCD keys are defined as such: A - Flash B - Flash override priority C - Priority communication D - Priority override Using a built-in maintenance mode of the Automatic Call Distributor (ACD) systems once used by Directory Assistance operators, you could connect two callers together. The purpose of the Silver Box is to create the ABCD tones. See also "What are the DTMF Frequencies?" --------------------------------------------------------------------------- C-37. What are the International Direct Numbers? The numbers are used so that you may connect to an operator from a foreign telephone network, without incurring long distance charges. These numbers may be useful in blue boxing, as many countries still have older switching equipment in use. Australia (800)682-2878 Austria (800)624-0043 Belgium (800)472-0032 Belize (800)235-1154 Bermuda (800)232-2067 Brazil (800)344-1055 British VI (800)278-6585 Cayman (800)852-3653 Chile (800)552-0056 China (Shanghai) (800)532-4462 Costa Rica (800)252-5114 Denmark (800)762-0045 El Salvador (800)422-2425 Finland (800)232-0358 France (800)537-2623 Germany (800)292-0049 Greece (800)443-5527 Guam (800)367-4826 HK (800)992-2323 Hungary (800)352-9469 Indonesia (800)242-4757 Ireland (800)562-6262 Italy (800)543-7662 Japan (800)543-0051 Korea (800)822-8256 Macau (800)622-2821 Malaysia (800)772-7369 Netherlands (800)432-0031 Norway (800)292-0047 New Zealand (800)248-0064 Panama (800)872-6106 Portugal (800)822-2776 Philippines (800)336-7445 Singapore (800)822-6588 Spain (800)247-7246 Sweden (800)345-0046 Taiwan (800)626-0979 Thailand (800)342-0066 Turkey (800)828-2646 UK (800)445-5667 Uruguay (800)245-8411 Yugoslavia (800)367-9842 (Belgrade) 367-9841 (Zagreb) USA from outside (800)874-4000 Ext. 107 --------------------------------------------------------------------------- C-38. What are some telephone switches? SWITCH VENDOR TYPE DESCRIPTION -------- ------- ------- ----------------------------------- 1AES AT&T Analog No. 1A ESS 1ES AT&T Analog No. 1 ESS 2BES AT&T Analog No. 2B ESS 2ES AT&T Analog No. 2 ESS 3ES AT&T Analog No. 3 ESS 3XB AT&T E/M No. 3 Cross-Bar 4ES AT&T Digital No. 4 ESS 5AXB AT&T E/M No. 5A Cross-Bar 5ES AT&T Digital No. 5 ESS 5ORM AT&T Digital Optical Remote Module 5RSM AT&T Digital Remote Switching Module 5XB AT&T E/M No. 5 Cross-Bar AXE10 Ericsson Digital Stand Alone or Host AXRSS Ericsson Digital Remote DGTL Digital Generic Digital Switch DMS1/200 NTI Digital DMS 100/200 DMS10 NTI Digital DMS 10 DMS100 NTI Digital DMS 100 DMS200 NTI Digital DMS 200 DPN NTI Packet Packet Switch EDX Siemens Packet Packet Switch NC23 NEC E/M NEC Cross-Bar NEAX61E NEC Digital NEC switch RLCM NTI Digital Remote Line Conc Module RLCM-10 NTI Digital Remote Line Conc Module RLM NTI Digital Remote Line Module RSC NTI Digital Remote Switching Center RSCI NTI Digital ISDN RSC RSLE NTI Digital Remote Subscr Line Equip RSM AT&T Digital Remote Switching System RSS AT&T Analog Remote Switching System RSU Digital Generic Remote Switching Unit SXS AT&T E/M Step by Step =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= Section D -- Cellular Telephony -=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= D-01. What is a MTSO? MTSO stands for Mobile Telephone Switching Office. The MTSO is the switching office that connects all of the individual cell towers to the Central Office (CO). The MTSO is responsible for monitoring the relative signal strength of your cellular phone as reported by each of the cell towers, and switching your conversation to the cell tower which will give you the best possible reception. --------------------------------------------------------------------------- D-02. What is a NAM? NAM stands for Number Assignment Module. The NAM is the EPROM that holds information such as the MIN and SIDH. Cellular fraud is committed by modifying the information stored in this component. --------------------------------------------------------------------------- D-03. What is an ESN? ESN stands for Electronic Serial Number. The is the serial number of your cellular telephone which is transmitted to the cell site, and used in conjuction with the NAM to verify that you are a legitimate user on the system. --------------------------------------------------------------------------- D-04. What is a MIN? MIN stands for Mobile Identification Number. This is the phone number of the cellular telephone. --------------------------------------------------------------------------- D-05. What is a SCM? SCM stands for Station Class Mark. The SCM is a 4 bit number which holds three different pieces of information. Your cellular telephone transmits this information (and more) to the cell tower. Bit 1 of the SCM tells the cell tower whether your cellphone uses the older 666 channel cellular system, or the newer 832 channel cellular system. The expansion to 832 channels occured in 1988. Bit 2 tells the cellular system whether your cellular telephone is a mobile unit or a voice activated cellular telephone. Bit's 3 and 4 tell the cell tower what power your cellular telephone should be transmitting on. Bit 1: 0 == 666 channels 1 == 832 channels Bit 2: 0 == Mobile cellular telephone 1 == Voice activated cellular telephone Bit 3/4: 00 == 3.0 watts (Mobiles) 01 == 1.2 watts (Transportables) 10 == .06 watts (Portables) 11 == Reserved for future use --------------------------------------------------------------------------- D-06. What is a SIDH? SIDH stands for System Identification for Home System. The SIDH in your cellular telephone tells the cellular system what system your cellular service originates from. This is used in roaming (making cellular calls when in an area not served by your cellular provider). Every geographical region has two SIDH codes, one for the wireline carrier and one for the nonwireline carrier. These are the two companies that are legally allowed to provide cellular telephone service in that region. The wireline carrier is usually your local telephone company, while the nonwireline carrier will be another company. The SIDH for the wireline carrier is always an even number, while the SIDH for the nonwireline carrier is always an odd number. The wireline carrier is also known as the Side-B carrier and the non-wireline carrier is also known as the Side-A carrier. SIDH is often abbreviated to SID. --------------------------------------------------------------------------- D-07. What are the forward/reverse channels? Forward channels are the frequencies the cell towers use to talk to your cellular telephone. Reverse channels are the frequencies your cellular telephone uses to talk to the cell towers. The forward channel is 45 mhz above the reverse channel. For example, if the reverse channel is at 824 mhz, the forward channel would be at 869 mhz. =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= Section E -- Resources =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= E-01. What are some ftp sites of interest to hackers? /pub/dmackey 2600.com (2600 Magazine) aeneas.mit.edu (Kerberos) alex.sp.cs.cmu.edu /links/security (Misc) asylum.sf.ca.us (CyberWarriors of Xanadu) atari.archive.umich.edu /pub/atari/Utilities/pgp261st.zip (Atari PGP) athena-dist.mit.edu /pub/ATHENA (Athena Project) atlantis.utmb.edu (Anti-virus) bellcore.com (Bellcore) cert.org (CERT) ciac.llnl.gov (CIAC) cnit.nsk.su /pub/security (Security) coast.cs.purdue.edu /pub (Security/COAST) coombs.anu.edu.au /pub/security (Security) csrc.ncsl.nist.gov (NIST Security) dartmouth.edu /pub/security (Security) ds.internic.net (Internet documents) dutiws.twi.tudelft.nl /pub/novell etext.archive.umich.edu /pub/Zines/PrivateLine (PrivateLine) fastlane.net /pub/nomad ftp.3com.com /pub/Orange-Book (Orange Book) ftp.acns.nwu.edu /pub (Mac Anti-virus) ftp.acsu.buffalo.edu /pub/security & /pub/irc (Security & IRC) ftp.alantec.com /pub/tcpr (Tcpr) ftp.armory.com /pub/user/kmartind (H/P) ftp.armory.com /pub/user/swallow (H/P) ftp.auscert.org.au /pub (Australian CERT) ftp.cerf.net /pub/software/unix/security (CERFnet) ftp.cert.dfn.de (FIRST) ftp.cisco.com (Cisco) ftp.commerce.net /pub/standards/drafts/shttp.txt (Secure HyperText) ftp.cs.colorado.edu ftp.cs.ruu.nl /pub/SECURITY (Security & PGP) ftp.cs.uwm.edu /pub/comp-privacy (Privacy Digest) ftp.cs.vu.nl ftp.cs.yale.edu ftp.csi.forth.gr /pub/security ftp.csl.sri.com /pub/nides (SRI) ftp.csn.org /mpj (Cryptology) ftp.csua.berkeley.edu /pub/cypherpunks (Crypto) ftp.delmarva.com ftp.demon.co.uk /pub/misc/0800num.txt (0800/0500 numbers) ftp.denet.dk /pub/security/tools/satan ftp.digex.net /pub/access/dunk ftp.dsi.unimi.it /pub/security/crypt (Crypto) ftp.dstc.edu.au /pub/security/satan ftp.ee.lbl.gov N ftp.ee.ualberta.ca/pub/cookbook/telecom (Telecom electronics) ftp.eff.org /pub/Publications/CuD (EFF) ftp.elelab.nsc.co.jp /pub/security (Security) ftp.etext.org (Etext) ftp.fc.net /pub/deadkat (TNO) ftp.fc.net /pub/defcon (DefCon) ftp.fc.net /pub/defcon/BBEEP (BlueBeep) ftp.fc.net /pub/phrack (Phrack) ftp.foobar.com ftp.funet.fi /pub/doc/CuD ftp.gate.net /pub/users/laura ftp.gate.net /pub/users/wakko ftp.giga.or.at /pub/hacker/ (H/P) ftp.greatcircle.com /pub/firewalls (Firewalls) ftp.IEunet.ie /pub/security (Security) ftp.ifi.uio.no ftp.indirect.com /www/evildawg/public_access/C&N/ ftp.info.fundp.ac.be ftp.informatik.uni-hamburg.de ftp.informatik.uni-kiel.de /pub/sources/security ftp.inoc.dl.nec.com /pub/security (Security) ftp.isi.edu ftp.lava.net /users/oracle/ (H/P ftp.leo.org/pub/com/os/os2/crypt ftp.lerc.nasa.gov /security ftp.llnl.gov /pub (CIAC) ftp.luth.se /pub/unix/security ftp.lysator.liu.se ftp.mcs.anl.gov /pub/security ftp.microserve.net /ppp-pop/strata/mac (Mac) ftp.near.net /security/archives/phrack (Zines) ftp.nec.com ftp.net.ohio-state.edu /pub/security/satan ftp.netcom.com /pub/br/bradleym (Virii) ftp.netcom.com /pub/da/daemon9 (H/P) ftp.netcom.com /pub/fi/filbert ftp.netcom.com /pub/gr/grady ftp.netcom.com /pub/il/illusion (H/P+Virus) ftp.netcom.com /pub/je/jericho (H/P) ftp.netcom.com /pub/le/lewiz (Social Engineering) ftp.netcom.com /pub/ty/tym (TYM) ftp.netcom.com /pub/va/vandal (DnA) ftp.netcom.com /pub/wt/wtech/ ftp.netcom.com /pub/zi/zigweed (H/P) ftp.netcom.com /pub/zz/zzyzx (H/P) ftp.netsys.com ftp.ocs.mq.edu.au /PC/Crypt (Cryptology) ftp.ox.ac.uk /pub/comp/security ftp.ox.ac.uk /pub/crypto (Cryptology) ftp.ox.ac.uk /pub/wordlists (Wordlists) ftp.paranoia.com /pub/toneloc/tl110.zip (ToneLoc) ftp.pipex.net /pub/areacode (uk areacodes) ftp.pop.psu.edu ftp.primenet.com /users/i/insphrk ftp.primenet.com /users/k/kludge (H/P) ftp.primenet.com /users/s/scuzzy (Copy Protection) ftp.primus.com /pub/security (Security) ftp.psy.uq.oz.au ftp.psy.uq.oz.au /pub/DES ftp.rahul.net /pub/conquest/DeadelviS/script/vms/ ftp.rahul.net /pub/lps (Home of the FAQ) ftp.sert.edu.au ftp.sgi.com ftp.smartlink.net /pub/users/mikes/haq ftp.std.com /archives/alt.locksmithing (Locksmithing) ftp.std.com /obi/Mischief/ (MIT Guide to Locks) ftp.std.com /obi/Phracks (Zines) ftp.sunet.se /pub/network/monitoring (Ethernet sniffers) ftp.sura.net /pub/security (SURAnet) ftp.technet.sg ftp.technion.ac.il ftp.tis.com /pub (TIS) ftp.tisl.ukans.edu /pub/security ftp.uni-koeln.de (Wordlists) ftp.uspto.gov ftp.uu.net /doc/literary/obi/Phracks (Zines) ftp.uwp.edu /pub/dos/romulus/cracks (Copy Protection) ftp.vis.colostate.edu ftp.vix.com ftp.vortex.com ftp.warwick.ac.uk /pub/cud (Zines) ftp.wi.leidenuniv.nl /pub/security ftp.win.tue.nl /pub/security (Security) ftp.winternet.com /users/nitehwk (H/P) ftp.wustl.edu /doc/EFF (EFF) ftp.zoom.com ftp.zrz.tu-berlin.de/pub/security/virus/texts/crypto (Cryptology) garbo.uwasa.fi /pc/crypt (Cryptology) gemini.tuc.noao.edu /pub/grandi gti.net /pub/safetynet gumby.dsd.trw.com hack-this.pc.cc.cmu.edu (Down for Summer) heffer.lab.csuchico.edu (Third Stone From The Sun) hplyot.obspm.fr info.mcs.anl.gov infonexus.com /pub (The Guild) jerico.usc.edu l0pht.com (The L0pht) lcs.mit.edu /telecom-archives (Telecom archives) lod.com (Legion of Doom) mac.archive.umich.edu mary.iia.org /pub/users/patriot (Misc) monet.ccs.itd.umich.edu net-dist.mit.edu /pub/pgp net.tamu.edu /pub/security/TAMU (Security) net23.com /pub (Max Headroom) nic.ddn.mil /scc (DDN Security) nic.sura.net /pub/security oak.oakland.edu /pub/hamradio (Ham Radio) oak.oakland.edu /SimTel/msdos/sound (DTMF decoders) oak.oakland.edu /SimTel/msdos/sysutil (BIOS attackers) parcftp.xerox.com prism.nmt.edu /pub/misc (Terrorist Handbook) pyrite.rutgers.edu /pub/security (Security) relay.cs.toronto.edu /doc/telecom-archives (Telecom) rena.dit.co.jp /pub/security (Security) research.att.com /dist/internet_security (AT&T) ripem.msu.edu /pub/crypt (Ripem) rmii.com /pub2/KRaD (KRaD Magazine) rtfm.mit.edu (Etext) rtfm.mit.edu /pub/usenet-by-group (Usenet FAQ's) scss3.cl.msu.edu /pub/crypt (Cryptology) sgigate.sgi.com /Security (SGI Security) sierra.stanford.edu spy.org (CSC) src.doc.ic.ac.uk /usenet/uk.telecom (uk.telecom archives) suburbia.apana.org.au /pub/unix/security (Security) sunsolve1.sun.com theta.iis.u-tokyo.ac.jp /pub1/security (Security) titania.mathematik.uni-ulm.de /pub/security (Security) toxicwaste.mit.edu /pub/rsa129/README (Breaking RSA) ugle.unit.no unipc20.unimed.sintef.no vic.cc.purdue.edu vixen.cso.uiuc.edu /security web.mit.edu whacked.l0pht.com (Mac + H/P) wimsey.bc.ca /pub/crypto (Cryptology) wuarchive.wustl.edu /pub/aminet/util/crypt --------------------------------------------------------------------------- E-02. What are some fsp sites of interest to hackers? None known at this time. --------------------------------------------------------------------------- E-03. What are some newsgroups of interest to hackers? alt.2600 Do it 'til it hertz N alt.2600.414 alt.2600hz alt.2600.codez alt.2600.debate N alt.2600.hackerz N alt.2600.hope.announce N alt.2600.hope.d N alt.2600.hope.tech alt.2600.moderated N alt.2600.phreakz N alt.2600.programz N alt.2600hz N alt.2600.warez N alt.2600.AOL N alt.2600.QnA alt.cellular alt.cellular-phone-tech Brilliant telephony mind blow netnews naming alt.comp.virus An unmoderated forum for discussing viruses alt.comp.virus.source.code alt.cracks Heavy toolbelt wearers of the world, unite alt.cyberpunk High-tech low-life. alt.cyberspace Cyberspace and how it should work. alt.dcom.telecom Discussion of telecommunications technology alt.engr.explosives [no description available] alt.fan.kevin-mitnick alt.fan.lewiz Lewis De Payne fan club alt.hackers Descriptions of projects currently under development alt.hackintosh alt.locksmithing You locked your keys in *where*? alt.hackers.malicious The really bad guys - don't take candy from them alt.ph.uk United Kingdom version of alt.2600 alt.privacy.anon-server Tech. & policy matters of anonymous contact servers alt.radio.pirate Hide the gear, here comes the magic station-wagons. alt.radio.scanner Discussion of scanning radio receivers. alt.satellite.tv.europe All about European satellite tv alt.security Security issues on computer systems alt.security.index Pointers to good stuff in misc.security (Moderated) alt.security.keydist Exchange of keys for public key encryption systems alt.security.pgp The Pretty Good Privacy package alt.security.ripem A secure email system illegal to export from the US comp.dcom.cellular [no description available] comp.dcom.telecom Telecommunications digest (Moderated) comp.dcom.telecom.tech [no description available] comp.org.cpsr.announce Computer Professionals for Social Responsibility comp.org.cpsr.talk Issues of computing and social responsibility comp.org.eff.news News from the Electronic Frontiers Foundation comp.org.eff.talk Discussion of EFF goals, strategies, etc. comp.os.netware.security Netware Security issues comp.protocols.kerberos The Kerberos authentification server comp.protocols.tcp-ip TCP and IP network protocols comp.risks Risks to the public from computers & users comp.security.announce Announcements from the CERT about security comp.security.firewalls Anything pertaining to network firewall security comp.security.misc Security issues of computers and networks comp.security.unix Discussion of Unix security comp.virus Computer viruses & security (Moderated) de.org.ccc Mitteilungen des CCC e.V. misc.security Security in general, not just computers (Moderated) rec.pyrotechnics Fireworks, rocketry, safety, & other topics rec.radio.scanner [no description available] rec.video.cable-tv Technical and regulatory issues of cable television sci.crypt Different methods of data en/decryption --------------------------------------------------------------------------- E-04. What are some telnet sites of interest to hackers? anarchy-online.com ntiabbs.ntia.doc.gov (NTIA) l0pht.com (The L0pht) sfpg.gcomm.com (The Floating Pancreas) telnet lust.isca.uiowa.edu 2600 (underground bbs) (temporarily down) pcspm2.dar.csiro.au (Virtual Doughnutland BBS) prince.carleton.ca 31337 (Twilight of The Idols) spy.org (Computer Systems Consulting) --------------------------------------------------------------------------- E-05. What are some gopher sites of interest to hackers? ba.com (Bell Atlantic) cell-relay.indiana.edu (Cell Relay Retreat) N coast.cs.purdue.edu (COAST) csrc.ncsl.nist.gov (NIST Security Gopher) gopher.acm.org (SIGSAC (Security, Audit & Control)) gopher.cpsr.org (Computer Professionals for Social Responsibility) gopher.eff.org (Electonic Frontier Foundation) gopher.panix.com (Panix) gw.PacBell.com (Pacific Bell) iitf.doc.gov (NITA -- IITF) info.itu.ch (International Telegraph Union) ncjrs.aspensys.com (National Criminal Justice Reference Service) oss.net (Open Source Solutions) spy.org (Computer Systems Consulting) wiretap.spies.com (Wiretap) --------------------------------------------------------------------------- E-06. What are some World wide Web (WWW) sites of interest to hackers? The maintenance of this section simply grew out of control. There is information of interest to hackers all over the World Wide Web. To find what you are looking for, consult one of these fine search engines: www.hotbot.com HotBot: The Wired Search Center www.altavista.digital.com AltaVista Search Network www.yahoo.com Yahoo! www.lycos.com Lycos www.webcrawler.com WebCrawler www.ionfoseek.com InfoSeek www.excite.com eXcite www.dejanews.com DejaNews [Now http://groups.google.com/ H.] --------------------------------------------------------------------------- E-07. What are some IRC channels of interest to hackers? #2600 #cellular #hack #phreak #linux #realhack #root #unix #warez --------------------------------------------------------------------------- E-08. What are some BBS's of interest to hackers? Rune Stone (203)832-8441 NUP: Cyberdeck N Strange Days (207)490-2158 The Truth Sayer's Domain (210)493-9975 Independent Nation (413)573-1809 Ut0PiA (315)656-5135 underworld_1994.com (514)683-1894 Alliance Communications (612)251-8596 Maas-Neotek (617)855-2923 Apocalypse 2000 (847)831-0484 K0dE Ab0dE (713)579-2276 fARM R0Ad 666 (713)855-0261 kn0wledge Phreak <k0p> BBS (719)578-8288 NUP=NO NUP The Edge of Reality (805)496-7460 Static Line (806)747-0802 Area 51 (908)526-4384 The Drunk Forces +972-3-5733477 --------------------------------------------------------------------------- E-09. What are some books of interest to hackers? General Computer Security ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Computer Security Basics Author: Deborah Russell and G.T. Gengemi Sr. Publisher: O'Reilly & Associates, Inc. Copyright Date: 1991 ISBN: 0-937175-71-4 This is an excellent book. It gives a broad overview of computer security without sacrificing detail. A must read for the beginning security expert. Information Systems Security Author: Philip Fites and Martin Kratz Publisher: Van Nostrad Reinhold Copyright Date: 1993 ISBN: 0-442-00180-0 Computer Related Risks Author: Peter G. Neumann Publisher: Addison-Wesley Copyright Date: 1995 ISBN: 0-201-55805-X Computer Security Management Author: Karen Forcht Publisher: boyd & fraser publishing company Copyright Date: 1994 ISBN: 0-87835-881-1 The Stephen Cobb Complete Book of PC and LAN Security Author: Stephen Cobb Publisher: Windcrest Books Copyright Date: 1992 ISBN: 0-8306-9280-0 (hardback) 0-8306-3280-8 (paperback) Security in Computing Author: Charles P. Pfleeger Publisher: Prentice Hall Copyright Date: 1989 ISBN: 0-13-798943-1. Building a Secure Computer System Author: Morrie Gasser Publisher: Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., New York. Copyright Date: ISBN: 0-442-23022-2 Modern Methods for Computer Security Author: Lance Hoffman Publisher: Prentice Hall Copyright Date: 1977 ISBN: Windows NT 3.5 Guidelines for Security, Audit and Control Author: Publisher: Microsoft Press Copyright Date: ISBN: 1-55615-814-9 Protection and Security on the Information Superhighway Author: Dr. Frederick B. Cohen) Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Copyright Date: 1995 ISBN: 0-471-11389-1 Commonsense Computer Security Author: Martin Smith Publisher: McGraw-Hill Copyright Date: 1993 ISBN: 0-07-707805-5 Combatting Computer Crime Author: Jerry Papke Publisher: McGraw-Hill, Inc. / Chantico Publishing Company, Inc. Copyright Date: 1992 ISBN: 0-8306-7664-3 Computer Crime: a Crimefighters Handbook Author: David Icove, Karl Seger and William VonStorch Publisher: O'Reilly & Associates Copyright Date: 1995 ISBN: 1-56592-086-4 Unix System Security ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Practical Unix Security Author: Simson Garfinkel and Gene Spafford Publisher: O'Reilly & Associates, Inc. Copyright Date: 1991 ISBN: 0-937175-72-2 Unix System Security Author: Rik Farrow Publisher: Addison Wesley Copyright Date: 1991 ISBN: 0-201-57030-0 Unix Security: A Practical Tutorial Author: N. Derek Arnold Publisher: McGraw Hill Copyright Date: 1993 ISBN: 0-07-002560-6 Unix System Security: A Guide for Users and Systems Administrators Author: David A. Curry Publisher: Addison-Wesley Copyright Date: 1992 ISBN: 0-201-56327-4 Unix System Security Author: Patrick H. Wood and Stephen G. Kochan Publisher: Hayden Books Copyright Date: 1985 ISBN: 0-672-48494-3 Unix Security for the Organization Author: Richard Bryant Publisher: Sams Copyright Date: 1994 ISBN: 0-672-30571-2 Unix System Security Essentials Author: Christopher Braun Publisher: Addison Wesley Copyright Date: 1995 ISBN: 0-201-42775-3 Firewalls ~~~~~~~~~ Building Internet Firewalls Author: D. Brent Chapman and Elizabeth D. Zwicky Publisher: O'Reilly and Associates, Inc. Copyright Date: 1995 ISBN: 1-56592-124-0 If you are going to purchase a book on firewalls, this is the one to buy. Firewalls and Internet Security Author: William Cheswick and Steven Bellovin Publisher: Addison Wesley Copyright Date: 1994 ISBN: 0-201-63357-4 Internet Firewalls and Network Security Author: Karanjit S. Siyan and Chris Hare Publisher: New Riders Publishing Copyright Date: 1995 ISBN: 1-56205-437-6 Network Security ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Network Security Secrets Author: David J. Stang and Sylvia Moon Publisher: IDG Books Copyright Date: 1993 ISBN: 1-56884-021-7 Not a total waste of paper, but definitely not worth the $49.95 purchase price. The book is a rehash of previously published information. The only secret we learn from reading the book is that Sylvia Moon is a younger woman madly in love with the older David Stang. Complete Lan Security and Control Author: Peter Davis Publisher: Windcrest / McGraw Hill Copyright Date: 1994 ISBN: 0-8306-4548-9 and 0-8306-4549-7 Network Security Author: Steven Shaffer and Alan Simon Publisher: AP Professional Copyright Date: 1994 ISBN: 0-12-638010-4 Network Security: How to Plan For It and How to Achieve It Author: Richard M. Baker Publisher: McGraw-Hill, Inc. Copyright Date: ISBN: 0-07-005141-0 Network Security Author: Steven L. Shaffer and Alan R. Simon Publisher: Academic Press Copyright Date: 1994 ISBN: 0-12-638010-4 Network Security: Private Communications in a Public World Author: Charlie Kaufman, Radia Perlman and Mike Speciner Publisher: Prentice Hall Copyright Date: 1995 ISBN: 0-13-061466-1 Network and Internetwork Security: Principles and Practice Author: William Stallings Publisher: Prentice Hall Copyright Date: 1995 ISBN: 0-02-415483-0 Implementing Internet Security Author: William Stallings Publisher: New Rider Publishing Copyright Date: 1995 ISBN: 1-56205-471-6 Actually Useful Internet Security Techniques Author: Larry J. Hughes, Jr. Publisher: New Riders Publishing Copyright Date: 1995 ISBN: 1-56205-508-9 Cryptology ~~~~~~~~~~~~ Applied Cryptography: Protocols, Algorithms, and Source Code in C Author: Bruce Schneier Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Copyright Date: 1994 ISBN: 0-471-59756-2 Bruce Schneier's book replaces all other texts on cryptography. If you are interested in cryptography, this is a must read. This may be the first and last book on cryptography you may ever need to buy. Cryptography and Data Security Author: Dorothy Denning Publisher: Addison-Wesley Publishing Co. Copyright Date: 1982 ISBN: 0-201-10150-5 Protect Your Privacy: A Guide for PGP Users Author: William Stallings Publisher: Prentice-Hall Copyright Date: 1994 ISBN: 0-13-185596-4 Codebreakers Author: Kahn Publisher: Simon and Schuster Copyright Date: ISBN:0-02-560460-0 Codebreakers: The Inside Story of Bletchley Park Author: Francis Harry Hinsley and Alan Stripp Publisher: Oxford University Press, Copyright Date: 1993 ISBN:0-19-285304-X Cryptanalysis, a study of ciphers and their solution Author: Gaines, Helen Fouche Publisher: Dover Publications Copyright Date: 1956 ISBN: Computer Privacy Handbook Author: Andre' Bacard Publisher: Peachpit Press Copyright Date: 1995 ISBN: 1-56609-171-3 E-Mail Security with PGP and PEM Author: Bruce Schneier Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Copyright Date: 1995 ISBN: 0-471-05318-X PGP: Pretty Good Privacy Author: Simson Garfinkel Publisher: O'Reilly & Associates, Inc. Copyright Date: 1995 ISBN: 1-56592-098-8 Programmed Threats ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ The Little Black Book of Computer Viruses Author: Mark Ludwig Publisher: American Eagle Publications Copyright Date: 1990 ISBN: 0-929408-02-0 The Giant Black Book of Computer Viruses Author: Mark Ludwig Publisher: American Eagle Publications Copyright Date: 1995 ISBN: Computer Viruses, Artificial Life and Evolution Author: Mark Ludwig Publisher: American Eagle Publications Copyright Date: 1993 ISBN: 0-929408-07-1 Computer Viruses, Worms, Data Diddlers, Killer Programs, and Other Threats to Your System Author: John McAfee and Colin Haynes Publisher: St. Martin's Press Copyright Date: 1989 ISBN: 0-312-03064-9 and 0-312-02889-X The Virus Creation Labs: A Journey Into the Underground Author: George Smith Publisher: American Eagle Publications Copyright Date: 1994 ISBN: 0-929408-09-8 A Short Course on Computer Viruses Author: Dr. Fred Cohen Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Copyright Date: 1994 ISBN: 0-471-00769-2 Robert Slade's Guide to Computer Viruses Author: Robert Slade Publisher: Springer-Verlag Copyright Date: 1994 ISBN: 0-387-94311-0 / 3-540-94311-0 Telephony ~~~~~~~~~ Engineering and Operations in the Bell System Author: R.F. Rey Publisher: Bell Telephont Laboratories Copyright Date: 1983 ISBN: 0-932764-04-5 Although hopelessly out of date, this book remains *THE* book on telephony. This book is 100% Bell, and is loved by phreaks the world over. Telephony: Today and Tomorrow Author: Dimitris N. Chorafas Publisher: Prentice-Hall Copyright Date: 1984 ISBN: 0-13-902700-9 The Telecommunications Fact Book and Illustrated Dictionary Author: Ahmed S. Khan Publisher: Delmar Publishers, Inc. Copyright Date: 1992 ISBN: 0-8273-4615-8 I find this dictionary to be an excellent reference book on telephony, and I recommend it to anyone with serious intentions in the field. Tandy/Radio Shack Cellular Hardware Author: Judas Gerard and Damien Thorn Publisher: Phoenix Rising Communications Copyright Date: 1994 ISBN: The Phone Book Author: Carl Oppendahl Publisher: Consumer Reports Copyright Date: ISBN: 0-89043-364-x Listing of every cellular ID in the us, plus roaming ports, and info numbers for each carrier. Principles of Caller I.D. Author: Publisher: International MicroPower Corp. Copyright Date: ISBN: Hacking History and Culture ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ The Hacker Crackdown: Law and Disorder on the Electronic Frontier Author: Bruce Sterling Publisher: Bantam Books Copyright Date: 1982 ISBN: 0-553-56370-X Bruce Sterling has recently released the book FREE to the net. The book is much easier to read in print form, and the paperback is only $5.99. Either way you read it, you will be glad you did. Mr. Sterling is an excellent science fiction author and has brought his talent with words to bear on the hacking culture. A very enjoyable reading experience. Hackers: Heroes of the Computer Revolution Author: Steven Levy Publisher: Doubleday Copyright Date: 1984 ISBN: 0-440-13495-6 Cyberpunk Author: Katie Hafner and John Markoff Publisher: Simon and Schuster Copyright Date: 1991 ISBN: 0-671-77879-X The Cuckoo's Egg Author: Cliff Stoll Publisher: Simon and Schuster Copyright Date: 1989 ISBN: 0-671-72688-9 N Masters of Deception Author: Quittner, John Publisher: HarperCollins Publishers, Incorporated, New York, NY ISBN: 0-06-017030-1 Unclassified ~~~~~~~~~~~~ The Hacker's Handbook Author: Hugo Cornwall Publisher: E. Arthur Brown Company Copyright Date: ISBN: 0-912579-06-4 Secrets of a Super Hacker Author: The Knightmare Publisher: Loompanics Copyright Date: 1994 ISBN: 1-55950-106-5 The Knightmare is no super hacker. There is little or no real information in this book. The Knightmare gives useful advice like telling you not to dress up before going trashing. The Knightmare's best hack is fooling Loompanics into publishing this garbage. The Day The Phones Stopped Author: Leonard Lee Publisher: Primus / Donald I Fine, Inc. Copyright Date: 1992 ISBN: 1-55611-286-6 Total garbage. Paranoid delusions of a lunatic. Less factual data that an average issue of the Enquirer. Information Warfare Author: Winn Swartau Publisher: Thunder Mountain Press Copyright Date: 1994 ISBN: 1-56025-080-1 An Illustrated Guide to the Techniques and Equipment of Electronic Warfare Author: Doug Richardson Publisher: Salamander Press Copyright Date: ISBN: 0-668-06497-8 --------------------------------------------------------------------------- E-10. What are some videos of interest to hackers? 'Unauthorized Access' by Annaliza Savage $25 on VH S format in 38-min Savage Productions 1803 Mission St., #406 Santa Cruz, CA 95060 Hacker's '95 - a Phon-E & R.F. Burns Production See the video Emmanuel Goldstein thought would have the Feds knocking at his door. Coverage of Summercon'95 Coverage of Defcon III The big Y fiasco at Summercon. PMF (narc) interviews Emmanuel Goldstein & Eric BloodAxe. Trip to Area 51 and interview with Psyhospy Coverage of the Secret Service briefing on Operation Cyber Snare (recent cell busts) Talks on Crypto, HERF, the Feds, etc. All information is presented for educational purposes only. Not for sale to government or law enforcement organizations. Running time aproximately 90 minutes. $34.95 ($29.95 if ordered via the WWW page) Custom Video Productions (908)842-6378 videocvp@ix.netcom.com For more infomation: http://www.rockpile.com/~security/hackervid.html --------------------------------------------------------------------------- E-11. What are some mailing lists of interest to hackers? Academic Firewalls Registration Address: Send a message to majordomo@greatcircle.com containing the line "subscribe firewalls user@host" The Alert Registration Address: Send a message to request-alert@iss.net containing the line "subscribe alert" Bugtraq Reflector Address: bugtraq@fc.net Registration Address: bugtraq-request@fc.net Cert Tools Reflector Address: cert-tools@cert.org Registration Address: cert-tools-request@cert.org Computers and Society Reflector Address: Comp-Soc@limbo.intuitive.com Registration Address: taylor@limbo.intuitive.com Coordinated Feasibility Effort to Unravel State Data Reflector Address: ldc-sw@cpsr.org Registration Address: CPSR Announcement List Reflector Address: cpsr-announce@cpsr.org Registration Address: CPSR - Intellectual Property Reflector Address: cpsr-int-prop@cpsr.org Registration Address: CPSR - Internet Library Reflector Address: cpsr-library@cpsr.org Registration Address: Cypherpunks Registration Address: Send a message to majordomo@toad.com containing the line "subscribe cypherpunks" [Note from Ultraman: Your description for subscribing to the cypherpunks list is incorrect. The list is named 'cypherpunks-unedited'. H.] DefCon Announcement List Registration Address: Send a message to majordomo@fc.net containing the line "subscribe dc-announce" DefCon Chat List Registration Address: Send a message to majordomo@fc.net containing the line "subscribe dc-stuff" Discount Long Distance Digest Registration Address: Send a message to: dld-request@webcom.com containing the line "subscribe" Electronic Payment Registration Address: e-payment@cc.bellcore.com IDS (Intruder Detection Systems) Registration Address: Send a message to majordomo@wyrm.cc.uow.edu.au containing the line "subscribe ids" Information Warfare Registration Address: E-mail iw@all.net with a request to be added. Linux-Alert Registration Address: majordomo@linux.nrao.edu Linux-Security Registration Address: majordomo@linux.nrao.edu Macintosh Security Reflector Address: mac-security@eclectic.com Registration Address: mac-security-request@eclectic.com N NetWare Security Registration Address: Send a message to majordomo@dey-systems.com containing the line "subscribe netware-hack" NeXT Managers Registration Address: next-managers-request@stolaf.edu PGP3 announcement list Registration Address: pgp-announce-request@lsd.com Subject: Your Name <user@host> Body: *ignored* Phiber-Scream Registration Address: Send a message to listserv@netcom.com containing the line "subscribe phiber-scream user@host" phruwt-l (Macintosh H/P) Registration Address: Send a message to filbert@netcom.com with the subject "phruwt-l" rfc931-users Reflector Address: rfc931-users@kramden.acf.nyu.edu Registration Address: brnstnd@nyu.edu RSA Users Reflector Address: rsaref-users@rsa.com Registration Address: rsaref-users-request@rsa.com WWW Security Registration Address: www-security@ns2.rutgers.edu --------------------------------------------------------------------------- E-12. What are some print magazines of interest to hackers? 2600 - The Hacker Quarterly ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ E-mail addresses: info@2600.com - to get info on 2600 index@2600.com - to get a copy of our index meetings@2600.com - for info on starting your own meeting subs@2600.com -- for subscription problems letters@2600.com -- to send us a letter articles@2600.com -- to send us an article 2600@2600.com -- to send us a general message Subscription Address: 2600 Subscription Dept PO Box 752 Middle Island, NY 11953-0752 Letters and article submission address: 2600 Editorial Dept PO Box 99 Middle Island, NY 11953-0099 Phone Number: (516)751-2600 Fax Number: (516)474-2677 Voice BBS: (516)473-2626 Subscriptions: United States: $21/yr individual, $50 corporate. Overseas: $30/yr individual, $65 corporate. Gray Areas ~~~~~~~~~~ Gray Areas examines gray areas of law and morality and subject matter which is illegal, immoral and/or controversial. Gray Areas explores why hackers hack and puts hacking into a sociological framework of deviant behavior. E-Mail Address: grayarea@well.sf.ca.us E-Mail Address: grayarea@netaxs.com U.S. Mail Address: Gray Areas PO Box 808 Broomall, PA 19008 Subscriptions: $26.00 4 issues first class $34.00 4 issues foreign (shipped air mail) Privacy Newsletter ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Privacy Newsletter is a monthly newsletter devoted to showing consumers how to get privacy and keep it. E-Mail Address: privacy@interramp.com Subscription Address: Privacy Newsletter P.O. Box 8206 Philadelphia, PA 19101-8206 Subscriptions: $99/yr (US) $149/yr (Overseas) Wired ~~~~~ Subscription Address: subscriptions@wired.com or: Wired PO Box 191826 San Francisco, CA 94119-9866 Letters and article submission address: guidelines@wired.com or: Wired 544 Second Street San Francisco, CA 94107-1427 Subscriptions: $39/yr (US) $64/yr (Canada/Mexico) $79/yr (Overseas) Nuts & Volts ~~~~~~~~~~~~ T& L Publications 430 Princeland Court Corona, CA 91719 (800)783-4624 (Voice) (Subscription Only Order Line) (909)371-8497 (Voice) (909)371-3052 (Fax) CIS: 74262,3664 Cybertek: The Cyberpunk Technical Journal ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ P.O. Box 64 Brewster, NY 10509 Frequency: Bimonthly Domestic Subscription Rate: $15/year (6 issues) PrivateLine ~~~~~~~~~~~ 5150 Fair Oaks Blvd. #101-348 Carmichael, CA 95608 USA E-Mail: privateline@delphi.com Subscriptions: $24 a year for six issues Text of back issues are at the etext archive at Michigan. Gopher over or ftp to: etext.archive.umich.edu/pub/Zines/PrivateLine --------------------------------------------------------------------------- E-13. What are some e-zines of interest to hackers? CoTNo: Communications of The New Order ftp.etext.org /pub/Zines/CoTNo Empire Times ftp.etext.org /pub/Zines/Emptimes FEH ftp.fc.net /pub/defcon/FEH The Infinity Concept infonexus.com /pub/Philes/Zines/TheInfinityConcept Phrack ftp.fc.net /pub/phrack --------------------------------------------------------------------------- E-14. What are some organizations of interest to hackers? Computer Professionals for Social Responsibility (CPSR) ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ CPSR empowers computer professionals and computer users to advocate for the responsible use of information technology and empowers all who use computer technology to participate in the public debate. As technical experts, CPSR members provide the public and policy makers with realistic assessments of the power, promise, and limitations of computer technology. As an organization of concerned citizens, CPSR directs public attention to critical choices concerning the applications of computing and how those choices affect society. By matching unimpeachable technical information with policy development savvy, CPSR uses minimum dollars to have maximum impact and encourages broad public participation in the shaping of technology policy. Every project we undertake is based on five principles: * We foster and support public discussion of and public responsibility for decisions involving the use of computers in systems critical to society. * We work to dispel popular myths about the infallibility of technological systems. * We challenge the assumption that technology alone can solve political and social problems. * We critically examine social and technical issues within the computer profession, nationally and internationally. * We encourage the use of computer technology to improve the quality of life. CPSR Membership Categories 75 REGULAR MEMBER 50 Basic member 200 Supporting member 500 Sponsoring member 1000 Lifetime member 20 Student/low income member 50 Foreign subscriber 50 Library/institutional subscriber CPSR National Office P.O. Box 717 Palo Alto, CA 94301 415-322-3778 415-322-3798 (FAX) E-mail: cpsr@csli.stanford.edu Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ The Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) is dedicated to the pursuit of policies and activities that will advance freedom and openness in computer-based communications. It is a member-supported, nonprofit group that grew from the conviction that a new public interest organization was needed in the information age; that this organization would enhance and protect the democratic potential of new computer communications technology. From the beginning, the EFF determined to become an organization that would combine technical, legal, and public policy expertise, and would apply these skills to the myriad issues and concerns that arise whenever a new communications medium is born. Memberships are $20.00 per year for students, $40.00 per year for regular members, and $100.00 per year for organizations. The Electronic Frontier Foundation, Inc. 1001 G Street, NW Suite 950 East Washington, D.C. 20001 (202)544 9237 (202)547 5481 FAX Internet: eff@eff.org Free Software Foundation (FSF) and GNU ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ The Free Software Foundation is dedicated to eliminating restrictions on people's right to use, copy, modify, and redistribute computer programs. We promote the development and use of free software in all areas using computers. Specifically, we are putting together a complete, integrated software system named "GNU" ("GNU's Not Unix", pronounced "guh-new") that will be upwardly compatible with Unix. Most parts of this system are already being used and distributed. The word "free" in our name refers to freedom, not price. You may or may not pay money to get GNU software, but regardless you have two specific freedoms once you get it: first, the freedom to copy a program and give it away to your friends and co-workers; and second, the freedom to change a program as you wish, by having full access to source code. You can study the source and learn how such programs are written. You may then be able to port it, improve it, and share your changes with others. If you redistribute GNU software you may charge a distribution fee or give it away, so long as you include the source code and the GPL (GNU General Public License). Free Software Foundation, Inc. Telephone: +1-617-876-3296 673 Massachusetts Avenue Fax: +1-617-492-9057 Cambridge, MA 02139-3309 USA Fax (in Japan): 0031-13-2473 (KDD) Electronic mail: gnu@prep.ai.mit.edu 0066-3382-0158 (IDC) GNU is to be a complete integrated computational environment: everything you need to work with a computer, either as a programmer or as a person in an office or home. The core is an operating system, which consists of a central program called a kernel that runs the other programs on the computer, and a large number of ancillary programs for handling files, etc. The Free Software Foundation is developing an advanced kernel called the Hurd. A complete system has tools for programmers, such as compilers and debuggers. It also has editors, sketchpads, calendars, calculators, spreadsheets, databases, electronic mail readers, and Internet navigators. The FSF already distributes most of the programs used in an operating system, all the tools regularly used by programmers, and much more. The League for Programming Freedom (LPF) ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ The League for Programming Freedom is an organization of people who oppose the attempt to monopolize common user interfaces through "look and feel" copyright lawsuits. Some of us are programmers, who worry that such monopolies will obstruct our work. Some of us are users, who want new computer systems to be compatible with the interfaces we know. Some are founders of hardware or software companies, such as Richard P. Gabriel. Some of us are professors or researchers, including John McCarthy, Marvin Minsky, Guy L. Steele, Jr., Robert S. Boyer and Patrick Winston. "Look and feel" lawsuits aim to create a new class of government- enforced monopolies broader in scope than ever before. Such a system of user-interface copyright would impose gratuitous incompatibility, reduce competition, and stifle innovation. We in the League hope to prevent these problems by preventing user-interface copyright. The League is NOT opposed to copyright law as it was understood until 1986 -- copyright on particular programs. Our aim is to stop changes in the copyright system which would take away programmers' traditional freedom to write new programs compatible with existing programs and practices. Annual dues for individual members are $42 for employed professionals, $10.50 for students, and $21 for others. We appreciate activists, but members who cannot contribute their time are also welcome. To contact the League, phone (617) 243-4091, send Internet mail to the address league@prep.ai.mit.edu, or write to: League for Programming Freedom 1 Kendall Square #143 P.O. Box 9171 Cambridge, MA 02139 USA SotMesc ~~~~~~~ Founded in 1989, SotMesc is dedicated to preserving the integrity and cohesion of the computing society. By promoting computer education, liberties and efficiency, we believe we can secure freedoms for all computer users while retaining privacy. SotMesc maintains the CSP Internet mailing list, the SotMesc Scholarship Fund, and the SotMesc Newsletter. The SotMESC is financed partly by membership fees, and donations, but mostly by selling hacking, cracking, phreaking, electronics, internet, and virus information and programs on disk and bound paper media. SotMesc memberships are $20 to students and $40 to regular members. SotMESC P.O. Box 573 Long Beach, MS 39560 Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ CERT is the Computer Emergency Response Team that was formed by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) in November 1988 in response to the needs exhibited during the Internet worm incident. The CERT charter is to work with the Internet community to facilitate its response to computer security events involving Internet hosts, to take proactive steps to raise the community's awareness of computer security issues, and to conduct research targeted at improving the security of existing systems. CERT products and services include 24-hour technical assistance for responding to computer security incidents, product vulnerability assistance, technical documents, and seminars. In addition, the team maintains a number of mailing lists (including one for CERT advisories) and provides an anonymous FTP server: cert.org (, where security-related documents, past CERT advisories, and tools are archived. CERT contact information: U.S. mail address CERT Coordination Center Software Engineering Institute Carnegie Mellon University Pittsburgh, PA 15213-3890 U.S.A. Internet E-mail address cert@cert.org Telephone number (412)268-7090 (24-hour hotline) CERT Coordination Center personnel answer 7:30 a.m.- 6:00 p.m. EST(GMT-5)/EDT(GMT-4), on call for emergencies during other hours. FAX number (412)268-6989 --------------------------------------------------------------------------- E-15. What are some radio programs of interest to hackers? Off The Hook New York 99.5 FM Tue 8pm EST Full Disclosure Live Short Wave WWCR 5065 khz Sun 8pm EST Full Disclosure Live Oil City, PA WOYL AM-1340 Sun 8pm EST Full Disclosure Live Satellite Telstar 302 (T2), Ch 21, 5.8 Sun 8pm EST --------------------------------------------------------------------------- E-16. What are other FAQ's of interest to hackers? The Unofficial Netware Hack FAQ Author: Simple Nomad <thegnome@nmrc.org> http://nmrc.org/faqs/netware/index.html The Unofficial NT Hack FAQ Author: Simple Nomad <thegnome@nmrc.org> http://nmrc.org/faqs/nt/index.html The Unofficial Web Hack FAQ Author: Simple Nomad <thegnome@nmrc.org> http://nmrc.org/faqs/www/index.html The PGP Attack FAQ Author: Route [daemon9@netcom.com / route@infonexus.com] ftp://infonexus.com /pub/Philes/Cryptography/PGPattackFAQ.txt.gz The UK Phone Phreaking F.A.Q. Author: Pyro Teknik <pyro-teknik@geocities.com> <pteknik@spasm.redcat.org.uk> http://www.crossbar.demon.co.uk/ukphreak.txt alt.ph.uk FAQ Author: phuk@madrab.demon.co.uk Mac Hack FAQ: Defeating Security Author: AX1P (an149689@anon.penet.fi) Frequently Asked Questions About Red Boxing Author: Mr. Sandman (an132432@anon.penet.fi) VMS FAQ (Frequently Ask Questions) Author: The Beaver (beaver@upperdck.blkbox.com) Anonymous FTP FAQ Author: Christopher Klaus <cklaus@iss.net> of Internet Security Systems, Inc. ftp://ftp.iss.net /pub/faq/anonftp Compromise FAQ: What if your Machines are Compromised by an Intruder Author: Christopher Klaus <cklaus@iss.net> of Internet Security Systems, Inc. ftp://ftp.iss.net /pub/faq/compromise Security Patches FAQ Author: Christopher Klaus <cklaus@iss.net> of Internet Security Systems, Inc. ftpa//: ftp.iss.net /pub/faq/patch Sniffer FAQ Author: Christopher Klaus <cklaus@iss.net> of Internet Security Systems, Inc. ftp://ftp.iss.net /pub/faq/sniff Vendor Security Contacts: Reporting Vulnerabilities and Obtaining New Patches Author: Christopher Klaus <cklaus@iss.net> of Internet Security Systems, Inc. ftp://ftp.iss.net /pub/faq/vendor Cryptography FAQ Author: The Crypt Cabal ftp://rtfm.mit.edu /pub/usenet-by-group/sci.crypt/ Firewalls FAQ Author: Marcus J. Ranum (mjr@ss1.lightspeed.net) ftp://rtfm.mit.edu /pub/usenet-by-group/comp.security.misc/ Buying a Used Scanner Radio Author: parnass@att.com (Bob Parnass, AJ9S) ftp://rtfm.mit.edu /pub/usenet-by-group/rec.radio.scanner/ How to Find Scanner Frequencies Author: parnass@att.com (Bob Parnass, AJ9S) ftp://rtfm.mit.edu /pub/usenet-by-group/rec.radio.scanner/ Introduction to Scanning Author: parnass@att.com (Bob Parnass, AJ9S) ftp://rtfm.mit.edu /pub/usenet-by-group/rec.radio.scanner/ Low Power Broadcasting FAQ Author: Rick Harrison. ftp://rtfm.mit.edu /pub/usenet-by-group/alt.radio.pirate/ RSA Cryptography Today FAQ Author: Paul Fahn ftp://rtfm.mit.edu /pub/usenet-by-group/sci.crypt/ VIRUS-L comp.virus Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) Author: Kenneth R. van Wyk <krvw@cert.org> ftp://rtfm.mit.edu /pub/usenet-by-group/comp.virus/ Where to get the latest PGP (Pretty Good Privacy) FAQ Author: mpj@csn.net (Michael Johnson) ftp://rtfm.mit.edu /pub/usenet-by-group/alt.security.pgp/ alt.locksmithing answers to Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) Author: spike@indra.com (Joe Ilacqua) ftp://rtfm.mit.edu /pub/usenet-by-group/alt.locksmithing/ comp.os.netware.security FAQ Author: Fauzan Mirza <F.U.Mirza@sheffield.ac.uk> ftp://rtfm.mit.edu /pub/usenet-by-group/comp.os.netware.security/ rec.pyrotechnics FAQ Author: zoz@cs.adelaide.edu.au (Hans Josef Wagemueller) ftp://rtfm.mit.edu /pub/usenet-by-group/rec.pyrotechnics/ --------------------------------------------------------------------------- E-17. What are some conferences of interest to hackers? Every year a hacker convention disappears and two new ones crop up in it's place. Two that are definitely upcoming are: CuervoCon every Winter in Texas http://www.cuervocon.org DefCon every Summer in Las Vegas http://www.defcon.org For more information, keep your eyes on the web. --------------------------------------------------------------------------- E-18. What are some telephone numbers of interest to hackers? The DefCon Voice Bridge (801)855-3326 --------------------------------------------------------------------------- E-19. Where can I purchase a magnetic stripe reader/writer? Mag-Tek http://www.magtek.com 20725 S. Annalee Avenue Carson, CA 90746 (310)631-8602 (Voice) (310)631-3956 (Fax) Track Write Interface Model Price --------------------------------------------------- 2 No Keyboard/RS-232 1,2 No Keyboard/RS-232 2,3 No Keyboard/RS-232 1,2,3 No RS-232 1,2,3 Yes Standalone/RS-232 American Microsystems http://www.amis.com 2190 Regal Parkway Euless, TX 76040 (800)648-4452 (Voice) (817)685-6232 (Fax) Track Write Interface Model Price --------------------------------------------------- 2 No $250 CPU Advance PO Box 2434 Harwood Station Littleton, MA 01460 (508)624-4819 (Fax) Track Write Interface Model Price --------------------------------------------------- 1,2 Yes C1523 $389 2,3 Yes C1534 $389 Herback and Rademan http://www.herbach.com 18 Canal Street P.O. Box 122 Bristol, PA 19007-0122 (215)788-5583 (Voice) (215)788-9577 (Fax) Track Write Interface Model Price --------------------------------------------------- 2 No TM92CMP1966 $15 Neuron Electronics http://www.neuron-usa.com 3848 Del Amo Boulevard Suite #301 Torrance, CA 90503 (310)793-1300 (Voice) (310)793-1304 (Fax) Track Write Interface Model Price --------------------------------------------------- 2 Yes MCR 231-2A Omron Electronics, Inc. http://www.omron.com One East Commerce Drive Schaumburg, IL 60173 (800)556-6766 (Voice) (708)843-7787 (Fax) Security Photo Corporation 1051 Commonwealth Avenue Boston, MA 02215 (800)533-1162 (Voice) (617)783-3200 (Voice) (617)783-1966 (Voice) Timeline Inc, http://www.digisys.net/timeline/ 23605 Telo Avenue Torrence, CA 90505 (800)872-8878 (Voice) (800)223-9977 (Voice) Alltronics http://www.alltronics.com 2300 Zanker Road San Jose, CA 95131 (408) 943-9774 Voice (408) 943-9776 Fax (408) 943-0622 BBS Part Number: 92U067 Atalla Corp, a division of Tandem Computers Incorporated http://www.atalla.com 2304 Zanker Road San Jose, CA 95131 (800)523-9981 (Voice) (408)435-8850 (Voice) (408)435-1116 (Fax) --------------------------------------------------------------------------- E-20. What are the rainbow books and how can I get them? Orange Book DoD 5200.28-STD Department of Defense Trusted Computer System Evaluation Criteria. Green Book CSC-STD-002-85 Department of Defense Password Management Guideline. Yellow Book CSC-STD-003-85 Computer Security Requirements -- Guidance for Applying the Department of Defense Trusted Computer System Evaluation Criteria in Specific Environments. Yellow Book CSC-STD-004-85 Technical Rationale Behind CSC-STD-003-85: Computer Security Requirements. Guidance for Applying the Department of Defense Trusted Computer System Evaluation Criteria in Specific Environments. Tan Book NCSC-TG-001 A Guide to Understanding Audit in Trusted Systems. Bright Blue Book NCSC-TG-002 Trusted Product Evaluation - A Guide for Vendors. Neon Orange Book NCSC-TG-003 A Guide to Understanding Discretionary Access Control in Trusted Systems. Teal Green Book NCSC-TG-004 Glossary of Computer Security Terms. Red Book NCSC-TG-005 Trusted Network Interpretation of the Trusted Computer System Evaluation Criteria. Orange Book NCSC-TG-006 A Guide to Understanding Configuration Management in Trusted Systems. Burgundy Book NCSC-TG-007 A Guide to Understanding Design Documentation in Trusted Systems. Dark Lavender Book NCSC-TG-008 A Guide to Understanding Trusted Distribution in Trusted Systems. Venice Blue Book NCSC-TG-009 Computer Security Subsystem Interpretation of the Trusted Computer System Evaluation Criteria. Aqua Book NCSC-TG-010 A Guide to Understanding Security Modeling in Trusted Systems. Dark Red Book NCSC-TG-011 Trusted Network Interpretation Environments Guideline -- Guidance for Applying the Trusted Network Interpretation. Pink Book NCSC-TG-013 Rating Maintenance Phase -- Program Document. Purple Book NCSC-TG-014 Guidelines for Formal Verification Systems. Brown Book NCSC-TG-015 A Guide to Understanding Trusted Facility Management. Yellow-Green Book NCSC-TG-016 Guidelines for Writing Trusted Facility Manuals. Light Blue NCSC-TG-017 A Guide to Understanding Identification and Authentication in Trusted Systems. Light Blue Book NCSC-TG-018 A Guide to Understanding Object Reuse in Trusted Systems. Blue Book NCSC-TG-019 Trusted Product Evaluation Questionnaire. Gray Book NCSC-TG-020-A Trusted Unix Working Group (TRUSIX) Rationale for Selecting Access Control List Features for the Unix System. Lavender Book NCSC-TG-021 Trusted Data Base Management System Interpretation of the Trusted Computer System Evaluation Criteria. Yellow Book NCSC-TG-022 A Guide to Understanding Trusted Recovery in Trusted Systems. Bright Orange Book NCSC-TG-023 A Guide to Understandng Security Testing and Test Documentation in Trusted Systems. Purple Book NCSC-TG-024 (Volume 1/4) A Guide to Procurement of Trusted Systems: An Introduction to Procurement Initiators on Computer Security Requirements. Purple Book NCSC-TG-024 (Volume 2/4) A Guide to Procurement of Trusted Systems: Language for RFP Specifications and Statements of Work - An Aid to Procurement Initiators. Purple Book NCSC-TG-024 (Volume 3/4) A Guide to Procurement of Trusted Systems: Computer Security Contract Data Requirements List and Data Item Description Tutorial. Purple Book NCSC-TG-024 (Volume 4/4) A Guide to Procurement of Trusted Systems: How to Evaluate a Bidder's Proposal Document - An Aid to Procurement Initiators and Contractors. Green Book NCSC-TG-025 A Guide to Understanding Data Remanence in Automated Information Systems. Hot Peach Book NCSC-TG-026 A Guide to Writing the Security Features User's Guide for Trusted Systems. Turquiose Book NCSC-TG-027 A Guide to Understanding Information System Security Officer Responsibilities for Automated Information Systems. Violet Book NCSC-TG-028 Assessing Controlled Access Protection. Blue Book NCSC-TG-029 Introduction to Certification and Accreditation. Light Pink Book NCSC-TG-030 A Guide to Understanding Covert Channel Analysis of Trusted Systems. C1 Technical Report-001 Computer Viruses: Prevention, Detection, and Treatment. C Technical Report 79-91 Integrity in Automated Information Systems. C Technical Report 39-92 The Design and Evaluation of INFOSEC systems: The Computer Security Contributions to the Composition Discussion. C Technical Report 111-91 Integrity-Oriented Control Objectives: Proposed Revisions to the TCSEC, October 1991. NCSC Technical Report 002 Use of the TCSEC for Complex, Evolving, Multipolicy Systems. NCSC Technical Report 003 Turning Multiple Evaluated Products Into Trusted Systems. NCSC Technical Report 004 A Guide to Procurement of Single Connected Systems - Language for RFP Specifications and Statements of Work - An Aid to Procurement Initiators - Includes Complex, Evolving, and Multipolicy Systems. NCSC Technical Report 005 Volume 1/5 Inference and Aggregation Issues In Secure Database Management Systems. NCSC Technical Report 005 Volume 2/5 Entity and Referential Integrity Issues In Multilevel Secure Database Management. NCSC Technical Report 005 Volume 3/5 Polyinstantiation Issues In Multilevel Secure Database Management Systems. NCSC Technical Report 005 Volume 4/5 Auditing Issues In Secure Database Management Systems. NCSC Technical Report 005 Volume 5/5 Discretionary Access Control Issues In High Assurance Secure Database Management Systems. NTISSAM COMPUSEC/1-87 Advisory Memorandum on Office Automation Security Guideline. -- You can get your own free copy of any or all of the books in by writing or calling: INFOSEC Awareness ATTN: V/NISC NATIONAL SECURITY AGENCY 9800 SAVAGE ROAD FT MEADE, MD 20755-6755 NSA/ISSO Service Center (NISC) 1-800-688-6115 ext 0 (410)854-7661 You may request the books in print or you may request a CD-ROM that contains most of the books. You can also get most of the Rainbow books in electronic form at http://www.radium.ncsc.mil/tpep/library/rainbow/index.html If you ask to be put on the mailing list, you'll get a copy of each new book as it comes out. =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= Section F -- 2600 -=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= F-01. What is alt.2600? Alt.2600 is a Usenet newsgroup for discussion of material relating to 2600 Magazine, the hacker quarterly. It is NOT for the Atari 2600 game machine. Len@netsys.com created the group on Emmanuel Goldstein's recommendation. Emmanuel is the editor/publisher of 2600 Magazine. Following the barrage of postings about the Atari machine to alt.2600, an alt.atari.2600 was created to divert all of the atari traffic from alt.2600. Atari 2600 people are advised to hie over to rec.games.video.classic. --------------------------------------------------------------------------- [F-01b. Where is the alt.2600 Web site? At http://www.jssquires.freeserve.co.uk and http://www.fictitious.net/alt2600. H.] --------------------------------------------------------------------------- F-02. What does "2600" mean? 2600Hz was a tone that was used by early phone phreaks (or phreakers) in the 80's, and some currently. If the tone was sent down the line at the proper time, one could get away with all sorts of fun stuff. A note from Emmanuel Goldstein: "The Atari 2600 has NOTHING to do with blue boxes or telephones or the 2600 hertz tone. The 2600 hertz tone was simply the first step towards exploring the network. If you were successful at getting a toll call to drop, then billing would stop at that point but there would be billing for the number already dialed up until the point of seizure. 800 numbers and long distance information were both free in the past and records of who called what were either non-existent or very obscure with regards to these numbers. This, naturally, made them more popular than numbers that showed up on a bill, even if it was only for a minute. Today, many 800 numbers go overseas, which provides a quick and free way into another country's phone system which may be more open for exploration." --------------------------------------------------------------------------- F-03. Are there on-line versions of 2600 available? No. --------------------------------------------------------------------------- F-04. I can't find 2600 at any bookstores. What can I do? Subscribe. Or, let 2600 know via the subscription address that you think 2600 should be in the bookstore. Be sure to include the bookstores name and address. --------------------------------------------------------------------------- F-05. Why does 2600 cost more to subscribe to than to buy at a newsstand? A note from Emmanuel Goldstein: We've been selling 2600 at the same newsstand price ($4) since 1988 and we hope to keep it at that price for as long as we can get away with it. At the same time, $21 is about the right price to cover subscriber costs, including postage and record keeping, etc. People who subscribe don't have to worry about finding an issue someplace, they tend to get issues several weeks before the newsstands get them, and they can take out free ads in the 2600 Marketplace. This is not uncommon in the publishing industry. The NY Times, for example, costs $156.50 at the newsstands, and $234.75 delivered to your door. Editors Note: The newstand price is now $4.50. =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= Section G -- Miscellaneous =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= G-01. What does XXX stand for? TLA Three Letter Acronym ACL Access Control List PIN Personal Identification Number TCB Trusted Computing Base ALRU Automatic Line Record Update AN Associated Number ARSB Automated Repair Service Bureau ATH Abbreviated Trouble History BOC Bell Operating Company BOR Basic Output Report BOSS Business Office Servicing System CA Cable COE Central Office Equipment COSMOS Computer System for Main Frame Operations CMC Construction Maintenance Center CNID Calling Number IDentification CO Central Office COCOT Customer Owned Coin Operated Telephone CRSAB Centralized Repair Service Answering Bureau DID Direct Inbound Dialing DDD Direct Distance Dialing ECC Enter Cable Change LD Long Distance LMOS Loop Maintenance Operations System MLT Mechanized Loop Testing NPA Numbering Plan Area PBX Private Branch Exchange POTS Plain Old Telephone Service RBOC Regional Bell Operating Company RSB Repair Service Bureau SS Special Service TAS Telephone Answering Service TH Trouble History TREAT Trouble Report Evaluation and Analysis Tool LOD Legion of Doom HFC Hell Fire Club TNO The New Order ACiD Ansi Creators in Demand CCi Cybercrime International FLT Fairlight iCE Insane Creators Enterprise iNC International Network of Crackers NTA The Nocturnal Trading Alliance PDX Paradox PE Public Enemy PSY Psychose QTX Quartex RZR Razor (1911) S!P Supr!se Productions