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Subject: Solaris 2 Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) 1.74
This article was archived around: 17 Nov 2002 12:44:34 GMT
Last-Modified: 2002/11/17 12:43:54
Maintained-by: Casper Dik <Casper.Dik@Holland.Sun.COM>
The following is a list of questions that are frequently asked about
Solaris 2.x and later. Where the FAQ mentions "Solaris 2.x", it
really refers to Solaris 2.x, Solaris 7 and later.
You can help make it an even better-quality FAQ by writing a short
contribution or update and sending it BY EMAIL ONLY to me. A
contribution should consist of a question and an answer, and increasing
number of people sends me contributions of the form "I don't know the
answer to this, but it must be a FAQ, please answer it for me"; please
don't send me those.
As you may have noted, I have switched employers and work for Sun as of
April 1st 1995. Sun is in no way responsible for the contents
of this FAQ.
The latest Solaris 2 FAQ, including an HTML version, and some other goodies
|can be obtained through ftp from <ftp://ftp.science.uva.nl/pub/solaris>.
A new version of the FAQ is available with an index separate from
|all questions, it's <http://www.science.uva.nl/pub/solaris/solaris2/>.
So it's a lot quicker to download. Also, an experimental FAQ search service
|at <http://www.science.uva.nl/cgi-bin/sfaq.cgi> is now available.
Please note that these addresses have changed because of a reorg. Just
|replace "fwi" or "wins" in the old addresses with "science".
|The HTML <http://www.science.uva.nl/pub/solaris/solaris2.html> version
of the FAQ contains references to most FTP sites and files mentioned
in the FAQ. The references to ftp sites are always to either HTML
files or directories, never to binary files.
I've added an index of questions and marked changed(*) and added
questions(+). The FAQ is being reorganized, time permitting.
The index is generated automatically, so there may be errors there.
Not all questions are in the section they belong in. Suggestions on
how best to subdivide/order the FAQ are welcome.
1.1) What's Solaris anyway?
1.2) Why should I upgrade?
1.3) Should I move to Solaris 2.x now, or later, or never?
1.4) What is Solaris 2? Is it really SVR4 based?
| *1.5) What machines does Solaris 2.x run on?
1.6) Will my old applications from 4.1.x run on Solaris 2?
| *1.7) Will my SPARC binaries run unchanged on UltraSPARC machines?
1.8) Will my old applications from SVR3 on the 386 run on Solaris 2/x86?
1.9) Where has the XXX command gone now?
1.10) When I upgrade, should I use SunInstall "upgrade", or start over?
1.11) Is Solaris 2.x reliable/stable enough to use?
1.12) Why do some people dislike Solaris2?
1.13) Why do some people *like* Solaris2?
1.14) What is Sun doing to help me migrate?
1.15) Can I use my SunOS 4 disks on Solaris 2.x?
1.16) How can I enable System V IPC? Ipcs says it isn't configured in.
1.17) Solaris 7 is 64 bit, does that affect Solaris/IA-32?
*1.18) Solaris 7 is 64 bit, does this mean I can no longer use my old SPARCs?
1.19) Where can I download Solaris binaries from?
| 1.20) What Solaris release am I running on my system?
2. SOURCES OF INFORMATION
2.1) How can I RTFM when I don't have it anymore?
2.2) Why is "man -k" so confused?
| *2.3) What Software is available for Solaris 2.x?
2.4) What FTP/WWW sites do I need to know about?
2.5) What other FAQ's do I need to know about?
2.6) What mailing lists should I get?
2.7) What books should I read?
2.8) What hardware is supported by Solaris 2.x for Intel?
2.9) What is Wabi?
| *2.10) I'm running into some limits of SunOS 4.x, will upgrading to
Solaris 2.x help?
3. SYSTEM ADMINISTRATION
3.1) How much disk space do I need to install Solaris 2?
3.2) How can I convert all my local changes that I've made over the
years into their corresponding forms on Solaris 2?
3.3) What are "packages"?
3.4) Why can't I write in/mount over /home?
3.5) Why can't I access CDs or floppies?
3.6) Why are there no passwords in /etc/passwd?
3.7) Why can't I rlogin/telnet in as root?
3.8) How can I have a user without a password?
| +3.9) How can I have a "su-only" user?
| *3.10) How can I set up anonymous FTP?
| 3.11) How can I print from a Solaris 2 (or any System V Release 4) system
to a SunOS4.x (or any other BSD) system?
| 3.12) How can I print to a non-Postscript/non-ascii printer?
| 3.13) How can I print to a networked printer?
| 3.14) Why does lp complain about invalid content types?
| 3.15) My jobs stay in the queue after printing.
| 3.16) Are there any alternatives to the system V spooler?
| *3.17) What happened to /dev/MAKEDEV? How do I add devices?
| 3.18) Why isn't my tape/cd player or new disk/device recognized?
| 3.19) What happened to /etc/rc and /etc/rc.local?
| 3.20) Can't I have /etc/rc.local back?
| 3.21) Why are there two versions of shutdown?
| 3.22) When will somebody publish a package of the BSD (4.3BSD Net2)
"init", "getty", and "rc/rc.local", so we can go back to life
in the good old days?
| 3.23) What has happened to getty? What is pmadm and how do you use it?
| 3.24) How do I get the screen to blank when nobody's using it?
| 3.25) And what about screendump, screenload and clear_colormap?
| 3.26) Where did etherfind go?
| 3.27) Can I run SunOS 4.1.x on my SPARC Classic, LX, SS5, SS4, SS20, Voyager,
SS1000, SC2000, CS6400, Ultra?
| 3.28) The "find" program complains that my root directory doesn't exist?
| 3.29) I'm having troubles with high-speed input on the Sparc serial
ports. What should I do?
| 3.30) How do I make ksh or csh be the login shell for root?
| 3.31) What is this message: "automount: No network locking on host,
contact administrator to install server change."?
| 3.32) I have all kinds of problems with SCSI disks/RAIDs under Solaris 2.x
They worked fine under SunOS 4.x.
| 3.33) How do I make Solaris2 use my old ADAPTEC ACB-4000 and
Emulex MD-21 disk controllers?
| 3.34) Should I wait installing the latest Solaris release until there
are enough patches?
| 3.35) Why are there so many patches for Solaris 2.x?
| *3.36) What are the ``mandatory'' patches I keep hearing about?
| 3.37) Which patches should I apply?
| 3.38) Where do I get patches from?
| 3.39) Where can I obtain Solaris 2/x86 driver updates?
| 3.40) Why does installing patches take so much space in /var/sadm?
| 3.41) Do I need to back out previous versions of a patch?
| *3.42) How can I have more than 48 pseudo-ttys?
| 3.43) How can I have normal users chown their files?
| 3.44) How can I get ps to print %MEM and %CPU?
| 3.45) How can I get the DOS and Unix clock to agree on Solaris/x86?
| 3.46) How can I increase the number of file descriptors per process?
| 3.47) Can I install both SunOS and Solaris on the same machine,
and choose between them at boot time?
| 3.48) How do I disable banner pages under Solaris?
| 3.49) How do I change my hostname?
| 3.50) Can I run multiple terminals on the console of Solaris x86
like those supported on Interactive Unix and SCO?
| 3.51) How can I prevent daemons from creating mode 666 files?
| 3.52) How do I change the terminal type for /dev/console?
| 3.53) If I login over the network, my terminal type is set to "sun"/"AT386"
How can I change that? In SunOS 4.x the type would have been "network"
| 3.54) How can I change the SYSV IPC parameters?
| 3.55) How do I enable/disable dtlogin?
| 3.56) How do I configure dtlogin?
| 3.57) How can I configure a second monitor or change X server options?
| 3.58) How can I have more than 128 X windows clients?
| *3.59) Xvnc/Xnest/Xvfb can't create a socket in /tmp/.X11-unix.
| 3.60) How can I restrict remote access through dtlogin?
| 3.61) How do I disable the 2.6+ configuration assistant?
| 3.62) How do I convert SunOS 4.x style /etc/passwd to Solaris passwd & shadow.
| 3.63) How can I obtain the PROM level without halting my SPARC?
| 3.64) How can I use Solaris 2.6+ formatted disks on SunOS 4.x?
| 3.65) Can I use soft mounts with NFS?
| 3.66) How can I boot a 32 bit kernel when a 64 bit kernel is installed?
| 3.67) How can I tell whether I'm running a 32 or 64 bit kernel?
| 3.68) How do I get rid of the Solregis pop-up?
| 3.69) Where do I get Disksuite for Solaris 8?
| 3.70) How do perform an old-fashioned interactive install in Solaris 8?
| 3.71) Now that Solaris install from several CDs, how can I jumpstart?
| 3.72) How can I grow a UFS filesystem?
| 3.73) How do I install without starting OpenWindows?
| 3.74) How do I set up Solaris for my time zone and daylight saving rules?
| 3.75) I always install my own perl, can I remove the Sun installed one?
| 3.76) Where did kgmon go?
| +3.77) Why do swap -l, swap -s and /tmp disagree about the amount of swap?
| +3.78) How do I secure my Solaris system?
4.1) How do I use DNS w/o using NIS or NIS+?
4.2) What is /etc/nsswitch.conf?
4.3) What does [NOTFOUND=return] in nsswitch.conf mean?
4.4) Can I run a nis/yp server under Solaris 2.x?
4.5) Can I run NIS+ under Solaris 1 (SunOS 4.1.x)
4.6) With NIS+ how do I find out which machine a client is bound to?
4.7) Ypcat doesn't work on the netgroup table on a NIS+ server, why?
4.8) Why is rpc.nisd such a memory pig according to ps?
4.9) How do I tell my NIS+ server to service DNS requests from
4.10) How can I have multiple addresses per interface?
4.11) Solaris 2.x supports filesystem sizes up to 1TB. Will this
give interoperability problems with NFS?
4.12) Where can I get an SNMP agent for Solaris?
*4.13) How can I use full-duplex ethernet?
4.14) Where can I get BOOTP/DHCP for Solaris?
4.15) What kind of multicast support does Solaris have?
| *4.16) How can I have NAT or a firewall on Solaris?
*4.17) Where can I get an IPv6 capable version of tcp wrapper?
5. TROUBLE SHOOTING
5.1) The Solaris 2.x application XX fails with a mysterious error condition.
5.2) In Solaris 2.5 nm is slow or dumps core.
5.3) Why can't I run Answerbook on a standalone machine?
5.4) Why can't I display Answerbook remotely?
5.5) Why can't I run filemgr, I get ``mknod: permission denied''?
5.6) Why do I get isinf undefined when linking with libdps on Solaris 2.3?
5.7) I can't get PPP to work between Solaris 2.3 and other platforms.
5.8) Using compat mode for passwd