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Subject: LAN Mail Protocols Summary (Most recent update: 5/1/99)

This article was archived around: Subject: LAN Mail Protocols Summary (Most recent up5/1/99)

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Serving Desktop Computers Using a Central Mail Server on an Internet _________________________________________________________________ Author John Wobus, jmwobus@syr.edu (corrections welcome) Date 4/30/99 This file http://web.syr.edu/~jmwobus/comfaqs/lan-mail-protocols.html Other LAN Info http://web.syr.edu/~jmwobus/lans/ _________________________________________________________________ Contents * Introduction * List of Protocols and RFCs * Other Sources of Information * Capabilities of Well-known mail clients * List of Implementations * Some web-based clients * Some other packages for desktop systems * Key and Other Issues _________________________________________________________________ Introduction There are advantages to having a central server receive the mail destined to desktop computers and having the desktop computer collect the mail from the server on demand: * Your desktop computer may be down quite a bit and less network bandwidth and less of the processing resources of the sending computer are used if the computer receiving your mail is ready to receive. * Some people use more than one desktop computer to read mail. * A desktop computer may not have the resources to store all the mail you receive. * It can make your e-mail address more like other users'. The easiest way to "implement" this is to run the central mail server like any multi-user system: let people sign on to it and use some mail utility. Then desktop computer users can use "terminal sessions" to sign on to the central mail server and read their mail (e.g. with Unix "pine"). This has the disadvantage of making the desktop computer users learn and use the central mail server's procedures. SMTP, the "internet" mail protocol used to deliver mail between multi-user systems only supports mail transfer initiated by the sender (actually, SMTP has a method to initiate reception, i.e. the "TURN" command, but the method has problems, didn't catch on and is not used). Other protocols have been devised to allow a desktop computer to request transfer of mail, thus able to make use of a central server. These include the published variants of POP, IMAP, and DMSP. POP, POP2, POP3 These are rather minimal and are designed to be so. The three are similar but not enough alike to be interoperable. They are basically designed to identify the user by username and password, to transfer the mail from server to desktop computer and to delete the mail transferred. It is assumed that SMTP will be used to send mail. Messages can be retrieved individually, but the only information you can get about a message without transferring it is its length in bytes-- useful for desktop computers with limited storage. POP3 has a number of optional extensions including Xtnd Xmit which allows clients to send mail through the POP3 session rather than using SMTP. Another extension is APOP which allows RSA MD5 encryption of passwords passed over the network. POP3 is now by far the most-used variant of POP, but POP2 may still be used at a few sites. POP3 has a couple of optional extensions: one to avoid sending passwords, and one to aid in reading bulletin boards. IMAP2, IMAP2bis, IMAP3, IMAP4, IMAP4rev1 The IMAP family is similar to the POP family, but also gives clients a way to do string searches through mail that still resides on the server. This is designed to allow the desktop computer to be more selective as to which mail will be transferred. Among other features IMAP also allows mail on the server to be placed in server-resident folders. The POP protocols, on the other hand, are designed for simpler server software. IMAP2 is used quite a bit. IMAP3 is an incompatible offshoot that has not been implemented much. IMAP2bis is an extension of IMAP2 which is still in use. Among other things, it made servers cognizant of the MIME-structure of a message. IMAP4 is a refinement and extension of IMAP2bis, and while it may still be in use somewhere, IMAP4rev1, which makes necessary corrections to a few problems with IMAP4 as documented, has replaced it (it was given a new designation to allow you to demand it by name) and it is suggested that IMAP4-non-rev1 support be dropped from servers & clients in favor of IMAP4rev1. IMAP4(rev1) also extends IMAP to have many other features including some of those associated with DMSP. ACAP ACAP (Application Configuration Access Protocol), formerly IMSP (Interactive Mail Support Protocol), is a protocol which is being developed to compliment IMAP4 by offering related e-mail services beyond the scope of IMAP4. It includes the ability to subscribe find & subscribe to bulletin boards, mailboxes, and to find and search address books. IMAP vs POP As of this writing (4/97), there are a many more POP than IMAP client implementations and an Internet Service Provider is much more likely to provide POP3 service than any kind of IMAP. POP3 is an Internet Standard whereas IMAP4rev1 as of 2/97 is a Proposed Standard. But interest in IMAP is growing with big-time software houses announcing support. IMAP4rev1 has more features, basically designed to support a model where users store their received mail on a server rather than on their own computer. The big advantage cited for IMAP is that people who "do e-mail" from different computers at different times have the same access to their message store from any of the client-computers they use. The cost of this model (aside from issues such as the complexity and the availability of implementations) is in running a server with sufficient space for the clients' message stores. With personal computer disks now often above a gigabyte (presumeably growing to 10s of gigabytes over the next few years) and multimedia messaging in our future, people storing e-mail on their own hard disk will have a lot of space and ways to use it. A central store serving 10-20 users will not be overly difficult, but one for 1,000 or 10,000 users will be very large (terabytes?) if it is to offer comparable space. The question comes down to the tradeoff between the advantage to users who computer-hop against the costs of managing the large amount of central store. See also online document imap.vs.pop.html (reference below) and section below "Issue of Remote Access". DMSP Also know as PCMAIL. Desktop computers can use this protocol to both send and receive mail. The system is designed around the idea that each user can own more than one workstation; however, the system doesn't seem to handle the idea of a "public workstation" very well. The desktop computers are assumed to hold state information about the mail, a directory so to speak, and when the desktop computer is connected to the server, this directory is updated to "reality". Note: DMSP never gained the following of IMAP or POP and I've heard the software is no longer available. ESMTP ETRN ETRN, which is documented in RFC 1985, is a modified version of the original SMTP TURN command which is allowed as an option in Extended SMTP (ESMTP). It provides a similar functionality to POP. Who uses these protocols? These protocols were designed and implemented mostly by Internet-connected universities with some participation by other Internet-connected research institutions. They were certainly devised to handle the type of electronic mail that universities must do. A typical site has probably 10 to 10,000 desktop computers and has an Internet connection and also runs Unix, giving them the Unix sysadmin expertise that makes running a Unix-based server attractive. Most of the servers listed here run under Unix though some run under other large systems and as time goes on, we are seeing more servers that run on PCs and Macintoshes. A more recent use of these protocols has been by Internet Service Providers and their customers. Internet Service Providers require a way to offer e-mail services to however many customers they provide, to customers who are connected to the network only part of the time. Like a campus application, they may have 10 or 10,000 customers to serve. These protocols offer a distinct advantage over SMTP for such purposes and form an attractive complementary e-mail service for WWW users. Disadvantages There are a number of disadvantages associated with the use of these protocols: * since these have long been no more than a small part of the e-mail market, software using these methods is often incompatible with other useful and/or well-known software. A couple of examples are: + Use of mail-enabled applications on desktop computers (there is no fundamental reason that mail software using these protocols can't provide the API used by mail-enabled applications, but in general this hasn't come about yet) + Use of the usual Unix mail readers & the Unix .forward files. * since the server is holding mail for the person, the person can use the server for storage. This leaves the potential for all the disk-space problems inherent in shared disks: people hogging disk-space or forgetting to clean up, etc. * sizing the server: a perennial question people ask is "How big a machine do I need to serve my campus (or department, or whatever)". Naturally no one can give a straight answer because it depends upon so many factors. Issue of Remote Access Modern commercial e-mail packages typically have features designed to assist in remote access of ones e-mail. Features include: * ability to download mail through a modem * ability to synchronize two different systems which you are using to read your e-mail by plugging them together. Any method of reading e-mail using PCs or Macintoshes can be used remotely via remote control (the "PCanywhere(tm)" method, e.g. by dialing up your own office PC/Macintosh and using one of the several kinds of software that allow you to control your PC/Macintosh over the phone). Also, any LAN-based method can be used by using one of the several methods of providing the same protocol support over dialup lines as are on LANs (SLIP or PPP for the above-mentioned, TCP/IP-based protocols, ARA for Appletalk-based protocols, etc, and sometimes using two different protocols, one incapsulated in the other) under the constraint that any operations that use the network will be much slower. Also, POP3 is sometime used directly over modems (for example, Eudora can be used in this manner). The ideal protocol for remote access would not penalize the user for the much slower communications speed (usually slower by a factor of 100: note that a lot of LAN-based software was written without regard to minimizing the necessary communication, thus is really hurt by such slow speeds), yet would allow the same software to run both remotely and locally, with a wonderful user interface. It would also not be overly expensive in communications equipment or services. This is a difficult set of objectives and the above-three protocols can achieve some of them for some users, but what they actually achieve depends a lot on the user's pattern of e-mail usage. If a user reads just a small amount of mail, then we would not worry about the length of time necessary to download it remotely with POP3, but if the person receives a lot of mail, but just wants to read a small amount of it at home, then with IMAP4, they could pick and choose what to read, eliminating some download time. If someone is paying for the telephone line time (possibly the user if it is a long distance call; in any case, the institution pays a monthly fee for each line it offers, which is dependent upon how many users it is serving, how often they call, and how long their calls are) then IMAP4's natural method of usage which requires the phone call to remain while a user is reading, poking around, sending, and rearranging mail can be much more costly than using POP3 if one call is used to quickly download all the mail and another later call is used to send any replies. Thus with POP3 a user might have two 1 minute calls before and after a 30 minute e-mail session instead of keeping the call for 30 minutes with IMAP4, and each phone line the institution offers could be serving 15 times as many such users who would each pay a lot less in long-distance phone bills. Note that with the advent of multimedia mail (see MIME below) whose messages can be very large, it is possible that downloading even one message that you end up not reading remotely could ruin such a nice-sounding scenario. Note that with the growth of Internet Service Providers, remote access is becoming the normal way for many people to do their e-mail, and offering such services is one of the major growth areas for POP and IMAP. MIME MIME (Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions) is a relatively new Internet standard for the format for messages with multiple parts, and with non-ASCII data. Any client that can import or export files can use MIME in a clumsy way if you have a program to create and/or decode a MIME message. Some clients have built-in features to do this. Client-server mail protocols generally only deal with entire messages, and can retrieve MIME messages as well as any other messages since MIME was carefully designed to be transparent to existing mail systems. However, IMAP4 has features to allow retrieval of individual parts of MIME-encoded messages. The chart below lists whether a package has MIME support. Servers for protocols that don't offer any special MIME features are marked na for Not Applicable since they need do nothing for users to use MIME. All IMAP4 servers can also do this, but the chart lists whether they include explicit MIME support. Approaches not covered by this memo * Proprietary protocols * file sharing * APIs * X.400 * Web Vendors can invent their own protocols similar to those listed above, and some have. LAN e-mail can also be implemented using file sharing, e.g. using NFS to allow separate Unix workstations to share the same mail spool area just as if it were mail being stored on one system, or using Novell's SMF (Simple Message Format) in a Novell file server. If the applications are written so that they are careful to lock files correctly, then this works. An advantage is that any network file protocol can be used and the e-mail application can be somewhat independent of the file protocol. For example, Unix systems could use either AFS or NFS. Pegasus is a PC & Mac application that uses Novell file service to do something similar. Specifications for client-server interaction consist of the file service protocol along with the server directory structures & conventions used for storing e-mail. A very popular approach with commercial vendors is the use of APIs. The client talks to the server using an API (Applications Programming Interface), i.e., a set of subroutine/procedure library call definitions for a library providing subroutines/procedures to send, receive, and manipulate e-mail. With the use of any remote procedure call mechanism, the client can be located on a different computer from the server. This allows some mixing and matching of RPC mechanisms, underlying protocol stacks and APIs: e.g., a vendor defines an API, and it can be run over IPX or TCP/IP, in each case over the protocol stack's RPC mechanism. There are a number of APIs now being pushed by vendors: MAPI (Microsoft); VIM (Lotus); AOCE (Apple). These API's have been the basis for numerous mail-enabled applications: e.g. a word processor that allows you to send or receive documents through e-mail simply uses one of these APIs allowing it to communicate with any server supporting the same API. Specifications for client-server interaction consist of the protocol stack up to the RPC protocol, then the API itself. Note that though the API approach in combination with remote procedure calls allows one to implement client-server e-mail without the use of the protocols covered by this document (IMAP, POP, etc), that there is no theoretical reason why such APIs can't be used in an IMAP or POP environment. The necessary software would be a "driver" or piece of "middleware" that provides the APIs calls to mail-enabled applications and uses POP, IMAP, or whatever over a LAN to reach a server. The advantages/disadvantages of such an approach as compared to the use of RPCs is open to debate. UniPalm's Mail-IT is an example of client software that provides MAPI within the client and uses POP3 to access the server. X.400 is the message transport defined for use between telecommunications vendors and customers by the international consortium of national standards bodies known as ISO. It roughly corresponds to TCP/IP's SMTP and RFC822 header format. A consortium of X.400 vendors (XAPIA) have developed an API for X.400 applications called CMC. Mail servers are now available that offer e-mail through normal web interfaces, i.e. HTTP & HTML. In this case, your web browser is your client. Potentially, a server could be built that allows reading from any web browser software. Some kind of authentication is necessary. Another trend is web servers that act as POP-to-web gateways or IMAP-to-web gateways. The client is still just a browser: perhaps a JAVA-enhanced interface is offered, perhaps not. If the server has a mail store, it is acting as a whole mail system and if it can receive SMTP mail, requires no other server. But suppliers of mail services, wanting their systems to be universal, can have them pick up mail from a POP server or an IMAP server, perhaps at the client's discretion. In the case of IMAP, the server can be written so as to leave stored mail on the IMAP server, or it can support both "remote" and "local" folders, in this case, "local" meaning on the web server rather than the IMAP server. Web-based e-mail has a lot of appeal: since a browser is sufficient as a client, the clients are already deployed much more widely than any specific e-mail client. Some organizations may well try to offer a mail-specific client for on-site use and web access to the same mail store for remote access. LDAP LDAP is a protocol (the Lightweight Directory Access Protocol) being incorporated in some clients as an Internet way for the client to get information about e-mail addresses from a server, i.e. to give you the capability to type in someone's name and have the mail client software retrieve the address from a server-based directory. LDAP also has other uses. There are plans to incorporate LDAP clients into some IMAP and POP clients. LDAP is essentially an Internet-based, simplified X.500-like protocol and one of the original intentions of its creators was to be gatewayed to X.500, thus giving relatively simple Internet clients access to X.500 servers. Both LDAP and X.500 provide a method for naming, retrieving, and searching fields in a directory, but do not define the field-names or what is supposed to go in the fields. Thus server/client interoperability requires further conventions. Java Java is a programming language currently (1996) touted as a tool for web-based applications. It can affect the use of LAN protocols in a number of ways: first of all, POP or IMAP clients can be written in Java, using its cross-platform development capabilities to create version for a number of platforms. Second, clients could be written as "Applets", i.e. applications designed to be downloaded into web browsers such as Netscape from a server. With such a design, a user would only need access to a web browser to see their e-mail, e.g. drop into a library and see your e-mail from one of its Internet-browser kyosks. Applets are not normally allowed to access the client-machine's disk files (which would result in too much risk when browsing the Internet from the kind of people who develop computer viruses), so such an application fits a little better into the IMAP model (server storage of e-mail folders) than the POP model (client storage of e-mail folders). Thirdly, Applets enable more practical use of e-mail clients that use non-standard protocols rather than POP or IMAP; interoperability is achieved because the server itself distributes a compatible client applet right when the user accesses the server. _________________________________________________________________ List of Protocols and RFCs Note: for up-to-date information on the RFCs, get an index from an RFC repository. For up-to-date information on the state of each RFC as to the Internet Standards, see the most recent RFC called "Internet Official Protocol Standards". Name: Simple Mail Transfer Protocol Nickname: SMTP Document: RFC 821 (Postel, August 1982) TCP-port: 25 Status: According to RFC 2000 (2/97), Standard/Recommended (STD 10); Virtually universal for IP-based e-mail systems. Name: Post Office Protocol, Version 2 Nickname: POP2 Document: RFC 937 (Butler et al, February 1985) TCP-port: 109 Status: According to RFC 2000 (2/97), Historic/Not Recommended; Functionally replaced by incompatible POP3 but likely to be used at a few sites. Name: Post Office Protocol, Version 3 Nickname: POP3 Document: RFC 1939 (Myers & Rose, May 1996) TCP-port: 110 (109 also often used) Status: According to RFC 2000 (2/97), Standard/Elective (STD 53); In common use. Sites: UC Irvine, MIT Old Docs: RFC 1725. Name Post Office Protocol, Version 3 Authentication command Nickname: POP3 AUTH Document: RFC1734 (Myers, December 1994) Status: According to RFC 2000 (2/97), Proposed/Elective. Name: Post Office Protocol, Version 3 Extended Service Offerings Nickname: POP3 XTND Document: RFC 1082 (Rose, November 1988) Name: Distributed Mail Service Protocol Nickname: DMSP, Pcmail Document: RFC 1056 (Lambert, June 1988) TCP-port: 158 Status: According to RFC 2000 (2/97), Informational; Used very little Sites: MIT Name: Interactive Mail Access Protocol, Version 2 Nickname: IMAP2 Document: RFC 1176 (Crispin, August 1990) TCP-port: 143 Status: According to RFC 2000 (2/97), Experimental/Limited Use; In use, being replaced by upward-compatible IMAP4(rev1). Sites: Stanford, U Washington Name: Interactive Mail Access Protocol, Version 2bis Nickname: IMAP2bis TCP-port: 143 Status: Experimental, but in use, being replaced by upward-compatible IMAP4(Rev1); No RFC. Name: Interactive Mail Access Protocol, Version 3 Nickname: IMAP3 Document: RFC 1203 (Rice, February 1991) TCP-port: 220 Status: According to RFC 2000 (2/97) "Historic(Not Recommended)"; No one uses it. Sites: Stanford Name: Internet Message Access Protocol, Version 4 Nickname: IMAP4 Document: RFC 1730 (Crispin, December 1994) TCP-port: 143 Status: According to RFC 2000 (2/97) "Obselete Proposed/Elective Protocol" obseleted by IMAP4rev1"; Implementations exist, being replaced by revised version IMAP4rev1. Sites: U Washington Related: RFC 1731 (Myers, December 1994), RFC 1732 (Crispin, December 1994), RFC 1733 (Crispin, December 1994) Name: Internet Message Access Protocol, Version 4rev1 Nickname: IMAP4rev1 Document: RFC 2060 (Crispin, December 1996) TCP-port: 143 Status: According to RFC 2000 (2/97) "Proposed/Elective Protocol"; Implementations exist and more are in progress. Sites: U Washington Related: RFC 2061 (Crispin, December 1996), RFC 2062 (Crispin, December 1996) Name: Interactive Mail Support Protocol Nickname: IMSP Document: Draft RFC: ? (Myers, June 1995) TCP Port: 406 Status: Experimental, renamed ACAP Sites: Carnegie Mellon Name: Application Configuration Access Protocol Nickname: ACAP Document: Draft RFC: ? (Myers, June 1996) Status: ? Sites: Carnegie Mellon Note: The "I" in IMAP used to stand for "Interactive". Now it stands for "Internet" and the "M" stands for "Message" rather than "Mail". Also, Internet drafts are available at ds.internic.net, munnari.oz.au, and nic.nordu.net in directory internet-drafts. IMAP2bis is essentially an early version of IMAP4. _________________________________________________________________ Other Sources of Information My own info http://web.syr.edu/~jmwobus/lans/#imappop http://web.syr.edu/~jmwobus/internet/ The IMAP Connection web site http://www.imap.org Main page http://www.imap.org/products.html List of IMAP implementations http://www.imap.org/imap.vs.pop.brief.html Outlines differences between IMAP and POP. http://www.imap.org/imap.vs.pop.html Same, with more detail. http://www.imap.org/biblio.html Bibliography of IMAP Documents. Information from University of Washington http://www.washington.edu/imap/ By anonymous ftp from ftp.cac.washington.edu mail/* (miscellaneous information) Information from andrew2.andrew.cmu.edu http://andrew2.andrew.cmu.edu/cyrus/email/clients-IMAP.html List of IMAP clients http://andrew2.andrew.cmu.edu/cyrus/acap/acap.html The ACAP Home Page NCSU IMAP Resources http://www.ncsu.edu/imap/ Mailing lists: pop@jhunix.hcf.jhu.edu imap@cac.washington.edu CW-EMAIL@EARNCC.EARN.NET By anonymous ftp from rtfm.mit.edu This memo comp.os.msdos.mail-news FAQ Memo ftp://rtfm.mit.edu/pub/usenet/comp.os.msdos.mail-news/intro and ftp://rtfm.mit.edu/pub/usenet/comp.os.msdos.mail-news/software Mini FAQ on client-server mail protocols (similar to this memo but shorter and more practical) ftp://rtfm.mit.edu/pub/usenet/news.answers/mail/mailclient-faq (also on web at http://www.etext.org/~pauls/mailclientfaq.txt) By the web from www.faqs.org This memo comp.os.msdos.mail-news FAQ Memo http://www.faqs.org/faqs/msdos-mail-news/intro/ and http://www.faqs.org/faqs/msdos-mail-news/software/ Consortium "The IMAP Consortium" (Getting under way as of March 1995). Page on MAPI API http://www.wp.com/davidb/emapi.html _________________________________________________________________ Capabilities of Well-known mail clients This section covers what I've been able to find out so far about the well-known mail clients' ability to retrieve mail from a POP or IMAP server. Client POP3 IMAP MIME ------ ---- ---- ---- Apple PowerMail client ?. ?. ?. BeyondMail Professional 3.0 yes planned- yes CE QuickMail LAN client no no yes CE QuickMail Pro client yes planned yes Claris Emailer yes ? yes DaVinci eMAIL client yes* ? yes* Eudora yes yes| yes FirstClass ? ? ? Lotus cc:Mail Client R8 yes yes yes Lotus Notes mail client 4.0 yes planned_ yes Microsoft Mail client no no no Microsoft Exchange client yes+ no yes& Microsoft Outlook 97 yes no yes Microsoft Outlook 98 yes yes yes Microsoft Outlook Express yes yes yes Netscape Communicator yes yes yes Novell Groupwise yes planned^ yes Notes: (.) Discontinued. (-) IMAP4, target delivery: 4th quarter 1997. (_) Lotus Notes mail client IMAP4 due 4th quarter 1997. (*) DaVinci SMTP eMAIL: I'm not sure if this is different from the normal DaVinci client. (|) Eudora Pro 4.0 IMAP4. (+) POP requires Internet Mail Client for Exhange, downloadable from http://www.windows.microsoft.com or included in "Microsoft Plus". Due to be integrated, 1st quarter 1997. (&) qp/base64. Due to be integrated (IMAP4) 3rd quarter 1997. (^) Due 3rd quarter 1997. _________________________________________________________________ List of Implementations Note: http://www.etext.org/~pauls/mailclientfaq.txt has a list that is more concise and less daunting. Also, while this list includes any IMAP software I hear about, http://www.imap.org/products.html offers a better list of IMAP implementations. See the section above on Other Sources of Information for other documents with such lists & charts. Prot Computer Implementation End MIME Source ------ ---------- ------------------- ---- ---- ------------------------------- POP3u Unix Cyrus ? srvr na 3/12/96 POP2 HP3000/MPE NetMail/3000 srvr na 3K Associates POP3 ? NetMail/3000 srvr na 3K Associates POP? MacOS byupopmail clnt ? ? POP? MacOS MEWS clnt ? ? POP3 MacOS HyperMail ? ? ? POP3 MS-DOS TechMail(future) clnt ? ? POP? OS/2 Yarn/Souper(?) clnt ? ? 1/16/96 POP? OS/2 Popclient clnt yes ? 1/19/96 POP? OS/2 Emacs 19.xx clnt yes ? 1/19/96 POP? OS/2 lampop(?) clnt ? ? 1/26/96 POP2 Unix USC-ISI popd srvr na ? 10/24/94 POP2 MacOS MacPOP 1.5 clnt ? ? 10/24/94 POP2 MS-DOS PC POP 2.1 clnt ? ? 10/24/94 POP3 NT Metainfo/Intergate srvr na ? 11/26/96 IMAP2 TOPS20 MAPSER srvr na ? 11/7/93 POP3 MacOS Powertalk ? ? ? 11/7/95 POP3 Unix mush 7.2.5 clnt ? ? 12/16/94 POP3 WIN? Mailcall chkr na ? 6/11/96 POP3 WIN? Mailcheck chkr na ? 6/11/96 IMAP? Unix Elm clnt ? ? 7/15/96 POP3 WIN95 Agent clnt ? ? 7/23/96 POP3 ? pop-perl5 clnt ? ? 7/23/96 POP3 MacOS/AOCE MailConnect clnt yes ? 7/5/95 POP23 Unix/EMACS RMAIL clnt no ? 8/2/95 POP23k UnixX exmh clnt yes ? 8/8/95 POP? MS-DOS PC POP clnt ? ?Bill Schweickert/Sterling Fed IMAP? MacOS MailDrop 1.1 clnt ? ackmo.baylor.edu 3/22/96 IMAP2? MacOS MailDrop 1.2d7f clnt ? ackmo.baylor.edu 6/9/97 IMAP4 PalmPilot MultiMail Discovery clnt ? Actual www.actualsoft.com 2/3/9 8 POP3 PalmPilot MultiMail Discovery clnt ? Actual www.actualsoft.com 2/3/9 8 IMAP4 PalmPilot MultiMail Pro clnt ? Actual www.actualsoft.com 2/3/9 8 POP3 PalmPilot MultiMail Pro clnt ? Actual www.actualsoft.com 2/3/9 8 IMAP? MS-WIN Air Mail ? ? AIR Co. Ltd http://www.air.co.j p 9/3/97 POP3 MacOS Marionet 1.0 srvr na Allegiant 6/12/96 (www.allegian t.com) DMSP Unix Pcmail 3.1 reposit. srvr na allspice.lcs.mit.edu DMSP PC pc-epsilon (3.1) clnt ? allspice.lcs.mit.edu DMSP Unix/EMACS Pcmail 4.2 clnt ? allspice.lcs.mit.edu DMSP PC pc-reader clnt ? allspice.lcs.mit.edu DMSP PC pc-netmail (3.1) clnt ? allspice.lcs.mit.edu IMAP MacOS AIMS 2.1 (fut) srvr ? Apple 10/17/96 POP3r MacOS AIMS 1.1.1 srvr na Apple 10/17/96 POP3r MacOS AIMS 2.0 (fut: '97) srvr ? Apple 10/17/96 POP3r MacOS AIMS 2.1 (fut) srvr ? Apple 10/17/96 POP3r MacOS AIMS 1.0 srvr na Apple 10/27/95 POP3r MacOS AIMS 1.1 srvr na Apple 5/21/96 (www.cybertech.ap ple.com) POP3 MacOS Cyberdog 2.0 clnt ? Apple 5/21/97 POP3r MacOS AppleShare IP 5.0 srvr na Apple appleshareip.com 4/3/97 POP? ? Applixware ? ? Applix 6/24/96 POP3 ? VA Workgroup clnt yes Ashmount 4/30/96 http://www.asn mount.com POP3 ? VA Professional clnt yes Ashmount 4/30/96 http://www.asn mount.com IMAP2 Solaris MMail clnt yes Atelier de Software Ltd. 5/21/9 6 IMAP2 MacOS MMail (planned) clnt yes Atelier de Software Ltd. 5/21/9 6 POP? OpenVMS PathWay f OpnVMS3.0 srvr ? Attachmate www.attchmate.com 10 /21/97 POP3 WIN3/95/NT Emissary Office 1.1 clnt yes Attachmate 7/29/96 IMAP24 WIN3/95/NT Siren Mail 4.1 clnt yes Avistar www.siren.com 6/24/98 IMAP24 Sun/Motif Siren Mail 4.1 clnt yes Avistar www.siren.com 6/24/98 IMAP24 MacOS Siren Mail 4.1 clnt yes Avistar www.siren.com 6/24/98 POP3 DOSWIN BeyondMail clnt yes Banyan (beyondmail.banyan.com) 2/6/96 IMAP4 ? BeyondMail (future) clnt yes Banyan (beyondmail.banyan.com) 9/6/96 POP3 MacOS Bluto clnt yes Bare Bones www.barebones.com 3/ 31/97 IMAP? MacOS MailDrop 2 (dev) clnt ? Baylor 1/19/96 POP23 MS-WIN BW-Connect clnt no Beame & Whiteside 8/4/94 POP3 MS-DOSk nos11c-a.exe srvr na biochemistry.bioc.cwru.edu 9/16 /94 POP3 MS-DOSk pop3serv srvr na biochemistry.crwu.edu IMAP? MS-DOSp POPMail/PC 3.2.2 clnt ? boombox.micro.umn.edu 1/11/94 POP2 MacOS MailStop 1.1.3 srvr na boombox.micro.umn.edu 1/18/94 POP2 Unix U Minn popd 1.5c srvr na boombox.micro.umn.edu 11/19/93 POP3 MS-DOSk pop3nos v1.86 srvr na boombox.micro.umn.edu 12/3/93 POP2 MS-DOSk net091b srvr na boombox.micro.umn.edu 12/3/93 IMAP2 MacOS POPmail 2.09b clnt ? boombox.micro.umn.edu 9/15/95 POP2 MS-DOSp POPMail 3.2.2 clnt ? boombox.micro.umn.edu 9/15/95 POP3 MS-WINw5 POPmail/Lab clnt ? boombox.micro.umn.edu 9/15/95 IMAP? MS-DOSp POPMail 3.2.3 beta2 clnt ? boombox.micro.umn.edu 9/15/95 POP23 MacOS POPmail 2.2 clnt ? boombox.micro.umn.edu 9/15/95 POP MacOS POPmail 1.7 clnt ? boombox.micro.umn.edu 9/15/95 POP3 MacOS POPmail/Lab clnt ? boombox.micro.umn.edu 9/15/95 IMAP2 MacOS POPmail 2.2 clnt ? boombox.micro.umn.edu 9/15/95 POP23 MacOS POPmail 2.09b clnt ? boombox.micro.umn.edu 9/15/95 POP2 MS-DOSp POPMail 3.2.3 beta2 clnt ? boombox.micro.umn.edu 9/15/95 POP2 Unix/HP9k hp9000_popd srvr na boombox.micro.umn.edu 9/15/95 IMAP2 MS-WINw POPmail clnt ? boombox.micro.umn.edu 9/15/95 POP2 Unix/AIX aix_new_popd srvr na boombox.micro.umn.edu 9/15/95 POP23 MS-WINw POPmail clnt ? boombox.micro.umn.edu 9/15/95 POP3 MS-WINw ws_gmail srvr na buckshot.usma.edu 9/16/94 POP? UnixX11 xfmail 1.2 clnt yes burka.netvision.net.il 1/16/98 IMAP4 UnixX11 xfmail 1.2 clnt yes burka.netvision.net.il 1/16/98 IMAP41 UnixX11 xfmail 1.2 clnt yes burka.netvision.net.il 1/16/98 IMAP4 ? Futr Andrew Msg Sys ? ? Carnegie-Mellon 9/20/94 POP3 Unix Mail*Hub srvr ? CDC 10/23/96 www.cdc.com IMAP4 Unix Mail*Hub srvr ? CDC 10/23/96 www.cdc.com POP3 ? QM-Internet Gateway ? ? CE Software 6/24/96 POP3 WIN95/NT QuickMail Pro 1.6 clnt yes CE Software www.cesoft.com 4/11 /97 POP3 WIN95/NT QuickMail Pro 1.6 srvr ? CE Software www.cesoft.com 4/11 /97 POP3 MacOS QuickMail Pro 1.6 clnt yes CE Software www.cesoft.com 4/11 /97 POP3 Unix QuickMail Pro 1.6 srvr ? CE Software www.cesoft.com 4/11 /97 POP3 OS/2 QuickMail Pro 1.6 srvr ? CE Software www.cesoft.com 4/11 /97 IMAP? ? QuickMail Pro (fut) clnt ? CE Software www.cesoft.com 8/9/ 96 POP3 ? QuickMail POP (fut) clnt ? CE Software www.cesoft.com 8/9/ 96 POP3 MacOS LeeMail 2.0.2 (shw) clnt ? chs.cusd.claremont.edu 10/12/93 POP3 MacOS OfficeMail srvr na Claris www.claris.com 6/6/96 POP3 MacOS Emailer 2.0 clnt yes Claris www.claris.com 7/14/97 POP3 MacOS Emailer 1.1 clnt yes Claris www.claris.com 7/29/96 IMAP? Unix/X Cyrus (dev on hold) clnt yes CMU 10/4/94 IMAP4 MS-WIN32 Pronto97 clnt yes CommTouch www.comtouch.com 3/13 /97 POP3 MS-WIN32 Pronto97 clnt yes CommTouch www.comtouch.com 3/13 /97 POP3 MS-WINw Pronto Mail 2.01 clnt yes Commtouch www.comtouch.com 4/24 /96 POP3 WIN3/95 Pronto Mail 2.0 clnt yes CommTouch www.comtouch.com 7/29 /96 IMAP MS-WINw Pronto clnt yes Commtouch www.comtouch.com 9/5/ 95 POP3 OS/2 PowerWeb Server++ srvr na CompuSource 4/16/96 http://www. compusource.co.za POP3 Linux IntraStore srvr yes Control Data Corp intrastore.cd c.com 1/18/99 IMAP4 Linux IntraStore srvr yes Control Data Corp intrastore.cd c.com 1/18/99 POP3 NT IntraStore srvr yes Control Data Corp intrastore.cd c.com 1/18/99 IMAP4 NT IntraStore srvr yes Control Data Corp intrastore.cd c.com 1/18/99 POP3 UnixSHA IntraStore srvr yes Control Data Corp intrastore.cd c.com 1/18/99 IMAP4 UnixSHA IntraStore srvr yes Control Data Corp intrastore.cd c.com 1/18/99 POP3 ? IntraStore Srvr 97 srvr yes Control Data Corp www.cdc.om 3/ 13/97 IMAP4 ? IntraStore Srvr 97 srvr yes Control Data Corp www.cdc.om 3/ 13/97 POP3 WIN32 BeyondMail Pro Int clnt yes Coordinate www.coordinate.com 3 /13/97 POP3 Unix BeyondMail clnt 3.0 clnt yes Coordinate www.coordinate.com 4 /11/97 POP3 NT BeyondMail srvr 3.0 srvr ? Coordinate www.coordinate.com 4 /11/97 POP3 OS/2 BeyondMail clnt 3.0 clnt yes Coordinate www.coordinate.com 4 /11/97 POP3 Unix BeyondMail srvr 3.0 srvr ? Coordinate www.coordinate.com 4 /11/97 POP3 WIN95/NT BeyondMail clnt 3.0 clnt yes Coordinate www.coordinate.com 4 /11/97 POP3 MacOS BeyondMail clnt 3.0 clnt yes Coordinate www.coordinate.com 4 /11/97 POP3 Vines BeyondMail srvr 3.0 srvr ? Coordinate www.coordinate.com 4 /11/97 POP3 ? cucipop (future) srvr na cuci.nl 8/6/96 IMAP? MacOS Mulberry 1.1 clnt ? CyDaSoft 12/19/96 IMAP2b MacOS Mulberry 1.2 clnt yes Cyrusoft www.cyrusoft.com 7/14/ 97 POP3 Win95/NT Mulberry 1.2 clnt yes Cyrusoft www.cyrusoft.com 7/14/ 97 IMAP41 Win95/NT Mulberry 1.2 clnt yes Cyrusoft www.cyrusoft.com 7/14/ 97 IMAP2b Win95/NT Mulberry 1.2 clnt yes Cyrusoft www.cyrusoft.com 7/14/ 97 POP3 MacOS Mulberry 1.2 clnt yes Cyrusoft www.cyrusoft.com 7/14/ 97 IMAP41 MacOS Mulberry 1.2 clnt yes Cyrusoft www.cyrusoft.com 7/14/ 97 ? ? Mulberry 1.3 (fut) clnt yes Cyrusoft 9/3/97 IMSP ? Mulberry 1.3 (fut) clnt yes Cyrusoft 9/3/97 IMAP? ? Mulberry 1.3 clnt yes 1/13/98 POP23k UnixX dxmail/mh clnt ? DEC POP3 MacOS NetAlly srvr na Delphic (www.delphic.com) 11/17 /95 POP3 WIN95 Windis32 srvr na Demon Internet 6/6/96 (www.demo n.co.uk) POP3r NT MAILbus Internet(b) srvr na Digital 2/20/96 (www.digital.co m) POP3r DEC UNIX MAILbus Internet(b) srvr na Digital 2/20/96 (www.digital.co m) POP3 NT MAILbus Internet srvr na Digital 2/20/96 (www.digital.co m) POP3 DEC UNIX MAILbus Internet srvr na Digital 2/20/96 (www.digital.co m) IMAP? ? ? srvr ? Digital 2/20/97 IMAP? ? Altavista Mail Srv srvr ? Digital altavista.digital.com 4 /4/97 IMAP2b Unix imapperl-0.6 clnt ? dnpap.et.tudelft.nl 2/6/96 IMAP WIN? ? clnt ? Email connection 12/8/95 POP3 NT sendmail/POP3 srvr na emwac.ed.ac.uk 12/5/95 (www.emw ac.ed.ac.uk) IMAP4 NT sendmail/POP3 (fut) srvr ? emwac.ed.ac.uk 5/21/96 (www.emw ac.ed.ac.uk) POP3 OS/2 TCP/2 ADV CLIENT clnt ? Essex Systems DMSP OS/2 TCP/2 clnt ? Essex Systems POP2 OS/2 TCP/2 SERVER PACK srvr na Essex Systems POP3 OS/2 TCP/2 SERVER PACK srvr na Essex Systems DMSP OS/2 TCP/2 ADV CLIENT clnt ? Essex Systems DMSP OS/2 TCP/2 SERVER PACK srvr na Essex Systems IMAP2 MS-DOS ECSMail DOS clnt yes ESYS Corp www.esys.ca 12/16/96 IMAP2 Unix/XM ECSMail Motif clnt yes ESYS Corp www.esys.ca 12/16/96 IMAP? NT ECSMail clnt yes ESYS Corp www.esys.ca 12/16/96 IMAP2b MacOS ECSMail clnt yes ESYS Corp www.esys.ca 12/16/96 IMAP2b MS-WINw ECSMail clnt yes ESYS Corp www.esys.ca 12/16/96 IMAP2b Solaris ECSMail clnt yes ESYS Corp www.esys.ca 12/16/96 IMAP? OS/2 ECSMail OS/2 clnt yes ESYS Corp www.esys.ca 12/16/96 IMAP4 ? SIMEON SERVER srvr ? ESYS Corp www.esys.ca 8/15/96 IMAPb4 MacOS SIMEON 4.1 clnt yes ESYS Corp www.esys.ca 8/5/96 IMAPb4 Unix/Motif SIMEON 4.1 clnt yes ESYS Corp www.esys.ca 8/5/96 IMAPb4 MS-WIN SIMEON 4.1 clnt yes ESYS Corp www.esys.ca 8/5/96 IMAPb4 WIN32 SIMEON 4.1 clnt yes ESYS Corp www.esys.ca 8/5/96 IMAPb4 Mac/OT SIMEON 4.1 clnt yes ESYS Corp www.esys.ca 8/5/96 IMSP ? SIMEON ? clnt yes ESYS Corp www.esys.ca 9/3/97 IMAP41 ? Execmail clnt yes Execmail www.execmail.com 1/15/ 99 POP3 ? Execmail clnt yes Execmail www.execmail.com 1/15/ 99 IMAP41 ? Execmail srvr yes Execmail www.execmail.com 1/15/ 99 POP3 ? Execmail srvr yes Execmail www.execmail.com 1/15/ 99 POP23 MS-WINnpo Super-TCP for W e.0 clnt yes Frontier Technologies 6/10/94 POP? MS-WINnpo Super-TCP for W e.0 srvr yes Frontier Technologies 7/12/94 POP3 WIN3/95/NT SuperHghwy Access 2 clnt yes Frontier Technologies 7/29/96 POP3t MS-DOSnpo PC/TCP clnt ? FTP Software POP2 MS-DOS PC/TCP clnt ? FTP Software DMSP OS/2 PC/TCP clnt ? FTP Software POP2 OS/2 PC/TCP for OS/2 clnt ? FTP Software 11/2/93 POP3 OS/2 PC/TCP for OS/2 clnt ? FTP Software 11/2/93 POP? WIN32 Mail OnNet (OnNet32)clnt yes FTP Software 5/3/96 (www.ftp.co m) DMSP PC PC/TCP 2.3 clnt ? FTP Software 8/4/94 IMAP24 MacOS Mailstrom 1.05 clnt no ftp-camis.stanford.edu 5/21/96 IMAP1 Unix imapd 3.2 (obs) srvr na ftp-camis.stanford.edu 7/13/95 IMAP2b Unix/XM ML 1.3.1 clnt yes ftp-camis.stanford.edu 7/13/95 POP3r OS/2 popsrv10.zip srvr na ftp-os2.mnsu.edu 3/15/96 ? OS/2 lamailpop ? ? ftp-so2.cdrom.com POP3 MS-DOSp NUPop 2.02 clnt no ftp.acns.nwu.edu 1/18/94 POP3 MS-DOSp NUPop 1.03 clnt no ftp.acns.nwu.edu 11/5/93 POP3 MS-DOSp NUPop 2.10 (alpha) clnt yes ftp.acns.nwu.edu 6/10/94 KPOP Unix Cyrus 1.5.10 srvr na ftp.andrew.cmu.edu 4/30/99 IMAP41 Unix Cyrus 1.5.10 srvr yes ftp.andrew.cmu.edu 4/30/99 KPOP Unix Cyrus 1.5.14 srvr na ftp.andrew.cmu.edu 4/30/99 IMAP41 Unix Cyrus 1.5.14 srvr yes ftp.andrew.cmu.edu 4/30/99 KPOP Unix Cyrus 1.5.19 srvr na ftp.andrew.cmu.edu 4/30/99 IMAP41 Unix Cyrus 1.5.19 srvr yes ftp.andrew.cmu.edu 4/30/99 KPOP Unix Cyrus 1.5.24 (beta) srvr na ftp.andrew.cmu.edu 4/30/99 IMAP41 Unix Cyrus 1.5.24 (beta) srvr yes ftp.andrew.cmu.edu 4/30/99 IMAP41 Unix/EMACS BatIMail clnt ? ftp.andrew.cmu.edu 3/24/98 POP3k Unix popper-1.831k srvr na ftp.brown.edu 4/11/97 POP3k MacOS Eudora 1.3a8k clnt ? ftp.brown.edu 8/19/94 IMAP? Unix MS clnt no ftp.cac.washington.edu 11/7/93 POP3 NeXT EasyMail clnt yes ftp.cac.washington.edu 11/7/93 IMAP2 NeXT MailManager srvr yes ftp.cac.washington.edu 11/7/93 POP3 Unix imapd 4.5 srvr na ftp.cac.washington.edu 4/30/99 IMAP41 Unix imapd 4.5 srvr yes ftp.cac.washington.edu 4/30/99 POP3 Unix imapd 4.6 (beta) srvr na ftp.cac.washington.edu 4/30/99 IMAP41 Unix imapd 4.6 (beta) srvr yes ftp.cac.washington.edu 4/30/99 IMAP41 Unix Pine 4.10 clnt yes ftp.cac.washington.edu 4/30/99 IMAP41 Win32 PC-Pine 4.10 clnt yes ftp.cac.washington.edu 4/30/99 POP3 MacOS MacPOP (Berkeley) clnt ? ftp.cc.berkeley.edu POP3 Unix popper-1.831 srvr na ftp.cc.berkeley.edu 4/11/97 POP? Unix popmail clnt ? ftp.cic.net 2/9/96 POP3 MS-WINp wnqvtnet 3.0 clnt ? ftp.cica.indiana.edu POP3 MS-WINp wnqvtnet 3.9 clnt ? ftp.cica.indiana.edu 2/15/94 POP NeXT OS BlitzMail srvr na ftp.dartmouth.edu 10/23/95 POP AIX BlitzMail (in dev) srvr na ftp.dartmouth.edu 10/23/95 POP DEC OSF/1 BlitzMail srvr na ftp.dartmouth.edu 10/23/95 POP3 ? PopGate gway na ftp.esi sys.com 1/19/96 POP23k Unix mh-6.8 (UCI RandMH) both yes ftp.ics.uci.edu 8/30/94 POP23krUnix mh-6.8.3 (UCI RndMH)both yes ftp.ics.uci.edu 9/27/94 POP? Unix popc clnt ? ftp.imag.fr 2/9/96 POP3 VMS IUPOP3 v1.8-1 srvr na ftp.indiana.edu 7/25/94 POP3 VMS IUPOP3 v1.7-CMU-TEK srvr na ftp.indiana.edu 7/25/94 POP3 VMS IUPOP3 v1.7 srvr na ftp.indiana.edu 7/25/94 POP3 MS-DOS POP3 0.9 clnt na ftp.indiana.edu 7/25/94 POP? Unix gwpop clnt ? ftp.pasteur.fr 2/9/96 POP23 MS-WINw Trumpet clnt no ftp.psychol.utas.edu.au 7/7/94 POP3u Unix qpopper 2.1.4-r3 srvr na ftp.qualcomm.com 4/11/97 POP3u Unix qpopper 2.1.3-r5 srvr na ftp.qualcomm.com 4/11/97 POP3u Unix qpopper 2.2 srvr na ftp.qualcomm.com 4/11/97 POP3 Unix popperQC3 srvr na ftp.qualcomm.com 4/11/97 POP3u Unix qpopper 2.1.4-r1 srvr na ftp.qualcomm.com 4/11/97 POP3 MS-WINw Eudora 1.4.4 clnt yes ftp.qualcomm.com 6/23/95 POP3 Macintosh6 Eudora 1.3.1 clnt no ftp.qualcomm.com 7/14/94 POP3 Unix popper.rs2 srvr na ftp.qualcomm.com 8/4/95 POP3 MS-WINw Eudora 1.5.2b1 clnt yes ftp.qualcomm.com 8/4/95 POP3r MacOS MailShare 1.0fc6 srvr na ftp.qualcomm.com 8/4/95 POP3 Mac7/PM7 Eudora 1.5.3 clnt yes ftp.qualcomm.com 8/4/95 POP3 MS-WIN Pceudora clnt ? ftp.qualcomm.com 9/24/93 POP? MS-WIN RFD Mail 1.22 clnt ? ftp.std.com 7/19/94 POP? MS-WIN RFD Mail 1.23 clnt ? ftp.std.com 9/16/94 POP3 Unix UMT (beta) clnt ? ftp.topaz.kiev.ua 12/29/95 (www .topaz.kiev.ua) POP? MS-DOS UCDmail clnt ? ftp.ucdavis.edu 10/24/94 POP2 Unix pop2d 1.001 srvr na ftp.ucdavis.edu 12/3/93 POP3 Unix pop3d 1.004 srvr na ftp.ucdavis.edu 12/3/93 POP? Unix/XO SXMail 0.9.74a (b) clnt ? ftp.uni-stuttgart.de 10/12/95 POP23 Unix/EMACS vm clnt no ftp.uu.net 8/2/95 IMAP? Windows Winbox 3.1 Beta 1 clnt ? ftp.uv.es 12/13/96 POP? Windows Winbox 3.1 Beta 1 clnt ? ftp.uv.es 12/13/96 IMAP AIX imap server srvr ? ftp.wu-wien.ac.at 4/5/95 POP23k Unix popmaild srvr na ftp.wu-wien.ac.at 4/5/95 POP23k UnixX xmh clnt ? ftp.x.org 2/15/94 POP3 Unix perl popper srvr na ftp.xensei.com/users/ccrlphr 9/ 15/95 POP23 Win95/NT TeamWARE Embla 2.0+ clnt yes Fujitsu www.teamware.us.com 7/1 4/97 IMAP41 Win95/NT TeamWARE Embla 2.0+ clnt yes Fujitsu www.teamware.us.com 7/1 4/97 POP3r MacOS MailShare 1.0(beta) srvr na glenn.anderson@stonebow.otago.a c.nz 8/16/94 IMAP4 Java? A Good Mail Srvr(a) srvr ? goodserver.com www.goodserver.c om 9/5/97 POP3 Java? A Good Mail Srvr(a) srvr ? goodserver.com www.goodserver.c om 9/5/97 POP? Unix movemail clnt ? GNU 2/9/96 POP3a Unix Ishmail clnt yes H&L Software 7/14/97 IMAP4 Unix Ishmail clnt yes H&L Software 7/14/97 POP? OS/2 popsrv99.zip srvr ? hobbes.nmsu.edu 2/15/96 POP3 OS/2 POP3D 14B srvr yes hobbes.nmsu.edu 4/5/96 POP3 OS/2 POP3D 12 srvr yes hobbes.nmsu.edu 6/2/95 POP3 OS/2 PMMail 11 clnt yes hobbes.nmsu.edu 6/2/95 POP3 OS/2 POP3D 14A srvr yes hobbes.nmsu.edu 9/12/95 IMAP DOSWINMac OpenMail (future) clnt ? HP 3/29/96 http://www.openmail. external.hp.com POP3 DOSWINMac OpenMail (future) clnt ? HP 3/29/96 http://www.openmail. external.hp.com POP3 DSWNMcUnx OpenMail 4.10 clnt yes HP www.eco.hp.com 3/13/97 ?POP3 NT NT MAIL ? ? http://bhs.com 1/26/96 POP3 ? WIG v2.0 gway ? http://www.demon.co.uk/ 4/19/96 POP3 MS-WIN Mi'Mail clnt yes http://www.irisoft.be 6/30/95 POP3 ? Mailcoach V1.0 srvr na http://www.multi.se/ymex/mailco ach.htm 6/14/96 POP3r NT SLmailNT srvr na http://www.seattlelab.com/ 3/29 /96 POP3r WIN95 SLmail95 srvr na http://www.seattlelab.com/ 5/14 /96 POP3u NT Exchpop(?) 1.0 gway yes http://www.sts.co.il/pop3.htm 6 /14/96 POP2 VM FAL srvr na IBM POP2 MS-WIN IBM TCP/IP for DOS clnt no IBM 7/7/94 IMAP Java/JFC ICEMail 2.6 clnt ? ICE Eng. www.ice.com 1/15/99 POP Java/JFC ICEMail 2.6 clnt ? ICE Eng. www.ice.com 1/15/99 IMAP? MS-WIN EMBLA ? ? ICL ProSystems 9/20/94 IMAP4 ? Intrnt Msging Srvr srvr ? ICL TeamWare 9/8/1 POP3 ? Intrnt Msging Srvr srvr ? ICL TeamWare 9/8/1 POP3 NetWare4 Connect2SMTP srvr ? Infinite Technologies 3/29/96 POP3 DOS C2SMTP srvr na Infinite Technologies 6/11/96 POP3 WIN95/NT ExpressIT! 2000 clnt ? Infinite Technologies www.ihub. com 1/14/97 IMAP WIN95/NT ExpressIT! 2000 clnt ? Infinite Technologies www.ihub. com 1/14/97 IMAP? NT InterChange srvr ? Infinite Technologies www.ihub. com 4/4/97 POP3 Unix PMDF E-mail Interc srvr ? Innosoft 3/13/97 www.innosoft.c om IMAP4 Unix PMDF E-mail Interc srvr ? Innosoft 3/13/97 www.innosoft.c om IMAP? MacOS PMDF E-mail Interc clnt ? Innosoft 3/2/94 www.innosoft.co m IMAP? MS-DOS PMDF E-mail Interc clnt ? Innosoft 3/2/94 www.innosoft.co m IMAP? VMS Pine in PMDF 4.3 clnt ? Innosoft 4/15/94 IMAP? VMS PMDF E-mail Interc ? ? Innosoft 6/24/96 www.innosoft.c om POP? VMS PMDF E-mail Interc ? ? Innosoft 6/24/96 www.innosoft.c om IMAP? OpenVMS PMDF 5.1 srvr ? Innosoft 9/24/96 www.innosoft.c om POP3r VMS PMDF popstore clnt ? Innosoft 9/24/96 www.innosoft.c om POP3 OpenVMS PMDF 5.1 srvr na Innosoft 9/24/96 www.innosoft.c om POP3 VMS PMDF 5.1 srvr na Innosoft 9/24/96 www.innosoft.c om IMAP? Solaris PMDF 5.1 srvr ? Innosoft 9/24/96 www.innosoft.c om POP3 DigUNIX PMDF 5.1 srvr na Innosoft 9/24/96 www.innosoft.c om IMAP? DigUNIX PMDF 5.1 srvr ? Innosoft 9/24/96 www.innosoft.c om IMAP? VMS PMDF 5.1 srvr ? Innosoft 9/24/96 www.innosoft.c om POP3 Solaris PMDF 5.1 srvr na Innosoft 9/24/96 www.innosoft.c om IMAP4 Java J Street Mailer clnt ? InnoVal 4/24/98 www.innoval.com POP3 Java J Street Mailer clnt ? InnoVal 4/24/98 www.innoval.com POP3 MacOS TCP/Connect II clnt ? InterCon Systems Corp POP3 MS-WIN TCP/Connect II f W clnt yes InterCon Systems Corp 7/8/94 IMAP4 NT NTMail 3.02 srvr ? Internet Shopper www.ntmail.co. uk 7/2/97 POP3 NT NTMail 3.02 srvr ? Internet Shopper www.ntmail.co. uk 7/2/97 POP3 MS-WIN? IMAIL both ? Ipswitch 7/12/94 POP3 MS-WINw IMail srvr na Ipswitch 7/15/94 POP3 MS-WINw IMAIL srvr na Ipswitch 9/16/94 POP3 NT IMail Srvr f NT 3.0 srvr na Ipswitch www.ipswitch.com 3/13/ 97 IMAP4 NT IMail Server 4.0 srvr ? Ipswitch www.ipswitch.com 5/7/9 7 POP3 NT IMail Server 4.0 srvr ? Ipswitch www.ipswitch.com 7/2/9 7 POP3 NT N-Plex SMTP srvr ? ISOCOR www.isocor.com 9/26/97 IMAP41 NT N-Plex SMTP srvr ? ISOCOR www.isocor.com 9/26/97 POP3 MacOS MacMH clnt ? jessica.stanford.edu/info POP3 OS/2 ? (in testing) srvr no kf5mg@computek.net 11/28/95 POP3r Java shareware Java cls clnt ? Koehn Consulting 8/2/96 IMAP? MacOS Mailstrom clnt ? lindy.stanford.edu 9/22/95 POP3 MS-WINs winelm clnt ? lister.cc.ic.ac.uk 1/25/94 POP3 MS-DOSs pcelm clnt ? lister.cc.ic.ac.uk 1/25/94 POP? MS-WINw Windows ELM clnt ? lister.cc.ic.ac.uk 7/12/94 POP3 ? Lotus Notes 4.5 srv srvr ? Lotus 10/17/97 POP3 WIN3/95/NT Lotus Nts ml cl 4.0 clnt yes Lotus www.lotus.com 3/13/97 POP3 Unix Lotus Nts ml cl 4.0 clnt yes Lotus www.lotus.com 3/13/97 POP3 OS/2 Lotus Nts ml cl 4.0 clnt yes Lotus www.lotus.com 3/13/97 POP3 MacOS Lotus Nts ml cl 4.0 clnt yes Lotus www.lotus.com 3/13/97 POP3 ? cc:Mail 8.0 srvr ? Lotus www.lotus.com 5/13/97 IMAP4 ? cc:Mail 8.0 srvr ? Lotus www.lotus.com 5/13/97 POP3 ? cc:Mail 8.0 clnt ? Lotus www.lotus.com 5/28/97 IMAP4 ? cc:Mail 8.0 clnt ? Lotus www.lotus.com 5/28/97 POP23 Unix servers w Mail-IT srvr na mail-it@unipalm.co.uk 12/16/94 POP23 MS-WINw Mail-IT 2 clnt yes mail-it@unipalm.co.uk 7/12/94 POP23 Unix Mail-IT 2 clnt yes mail-it@unipalm.co.uk 9/9/94 POP3 MUSIC/SP POPD 1.0 srvr na McGill Univ. Sys. Inc. 01/11/95 POP3 NT Sendmail w POP3 1.1 srvr na MetaInfo www.metainfo.com 3/13/ 97 POP3 WIN95/NT Calypso clnt yes Micro Computer www.mcsdallas.co m 3/13/97 IMAP4 WIN95/NT Calypso clnt yes Micro Computer www.mcsdallas.co m 3/13/97 POP? MS-? Exchange clnt ? Microsoft 10/24/95 IMAP4 MS-? Exch Server 5.5 srvr yes Microsoft www.microsoft.com 1/1 9/99 POP3 MS-? Exch Server 5.5 srvr yes Microsoft www.microsoft.com 1/1 9/99 POP3 MS-? Inter. Mail Service gway ? Microsoft 6/4/96 (www.microsoft .com) POP3 MS-? Inter. Mail & News clnt yes Microsoft 6/4/96 (www.microsoft .com) IMAP4 ? Internet Expl 4.0 clnt ? Microsoft www.microsoft.com 3/1 8/97 POP3 ? Internet Expl 4.0 clnt ? Microsoft www.microsoft.com 5/2 1/97 POP3 Win95/NT Outlook Express clnt yes Microsoft www.microsoft.com 7/1 4/97 IMAP4 Win95/NT Outlook Express clnt yes Microsoft www.microsoft.com 9/5 /97 POP3 Win95/NT Outlook 97 clnt yes Microsoft www.microsoft.com 7/1 4/97 POP3 Win95/NT Outlook 98 clnt yes Microsoft www.microsoft.com 11/ 14/97 IMAP4 Win95/NT Outlook 98 clnt yes Microsoft www.microsoft.com 11/ 14/97 POP? NT MailSrv from Res K. srvr na Microsoft? POP23 MS-DOSp Minuet 1.0b18a(beta)clnt no minuet.micro.umn.edu 9/15/95 IMAP? MacOS Mulberry (beta) clnt no mulberry@dial.pipex.com 7/30/96 POP? Unix zpop srvr na NCD 9/15/95 POP? Unix zync ? clnt ? NCD 9/23/94 (www.ncd.com) POP3k MacOS TechMail 2.0 clnt ? net-dist.mit.edu POP3 MS-WINl TechMail for Wind. clnt ? net-dist.mit.edu 2/25/94 POP3 OS/2l TechMail for Wind. clnt ? net-dist.mit.edu 2/25/94 POP3 Java DartMail clnt yes NetAccent www.netaccent.com 2/1 4/97 IMAP4 Java DartMail clnt yes NetAccent www.netaccent.com 2/1 4/97 IMAP4 Win3/95/NT DART Mail 1.0 clnt yes NetAccent www.netaccent.com 7/1 4/97 IMAP4 OS/2 DART Mail 1.0 clnt yes NetAccent www.netaccent.com 7/1 4/97 POP3 Win3/95/NT DART Mail 1.0 clnt yes NetAccent www.netaccent.com 7/1 4/97 POP3 OS/2 DART Mail 1.0 clnt yes NetAccent www.netaccent.com 7/1 4/97 POP3 Unix DART Mail 1.0 clnt yes NetAccent www.netaccent.com 7/1 4/97 IMAP4 MacOS DART Mail 1.0 clnt yes NetAccent www.netaccent.com 7/1 4/97 IMAP4 Unix DART Mail 1.0 clnt yes NetAccent www.netaccent.com 7/1 4/97 POP3 MacOS DART Mail 1.0 clnt yes NetAccent www.netaccent.com 7/1 4/97 POP23 MS-DOSni Chameleon beta clnt yes NetManage POP23 NT Chameleon V5.0 f NT both ? NetManage 11/28/95 IMAP? Windows? Chameleon (future) clnt ? NetManage 3/19/96 POP23 MS-WINw Internet Chameleon clnt yes NetManage 7/12/94 POP3 WIN3/NT/95 JetMail clnt yes NetManage 7/29/96 IMAP4 WIN3/NT/95 JetMail clnt yes NetManage 7/29/96 POP3 NT Post.Office srvr na NetManage 8/22/96 www.netmanage .com POP3 Solaris Post.Office srvr na NetManage 8/22/96 www.netmanage .com POP3 Unix Z-Pop 1.0 srvr na NetManage 8/22/96 www.netmanage .com POP3 SunOS Post.Office srvr na NetManage 8/22/96 www.netmanage .com POP3 WIN3/95/NT Z-Mail 4.0.1 clnt yes NetManage 8/23/96 www.netmanage .com POP3 Unix/line Z-Mail Lite 3.2 clnt yes NetManage 8/23/96 www.netmanage .com POP3 Unix/curs Z-Mail Lite 3.2 clnt yes NetManage 8/23/96 www.netmanage .com POP3 Unix/XM Z-Mail Motif 3.2.1 clnt yes NetManage 8/23/96 www.netmanage .com POP23 MS-DOSni ChameleonNFS both ? NetManage 8/4/94 IMAP4 Unix post.office srvr yes NetManage www.netmanage.com 3/1 3/97 POP3 Unix post.office srvr na NetManage www.netmanage.com 3/1 3/97 IMAP4 WIN3/95/NT Z-Mail Pro 6.1 clnt yes NetManage www.netmanage.com 4/1 1/97 POP3 WIN3/95/NT Z-Mail Pro 6.1 clnt yes NetManage www.netmanage.com 4/1 1/97 POP3 MacOS Z-Mail Mac 3.3.1 clnt yes NetManage www.netmanage.com 7/1 4/97 POP3 Unix Z-Mail Unix 4.0 clnt yes NetManage www.netmanage.com 7/1 4/97 POP3 NT Netscape Mail Srvr srvr na Netscape 12/18/95 (info@netscap e.com) POP3 Solaris Netscape Mail Srvr srvr na Netscape 12/18/95 (info@netscap e.com) POP3 SunOS Netscape Mail Srvr srvr na Netscape 12/18/95 (info@netscap e.com) IMAP4 ? SuiteSpot M S srvr ? Netscape www.netscape.com 2/20/ 97 IMAP4 NT Netscape M S 2.0(f) srvr ? Netscape www.netscape.com 6/21/ 96 POP? Solaris Navigator 3.0b4(fut)clnt ? Netscape www.netscape.com 6/25/ 96 POP3u Win3/95/NT Navigator 2.x clnt yes Netscape www.netscape.com 7/29/ 96 IMAP4 NT Netscape M S 2.02 srvr ? Netscape www.netscape.com 4/4/9 7 IMAP4 OS/2 Communicator 4.51 clnt yes Netscape www.netscape.com 4/20/ 99 IMAP4 MacOS Communicator 4.51 clnt yes Netscape www.netscape.com 4/20/ 99 POP3 MacOS Communicator 4.51 clnt yes Netscape www.netscape.com 4/20/ 99 POP3 Unix Communicator 4.51 clnt yes Netscape www.netscape.com 4/20/ 99 IMAP4 Unix Communicator 4.51 clnt yes Netscape www.netscape.com 4/20/ 99 POP3 WIN95/NT Communicator 4.51 clnt yes Netscape www.netscape.com 4/20/ 99 POP3 OS/2 Communicator 4.51 clnt yes Netscape www.netscape.com 4/20/ 99 IMAP4 WIN95/NT Communicator 4.51 clnt yes Netscape www.netscape.com 4/20/ 99 POP3 NetWare 4 LAN WorkGroup 5 ???? na Novell www.novell.com 1/15/96 POP3 NetWare 45 GroupWise 5.5 srvr yes Novell www.novell.com 4/20/99 IMAP NetWare 45 GroupWise 5.5 srvr yes Novell www.novell.com 4/20/99 POP3 NetWare 45 NIMS beta srvr yes novell www.novell.com 4/20/99 IMAP NetWare 45 NIMS beta srvr yes novell www.novell.com 4/20/99 POP3 Java Novita Mail clnt ? Novita Comm 12/10/96 IMAP? Java Novita Mail clnt ? Novita Comm 12/10/96 POP3 DOSWINMac DaVinci SMTP eMAIL clnt yes On Technology 4/24/96 POP3 WIN95/NT InterOffice 4.1 clnt no Oracle www.oracle.com 7/14/97 IMAP4 WIN95/NT InterOffice 4.1 clnt no Oracle www.oracle.com 7/14/97 IMAP? Windows? pcMail (future) clnt ? OzMail 3/19/96 POP3 MS-WIN Open Systems Mail clnt ? Pine Software POP? MS-WINls TCPMail clnt ? Pinesoft (pinesoft@net.com) POP3 OpenVMS TCPware Internet Sr srvr na Process Software 12/20/95 (info @process.com) POP3 NetWare34 SoftNet WEBserv srvr na Puzzle Systems 12/15/95 (info@p uzzle.com) POP3x MS-WIN WinQVT (2.1) clnt ? QPC Software (shareware) 7/12/9 4 POP3r Unix Vers of qpopper srvr na QualComm www.qualcomm.com 1/26/ 96 POP3 WIN32 Eudora Pro 2.2b8 clnt yes Qualcomm www.qualcomm.com 12/5/ 95 POP3 Mac Eudora Light 3.1 clnt ? Qualcomm www.qualcomm.com 4/11/ 97 POP3 Mac Eudora Pro 3.1 clnt yes Qualcomm www.qualcomm.com 4/11/ 97 IMAP4 ? Eudora Worldmail srvr ? Qualcomm www.qualcomm.com 4/4/9 7 POP3 ? Eudora Worldmail srvr ? Qualcomm www.qualcomm.com 4/4/9 7 POP3mr Macintosh7 Eudora 2.0.2 clnt yes Qualcomm www.qualcomm.com 5/10/ 94 POP3u Unix qpopper 2.1.4-r4 srvr na QualComm www.qualcomm.com 5/16/ 95 POP3 WIN3/95/NT Eudora Pro ? clnt yes Qualcomm www.qualcomm.com 7/29/ 96 POP3 Mac Eudora Pro 3.0 clnt yes Qualcomm www.qualcomm.com 8/14/ 96 POP3mrkMac7/PM7 Eudora 2.1.1 clnt yes Qualcomm www.qualcomm.com 8/4/9 5 POP3 MS-WINw Eudora 2.1.1 clnt yes Qualcomm www.qualcomm.com 8/4/9 5 POP3mrkMac7/PM7 Eudora 2.1.3 clnt yes Qualcomm www.qualcomm.com 8/4/9 5 POP3mrkMac7/PM7 Eudora 2.1.2 clnt yes Qualcomm www.qualcomm.com 8/4/9 5 POP3mr Mac7/PM7 Eudora 2.0.3 clnt yes Qualcomm www.qualcomm.com 9/13/ 94 POP3mrkMac7/PM7 Eudora 2.1 clnt yes Qualcomm www.qualcomm.com 9/13/ 94 POP3 MS-WINw Eudora 2.0.3 clnt yes Qualcomm www.qualcomm.com 9/13/ 94 POP3r MacOS EIMS 2.0 srvr na Qualcomm www.qualcomm.com 11/13 /97 IMAP4 ? Eudora Pro 4.0 clnt yes Qualcomm www.qualcomm.com 12/29 /97 POP3 ? Eudora Pro 4.0 clnt yes Qualcomm www.qualcomm.com 12/29 /97 POP3 ? Eudora 4.1 beta clnt yes Qualcomm www.qualcomm.com 12/11 /98 IMAP4 ? Eudora 4.1 beta clnt yes Qualcomm www.qualcomm.com 12/11 /98 POP3 ? Eudora Pro 4.1 (b) clnt yes Qualcomm www.qualcomm.com 4/30/ 99 IMAP4 ? Eudora Pro 4.1 (b) clnt yes Qualcomm www.qualcomm.com 4/30/ 99 IMAPb4 Unix popclient x.x (rep) clnt no Renamed 'fetchmail' 10/7/96 POP23r Unix popclient x.x (rep) clnt no Renamed 'fetchmail' 10/7/96 POP3 MS-DOS Pegasus/DOS 3.22 clnt ? risc.ua.edu 3/6/97 POP3t NetWare34 Mercury 1.3.1 srvr na risc.ua.edu 3/6/97 POP3 MS-Windows Pegasus/Win 2.2(r3) clnt ? risc.ua.edu 3/6/97 POP3 MS-W32 Pegasus/W32 2.5(r2) clnt yes risc.ua.edu 3/6/97 POP3t WIN32 Mercury32 099(b) srvr na risc.ua.edu 3/6/97 POP3 MacOS Pegasus/MAC 2.1.2 clnt no risc.ua.edu 3/6/97 POP3 MS-DOS Pegasus/DOS 3.11 clnt ? risc.ua.edu 3/6/97 POP3 MS-Windows Pegasus/Win 2.5(r3) clnt yes risc.ua.edu 3/6/97 POP3 MS-DOS Pegasus/DOS 3.31 clnt ? risc.ua.edu 3/6/97 POP3 MS-DOS Pegasus/DOS 3.40 clnt yes risc.ua.edu 3/6/97 POP3t NetWare34 Mercury 1.3.0 srvr na risc.ua.edu 3/6/97 POP3 MS-DOSl PMPOP (Pmail gw) clnt ? risc.ua.edu 4/15/94 POP3 MS-DOSp POPgate (Pmail gw) clnt ? risc.ua.edu 4/15/94 POP? Unix ucbmail clone clnt ? rtfm.mit.edu 12/16/94 POP3 MS-WIN WinSmtp srvr na Seattle Labs, http://wildside.k wnet.on.ca/winsmtp.html 11/3/95 POP3 OS/2 ? (future) srvr na Secant 1/23/96 ? Unix Siren Mail srvr ? Siren Software 12/28/95 POP3 ? Siren Mail Server srvr ? Siren Software 8/15/96 IMAP2 ? Siren Mail Server srvr ? Siren Software 8/15/96 POP3 WIN3/95/NT Siren Mail 3.1 clnt yes Siren Software www.siren.com 3/ 13/97 POP3 MacOS Siren Mail 3.1 clnt yes Siren Software www.siren.com 3/ 15/98 POP3 NT FCIS 5.0 srvr yes SoftArc www.softarc.com 10/30/9 7 POP3 MacOS FCIS 5.0 srvr yes SoftArc www.softarc.com 10/30/9 7 IMAP4 NT FCIS future srvr yes SoftArc www.softarc.com 10/30/9 7 IMAP4 MacOS FCIS future srvr yes SoftArc www.softarc.com 10/30/9 7 POP3 NT Post.Office 2.0 srvr na Software.com, Inc. www.software .com 3/13/97 POP3 Solaris Post.Office 2.0 srvr na Software.com, Inc. www.software .com 3/13/97 POP3 NT Post.Office 3.1 srvr na Software.com, Inc. www.software .com 7/2/97 POP3 MS-WIN Air Series 2.06 clnt no Spry 7/7/94 POP3 MacOS POPGate 1.1 gway ? Stalker www.stalker.com 3/25/96 IMAP41 MacOS CommuniGate IMAP gway ? Stalker www.stalker.com 7/29/97 IMAP41 Linux CommuniGate Pro gway ? Stalker www.stalker.com 1/15/99 IMAP24 Unix/XM ML 2.0 (future) clnt yes Stanford 7/13/95 IMAP? Xrx Lsp Mc Yes-Way clnt yes Stanford U 11/7/93 POP3 OS/2 SIDIS/2 srvr na stargate.rz.fh-offenburg.de 6/4 /96 POP3 MacOS Quarterdeck Mail srvr yes StarNine www.starnine.com 5/7/9 7 POP3 MacOS Mail*Link UUCP gway yes StarNine www.starnine.com 5/7/9 7 POP3 MacOS Mail*Link SMTP clnt yes StarNine www.starnine.com 5/7/9 7 POP3 MacOS ListSTAR both yes StarNine www.starnine.com 5/7/9 7 IMAP24 MacOS Mailstrom 1.04 clnt no sumex-aim.stanford.edu* 11/7/93 IMAP1 MacOS MacMS 2.2.1 (obs) clnt no sumex-aim.stanford.edu* 7/13/95 IMAP? Windows? Roam (Future) clnt ? Sun 3/19/96 IMAP4 SolarisX imapd (Future) clnt ? Sun 9/26/95 IMAP4 SolarisX Roam (Future) clnt ? Sun 9/26/95 IMAP41 Java JavaMail API capi ? Sun java.sun.com/products/javam ail 12/11/98 POP23 MS-DOS SelectMail 2.1 clnt ? SunSelect 1/25/94 POP2 MS-DOS LifeLine Mail 2.0 clnt ? SunSelect 12/7/93 POP3 Linux miniclient clnt ? sunsite.unc.edu 8/30/94 POP? Unix pop-perl-1.0 clnt ? sunsite.unc.edu 9/13/94 IMAP4 Win95 Solstice 2.0 clnt ? SunSoft 1/31/97 IMAP4 Solaris Solstice IMS2.0 srvr yes SunSoft www.sun.com 10/31/97 POP3 Solaris Solstice IMS2.0 srvr yes SunSoft www.sun.com 10/31/97 POP3 Solaris Solstice IMS1.0 srvr yes SunSoft 10/17/96 http://www.sun .com IMAP4 Solaris Solstice IMS1.0 srvr yes SunSoft 10/17/96 http://www.sun .com IMAP4 MS-WIN3.11 Solstice IMC? (fut) clnt yes SunSoft 4/5/96 http://www.sun.c om IMAP4 NT Solstice IMC0.9 clnt yes SunSoft 4/5/96 http://www.sun.c om IMAP4 MS-WIN95 Solstice IMC0.9 clnt yes SunSoft 4/5/96 http://www.sun.c om IMAP4 NT Solstice IMC? (fut) clnt yes SunSoft 4/5/96 http://www.sun.c om IMAP4 MS-WIN3.11 Solstice IMC0.9 clnt yes SunSoft 4/5/96 http://www.sun.c om IMAP4 Solaris Solstice IMC? (fut) clnt yes SunSoft 4/5/96 http://www.sun.c om IMAP4 MS-WIN95 Solstice IMC? (fut) clnt yes SunSoft 4/5/96 http://www.sun.c om IMAP4 Solaris Solstice IMC0.9 clnt yes SunSoft 4/5/96 http://www.sun.c om POP3 Solaris Sun IMS 3.1 (beta) srvr yes SunSoft www.sun.com 10/31/97 IMAP41 Solaris Sun IMS 3.1 (beta) srvr yes SunSoft www.sun.com 10/31/97 POP3 MacOS VersaTerm Link clnt ? Synergy Software 10/8/93 POP2 VM ? srvr na Texas Tech University POP2 OpenVMS MultiNet srvr na Process Software www.process.co m 8/5/97 POP3 OpenVMS MultiNet both na Process Software www.process.co m 8/5/97 IMAP2 MS-WIN PathWay clnt no The Wollongong Group 2/25/94 IMAP2 MacOS PathWay clnt no The Wollongong Group 2/25/94 IMAP2 Unix/X PathWay clnt no The Wollongong Group 2/25/94 POP3 MacOS PathWay clnt no The Wollongong Group 2/25/94 POP3 MS-WIN PathWay clnt no The Wollongong Group 2/25/94 POP3 Unix/X PathWay clnt no The Wollongong Group 2/25/94 POP? MS-WIN PathWay Access 3.0 clnt ? The Wollongong Group 8/4/94 IMAP24 MacOS Mailstrom 2(beta) clnt yes Tree Star Inc. www.treestar.com 12/18/96 IMAP24 MacOS Mailstrom 2.02 clnt yes Tree Star Inc. www.treestar.com 7/29/97 POP? VM ? srvr na TTUVM1 POP23 MS-WINw Turnpike clnt yes Turnpike Ltd, http:www.turnpike .com 8/11/95 POP2 MS-DOS MD/DOS-IP clnt ? U Maryland IMAP? Unix imapd 8.0(124) srvr ? U Wash 1/31/97 IMAP? Unix imapd 9.0(161) srvr ? U Wash 1/31/97 IMAP41 Unix imapd v10.164 srvr ? U Wash 2/14/97 IMAP2b Unix imapd 7.8(100) srvr ? U Wash 2/14/97 IMAP2b Unix imapd 4.0/UW (fut) srvr ? U Wash 4/25/95 POP3k Unix hacked ucbmail clnt no UCSC 6/29/95 POP3k Unix hacked pine clnt yes UCSC 6/29/95 POP2 MS-DOSk ? srvr na ucsd.edu IMAP? Unix UMAIL clnt no umail@umail.umd.edu 11/7/93 IMAP? Unix/X Palm (in dev) clnt ? UMiami 11/7/93 POP3 NetWare Unoverica MT 2.90 srvr na Unoverica www.unoverica.com 6/5 /98 POP3 VM vmpop3.200 srvr na uriacc.uri.edu 1/10/95 IMAP2 Amiga Pine 3.8x (in dev) clnt yes UWashington 11/7/93 POP23 NT Mail Serv f W NT srvr ? Vintra www.vintra.com 8/19/97 IMAP4 NT Mail Serv f W NT srvr ? Vintra www.vintra.com 8/19/97 POP? VM ?POPD srvr na vmd.cso.uiuc.edu 2/4/94 IMAP2 VMS ImapD port srvr yes vms.huji.ac.il 4/12/94 IMAP2 VMS Pine 3.88 port clnt yes vms.huji.ac.il 4/12/94 POP3 NIN95/NT Rumba Mail clnt yes Wall Data www.walldata.com 7/14 /97 POP3 WIN16/32 Virtual Access clnt yes www.ashmount.com 8/9/96 POP3 Be BeMail clnt ? www.be.com 11/25/96 POP3s Unix fetchmail 5.0.2 clnt no www.ccil.org/~esr 4/30/99 IMAP2b Unix fetchmail 5.0.2 clnt no www.ccil.org/~esr 4/30/99 POP3u Unix fetchmail 5.0.2 clnt no www.ccil.org/~esr 4/30/99 POP23r Unix fetchmail 5.0.2 clnt no www.ccil.org/~esr 4/30/99 POP3k Unix fetchmail 5.0.2 clnt no www.ccil.org/~esr 4/30/99 IMAP41 Unix fetchmail 5.0.2 clnt no www.ccil.org/~esr 4/30/99 POP3 Unix mutt-0.91 (alpha) clnt yes www.cs.hmc.edu/~me/mutt/ 5/5/98 IMAP Unix mutt clnt yes www.cs.hmc.edu/~me/mutt/ 5/5/98 IMAP4 UnixX11 TkRat clnt yes www.dtek.chalmers.se/~maf/ratat osk 1/16/98 POP? UnixX11 TkRat clnt yes www.dtek.chalmers.se/~maf/ratat osk 1/16/98 POP3 ? gcMail 081b (beta) clnt ? www.greencedars.com 8/9/96 IMAP? ? ELM patches clnt ? www.math.fu-berlin.de/~guckes/e lm/patches 7/16/96 POP3 Java Aplt Yamp clnt ? www.mcs.net/~faisal/Yamp/yampix .html 5/24/96 POP? NT NTMail clnt ? www.mortimer.com 2/9/96 POP3 NT NT Mail gway ? www.net-shopper.co.uk 5/31/96 POP3rutOS/2 POP3s v1.01 srvr ? www.secant.com 5/14/96 ------ ---------- ------------------- ---- ---- ------------------------------- _________________________________________________________________ Some web-based clients Probably properly called 'gateways', they are or work in conjunction with web servers, but act as a client to the IMAP or POP-based mail server. ------ ---------- ------------------- ---- ---- ------------------------------- POP3 Perl WWW-Mail clnt ? www.econ.cbs.dk/vejrum/www-mail .html 12/11/98 IMAP? Perl WWW-Mail clnt ? www.econ.cbs.dk/vejrum/www-mail .html 12/11/98 ? Win32 Webmail clnt ? www.ihub.com 12/11/98 IMAP? Unix VisualMail clnt yes www.mintersoft.com 12/11/98 POP3 Unix VisualMail clnt yes www.mintersoft.com 12/11/98 IMAP? Win32 Xwebmail clnt yes www.xandmail.com 12/11/98 IMAP? Apache/PHP IMP clnt ? horde.org/imp/ 12/11/98 ------ ---------- ------------------- ---- ---- ------------------------------- _________________________________________________________________ Some other packages for desktop systems ------ ---------- ------------------- ---- ---- ------------------------------- uucp MS-DOS waffle peer ? ? dell@vox.darkside.com 10/24/9 4 uucp MS-DOS UUPC peer ? ? help@kew.com 10/24/94 MAPI MS-WIN Air Mail ? ? AIR Co. Ltd 10/7/94 ? MacOS PowerMail clnt ? Apple 2/18/94 MHS/G DOSWIN BeyondMail clnt yes Banyan (beyondmail.banyan.com) 2/6/96 SMTP MS-WINw ws_gmail peer ? buckshot.usma.edu 5/26/94 ? DOS QuickMail 3.0 clnt ? CE Software 6/6/96 ? MacOS QuickMail 4.0 (fut) clnt ? CE Software 6/6/96 ? MacOS QuickMail 3.6 clnt ? CE Software 6/6/96 ? MS-WIN QuickMail 3.5 clnt ? CE Software 6/6/96 ? ? QuickMail ? clnt yes CE Software 7/15/96 SMTP MacOS LeeMail 2.0.2 (shw) peer ? chs.cusd.claremont.edu 10/12/93 ? MS-DOSs CMM peer ? Cinetic Systems 1/25/94 PSS MS-DOS pMail 3.0 clnt no CommTouch 9/27/94 PSS MS-Win pMail 3.0 clnt no CommTouch 9/27/94 ? DOSMac MailWorks clnt ? DEC 3/2/94 uucp MacOS UUPC peer ? dplatt@snulbug.mtview.ca.us ? DOSOS/2 Higgins Mail clnt ? Enable Software 1/26/95 MAPI MS-WIN SIMEON 4.1 clnt ? ESYS Corp 222.esys.ca 12/16/96 MAPI ? ECSmail clnt ? ESYS Corp www.esys.ca 12/16/96 VIM ? ECSmail clnt ? ESYS Corp www.esys.ca 12/16/96 SMTP OS/2 PC/TCP v1.3 peer ? FTP Software 2/18/94 ? MS-WINw Panda ? ? ftp.cica.indiana.edu 7/12/94 PROP MacOS BlitzMail clnt no ftp.dartmouth.edu 10/23/95 PROP AIX BlitzMail (in dev) srvr no ftp.dartmouth.edu 10/23/95 PROP NeXT OS BlitzMail srvr no ftp.dartmouth.edu 10/23/95 PROP DEC OSF/1 BlitzMail srvr no ftp.dartmouth.edu 10/23/95 Waffle MS-WIN Boxer clnt ? ftp.halcyon.com 12/3/93 prop MacOS MacPost both ? ftp.lu.se 10/19/93 uucp MacOS Eudora >1.3.1 peer yes ftp.qualcomm.com 5/10/94 ? MS-WIN Team clnt ? Futurus 1/26/95 P7uucp DOSWINMac OpenMail clnt ? HP 3/2/94 SMTP MS-WINw Internt Ex for cc:m gway yes IMA 1/31/94 MAPI WIN95/NT ExpressIT! 2000 clnt ? Infinite Technologies www.ihub. com 1/14/97 VIM WIN95/NT ExpressIT! 2000 clnt ? Infinite Technologies www.ihub. com 1/14/97 MHS WIN95/NT ExpressIT! 2000 clnt ? Infinite Technologies www.ihub. com 1/14/97 ? DOSWIN ExpressIT! clnt ? Infinite Technologies www.ihub. com 1/26/95 uucp MacOS gnuucp peer ? jim@fpr.com ? MS-? elm-pc clnt ? lister.cc.ic.ac.uk 12/3/93 VIM DOSWINMac cc:mail clnt ? Lotus 3/15/94 ? DOSWINMac Lotus Notes clnt ? Lotus 3/15/94 SMTP MS-WINw Mail-IT 2 peer yes mail-it@unipalm.co.uk 7/12/94 MAPI MS-WINw Mail-IT 2 clnt yes mail-it@unipalm.co.uk 7/12/94 ? MacOS Microsoft Mail clnt ? Microsoft 3/15/94 MAPI MS-DOS? Microsoft Mail clnt ? Microsoft 3/2/94 SMTP MS-DOSni ChameleonNFS peer ? NetManage 2/25/94 MAPI WIN3/95/NT Z-Mail 4.0.1 clnt yes NetManage 8/22/96 www.netmanage .com ? ? GroupWise cnlt ? Novell 1/26/95 ? MS-DOSs WinMail 1.1a peer ? Obsolete MHS/G DOSWINMac DaVinci eMAIL clnt ? On Technology 4/24/96 MAPI WIN3/95/NT Eudora Pro ? clnt yes Qualcomm 7/29/96 SMTP MS-DOS Charon gway ? risc.ua.edu 10/15/93 fshare MS-DOS Pegasus/DOS 3.31 clnt ? risc.ua.edu 3/6/97 fshare MacOS Pegasus/MAC 2.1.2 clnt no risc.ua.edu 3/6/97 fshare MS-Windows Pegasus/Win 2.2(r3) clnt ? risc.ua.edu 3/6/97 fshare MS-W32 Pegasus/W32 2.5(r2) clnt yes risc.ua.edu 3/6/97 fshare MS-DOS Pegasus/DOS 2.35 clnt ? risc.ua.edu 3/6/97 fshare MS-DOS Pegasus/DOS 3.22 clnt ? risc.ua.edu 3/6/97 SMTP NetWare34 Mercury 1.3.0 gway ? risc.ua.edu 3/6/97 fshare MS-DOS Pegasus/DOS 3.11 clnt ? risc.ua.edu 3/6/97 fshare MS-Windows Pegasus/Win 2.5(r3) clnt yes risc.ua.edu 3/6/97 fshare MS-DOS Pegasus/DOS 3.40 clnt yes risc.ua.edu 3/6/97 SMTP NetWare34 Mercury 1.3.1 gway ? risc.ua.edu 3/6/97 SMTP WIN32 Mercury32 099(b) gway ? risc.ua.edu 3/6/97 uucp MacOS FernMail peer ? Shareware, dplatt@snulbug.mtvie w.ca.us SMTP MacOS LeeMail 1.2.4 peer ? Shareware, laf@mitre.org ? MS-? pcelm clnt ? simtel 12/3/93 MAPIs MS-WIN Siren Mail ? ? Siren Software 12/28/95 MAPIs WIN95 Siren Mail ? ? Siren Software 12/28/95 MAPIs NTclient Siren Mail ? ? Siren Software 12/28/95 FCP WIN95/NT FCIC 5.0 clnt no SoftArc www.softarc.com 10/30/9 7 FCP MS-WIN FCIC 5.0 clnt no SoftArc www.softarc.com 10/30/9 7 FCP MacOS FCIC 5.0 clnt no SoftArc www.softarc.com 10/30/9 7 FCP NT FCIS 5.0 srvr no SoftArc www.softarc.com 10/30/9 7 FCP MacOS FCIS 5.0 srvr no SoftArc www.softarc.com 10/30/9 7 HTTP NT FCIS 5.0 srvr no SoftArc www.softarc.com 10/30/9 7 HTTP MacOS FCIS 5.0 srvr no SoftArc www.softarc.com 10/30/9 7 SMPT MacOS SMTPGate gway ? Stalker www.stalker.com 3/25/96 UUCP MacOS UUCPGate gway ? Stalker www.stalker.com 3/25/96 PROP MacOS CommuniGate both ? Stalker www.stalker.com 5/21/96 PROP MacOS Quarterdeck Mail both yes StarNine www.starnine.com 5/9/9 7 PROP ? FreeMail ? ? whttp://www.montana.com/freemai l 95/12/8 ? DOSWINMac WordPerfect Office clnt ? WordPerfect Corp. 3/15/94 ------ ---------- ------------------- ---- ---- ------------------------------- _________________________________________________________________ Key and Other Issues (a) What are the common extensions to POP3 and which clients/servers support them? POP3k - Kerberos POP3a - AFS Kerberos POP3x - ? POP3t - xtnd xmit facility--allows client to send mail through additional POP commands, thus allowing server to verify/log source of mail. POP3r - APOP POP3s - RPOP POP3m - ? POP3u - with UIDL command. (b) What DOS protocol stacks are supported? MS-DOSm - Lan Manager MS-DOSn - NDIS Drivers MS-DOSl - Lan Workplace for Dos MS-DOSs - Sun PCNFS MS-DOSp - Packet Drivers MS-DOSo - ODI Drivers MS-DOSi - IPXLink MS-DOSf - FTP Software PC/TCP MS-DOSk - KA9Q I think MS-WIN? - similar MS-WINw - WinSock compliant MS-WIN5 - Windows 95 WIN3 - Windows 3.x winsock WIN3/95/NT - Windows 3.x Winsock, Windows 95 and Windows NT WIN3/95 - Windows 3.x Winsock and WIndows 95 NetWare3 - NetWare 3.x NetWare4 - NetWare 4.x NetWare34 - NetWare 3.x and 4.x PHP3 - written in PHP scripting language. Perl - written in Perl scripting language. Java - written in Java programming language. JavaApp - written as a Java Applet. (c) Other notes IMAP1 - Original IMAP: I've heard that MacMS actually uses a unique dialect of it. Definitely obselete, unsupported, discouraged. IMAP2b - IMAP2bis: name applied to various improved versions of IMAP2. This development effort culminated in IMAP4. IMAP24 - IMAP2 or IMAP4 fshare - uses file sharing. IMAPb4 - IMAP2, IMAP2bis, or IMAP4. IMAP41 - IMAP4rev1 MAPI - Microsoft's Messaging API HTTP - Web-based e-mail. MAPIs - Simple MAPI. VIM - Lotus's Vendor Independent Messaging API CMC - XAPIA's Common Message Calls API AOCE - Apple Open Collaborative Environment PROP - System-specific proprietary protocol FCP - SoftArc's proprietary client-server protocol. Unix/X - X Windows based Unix/XM - Motif based Unix/XO - OpenWindows based UnixSHA - Solaris, HPUX & AIX PSS - PROFS Screen Scraper sumex-aim.stanford.edu* - almost dead as of 7/13/95, to be replaced by info-mac.org. Metamail - a package with which MIME messages can be processed from basically any Unix-based mail client. POPGate (Stalker Software) - gateway to/from Stalker's CommuniGate system: enables both use of POP3 to get software from a POP3 server for use within a CommuniGate community, and to allow POP3 clients to retrieve mail from a CommuniGate server. DigUNIX - Digital Unix Solaris - Solaris 2.x peer - peer-to-peer mail system gtwy - e-mail gateway of some kind: a system that moves e-mail between two different systems/areas. Among other things, a add-on to a proprietary mail server that made it act as a POP or IMAP server or that made it exchange e-mail using SMTP could be called a gateway. (d) IMAP/MAPI adaptors: Wollongong's Pathway Access 7/12/94 mail-it@unipalm.co.uk's Mail-IT 7/12/94 (e) IMAP/POP3 adaptors: Included with NCD Z-mail 4.0 for Windows 9/14/95 ------ ----------- ------------------- ------- ------------------------------- Posted Mon May 3 15:01:30 EDT 1999